A R Saniabadi

Social Insurance Chukyo Hospital, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan

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Publications (51)146.02 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The complement system has been proposed to play a significant role in the regulation of T-cell responses. However, the precise mechanism underlying C4-induced immune tolerance remains to be clarified. We recently reported that monomeric C4b inhibits CXCL10 production from blood cells. The purpose of this study was to verify the active site of monomeric C4b. We investigated the in vitro effects of a C4b-derived peptide (VPAGSARPVAFSVVPTAAA), named HP2 (highly homologous peptide 2), on the IFN-β-induced production of CXCL10 in human blood and the in vivo effects of the administration of HP2 on Th1/2 cytokine production in the spleen in mice. We also tested whether the administration of HP2 influences symptoms of experimentally induced ulcerative colitis in mice. HP2 inhibited CXCL10 production in human blood, and the administration of HP2 significantly suppressed the production of Th1 cytokines, such as IL-2, IFN-γ, and TNF-α, in spleen cells isolated from mice. The administration of HP2 in the mice significantly improved the symptoms of colitis, with down-regulation of colitogenic CD4(+)CD45RB(high) T cells and up-regulation of CD4(+)LAP/TGF-β1(+) T cells. The amino acid sequence described above is suggested to be the active site in C4b for the inhibition of Th1 cytokine production. These results should contribute to the development of new drugs suppressing autoimmune responses.
    Agents and Actions 08/2013; · 1.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cellulose acetate (CA) beads are often used for leucocyte apheresis therapy against inflammatory bowel disease. In order to clarify the mechanism of the anti-inflammatory effects of CA, global analysis of the molecules generated in blood by the interaction with CA beads was performed in this study. An activated medium was collected from whole blood that had been preincubated with CA beads, and the effects of the CA-activated medium on leucocyte function were investigated. Fresh blood was stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or interferon (IFN)-β in the presence of the activated medium, and levels of chemokines and cytokines, including CXCL10 (IFN-inducible protein-10), and phosphorylated STAT1 (signal transducer and activator of transcription 1), which is known to be essential for CXCL10 production in leucocytes, were measured. IFN-β- or LPS-induced CXCL10 production, expression of CXCL10 mRNA and phosphorylation of STAT1 were significantly reduced in the presence of the medium pretreated with CA beads compared with the control without the CA bead treatment. The factors inhibiting CXCL10 production were identified as the C3 and C4 fragments by mass spectrometry. The monomeric C3bi and C4b proteins were abundant in the medium pretreated with CA beads. Furthermore, purified C3bi and C4b were found to inhibit IFN-β-induced CXCL10 production and STAT1 phosphorylation. Thus, STAT1-mediated CXCL10 production induced by stimulation with LPS or IFN was potently inhibited by monomeric C3bi and C4b generated by the interaction of blood with CA beads. These mechanisms mediated by monomeric C3bi and C4b may be involved in the anti-inflammatory effects of CA.
    Clinical & Experimental Immunology 01/2012; 167(1):149-57. · 3.41 Impact Factor
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    Tomotaka Tanaka, Abbi R Saniabadi, Yasuo Suzuki
    11/2011; , ISBN: 978-953-307-677-5
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    ABSTRACT: Activated neutrophils and monocytes produce interleukin (IL)-8, a pro-inflammatory chemokine, but also IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra), which is an anti-inflammatory cytokine. We were interested to see the profiles of IL-8 and IL-1ra in the colonic tissue and in the peripheral blood leukocytes (PBL) during the development of immune complex induced colitis in rabbits. IL-1ra and IL-8 in PBL were measured in 26 rabbits at time 0 h, 24 h, and 48 h after induction of colitis. The colons were removed at 48 h for measuring myeloperoxidase (MPO), ulcer area, IL-1ra and IL-8. Epithelial damage, crypt abscess formation and leukocyte infiltration of the colonic tissue were major features of this colitis model. During the development of colitis, there was an increase in circulating neutrophils and monocytes (P<0.0001), but not lymphocytes. Likewise, elevated amounts of IL-1ra (P=0.0001) and IL-8 (P=0.0219) production by PBL were observed following induction of colitis. Flow cytometry revealed major source of IL-1ra was monocytes, while the main sources of IL-8 were neutrophils and monocytes. There was correlation between MPO and ulcer area (Rs=0.6327, P<0.0001). At 24 h, PBL from MPOHigh group (n=11) showed increased IL-1ra (P=0.027) and IL-8 (P=0.0128) levels vs MPOLow group (n=15). IL-8 production by PBL showed correlation with tissue MPO (Rs=0.4273, P=0.0295). The colitis in this model was associated with an increase in circulating monocytes and neutrophils, which released increased amounts of IL-8 and IL-1ra. Further, IL-8 and IL-1ra showed correlation with the severity of colitis. These observations should significantly further understandings on the role of neutrophils and monocytes in the immunopathogenesis of ulcerative colitis.
