Allen L Cohn

US Oncology, The Woodlands, Texas, United States

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Publications (28)171.89 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: PurposeThis analysis from Avastin® Registries: Investigation of Effectiveness and Safety (ARIES) examined the association between exposure to bevacizumab after disease progression (PD) and postprogression survival (PPS) in bevacizumab-exposed metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) through the application of time-dependent and time-fixed analytical methods.Methods Patients with mCRC who were treated with first-line bevacizumab and who survived first PD (PD1) were included. A time-dependent Cox regression model was fitted to assess the effect of cumulative bevacizumab exposure on PPS, while controlling for potential confounders. In addition to support findings from previous studies, a modified intent-to-treat (mITT) analysis compared PPS in patients who received bevacizumab beyond disease progression (BBP) with those who did not (No-BBP).ResultsOf 1550 patients, 1199 survived PD1 and had a median PPS of 13.4 months. Cumulative bevacizumab exposure was associated with improved PPS (p = 0.0040). After adjusting for confounders, the hazard ratios (HRs) for PPS decreased, on average, by 1.2% (range, 1.1–1.3%) with each additional dose of bevacizumab. In the mITT analysis, the median PPS for BBP (n = 438) was 14.4 months vs 10.6 months with for No-BBP (n = 667). BBP was found to be independently associated with longer PPS in a multivariable Cox regression analysis (HR, 0.84; 95% confidence interval, 0.73–0.97). Protocol-specified adverse events suspected to be associated with bevacizumab occurred in 13.0% of patients with BBP.Conclusion This analysis supports the observation that bevacizumab exposure after PD1 is associated with longer PPS in mCRC. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety 05/2014; · 2.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aims The Avastin® Registry – Investigation of Effectiveness and Safety (ARIES) observational cohort study (OCS) was designed to prospectively examine outcomes associated with bevacizumab-containing treatment for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) in a community-based setting, where patient populations are less restricted than those in randomised trials. Materials and Methods Patients with mCRC who were eligible for bevacizumab in combination with chemotherapy in first- or second-line treatment were enrolled from November 2006 to September 2008. There were no protocol-specified treatment regimens; the dose and schedule of bevacizumab and chemotherapy were at the treating physician's discretion. The objectives in the ARIES OCS included analyses of progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival, treatment patterns and safety in each of the first- and second-line treatment cohorts. Results ARIES enrolled 1550 patients with mCRC receiving first-line therapy with bevacizumab. The median follow-up time was 20.6 months. The median PFS in this cohort was 10.2 months (95% confidence interval 9.8–10.6) and the median overall survival was 23.2 months (95% confidence interval 21.2–24.8). In a separate cohort of 482 patients with second-line mCRC, the median follow-up time was 16.9 months, the median PFS and overall survival from the start of second-line treatment to the end of follow-up was 7.9 months (95% confidence interval 7.2–8.3) and 17.8 months (95% confidence interval 16.5–20.7), respectively. Incidences of known bevacizumab-associated adverse events in ARIES were generally consistent with those previously reported in OCSs and randomised trials. Conclusion Results from the prospective ARIES OCS add further evidence to support the effectiveness and safety of bevacizumab when added to first- and second-line treatment regimens for patients with mCRC in community treatment settings.
