A Sabbatini

Università di Pisa, Pisa, Tuscany, Italy

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Publications (26)88.32 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the relationship between oncogene activation and appearance of multidrug resistance (MDR) we transfected the human breast epithelial cell line MCF-10A, negative for the expression of the P-glycoprotein, with c-Ha-ras and/or c-erbB-2 oncogenes. The appearance of the MDR phenotype was then studied by evaluating mdr-1 mRNA expression, the presence of P-glycoprotein on the cell membrane and the onset of doxorubicin resistance, together with the effect of the reversing agent verapamil. We found that only MCF-10A transfected with both c-Ha-ras and c-erbB-2 oncogenes acquired the MDR phenotype.
    International Journal of Cancer 07/2006; 59(2):208 - 211. · 6.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To study the reactivity of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) sera with human chondrocyte populations isolated from normal cartilage and expanded in vitro. Human articular chondrocytes were cultured as adherent (non-differentiated) cells on plastic dishes or in suspension (differentiated) on dishes previously coated with a thin layer of 1% agarose. Sera from 28 RA patients and 5 paired synovial fluids were tested on lysates from chondrocytes and fibroblasts as control by immunoblot. Antigen expression on the cell membrane was evaluated by flow cytometry in a few sera. In 9/28 RA sera IgG antibodies specific for chondrocyte antigens (97 kDa, 74 kDa, 67 kDa, 60 kDa, 54 kDa, 48 kDa and 37 kDa) were detected. Twelve sera reacted with proteins expressed both on chondrocytes and fibroblasts and 7 with fibroblasts only; two sera had no reactivity. When lysates from adherent or suspension chondrocytes were compared, RA sera reacted with higher intensity and detected more antigens on chondrocytes cultured in suspension. Flow cytometry assay demonstrated that RA sera are able to recognize antigens expressed on the cell membrane of the human chondrocytes. Our data indicate that: a) 32% of the RA sera contain antibodies reactive with antigens expressed exclusively by chondrocytes, but this value rises to 75% if antigens expressed both by chondrocytes and fibroblasts are considered; b) the reactivity of fully differentiated chondrocytes in suspension culture is higher than the reactivity of chondrocytes cultured in monolayer; and c) some of the chondrocyte-specific antigens identified are associated with the chondrocyte membrane. Thus, in vitro cultured chondrocytes may be used to study both the specificity and the biological activity of autoantibodies in RA.
    Clinical and experimental rheumatology 01/2003; 21(5):587-92. · 2.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In systemic autoimmune diseases, autoantibodies specific for alpha-enolase are detected more frequently in patients with active renal involvement. To analyze the properties of anti-alpha-enolase antibodies and the distribution of the enzyme in the cell, mouse monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies were obtained from mice immunized with a glutathione-S-transferase-alpha-enolase fusion protein. Anti-alpha-enolase antibodies were purified from patient sera on enolase from human kidney. Using these antibodies, the distribution of alpha-enolase in the cell was analyzed in subcellular fractions and in the cell membrane by flow cytometry and immunoprecipitation. Plasminogen binding was studied by an immunoenzymatic assay. We observed that alpha-enolase was present in the cytosol and membrane fractions obtained from kidney and U937 cells. By flow cytometry, mouse polyclonal anti-enolase antibodies, one monoclonal and 7/9 human anti-enolase antibodies bound the membrane of U937 cells. One monoclonal antibody and mouse polyclonal anti-enolase antibodies immunoprecipitated a 48-kDa molecule from surface-labeled U937 cells and this molecule was recognized by rabbit anti-enolase antibodies. Both immunization-induced antibodies and 7/9 autoantibodies from patient sera inhibited the binding of plasminogen to alpha-enolase. The results show that alpha-enolase, an autoantigen in connective tissue diseases, is a cytoplasmic enzyme which is also expressed on the cell membrane, with which it is strongly associated. Anti-alpha-enolase autoantibodies isolated from patient sera recognize the membrane-associated form of the enzyme and/or interfere with its receptor function, thus inhibiting the binding of plasminogen. Autoantibodies specific for alpha-enolase could play a pathogenic role, either by a cytopathic effect or by interfering with membrane fibrinolytic activity.
