ABSTRACT: Sixty-seven children with meningitis, ranging in age from 1 month to 14 years, were studied using brainstem auditory evoked potentials. Abnormal results were present in 60% of the subjects. Serial studies were obtained in 30% of the abnormal patients, 75% of whom demonstrated continued abnormalities on subsequent examination. Abnormal studies were found only in those patients who were 6 years of age or younger. The most prominent finding was an increased interwave interval resulting from increased wave V latencies. Additional abnormalities included an increased slope of the latency-intensity function suggestive of sensory-neural hearing loss. These studies clearly indicate the significance of early detection by the use of evoked potentials in the early diagnosis of hearing disorders in children with meningitis.
Pediatric Neurology 4(1):18-22. · 1.52 Impact Factor