    Clinical Oncology 01/2014; · 2.86 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Available preclinical and phase 2 clinical data suggest that the addition of cetuximab, a monoclonal antibody directed against the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), to chemotherapy might improve outcome in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We aimed to assess whether the addition of cetuximab to chemotherapy improved progression-free survival in patients with recurrent or progressive NSCLC after platinum-based therapy. In this unmasked, open-label randomised phase 3 trial we enrolled patients with metastatic, unresectable, or locally advanced NSCLC from 121 sites in Canada and the USA. Eligible patients were those aged 18 years or older who had experienced progressive disease during or after one previous platinum-based regimen. Initially, patients were randomly assigned to receive either pemetrexed (500 mg/m(2)) or docetaxel (75 mg/m(2)) and then randomly assigned within each group to receive their chemotherapy with or without cetuximab (400 mg/m(2) at first dose and 250 mg/m(2) weekly thereafter) until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. However, after a change in the standard of care, investigators chose whether to treat with pemetrexed or docetaxel on a patient-by-patient basis. The primary analysis was changed to compare progression-free survival with cetuximab plus pemetrexed versus pemetrexed, on an intention-to-treat basis. This study is registered with Clinicaltrials.gov, number NCT00095199. Between Jan 10, 2005, and Feb 10, 2010, we enrolled 939 patients; data for one patient was accidentally discarded. Of the remaining 938 patients, 605 received pemetrexed (301 patients with cetuximab and 304 alone) and 333 received docetaxel (167 in combination with cetuximab and 166 alone). Median progression-free survival with cetuximab plus pemetrexed was 2·9 months (95% CI 2·7-3·2) versus 2·8 months (2·5-3·3) with pemetrexed (HR 1·03, 95% CI 0·87-1·21; p=0·76). The most common grade 3-4 adverse events with cetuximab plus pemetrexed were fatigue (33 [11%] of 292 patients), acneiform rash (31 [11%]), dyspnoea (29 [10%]), and decreased neutrophil count (28 [10%]), and with pemetrexed alone were dyspnoea (35 [12%] of 289 patients), decreased neutrophil count (26 [9%]), and fatigue (23 [8%]). A significantly higher proportion of patients in the cetuximab plus pemetrexed group (119 [41%] of 292 patients) experienced at least one serious adverse event than those patients in the pemetrexed group (85 [29%] of 289 patients; p=0·0054). Nine (3·1%) of 292 treated patients in the cetuximab and pemetrexed group died of adverse events compared with five (1·7%) of 289 treated patients in the pemetrexed alone group. The use of cetuximab is not recommended in combination with chemotherapy in patients previously treated with platinum-based therapy. Eli Lilly and Company and ImClone Systems LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Eli Lilly and Company.
    The Lancet Oncology 11/2013; · 25.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose Dasatinib inhibits src family kinases and has anti-angiogenic properties. We conducted a phase I study of dasatinib, capecitabine, oxaliplatin, and bevacizumab (CapeOx/bevacizumab), with an expansion cohort in metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). Methods Patients were enrolled in a dose escalation cohort to establish the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and the recommended phase II dose (RP2D). Using a "3 + 3" design, twelve patients with advanced solid tumors received dasatinib (50 mg twice daily or 70 mg daily), capecitabine (850 mg/m(2) twice daily, days 1-14), oxaliplatin (130 mg/m(2) on day 1) and bevacizumab (7.5 mg/kg on day1), every 3 weeks. Ten patients with previously untreated metastatic CRC were then enrolled in an expansion cohort. Activated src (srcact) expression was measured by immunohistochemistry, using an antibody that selectively recognizes the active conformation of src (clone 28). Results Twenty-two patients were enrolled between June 2009 and May 2011. Two DLTs were observed in the 50 mg bid dasatinib cohort, and one DLT was observed in the 70 mg daily dasatinib cohort. The MTD and RP2D for dasatinib was 70 mg daily. The most common treatment-related adverse events were fatigue (20; 91 %) and diarrhea (18; 82 %). Biomarker analysis of srcact expression demonstrated that the overall response rate (ORR) was 75 % (6/8) for patients with high srcact expression (IHC ≥ 2), compared to 0 % (0/8) for patients with low srcact expression (IHC 0 or 1); (p = 0.007). Conclusions The RP2D of dasatinib is 70 mg daily in combination with CapeOx/bevacizumab. High levels of srcact expression may predict those patients most likely to benefit from dasatinib.
    Investigational New Drugs 11/2013; · 3.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In patients with previously untreated metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), we conducted a phase 1b/randomized phase 2 trial to define the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of mFOLFOX6 plus bevacizumab (mFOLFOX6/bev) with conatumumab, an investigational, fully human monoclonal IgG1 antibody that specifically activates death receptor 5 (DR5). Twelve patients were enrolled in a phase 1b open-label dose-escalation trial of conatumumab with mFOLFOX6/bev; thereafter, 190 patients were randomized 1:1:1 to receive mFOLFOX6/bev in combination with 2 mg/kg conatumumab, 10 mg/kg conatumumab, or placebo. Therapy cycles were repeated every 2 weeks until disease progression or the occurrence of unacceptable toxicity. In phase 1b, conatumumab with mFOLFOX6/bev was tolerated without apparent added toxicity over mFOLFOX6/bev alone. In phase 2, conatumumab with mFOLFOX6/bev did not confer a benefit in progression-free survival when compared with placebo with mFOLFOX6/bev. Toxicity was similar in all treatment arms. Following treatment, similar increases in circulating caspase-3 levels were observed in all arms. Conatumumab with mFOLFOX6/bev did not offer improved efficacy over the same chemotherapy with placebo in first-line treatment of patients with mCRC. These data do not support further development of conatumumab in advanced CRC. Cancer 2013. © 2013 American Cancer Society.
