Publications (2)0.61 Total impact
Article: Comanagement of patients with congestive heart failure by family physicians and cardiologists: frequency, timing, and patient characteristics.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Many patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) receive care solely from a primary care physician, while some receive care from both a primary care physician and a cardiologist. Patients in the latter type of care relationships have not been described. The principal objectives of our study were to determine what percentage of patients with CHF are comanaged, the characteristics of comanaged CHF patients, and when in the natural history of CHF this relationship is initiated. A retrospective record review was conducted of all patients who met the modified Framingham criteria for the diagnosis of CHF in a large community-based family practice office. Comanagement was defined as an ongoing relationship with a cardiologist characterized by a minimum of one visit to the cardiologist's office in the year of evaluation. We divided the natural history of CHF into 4 stages to describe the timing of the initial referral to the cardiologist: I Prediagnosis; II Diagnosis; III Progression; and IV Terminal. Of 151 patients identified with CHF, 36% of the patients were comanaged by a primary care physician and a cardiologist. The comanagement relationship often began early in the development of CHF, 20% at stage I and 54% at stage II. The patients who were comanaged were younger, predominately men, had a greater frequency of myocardial infarction, were more likely to have decreased systolic function, were on more cardiac medications, and had fewer hospitalizations for CHF exacerbations compared with CHF patients managed solely by family physicians. Comanagement of patients with CHF is a common occurrence, and comanaged CHF patients have distinct characteristics from those managed solely by family physicians. These results have implications for the quality and cost of caring for patients with CHF and suggest that more detailed study is required.The Journal of family practice 04/1999; 48(3):188-95. · 0.61 Impact Factor
Article: Congestive heart failure due to diastolic or systolic dysfunction. Frequency and patient characteristics in an ambulatory setting.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To determine the age- and sex-specific frequencies and characteristics of patients with diastolic and systolic dysfunction heart failure. Retrospective medical record survey encompassing 1 year. Community-based family practice office. One hundred thirty-six patients who met the modified Framingham criteria for the diagnosis of congestive heart failure (CHF) and had a known left ventricular ejection fraction. Diastolic dysfunction was defined as an ejection fraction of 45% or greater and systolic dysfunction heart failure as an ejection fraction of less than 45%. Age- and sex-specific frequency; patient comorbid conditions; medications taken; and number of emergency department visits, hospitalizations, and deaths. The frequency of CHF increased with age for men and women (1.3% for patients 45-54 years old to 8.8% for patients > 75 years old). The distribution according to left ventricular ejection fraction and age varied according to sex. Women had later onset of CHF that was predominantly diastolic dysfunction heart failure. Men had proportionately more systolic dysfunction heart failure at all ages. Forty percent of all patients with CHF had diastolic heart failure, and these patients had fewer functional limitations (76% with New York Heart Association classes I and II), fewer hospitalizations for CHF, and a trend toward fewer deaths during the study year compared with patients with systolic dysfunction. Congestive heart failure is a heterogeneous condition in this family practice setting, and diastolic dysfunction heart failure occurs frequently. Further study of the natural history and treatment of diastolic dysfunction heart failure should be performed in the primary care setting.Archives of Family Medicine 8(5):414-20.