    Cytokine 07/2011; 56(2):508-14. · 2.52 Impact Factor
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    T Yamamoto, M Nakahigashi, A R Saniabadi
    Practical gastroenterology 01/2011; 35:10-26.
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    ABSTRACT: The generation of anaphylatoxins, particularly C5a, is important in extracorporeal circulation therapies such as granulocyte/monocyte apheresis, which activates the complement system and elevates C5a levels. However, no side effects of granulocyte/monocyte apheresis using cellulose acetate beads have been reported. To investigate the mechanism of complement activation, we prepared plasma from cellulose acetate bead-treated blood (P-CAB) and compared it with zymosan-activated plasma (ZAP). Anaphylaxis activity was measured by skin test, and the activity of carboxypeptidase, which inactivates C5a, was measured by colorimetric assay. Pro-carboxypeptidase R and neutrophil elastase concentrations were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Although C5a was generated in P-CAB, the anaphylaxis activity of P-CAB was lower than that of ZAP. Carboxypeptidase activity and pro-carboxypeptidase R levels were suppressed in P-CAB, but not in ZAP. Furthermore, neutrophil elastase levels increased in P-CAB. The decreases in carboxypeptidase activity and inactivation of anaphylatoxin were inhibited by a neutrophil elastase inhibitor. These results suggest that cellulose acetate beads initiate the activation of carboxypeptidase R via elastase release, thereby inducing the inactivation of anaphylatoxin.
    Artificial Organs 12/2010; 34(12):1144-9. · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with active inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have elevated and activated myeloid leucocytes which infiltrate the colonic mucosa in vast numbers. Myeloid leucocytes such as the CD14(+) CD16(+) monocytes are major sources of tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and therefore selective granulocyte/monocyte (GM) adsorption (GMA) should promote remission or enhance efficacy of pharmacological therapy. However, studies in IBD have reported both impressive as well as disappointing efficacy outcomes, indicating that patients' demographic factors might determine responders or non-responders to GMA. Nonetheless, this non-drug intervention has an excellent safety profile, and therapeutic GMA is expected to expand. In this review, attempts have been made to compile an update on the mode of actions (MoA) of the Adacolumn GMA. The MoA of GMA appears to be more than adsorption of excess neutrophils and TNF-producing CD14(+) CD16(+) monocytes per se. Adsorbed GMs release interleukin (IL)-1 receptor antagonist, hepatocyte growth factor and soluble TNF receptors, which are anti-inflammatory. Additionally, a sustained increase in lymphocytes including the regulatory CD4(+) CD25(+) T cells (lymphocyte sparing) is seen post-GMA. The impact of GMA on the immune system is potentially very interesting in the context of treating immune-related diseases. Future studies are expected to add intriguing insights to the MoA of GMA.
    Clinical & Experimental Immunology 11/2010; 163(1):50-8. · 3.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was to investigate if measurement of peritoneal cytokines is valuable for an early diagnosis of peritonitis following colorectal surgery. One hundred consecutive patients who were to undergo elective resection for carcinoma of the sigmoid colon or the rectum were investigated. Abdominal exudate was obtained from a drainage tube daily after surgery for measuring interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6 and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α. The relationship between peritoneal cytokine levels during the first 3 days after surgery and the development of peritonitis was investigated. Eight patients developed postoperative peritonitis due to anastomotic leakage and pelvic abscess, which was diagnosed on postoperative days 5-8. Peritoneal cytokine levels on postoperative days 1 and 2 were not significantly different between the 8 patients who developed peritonitis and 92 patients who did not: day 1, IL-1βP=0.32, IL-6 P=0.45, TNF-αP=0.85; day 2, IL-1βP=0.26, IL-6 P=0.68, TNF-αP=0.22. In contrast, the cytokine levels on day 3 were significantly higher in patients who developed peritonitis as compared with patients who did not: IL-1βP=0.008, IL-6 P<0.0001, TNF-αP=0.0001. The cytokines significantly increased during the first 3 days in patients who developed peritonitis: IL-1βP=0.049, IL-6 P=0.03, TNF-αP=0.01, while significantly decreased in patients who did not: IL-1βP<0.0001, IL-6 P<0.0001, TNF-αP<0.0001. The outcomes of this investigation showed that the rise in peritoneal IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α levels may be an additional early diagnostic predictor of intraabdominal complications following colorectal surgery.