    Cancer 10/2013; · 5.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Patients with advanced adenocarcinoma of the gastroesophageal junction/stomach are treated by combination chemotherapy, with minimal improvements in survival. We evaluated adding cetuximab to combination chemotherapy in these patients. METHODS: The primary objective was progression-free survival. Secondary objectives were response rate, time to response, duration of response and safety. Treatment Arm 1: docetaxel+oxaliplatin (DOCOX)=docetaxel 60mg/m(2) plus oxaliplatin 130mg/m(2) on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle. Arm 2: docetaxel+oxaliplatin+cetuximab (DOCOX+C)=DOCOX with C 400mg/m(2) first dose then 250mg/m(2) weekly. The protocol was amended to allow collection of tissue to correlate responses with KRAS status. FINDINGS: One hundred fifty patients were enrolled (75/arm). DOCOX/DOCOX+C: gastric 44%/41%, gastroesophageal junction 51%/55%, both 5%/4%. Response rate/arm: 26.5%/38.0%. Median progression-free survival: 4.7/5.1months (95% confidence interval (CI) 3.0-5.6/4.3-5.9); 1year survival: 39.1%/33.0%, median overall survival: 8.5/9.4months; median duration of response: 7.3/5.6months. Grade 3-4 treatment-related adverse events (%) included neutropenia (50%/44%), febrile neutropenia (13%/19%), diarrhoea (12%/17%), fatigue (12%/17%) and leukopenia (7%/14%). Discontinuation was due to progressive disease 39/32 and adverse events 21/34. KRAS was collected on some patients 2years into the study because of new American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) findings. INTERPRETATION: Cetuximab added to DOCOX may improve response rate minimally; there appears to be no improvement in progression-free survival, overall survival or 1-year survival. Cetuximab added to DOCOX did not produce clinically significant outcomes. Toxicities were consistent with the study drugs' known safety profiles. KRAS mutation was infrequent; no conclusions can be drawn from KRAS response data. ClinicalTrial.gov Identifier: NCT00517829.
    European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990) 06/2013; · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: In this multicenter, open-label, randomized phase 2 trial, the authors evaluated the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor inhibitor axitinib, bevacizumab, or both in combination with chemotherapy as first-line treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). METHODS: Patients with previously untreated mCRC were randomized 1:1:1 to receive continuous axitinib 5 mg twice daily, bevacizumab 5 mg/kg every 2 weeks, or axitinib 5 mg twice daily plus bevacizumab 2 mg/kg every 2 weeks, each in combination with modified 5-fluorouracil/leucovorin/oxaliplatin (FOLFOX-6). The primary endpoint was the objective response rate (ORR). RESULTS: In all, 126 patients were enrolled from August 2007 to September 2008. The ORR was numerically inferior in the axitinib arm (n = 42) versus the bevacizumab arm (n = 43; 28.6% vs 48.8%; 1-sided P = .97). Progression-free survival (PFS) (11.0 months vs 15.9 months; 1-sided P = .57) and overall survival (OS) (18.1 months vs 21.6 months; 1-sided P = .69) also were numerically inferior in the axitinib arm. Similarly, efficacy endpoints for the axitinib/bevacizumab arm (n = 41) were numerically inferior (ORR, 39%; PFS, 12.5 months; OS, 19.7 months). The patients who received axitinib had fewer treatment cycles compared with other arms. Common all-grade adverse events across all 3 treatment arms were fatigue, diarrhea, and nausea (all ≥49%). Hypertension and headache were more frequent in the patients who received axitinib. Patients in the bevacizumab arm had the longest treatment exposures and the highest rates of peripheral neuropathy. CONCLUSIONS: Neither the addition of continuous axitinib nor the axitinib/bevacizumab combination to FOLFOX-6 improved ORR, PFS, or OS compared with bevacizumab as first-line treatment of mCRC. Cancer 2013. © 2013 American Cancer Society.