    European Journal of Immunology 01/2001; 30(12):3575-84. · 4.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To analyze the presence and specificity of anti-alpha-enolase antibodies in various systemic autoimmune diseases. Sera from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), mixed cryoglobulinemia (MC), systemic sclerosis (SSc), and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) were tested by immunoblot on partially purified a-enolase from human kidney and on beta- and gamma-enolase. The isotype of anti-enolase antibodies was determined by means of isotype-specific monoclonal antibodies. IgG anti-alpha-enolase antibodies were detected in 9/33 (27%) SLE sera (6/9 patients had active renal disease), in 6/19 sera from patients with MC and nephritis, in 0/15 sera from MC patients without renal involvement, in 6/20 (30%) SSc sera, in 2/35 (6%) disease controls with RA, and in 2/32 (6%) healthy controls. The antibodies were not species-specific, but in most cases were specific for the alpha isoform of enolase. The anti-enolase immune response was not isotypically restricted. In half of the patients with SLE the anti-alpha-enolase and anti-DNA antibodies constituted distinct antibody populations, while in the other half a partial overlap of the 2 antibody specificities was observed. Anti-alpha-enolase antibodies can frequently be detected in systemic autoimmune disorders. In SLE and MC they are associated with nephritis and in SSc they are associated with severe endothelial damage. Alpha-enolase is ubiquitous, but is highly expressed in the kidney and also on the membrane of several cell types including endothelial cells. Thus, anti-alpha-enolase antibodies could contribute to renal injury not only by the local formation of immune complexes, but also by direct damage to endothelial cells.
    The Journal of Rheumatology 02/2000; 27(1):109-15. · 3.26 Impact Factor
  • Journal of chemotherapy (Florence, Italy) 05/1998; 10(2):167-8. · 0.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The presence of Gc (vitamin D binding protein) has been consistently demonstrated on the membrane of B lymphocytes. This protein appears to be spatially associated with surface immunoglobulins. The origin of this surface protein has not yet been determined and the purpose of the present paper was to investigate if Gc may bind to human lymphocytes after immunoglobulin (Ig) capping. For this purpose the presence of Gc on B lymphocytes was examined by three different approaches. First, when cells were examined by immunofluorescence and quantified by flow cytometry, membrane Ig capping was followed by a dramatic decrease in positivity for Gc when compared to native cells. In addition, incubation of capped cells with purified Gc was followed by a significant increase in fluorescence, indicating that this protein had been able to bind again. Second, analysis of solubilized lymphocytes by Western blotting showed that native lymphocytes and capped cells incubated with purified Gc contained a large quantity of a 56kDa protein which was immunoreactive with anti Gc antibodies. This protein band was much weaker on blots from capped cells not treated with Gc. Third, radiobinding assays indicated that, following capping, cells were able to bind Gc in saturable fashion. These results suggest that membrane Gc could play a role in the entry of vitamin D metabolites into lymphocytes.
    Journal of endocrinological investigation 10/1995; 18(8):630-7. · 1.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The presence of a multidrug resistance (MDR) related protein, P-170, in normal and pathological lymphoid cells has been described. The present report evaluates the expression of the mdr 1 gene by using the reverse Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) on cells obtained from the thymus and bursa of chicken embryos starting from day 12 until hatching. Results show that the thymic cells are positive from day 12 to the end of the observation period. In contrast, mdr mRNA was detected in the bursa from day 14 to day 17 of embryonic life. Possible relationships between the expression of mdr and the development of T and B lymphocytes are discussed.
    Experientia 03/1995; 51(2):137-40.