    Cytokine 11/2010; 53(2):239-42. · 2.52 Impact Factor
  • A R Saniabadi, H Hanai
    Gastroentérologie Clinique et Biologique 10/2010; 34(12):645-8. · 1.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Several lines of evidence indicate that tumour-infiltrating granulocytes (TIGs) promote tumour growth and progression. However, the prognostic significance of TIGs, the relationship between TIGs and Fas ligand (FasL) expressed on tumour cells remains unclear and warrants investigation. Using immunnostaining, we retrospectively investigated TIGs and FasL in 130 tissue specimens from gastric carcinoma. We analyzed the correlation among these markers, their association with clinicopathologic features and prognosis. The number of TIGs was significantly associated with FasL-expression (P=0.002). Further, TIGs were significantly associated with depth of tumour invasion, lymph node metastasis and tumour stage. Calculating the prognostic relevance, in multivariate analysis, TIGs [relative risk (RR)=1.014; 95% CI=1.002-1.027; P=0.015] and tumour stage were statistically significant factors for survival. Our results suggest that TIGs are conveniently measured by the immunostaining method, and possibly serve as an independent factor of prognosis in patients with gastric carcinoma. This is based on the fact that TIGs were significantly associated with tumour stage and shorter survival time.
    Oncology Reports 08/2009; 22(1):29-33. · 2.30 Impact Factor
  • T Yamamoto, M Nakahigashi, A R Saniabadi
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    ABSTRACT: Diet is thought to have an important role in the immunopathogenesis and treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). To identify dietary constituents as risk factors for development of IBD and the therapeutic efficacy of dietary modifications or enteral nutrition in IBD. The Medline and the Cochrane Library were searched for clinical trials and meta-analyses in the scope of diet and nutrition in IBD. There are many studies in small cohorts of patients that claim that intake of certain diet constituents like fat, refined sugar, fruits, vegetables and fibre affect the expression of IBD. These are often compromised by insufficient data or methodological limitations and do not provide unequivocal evidence to incriminate any particular dietary factor. Among various dietary interventions, none has shown striking efficacy with the possible exception of complete enteral nutrition. Enteral nutrition appears effective in both active and quiescent Crohn's disease (CD), but independent meta-analyses have shown enteral nutrition to be inferior to corticosteroids in the management of active CD, when assessed on an intention-to-treat basis. The current levels of knowledge concerning dietary risk factors for IBD, and the therapeutic efficacy of dietary and nutritional interventions need to be supported by well-designed trials in large cohorts of patients.
    Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics 06/2009; 30(2):99-112. · 4.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Previous reports indicated that Fas Ligand (FasL) in gastric carcinoma might support tumour cells to evade host immune attack. However, the mechanism induced by the Fas/FasL system has not yet been described on the basis of comparison of normal and malignant tissues in terms of the features of regional location of Fas and FasL. By using immunostaining methods, we studied the distribution and regional location of Fas and FasL in gastric epithelial cells (GECs), gastric carcinoma cells (GCCs), normal gastric stroma-infiltrating lymphoid cells (NGILs) and tumour-infiltrating lymphoid cells (TILs) in 59 tissue specimens of human gastric carcinoma. The expression of Fas within the entire GECs was higher than that in all GCCs (P < 0.0001); however, the expression of Fas in NGILs was lower than that in TILs (P < 0.0001). The expression of FasL showed no significant difference between GECs and GCCs, or between NGILs and TILs. When we analyzed the Fas/FasL expression on cytomembrane (CM) in GECs and GCCs, Fas-in-CM was detected in 79.4% and 33.33% (P < 0.05), compared with 3.03% and 56.67%, respectively, for FasL-in-CM (P < 0.001). Our results suggest that there is indeed a possible mechanism to assist cancer cells to evade host immune attack, and this mechanism depends on the dynamic state of Fas/FasL expression, that is, Fas showed a tendency to be expressed within the cells, whereas FasL showed a tendency to be expressed on the cell membrane following carcinogenesis.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 06/2009; 331(1-2):181-6. · 2.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Regulatory T cells (T(reg)) have an essential role in maintaining immune tolerance in the gut. The functional CD4(+) T(reg) express the transcription factor forkhead box protein 3 (FoxP3) or a CD25(high) in humans. Further, depletion of elevated granulocytes/monocytes by extracorporeal adsorption (GMA) induces immunomodulation in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). We investigated the impact of GMA on T(reg). Thirty-one UC patients, clinical activity index (CAI) 12.1 +/- 2.97, refractory to conventional medications including intravenous corticosteroid and 13 healthy controls (HC), were included. Patients received five GMA sessions over 5 weeks. Biopsies from the rectal mucosa and blood samples at baseline and post-GMA were immunostained with anti-CD4/FoxP3 and anti-CD4/CD25 antibodies for immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry. Following GMA, 22 of 31 patients achieved remission (CAI <or= 4, P < 0.01) and their endoscopic activity index decreased from 10.6 +/- 2.32 to 4.75 +/- 1.48 (P = 0.003). The circulating CD4(+)CD25(high+) T(reg) level was low and increased markedly in responders (P < 0.02). In the nine non-responders, the baseline CD4(+)CD25(high+) T(reg) level was about 50% of the level in the responders (P < 0.03) or in the HC (P < 0.01), and all nine had to undergo colectomy. Conversely, the number of CD4(+)/FoxP3(+) mucosal T(reg) in GMA responders decreased significantly after the fifth GMA session compared with the baseline level (P < 0.05). It is believed that the CD4(+) T(reg) has an essential role in the control of immune pathology in UC patients and a net influx of these cells from the circulation into the mucosa may proceed to suppress inflammation. GMA can impact the circulating as well as the mucosal levels of T(reg).
    Clinical & Experimental Immunology 03/2009; 156(2):320-7. · 3.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Adacolumn selectively depletes granulocytes and monocytes/macrophages, which are thought to be part of the immunopathogenesis of ulcerative colitis. This work aims at evaluating the safety and clinical efficacy of the Adacolumn in patients with ulcerative colitis in large population-based data sets. The Adacolumn post marketing surveillance in Japan was undertaken on 697 patients in 53 medical institutions over 7 years from 29 October 1999 to 28 October 2006. Clinical efficacy and safety data were provided by patients' physicians in the participating institutes. Safety was evaluated in all the 697 patients and efficacy in 656 patients. At entry, 92% of the patients were on salicylates, 74% on prednisolone and only 9% on immunomodulators. Approximately 40% of patients had severe ulcerative colitis and over 70% had ulcerative colitis that was refractory to conventional medications. There was no serious adverse events; mild to moderate adverse events were seen in 7.7% of the patients. The overall response (remission or significantly improved) was 77.3%; the remission rate based on clinical activity index was 71.1%, while 17.1% remained unchanged and 5.6% worsened. Patients were subgrouped into severe, moderate and mild ulcerative colitis based on clinical activity index (n=578), the response rates were 63.2%, 65.7% and 80.4%, respectively (P<0.001). Endoscopic assessment of efficacy showed very significant mucosal healing, Matts' endoscopic index improved from 3.2+/-0.04 to 2.1+/-0.7 (n=219, P<0.001); reduction in prednisolone dose (P<0.0001); leucocyte count (n=358, P<0.0001) and C-reactive protein (n=314, P<0.0001). Patients who received > or =6 Adacolumn sessions (n=319) did better than patients who received < or =5 sessions (n=188, P=0.004) and multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that baseline granulocyte count was the strongest predictor of clinical response to Adacolumn (P=0.0191, odds ratio 1.151). This post marketing surveillance provides the largest ever efficacy and safety data on the Adacolumn therapeutic leucocytapheresis in patients with ulcerative colitis. As a non-pharmacologic treatment for patients with active ulcerative colitis most of whom were refractory to conventional drug therapy, the observed efficacy was very significant. Baseline granulocyte count was convincingly an independent predictor of clinical response.