    Cancer 04/2013; · 5.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Targeted agents presently available for mutant KRAS metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) are bevacizumab and aflibercept. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of conatumumab (an agonistic monoclonal antibody against human death receptor 5) and ganitumab (a monoclonal antibody against the type 1 insulin-like growth factor receptor) combined with standard FOLFIRI chemotherapy as a second-line treatment in patients with mutant KRAS mCRC.Patients and methodsPatients with mutant KRAS metastatic adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum refractory to fluoropyrimidine- and oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy were randomized 1 : 1 : 1 to receive intravenous FOLFIRI plus conatumumab 10 mg/kg (Arm A), ganitumab 12 mg/kg (Arm B), or placebo (Arm C) Q2W. The primary end point was progression-free survival (PFS).ResultsIn total, 155 patients were randomized. Median PFS in Arms A, B, and C was 6.5 months (HR, 0.69; P = 0.147), 4.5 months (HR, 1.01; P = 0.998), and 4.6 months, respectively; median overall survival was 12.3 months (HR, 0.89; P = 0.650), 12.4 months (HR, 1.27; P = 0.357), and 12.0 months; and objective response rate was 14%, 8%, and 2%. The most common grade ≥3 adverse events in Arms A/B/C included neutropenia (30%/25%/18%) and diarrhea (18%/2%/10%).Conclusions Conatumumab, but not ganitumab, plus FOLFIRI was associated with a trend toward improved PFS. Both combinations had acceptable toxicity.
    Annals of Oncology 03/2013; · 7.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: This study was designed to establish the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) and to evaluate tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and antitumor activity of etirinotecan pegol. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Patients with refractory solid malignancies were enrolled and assigned to escalating-dose cohorts. Patients received one infusion of etirinotecan pegol weekly × 3 every 4 weeks (w×3q4w), or every 14 days (q14d), or every 21 days (q21d), with MTD as the primary end point using a standard 3+3 design. RESULTS: Seventy-six patients were entered onto three dosing schedules (58-245 mg/m2). The MTD was 115 mg/m2 for the w×3q4w schedule and 145 mg/m2 for both the q14d and q21d schedules. Most adverse events related to study drug were gastrointestinal disorders and were more frequent at higher doses of etirinotecan pegol. Late onset diarrhea was observed in some patients, the frequency of which generally correlated with dose density. Cholinergic diarrhea commonly seen with irinotecan treatment didn't occur in patients treated with etirinotecan pegol. Etirinotecan pegol administration resulted in sustained and controlled systemic exposure to SN-38, which had a mean half-life of approximately 50 days. Overall, the pharmacokinetics of etirinotecan pegol are predictable and do not require complex dosing adjustments. Confirmed partial responses were observed in eight patients with breast, colon, lung (small and squamous cell), bladder, cervical, and neuroendocrine cancer. CONCLUSIONS: Etirinotecan pegol demonstrated substantial antitumor activity in patients with various solid tumors and a somewhat different safety profile compared with the irinotecan historical profile. The MTD recommended for phase II clinical trials is 145 mg/m2 q14d or q21d.
    Clinical Cancer Research 11/2012; · 7.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background. The Avastin® Registry: Investigation of Effectiveness and Safety (ARIES) study is a prospective, community-based observational cohort study that evaluated the effectiveness and safety of first-line treatment patterns, assessing the impact of chemotherapy choice and treatment duration.Methods. The ARIES study enrolled patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) receiving first-line chemotherapy with bevacizumab and followed them longitudinally. The protocol did not specify treatment regimens or assessments. Analyses included all patients who initiated bevacizumab in combination with either first-line oxaliplatin with infusional 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin (FOLFOX) or irinotecan with infusional 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin (FOLFIRI). Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) times were estimated using Kaplan-Meier methods. Hazard ratios (HRs) were estimated with multivariate Cox regression analysis, adjusting for potential confounding factors.Results. In total, 1,550 patients with first-line mCRC were enrolled (median follow-up, 21 months) and most received FOLFOX-bevacizumab (n = 968) or FOLFIRI-bevacizumab (n = 243) as first-line therapy. The baseline characteristics and median treatment duration were generally similar between subgroups. There were no significant differences in the median PFS (10.3 months vs. 10.2 months) or OS (23.7 months vs. 25.5 months) time between the FOLFOX-bevacizumab and FOLFIRI-bevacizumab subgroups, respectively, by unadjusted analyses. Multivariate analyses showed FOLFIRI-bevacizumab resulted in a similar PFS (HR, 1.03; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.88-1.21) and OS (HR, 0.95; 95% CI, 0.78-1.16) outcome as with FOLFOX-bevacizumab. The incidence proportions of bevacizumab-associated adverse events were similar for FOLFOX- and FOLFIRI-based therapies.Conclusions. In first-line mCRC patients, the FOLFOX-bevacizumab and FOLFIRI-bevacizumab regimens were associated with similar treatment patterns and clinical outcomes.
