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Publications (3)9.68 Total impact

  • European Neurology 02/2008; 59(1-2):98-100. · 1.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) stands out from other subtypes of stroke because of the high early mortality and the risk of complications. Serum glial fibrillary acidic protein (s-GFAP) concentrations are increased after stroke. The aim of this study was to investigate whether s-GFAP could be used as a marker of brain damage and outcome after aSAH. Serum samples were obtained on a regular basis from 116 adults during a 2-week period after aSAH and analyzed using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The World Federation of Neurological Surgeons scale was used for neurological evaluation. Outcome was assessed after 1 year and categorized according to the Extended Glasgow Outcome Scale. Increased s-GFAP levels were seen in 81 of the 116 patients. Maximum s-GFAP correlated with World Federation of Neurological Surgeons scale on arrival and on days 10 to 15 (r=0.37, P<0.001 and r=0.47, P<0.001, respectively). Furthermore, maximum s-GFAP levels were increased in the patient group with radiological signs of focal lesions acute or at 1 year, compared with the group without focal lesions (P<0.001 in both comparisons). Patients with secondary events (re-bleeding or ischemia) reached maximum levels later in the series and both maximum and final s-GFAP levels increased compared with the levels in patients without secondary events (P<0.001 in all 3 comparisons). Finally, maximum s-GFAP correlated with outcome (r=-0.48, P<0.001) and s-GFAP was an independent predictor of dichotomized outcome. s-GFAP provides information about brain injury severity and outcome after aSAH, which can be useful as a complement to clinical data.
    Stroke 05/2007; 38(5):1489-94. · 6.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is a devastating event. Following the bleeding, a number of pathophysiological changes and clinical factors determine outcome. Not surprisingly, attempts to predict outcome based on a single factor have failed. The neurological status graded at admission to hospital and distributions of the blood on CT are the strongest predictors. There is evidence that cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) proteins may serve as markers of the extent of brain damage. The present study is focused on the light unit of neurofilament protein (NFL), previously not evaluated in aSAH. Lumbar puncture (LP), neurological grading according to World Federation of Neurological Surgeons (WFNS) and neurological examination according to the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) were performed in 48 consecutive patients with aSAH 10-14 days after the hemorrhage. CSF-NFL concentrations were analyzed using an ELISA. Outcome was assessed after 1 year and categorised according to the extended Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOSE). A significant correlation between CSF-NFL and GOSE was detected at follow up after 1 year. CSF-NFL also correlated with WFNS and NIHSS on the day of the lumbar puncture. CSF-NFL is a biochemical marker of brain damage correlating to neurological status and long-term outcome after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage.
    Neuroscience Letters 09/2006; 404(1-2):132-6. · 2.03 Impact Factor