    Digestive and Liver Disease 02/2009; 41(8):570-7. · 3.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Currently, published reports of mucosal inflammation in the terminal ileum of ulcerative colitis (UC) before colectomy are scarce. To investigate inflammation in the terminal ileum of UC patients by endoscopic examinations and measurement of mucosal cytokine profiles. Fifty consecutive patients with active UC were studied. At ileocolonoscopy, mucosal biopsies were taken from the terminal ileum. As control, mucosal biopsies from 20 patients without inflammation were examined. Thirty-eight patients showed endoscopically normal terminal ileum, four showed backwash ileitis, and eight showed non-backwash ileitis (ileitis with normal caecum). Pancolitis was observed in all of four patients with backwash ileitis, in 4 of 8 (50%) with non-backwash ileitis, and in 4 of 38 (11%) without ileal inflammation (P=0.0002). Extraintestinal manifestations were observed in none of 4 patients with backwash ileitis, in 6 of 8 (75%) with non-backwash ileitis, and in 3 of 38 (8%) without ileal inflammation (P<0.0001). In patients with backwash ileitis and non-backwash ileitis, ileal interleukin [IL]-1beta, IL-6, IL-8 and tumour necrosis factor-alpha levels were significantly elevated compared with the control group. Only extraintestinal manifestation was associated with higher ileal cytokine levels, whereas age, sex, and duration, extent and severity of UC did not show any apparent association. In patients with backwash ileitis, elevated ileal cytokines might reflect a reaction to regurgitation of colonic content into the ileum, but in patients without backwash ileitis, alternative factors are expected to contribute to the aetiology of ileal inflammation. Patients with extraintestinal manifestations had elevated ileal cytokine levels.
    Digestive and Liver Disease 04/2008; 40(4):253-9. · 3.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Long-term enteral nutrition may maintain clinical and endoscopic remission in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). The aim of this prospective study was to investigate the impacts of long-term enteral nutrition on clinical and endoscopic disease activities and mucosal tissue cytokines in patients with quiescent CD. Forty patients with CD who achieved clinical remission were included. Of these, 20 received continuous elemental diet (Elental) infusion during the nighttime and a low-fat diet during the daytime (EN group) and 20 received neither nutritional therapy nor food restriction (non-EN group). With these regimens, all 40 patients were monitored for 1 year. Further, ileocolonoscopy was performed at entry, at 6 and 12 months, and mucosal biopsies were taken for cytokine assays. On an intention-to-treat basis, 5 patients (25%) in the EN group and 13 (65%) in the non-EN group had a clinical relapse during the 1-year observation (P = 0.03). The mean endoscopic inflammation (EI) scores were not significantly different between the groups at both entry and 6 months, but at 12 months EI scores were significantly higher in the non-EN group than in the EN group (P = 0.04). Additionally, the mucosal tissue interleukin (IL)-1beta, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha levels significantly increased with time in the non-EN group (entry versus 12 months, IL-1beta, P = 0.02; IL-6, P = 0.002; TNF-alpha, P = 0.001). In the EN group these cytokines did not show a significant increase. Long-term enteral nutrition in patients with quiescent CD has a clear suppressive effect on clinical and endoscopic disease activities and the mucosal inflammatory cytokine levels.
    Inflammatory Bowel Diseases 01/2008; 13(12):1493-501. · 5.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The inference that granulocytes and monocytes/macrophages (GM) are part of the immunopathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and hence should be targets of therapy stems from observations of elevated, and activated GM in patients with IBD. The Adacolumn can selectively deplete GM by adsorption (GMA) and in patients with IBD, GMA has been associated with significant clinical efficacy together with sustained suppression of inflammatory cytokine profiles. Additionally, GMA depleted proinflammatory CD14(+)CD16(+) monocytes and was followed by an increase in CD4(+) T lymphocytes including the regulatory CD4(+)CD25(high+)Foxp3 phenotype. Hence, GMA could be a non-pharmacologic therapy for IBD with potential to spare steroids and other unsafe pharmacologic preparations.