    The Oncologist 09/2012; · 4.10 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cetuximab (C), alone or with irinotecan, demonstrates activity in irinotecan-refractory colorectal cancer (CRC). Activity of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), leucovorin (L), and bevacizumab (B), and preliminary data of cetuximab + bevacizumab, and toxicity profiles suggests that FOLF-CB (5-FU, L, C+B) may have activity with a favorable toxicity profile as first-line therapy. Eligible patients were randomized at registration to either arm A (mFOLFOX6-B) (modified, 5-FU. L (folinic acid), oxaliplatin (O) + bevacizumab), administered days 1 and 15 of each 28-day cycle as bevacizumab 5 mg/kg, oxaliplatin 85 mg/m(2), leucovorin 400 mg/m(2), and 5-FU 400 mg/m(2) then 1200 mg/m(2)/day for 48 hours, or arm B (FOLF-CB), which included bevacizumab, leucovorin, and 5-FU as in arm A and cetuximab 400 mg/m(2) day 1 cycle 1; all other weekly cetuximab doses were 250 mg/m(2). Two hundred forty-seven patients (arm A/arm B 124/123) were enrolled, and 239 were treated (118/121). Twelve-month progression-free survival (PFS) was 45%/32%, objective response rates (ORR) (complete response [CR] + partial response [PR]) were 52%/41%, disease control rates (CR+PR+stable disease [SD]) were 87%/83%, and median overall survival (OS) was 21/19.5 months, respectively. Grade 3-4 neutropenia was higher in arm A (28%/7%), as was grade 3 fatigue (12%/3%), and grade 3 neuropathy (11%/< 1%), whereas acneiform rash was confined to arm B. Retrospective analysis of KRAS mutational status did not demonstrate KRAS as a meaningful determinant of activity, except in arm B patients with KRAS-mutated tumors, which resulted in inferior PFS. Patient satisfaction favored the control (mFOLFOX6-B). FOLF-CB was not superior to mFOLFOX6-B in terms of 12-month PFS and ORR, and was not more acceptable to patients. This trial supports the conclusion of other recently reported trials that concurrent cetuximab+bevacizumab should not be routinely used in metastatic CRC.
    Clinical Colorectal Cancer 11/2011; 11(2):101-11. · 1.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This prospective analysis evaluated the effect of tumor KRAS status on efficacy of second-line panitumumab plus folinic acid/5-fluorouracil/irinotecan (FOLFIRI). This phase 2, open-label, single-arm study enrolled patients with unresectable, measurable metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) after failure of first-line treatment with oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy plus bevacizumab. Patients received panitumumab 6 mg/kg plus FOLFIRI every 2 weeks until disease progression or intolerability. Tumor assessments per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) were performed by the investigators every 8 weeks from weeks 8-32 and every 12 weeks thereafter. KRAS status was determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) on DNA extracted from fixed tumor sections. Efficacy endpoints included objective response rate, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS). Safety endpoints included incidence of adverse events (AEs). Endpoints were evaluated by tumor KRAS status. Of 116 patients enrolled, 109 patients with known tumor KRAS status received treatment; 59% had wild-type KRAS, and 41% had mutant KRAS. Fifteen patients (23%) with wild-type KRAS and 7 patients (16%) with mutant KRAS had a complete or partial response to treatment. Median PFS was 26 weeks (95% CI, 19-33 weeks) and 19 weeks (95% CI, 12-25 weeks) in the wild-type KRAS and mutant KRAS strata, respectively. Median OS was 50 weeks (95% CI, 39-76 weeks) and 31 weeks (95% CI, 23-47 weeks) in wild-type KRAS and mutant KRAS strata, respectively. Skin-related toxicities (86% of all patients) and diarrhea (74%) were the most common AEs. Panitumumab plus FOLFIRI numerically improved objective response rate, PFS, and OS in favor of patients with wild-type KRAS tumors. The safety profile was consistent with panitumumab plus FOLFIRI trials in similar patient populations.
