[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Gemcitabine, oxaliplatin and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) are active in biliary tract cancer and have a potentially synergistic mode of action and non-overlapping toxicity. The objective of these trials was to determine response, survival and toxicity separately in patients with bile duct cancer (BDC) and gallbladder cancer (GBC) treated with gemcitabine/oxaliplatin/5-FU chemotherapy.
Eligible patients with histologically proven, advanced or metastatic BDC (n=37) or GBC (n=35) were treated with gemcitabine (900 mg m(-2) over 30 min), oxaliplatin (65 mg m(-2)) and 5-FU (1500 mg m(-2) over 24 h) on days 1 and 8 of a 21-day cycle. Tumour response was the primary outcome measure.
Response rates were 19% (95% CI: 6-32%) and 23% (95% CI: 9-37%) for BDC and GBC, respectively. Median survivals were 10.0 months (95% CI: 8.6-12.4) and 9.9 months (95% CI: 7.5-12.2) for BDC and GBC, respectively, and 1- and 2-year survival rates were 40 and 23% in BDC and 34 and 6% in GBC (intention-to-treat analysis). Major grade III and IV adverse events were neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, elevated bilirubin and anorexia.
Triple-drug chemotherapy achieves comparable results for response and survival to previously reported regimens, but with more toxicity.
British Journal of Cancer 11/2009; 101(11):1846-52. · 5.08 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Combinations of gemcitabine-oxaliplatin, gemcitabine-5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and 5-FU-oxaliplatin have synergistic activity and nonoverlapping adverse effect profiles. This trial assessed efficacy and safety of the triple combination gemcitabine-oxaliplatin and infusional 5-FU in patients with locally advanced (n=11) or metastatic (n=32) pancreatic adenocarcinoma.
A total of 43 eligible patients were treated with intravenous infusions of gemcitabine (900 mg/m2 over 30 min), followed by oxaliplatin (65 mg/m2 over 2 h) and 5-FU (1500 mg/m2 over 24 h) on days 1 and 8 of a 21-day cycle.
Among all 43 patients, the tumor response rate was 19% [95% confidence interval 7% to 30%]. Nine patients were nonassessable for response because they did not complete the first two cycles of chemotherapy due to rapid disease progression, early death or treatment refusal. One patient was lost to follow-up. Median time to progression and overall survival were 5.7 and 7.5 months. Principal grade III/IV toxic effects were leucopenia in 11 (2%), thrombocytopenia in 13 (2%), nausea in 13 (0%), anorexia 16 (7%) and sensory neuropathy in 18 (0%) of patients. Unexpected cardiotoxicity was observed in this trial.
Response rates and survival of the three-drug combination compare favorably with single-agent gemcitabine, but do not exceed results for doublets.
Annals of Oncology 02/2007; 18(1):82-7. · 7.38 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: An open-label randomised comparison of efficacy and tolerability of irinotecan plus high-dose 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and leucovorin (LV) (ILF) with etoposide plus 5-FU/LV (ELF) in patients with untreated metastatic or locally advanced gastric cancer. One cycle of ILF comprised six once-weekly infusions of irinotecan 80 mg m(-2), LV 500 mg m(-2), 24-h 5-FU 2000 mg m(-2), and ELF comprised three once-daily doses of etoposide 120 mg m(-2), LV 300 mg m(-2), 5-FU 500 mg m(-2). In all, 56 patients received ILF and 58 ELF. Median age was 62 years, Karnofsky performance 90%, and disease status was comparable for both arms. The objective clinical response rates after 14 weeks treatment (primary end point) were 30% for ILF and 17% for ELF (risk ratio (RR) 0.57, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.29-1.13, P = 0.0766). Overall response rates over the entire treatment period for ILF and ELF were 43 and 24%, respectively (RR 0.56, 95% CI 0.33-0.97; P = 0.0467). For ILF and ELF, respectively, median progression-free survival was 4.5 vs 2.3 months, time to treatment failure was 3.6 vs 2.2 months (P = 0.4542), and overall survival was 10.8 vs 8.3 months (P = 0.2818). Both regimens were well tolerated, the main grade 3/4 toxicities being diarrhoea (18%, ILF) and neutropenia (57%, ELF). The data from this randomised phase II study indicate that ILF provides a better response rate than ELF, and that ILF should be investigated further for the treatment of metastatic gastric cancer.
British Journal of Cancer 07/2005; 92(12):2122-8. · 5.08 Impact Factor