    Transfusion and Apheresis Science 11/2007; 37(2):191-200. · 1.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Assessment of spleen size using the ultrasonography has become a standard practice in human. However, the assessment is not established method in experimental animals. To establish the index to assess the spleen size using ultrasonography, we measured the cross-section image of rabbit spleen during endotoxin shock. The image of the cross-section was appeared as triangle, and the height of the triangular image was defined as the spleen index. This spleen index showed strong correlation with the spleen weight. In conclusion, this method is suitable for observation of changes in rabbit spleen size and may reduce the number of rabbit in the longitudinal studies.
    Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 09/2007; 69(8):841-2. · 0.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Granulocyte, monocyte/macrophage adsorptive apheresis is a novel treatment for active ulcerative colitis. However, as yet no study has reported on a subset of patients who might respond well to granulocyte, monocyte/macrophage adsorptive apheresis therapy. To identify factors affecting clinical and endoscopic efficacies of granulocyte, monocyte/macrophage in patients with ulcerative colitis. Fifty consecutive patients with active ulcerative colitis initially received five granulocyte, monocyte/macrophage adsorptive apheresis sessions with the Adacolumn over five consecutive weeks. Patients who improved without achieving remission received five additional granulocyte, monocyte/macrophage adsorptive apheresis sessions. One week after the last granulocyte, monocyte/macrophage adsorptive apheresis session, 26 (52%) and 17 patients (34%) achieved clinical and endoscopic remission, respectively. In the multivariate analysis, the dose of prednisolone administered at entry and the cumulative dose of prednisolone administered before entry were independent significant factors for both clinical and endoscopic remission, negatively impacted the efficacy of granulocyte, monocyte/macrophage adsorptive apheresis. Age, gender, duration of ulcerative colitis, number of prior relapses, duration of current exacerbation, extent and severity of ulcerative colitis, extra-intestinal manifestations, entry haematology values and C-reactive protein did not affect the outcome. Based on the outcomes of this study, it appears that steroid-naïve patients and patients on low dose steroid and short duration of exposure respond to granulocyte, monocyte/macrophage adsorptive apheresis. Further studies in larger cohorts of patients should strengthen our findings.
    Digestive and Liver Disease 08/2007; 39(7):626-33. · 3.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recently, selective granulocytapheresis (Adacolumn) has appeared as a new treatment for patients with inflammatory bowel disease. This study sought to determine predictors of response to this new nonpharmacologic mode of therapy by retrospectively evaluating 28 patients who received granulocytapheresis after experiencing active ulcerative colitis (UC). Between April 2000 and March 2004, 28 consecutive patients received granulocytapheresis for active UC with the Adacolumn, which is filled with cellulose acetate beads as the column leukocytapheresis carriers; the carriers adsorb granulocytes, monocytes/macrophages, and a small fraction of lymphocytes (FcgammaR and complement receptors bearing leukocytes). Each patient could receive up to 10 Adacolumn sessions, at 2 sessions per week. In 2004, clinical response was retrospectively evaluated. Seven days after the last Adacolumn session, 20 of 28 patients had remission (colitis activity index [CAI] < or =4) including all 8 patients who had their first UC episode. The mean duration of UC in the 8 first episode cases was 3.4 months compared with 40.2 months for all 28 patients and 65.4 months for the 8 nonresponders. The response to Adacolumn was independent of basal CAI. The 8 nonresponders were given conventional medication (CM) or cyclosporine (CsA) if the former failed. Two responded to CM, 3 to CsA, and 3 underwent colectomy. First UC episode and short disease duration appear good predictors of response to granulocytapheresis. Selective granulocytapheresis might be an effective first-line treatment.
    Digestive Diseases and Sciences 11/2006; 51(11):2031-8. · 2.26 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

769 Citations
146.02 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2008–2010
    • Social Insurance Chukyo Hospital
      Nagoya, Aichi, Japan
  • 1994–2010
    • Hamamatsu University School of Medicine
      • Division of Pharmacology
      Hamamatu, Shizuoka, Japan
  • 2007–2009
    • University of Hamamatsu
      Hamamatu, Shizuoka, Japan
  • 2006
    • Toho University
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Funabashi, Chiba-ken, Japan
  • 2001
    • Hyogo College of Medicine
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Nishinomiya, Hyogo-ken, Japan
    • Tokyo Women's Medical University
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 1998
    • Nippon Medical School
      • Department of Rheumatology
      Tokyo, Tokyo-to, Japan