    Clinical Colorectal Cancer 09/2011; 10(3):171-7. · 1.80 Impact Factor
  • Ejc Supplements - EJC SUPPL. 01/2010; 8(7):129-130.
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    ABSTRACT: Azacitidine (AZA) is effective treatment for myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) at a dosing schedule of 75 mg/m(2)/d subcutaneously for 7 days every 4 weeks. The initial phase of this ongoing multicenter, community-based, open-label study evaluated three alternative AZA dosing schedules without weekend dosing. MDS patients were randomly assigned to one of three regimens every 4 weeks for six cycles: AZA 5-2-2 (75 mg/m(2)/d subcutaneously for 5 days, followed by 2 days no treatment, then 75 mg/m(2)/d for 2 days); AZA 5-2-5 (50 mg/m(2)/d subcutaneously for 5 days, followed by 2 days no treatment, then 50 mg/m(2)/d for 5 days); or AZA 5 (75 mg/m(2)/d subcutaneously for 5 days). Of patients randomly assigned to AZA 5-2-2 (n = 50), AZA 5-2-5 (n = 51), or AZA 5 (n = 50), most were French-American-British (FAB) lower risk (refractory anemia [RA]/RA with ringed sideroblasts/chronic myelomonocytic leukemia with < 5% bone marrow blasts, 63%) or RA with excess blasts (30%), and 79 (52%) completed > or = six treatment cycles. Hematologic improvement (HI) was achieved by 44% (22 of 50), 45% (23 of 51), and 56% (28 of 50) of AZA 5-2-2, AZA 5-2-5, and AZA 5 arms, respectively. Proportions of RBC transfusion-dependent patients who achieved transfusion independence were 50% (12 of 24), 55% (12 of 22), and 64% (16 of 25), and of FAB lower-risk transfusion-dependent patients were 53% (nine of 17), 50% (six of 12), and 61% (11 of 18), respectively. In the AZA 5-2-2, AZA 5-2-5, and AZA 5 groups, 84%, 77%, and 58%, respectively, experienced > or = 1 grade 3 to 4 adverse events. All three alternative dosing regimens produced HI, RBC transfusion independence, and safety responses consistent with the currently approved AZA regimen. These results support AZA benefits in transfusion-dependent lower-risk MDS patients.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 04/2009; 27(11):1850-6. · 18.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Panitumumab, a fully human antibody targeting the epidermal growth factor receptor, is active in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). This trial evaluated panitumumab added to bevacizumab and chemotherapy (oxaliplatin- and irinotecan-based) as first-line treatment for mCRC. Patients were randomly assigned within each chemotherapy cohort to bevacizumab and chemotherapy with or without panitumumab 6 mg/kg every 2 weeks. The primary end point was progression-free survival (PFS) within the oxaliplatin cohort. Tumor assessments were performed every 12 weeks and reviewed centrally. A total of 823 and 230 patients were randomly assigned to the oxaliplatin and irinotecan cohorts, respectively. Panitumumab was discontinued after a planned interim analysis of 812 oxaliplatin patients showed worse efficacy in the panitumumab arm. In the final analysis, median PFS was 10.0 and 11.4 months for the panitumumab and control arms, respectively (HR, 1.27; 95% CI, 1.06 to 1.52); median survival was 19.4 months and 24.5 months for the panitumumab and control arms, respectively. Grade 3/4 adverse events in the oxaliplatin cohort (panitumumab v control) included skin toxicity (36% v 1%), diarrhea (24% v 13%), infections (19% v 10%), and pulmonary embolism (6% v 4%). Increased toxicity without evidence of improved efficacy was observed in the panitumumab arm of the irinotecan cohort. KRAS analyses showed adverse outcomes for the panitumumab arm in both wild-type and mutant groups. The addition of panitumumab to bevacizumab and oxaliplatin- or irinotecan-based chemotherapy results in increased toxicity and decreased PFS. These combinations are not recommended for the treatment of mCRC in clinical practice.