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    ABSTRACT: Mixed cryoglobulinaemia (MC) is a disorder characterized by the presence of large amounts of cryoprecipitating IgM-IgG complexes. An immune complex glomerulonephritis develops in one third of all patients, but its occurrence does not seem related to the amount of cryoglobulins in the sera, nor to their complement-fixing ability. In this study we investigated the presence of IgG antibodies reactive with kidney antigens in 33 MC patients (11 with glomerulonephritis, 22 without renal involvement). A total glomerular extract was run on a 10% acrylamide gel, blotted to nitrocellulose and probed with the patients' sera. Sera from half of the patients without renal involvement reacted with several glomerular antigens whose molecular weight ranged between 200 and 29 kD. In the group with renal involvement, sera from 7/11 patients reacted with an antigen of 50 kD, which is also expressed in thymus, but not in the heart or liver. In a follow-up study of four patients with renal involvement, the amount of serum antibody specific for the 50-kD antigen fluctuated, either spontaneously or in response to therapy. These results show that antibodies specific for glomerular antigens are detectable in MC sera. The immune response against a 50-kD antigen expressed in the kidney and thymus seems to be restricted to a subset of MC patients with renal involvement. Circulating autoantibodies specific for glomerular antigens might contribute to the induction of glomerulonephritis in MC forming immune complexes in situ.
    Clinical & Experimental Immunology 06/1994; 96(2):317-22. · 3.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is associated with production of autoantibodies. The N-terminal 35-58 sequence of EBNA I, one of the nuclear antigens encoded by EBV, is highly homologous to the C-terminal 95-119 region of the ribonucleoprotein SmD. Autoantibodies specific for SmD are present only in systemic lupus (SLE) sera and are therefore considered a serological marker of SLE. We measured antibodies to the EBNA I 35-58 sequence in EBV-related diseases and in autoimmune disorders. Antibodies to the EBNA I 35-58 peptide were present in 30% of normal sera, 12% Burkitt lymphoma, 22% infectious mononucleosis, 25% rheumatoid arthritis, 38% SLE and 33% Sjogren's syndrome. Antibodies to the SmD 95-119 peptide were detectable in 32% of SLE sera, 17% infectious mononucleosis and 12% Burkitt lymphoma. The specificity of anti-EBNA I 35-58 antibodies affinity-purified from nine sera was analysed by means of an inhibition assay. Only anti-EBNA I 35-58 antibodies affinity-purified from SLE sera have a similar affinity for the viral peptide and the SmD C-terminal one; they also bind the recombinant SmD in western blot. The results indicate that antibodies to EBNA I 35-58 are produced in normals, in EBV-related diseases and in autoimmune disorder, but only SLE sera contain anti-viral antibodies cross-reactive with an autoantigen.
    Journal of Autoimmunity 05/1994; 7(2):179-91. · 8.15 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Spontaneous and culture condition-dependent changes in P-glycoprotein expression and activity have been monitored in primary cultures of rat hepatocytes by using immunoblotting, PCR and fluorimetric techniques. In hepatocytes cultured in basal medium without addition of dexamethasone or 3-methylcholanthrene, mdr mRNA and P-glycoprotein increased progressively throughout a 72 h culture period, in concert with an enhancement in the ability to extrude the fluorescent dye Rhodamine-123. Addition of 1 microM dexamethasone to the culture medium slowed down the increase in mdr mRNA and P-glycoprotein, while inducing a significant increase in the efficiency of R-123 efflux. Addition of either 100 nM or 10 microM DEX produced different changes in mdr mRNA and protein, unrelated to the rate of Rhodamine-123 extrusion. When 50 microM 3-methylcholanthrene was added to the culture medium in the absence of any hormone supplementation, no significant changes in P-glycoprotein activity and expression took place, in comparison with control cultures. On the contrary, in the presence of dexamethasone (100 nM and 1 microM), 3-methylcholanthrene induced an increase in mdr mRNA and in the amount of immunoblottable protein during culture, without producing any concomitant increase in the efficiency to extrude Rhodamine-123. The last phenomenon resulted to be an artefact, since 3-methylcholanthrene was shown to inhibit Rhodamine-123 transport competitively. These results indicate that rat hepatocyte P-glycoprotein may be variously modulated in vitro, by supplementing culture medium with hormones and/or xenobiotics. Functional activity of the P-glycoprotein is not necessarily related with protein amount and/or mdr RNA.