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 01/2009; 27(5):672-80. · 18.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: XELIRI (capecitabine/irinotecan) is effective and well tolerated in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Cetuximab is active in mCRC alone or with chemotherapy. This study evaluated cetuximab plus XELIRI in first-line treatment of mCRC. Subjects had histologically confirmed unresectable colorectal adenocarcinoma (with T4 lesions) after preoperative chemoradiation and/or metastases. Treatment was capecitabine 1700 mg/m2 (850 mg/m2 orally twice a day on days 1-14 for 3 weeks), irinotecan 200 mg/m2 intravenously (I.V.) on day 1 every 3 weeks, and weekly cetuximab (initially 400 mg/m2 I.V. [120 minutes], subsequently 250 mg/m2 [30 minutes]). Baseline characteristics (N = 70): 43 men (61%); median age, 61.5 years; Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 0/1 = 66%/34%; 94% adenocarcinoma. Previous therapy: surgery (91%), chemotherapy (14%), or radiation therapy (7%). Responses (patients completing > or = 2 cycles): complete response (5.7%), partial response (37.7%), stable disease (43.4%), and progressive disease (PD; 13.2%); 16 patients discontinued early (n = 4 allergic reaction, n = 2 withdrew consent, n = 2 death, and n = 8 other adverse events [AEs]). The overall per-protocol response rate was 43.4% (34% intent to treat [ITT]; disease control rate, 86.8%; 69% ITT). The median time to progression was 8.1 months (range, < 1-27.0 months), and the median time to response was 1.6 months (range, 1.1-8.4 months). The median survival was 20.5 months, and 45.7% of patients remain alive. Of the 38 deaths, 84% were because of PD. No death was treatment related. The most frequent grade 3/4 treatment-related AEs included diarrhea, neutropenia, and nausea/vomiting; 32% of patients required dose reductions. All patients are off the study primarily because of PD (34.3%) or AEs (40.0%). In summary, XELIRI plus cetuximab is a promising regimen that merits further study for first-line mCRC.
    Clinical Colorectal Cancer 12/2008; 7(6):390-7. · 1.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Pemetrexed has demonstrated activity in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines, and has a manageable toxicity profile in clinical trials, suggesting its potential as a treatment for HCC patients. A multicenter, Phase II community-based study was conducted to assess the response rate and toxicity profile of single-agent pemetrexed in first-line patients with advanced or metastatic HCC. Patients premedicated with folic acid, vitamin B(12), and dexamethasone were administered pemetrexed 600 mg/m(2) IV on day 1 of each 21-day cycle until disease progression. This nonrandomized study employed Simon's 2-stage design, enrolling 21 eligible patients in the first stage, stopping accrual if < or =2 responders were observed. Responses were four stable disease, 14 progressive disease, and three not evaluable: two had early toxicities (renal/liver failure, sepsis) and one was noncompliant. The most common grade 3 hematological toxicities were neutropenia 6 of 21 (29%) and thrombocytopenia 3 of 21 (14%); with no grade 4 toxicities. Thirteen patients died on-study: 12 PD and one liver failure; none were drug-related. The median survival was 5.2 months (range, <1-12.2). The planned second stage was cancelled, and the trial was closed owing to lack of response. While pemetrexed was tolerated in this patient population, it was not active.
    Investigational New Drugs 08/2008; 26(4):381-6. · 3.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of three oxaliplatin and fluoropyrimidine regimens, with or without bevacizumab, as first-line treatment for metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). Patients with histologically documented metastatic or recurrent CRC and no prior treatment for advanced disease were randomly assigned to mFOLFOX6 (bolus and infusion fluorouracil [FU] and leucovorin [LV] with oxaliplatin), bFOL (bolus FU and low-dose LV with oxaliplatin), or CapeOx (capecitabine with oxaliplatin), respectively (Three Regimens of Eloxatin Evaluation [TREE-1]). The study was later modified such that subsequent patients were randomized to the same regimens plus bevacizumab (TREE-2). A total of 150 and 223 patients were randomly assigned in the TREE-1 and TREE-2 cohorts, respectively. Incidence of grade 3/4 treatment-related adverse events during the first 12 weeks of treatment were 59%, 36%, and 67% for mFOLFOX6, bFOL, and CapeOx, respectively, (TREE-1) and 59%, 51%, and 56% for the corresponding treatments plus bevacizumab (TREE-2; primary end point). CapeOx toxicity in TREE-1 included grade 3/4 diarrhea (31%) and dehydration (27%); capecitabine dose reduction to 1,700 mg/m(2)/d in TREE-2 resulted in improved tolerance. Overall response rates were 41%, 20%, and 27% (TREE-1) and 52%, 39%, and 46% (TREE-2); median overall survival (OS) was 19.2, 17.9, and 17.2 months (TREE-1) and 26.1, 20.4, and 24.6 months (TREE-2). For all treated patients, median OS was 18.2 months (95% CI, 14.5 to 21.6; TREE-1) and 23.7 months (95% CI, 21.3 to 26.8; TREE-2). The addition of bevacizumab to oxaliplatin and fluoropyrimidine regimens is well tolerated as first-line treatment of mCRC and does not markedly change overall toxicity. CapeOx tolerability and efficacy is improved with reduced-dose capecitabine. First-line oxaliplatin and fluoropyrimidine-based therapy plus bevacizumab resulted in a median OS of approximately 2 years.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 07/2008; 26(21):3523-9. · 18.04 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Milataxel is a novel taxane analog, with evidence of enhanced preclinical activity compared to paclitaxel and docetaxel, especially in cell lines that over express P-glycoprotein. Based on preclinical data that milataxel may be active in colorectal cancer (CRC), a phase II study was performed in patients with advanced previously treated CRC. Forty-four eligible patients were entered. Milataxel was administered intravenously every 3 weeks at the dose of 35 mg/m(2). No objective responses were noted, stable disease was seen in three patients. The median time to progression was 1.4 months (95% CI of 1.2-2.4 months). Three subjects developed neutropenic sepsis and two died. The most frequent grade 3/4 adverse events were neutropenia (57%), leukopenia (27%), dehydration (14%), neuropathy (16%), diarrhea (14%) and thrombocytopenia (14%). The pharmacokinetics of milataxel was assessed in five subjects. The mean milataxel elimination half-life was 64 h and the mean area under the plasma concentration-time curve was 1,708 ng h/ml. A syndrome of neutropenic sepsis and diarrhea can be life threatening and close surveillance is needed in patients treated with milataxel at the dose of 35 mg/m(2) every 3 weeks. Clinical activity was not demonstrated in patients with advanced previously treated CRC.
    Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology 04/2008; 61(3):453-8. · 2.80 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study evaluated safety, pharmacokinetics, and efficacy of 2 dose schedules and 2 infusion times of panitumumab in patients with advanced solid malignancies. This phase I multicenter, open-label study sequentially enrolled patients with advanced solid tumors refractory to standard therapy, or for which no standard therapy exists, to receive panitumumab 6 mg/kg every 2 weeks or 9 mg/kg every 3 weeks. Patients receiving panitumumab every 2 weeks received either all infusions over 60 minutes or a 60-minute infusion for the first dose followed by 30-minute infusions if the first infusion was well tolerated. Patients in the every-3-week cohort received 60-minute infusions. Safety outcomes included the incidence of adverse events and antipanitumumab antibody formation. Pharmacokinetic properties were determined. Efficacy endpoints included response rate and duration of response. Eighty-six patients were enrolled; 84 (98%) received panitumumab. Treatment-related adverse events occurred in 90% of patients. Safety profiles were similar between patients receiving 30-minute (n = 20) and 60-minute (n = 43) infusions every 2 weeks and patients receiving panitumumab every 3 weeks (n = 21). Panitumumab exposure at steady state increased dose proportionally, and peak serum concentrations were similar in patients receiving either 30- or 60-minute infusions every 2 weeks. Objective responses were seen in 4 patients (5%) with colon, rectal, esophageal, and bladder cancers. Similar drug exposures and safety profiles were observed in patients receiving panitumumab 6 mg/kg every 2 weeks with either 30- or 60-minute infusions and antitumor activity was seen in some patients. Exposure increased approximately dose proportionally at steady state.
    Clinical Colorectal Cancer 02/2008; 8(1):29-37. · 1.80 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1k Citations
171.89 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2008–2013
    • US Oncology
      The Woodlands, Texas, United States
    • CUNY Graduate Center
      New York City, New York, United States
    • University of Pittsburgh
      • Department of Medicine
      Pittsburgh, PA, United States
  • 2011
    • Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
      New York City, New York, United States