    Carcinogenesis 03/1994; 15(2):335-41. · 5.64 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Multidrug resistance is frequently found in patients affected by hematological malignancies and has been related to a poor prognosis of acute leukemia. In the present paper we report results concerning the activity of idarubicin, an anthracycline derivative, on the leukemic P388 and P388 doxorubicin-resistant cell lines. The results clearly show that idarubicin inhibits DNA synthesis in the resistant cell line more actively than doxorubicin.
    Annals of Hematology 12/1993; 67(5):227-30. · 2.87 Impact Factor
  • Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy. 11/1993; 47(s 6–7):273.
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    ABSTRACT: We have utilized enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to quantitate PCR-amplified DNA. This method was used to measure mRNA for the vitamin D-binding protein (Gc), beta-actin and the transferrin receptor (TR) gene in the Hep3B cell line. Total RNA from Hep3B cells was reverse transcribed to obtain cDNA, which was amplified in the presence of digoxigenin-dUTP by PCR. The PCR products were then hybridized in liquid phase to a biotinylated, nested capture probe for the respective sequences. The hybridized products were bound to a streptavidin-coated ELISA plate and were detected by an alkaline-phosphatase-conjugated antibody to digoxigenin. ELISA standard curves for Gc and control genes, beta-actin and TR, were obtained after PCR amplification of serial dilutions of Hep3B total RNA. As an external standard, an ELISA standard curve for Gc was obtained after PCR amplification of serial dilutions of a full-length Gc cDNA insert obtained from a recombinant plasmid. Thus, we were able to develop a non-isotopic quantitation assay for PCR-amplified DNA that is highly sensitive and has the specificity of hybridization-based methods.
    BioTechniques 11/1993; 15(4):706-13. · 2.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We evaluated the reversing activity of ethacrynic acid in a B-CLL patient resistant to chlorambucil. The glutathione S-transferase (GST) activity, measured in peripheral blood lymphocytes, resulted extremely elevated. Ethacrynic acid, at pharmacological concentrations, partially reversed chlorambucil resistance and this result appeared related to the increased GST levels.
    British Journal of Haematology 11/1993; 85(2):409-10. · 4.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Autoantibodies against the ribonucleoproteins B, B' and D are a serological marker of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We mapped the epitopes recognized by autoantibodies on the SmD molecule by means of 7 synthetic peptides corresponding to the entire length of the protein. By ELISA assay, 25% of the lupus sera contained IgG antibodies specific for the C-terminal SmD sequence 95-119. This reactivity was confirmed by synthesizing the sequence as a multiple antigen peptide (MAP): antibodies reactive with the MAP 95-119 were present only in SLE and not in other connective tissue disorders. Sera containing high titers of anti-MAP 95-119 antibodies reacted in immunoblot with the SmD protein. These results indicate the presence of a dominant epitope in the C-terminal region of SmD, which is highly homologous to the Epstein-Barr virus induced nuclear protein EBNA I.
    The Journal of Rheumatology 11/1993; 20(10):1679-83. · 3.26 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Vitamin D binding protein (Gc) is present on the surface of several blood cells and may interfere with the activity of 1,25(OH)2D3. It has previously been reported that Gc may bind to the U-937 line which is known to differentiate upon exposition to 1,25(OH)2D3. In the present paper, we evaluate the expression of Gc on the surface of U-937 and HL-60 lines. Both cell lines did not express Gc on their surface but U-937 cells were able to bind human purified Gc added to the medium whereas HL-60 were not. After culturing with 1,25(OH)2D3, HL-60 became able to bind Gc. This property seems to be related to the monocytic differentiation induced by 1,25(OH)2D3. Conversely, when present together, 1,25(OH)2D3 reduces binding on U-937.
    Leukemia Research 08/1993; 17(7):561-5. · 2.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The expression of the DBP (vitamin D binding protein) gene was investigated in monocytes and in peripheral blood lymphocytes. DBP message was amplified through 35 cycles of PCR amplification using specific oligonucleotide primers. PCR products of the expected size were further identified by Southern blotting using a specific DBP probe. No expression of the DBP gene could be detected in peripheral blood lymphocytes, nor in the monocyte-derived U 937 cell line. In contrast, message for DBP was identified in monocytes activated with lipopolysaccharide when analyzed between 6 and 10 h following stimulation. These results suggest that the temporal expression of the DBP gene could play a major role in the activation of monocytes by 1-25(OH)2D3.
    FEBS Letters 06/1993; 323(1-2):89-92. · 3.58 Impact Factor
  • A Sabbatini, S Bombardieri, P Migliorini
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    ABSTRACT: SmD is one of the small nuclear ribonucleoproteins frequently targeted by autoantibodies in systemic lupus erythematosus. We isolated and characterized the antibodies present in lupus sera that are specific for the C-terminal region of SmD (sequence 95-119). This region is highly homologous to sequence 35-58 of the EBNA I antigen, one of the nuclear antigens induced by infection with Epstein-Barr virus. Antibodies affinity purified over a peptide 95-119 column were able to recognize this sequence in the context of the whole SmD molecule, as they reacted with blotted recombinant SmD. Anti-SmD 95-119 antibodies bound also the EBNA I 35-58 peptide and detected the EBNA I molecule in a total cell extract from Epstein-Barr virus-infected lines. A population of anti-SmD antibodies is, therefore, able to bind an epitope shared by the autoantigen and the viral antigen EBNA I. To investigate the involvement of this shared epitope in the generation of anti-SmD antibodies, we immunized mice with the EBNA I 35-58 peptide. Sera from immunized animals displayed the same pattern of reactivity of spontaneously produced anti-SmD antibodies. They reacted in fact with the EBNA peptide as well as with SmD 95-119 and recombinant SmD. These data suggest that molecular mimicry may play a role in the induction of anti-SmD autoantibodies.
    European Journal of Immunology 06/1993; 23(5):1146-52. · 4.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The revertant activity of different compounds has been assayed on a multidrug-resistant human breast-cancer cell line (MCF 7/Dx). The calcium-channel blocker nicardipine showed the higher revertant ability when compared to cefoperazone or cyclosporin A at concentrations close to the pharmacological range. Interestingly, nicardipine was able to increase the revertant activities of both cefoperazone and cyclosporin A, but these latter were not able to enhance each other over a plateau. However, a limit of about 70% of growth inhibition of the line cultured in the presence of 60 microM doxorubicin seems to be insuperable at the concentrations employed. The combination of the three drugs brings the concentrations of drugs to the point at which the maximum possible inhibition is reached in the pharmacological range, but the complete reversion of chemoresistance is not reached when the doxorubicin is added at the concentration capable of reducing the cell proliferation by 50%.
    International journal of tissue reactions 02/1993; 15(1):17-23.
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    ABSTRACT: This article reports preliminary results from a pilot study started in 1986 on patients with acute myeloblastic leukemia treated for several months with low-dose arabinosylcytosine and 1(OH)D3. During treatment or at the time of relapse, a monoblastic component was frequently found. A high percentage of patients were P-170-positive. In 2 patients it was possible to show that blasts, previously P-170-negative, became positive after treatment. In these 2 patients, failure of clinical response to antileukemic therapy was associated with this phenotype. The addition of the revertant drug nicardipine to the previously inactive treatment induced a partial response. Thus, previously reported in vitro observations on the differentiating activity of vitamin D3 metabolites, possible induction of multidrug chemoresistance by differentiating agents and the revertant activity of the Ca++ antagonist nicardipine appear to be confirmed in vivo in the reported patients.
    Acta Haematologica 02/1993; 89(4):184-8. · 0.89 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

319 Citations
88.32 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1991–2006
    • Università di Pisa
      • • Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
      • • Department of Biology
      Pisa, Tuscany, Italy
  • 1993
    • Medical University of South Carolina
      • Department of Microbiology and Immunology (College of Medicine)
      Charleston, SC, United States