[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Monoclonal antibody (mAb) MX35 reacts with approximately 90% of ovarian epithelial cancers and has been studied in localization and biodistribution trials in ovarian cancer patients. This study shows that mAb MX35 recognizes a cell surface antigen of about 95,000 D on OVCAR-3 ovarian cancer cells. The antigen could be immunoprecipitated from lysates of cells metabolically labeled with [3H]glucosamine and it bound to concanavalin A and wheat germ agglutinin lectins, showing that it is a glycoprotein. MX35 antigen can also be detected in detergent lysates of OVCAR-3 cells by Western blotting. Using this technique the MX35 epitope(s) was shown to be heat stable but susceptible to reduction by 2-mercaptoethanol. Protease digestion of the antigen resulted in smaller fragments (42-52 kDa) that still reacted with antibody. We conclude that MX35 antigen is a 95 kDa glycoprotein, stabilized by disulfide bonds, with a large protease-resistant region that carries the MX35 epitopes.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the impact of surgical cytoreduction in patients (pts) with Stage IV endometrial adenocarcinoma.
We performed a retrospective chart review of all pts with Stage IV endometrial carcinoma treated at our institution from January, 1977, to February, 1995.
Fifty-five patients who underwent surgery as part of their primary treatment for Stage IV endometrial carcinoma were identified. They were divided into three groups: Group I consisted of 24 pts (44%) who underwent optimal surgical cytoreduction (diameter of largest residual tumor nodule < or = 2 cm); Group II contained 21 pts (38%) who underwent suboptimal surgical cytoreduction (> 2 cm residual disease); Group III consisted of 10 pts (18%) who had unresectable carcinomatosis and had no cytoreduction at all. There were no statistically significant differences between the three groups with respect to median age at diagnosis, tumor grade, histologic subtype, or the presence of extra-abdominal metastases. The median survival rates for the three groups were I, 31 months; II, 12 months; and III, 3 months (P < 0.01). Within Group I, there was no statistically significant difference in survival between the 8 pts who were found at laparotomy to have metastatic disease < or = 2 cm and the 16 pts who initially had metastatic disease > 2 cm and were subsequently cytoreduced to optimal status. On multivariate analysis only the extent of surgical cytoreduction had prognostic significance on survival.
The prognosis of Stage IV endometrial carcinoma is poor. However, the data in this series suggest that aggressive tumor cytoreduction may improve survival in these patients.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The expression of A, B, and H blood group antigens in epithelial ovarian cancer was evaluated in 137 patients with advanced disease by staining frozen sections with specific monoclonal antibodies using an indirect immunoperoxidase method. Expression of blood group antigens was observed in a proportion of ovarian carcinomas and in some areas of ovarian surface epithelium. Forty-eight percent of the tumors tested from 130 blood group A, B, or 0 individuals showed no expression of the appropriate blood group antigen, 32% had heterogeneous antigen expression, and 20% had strong expression. In the 7 blood group AB patients studied, no expression, heterogeneous expression of both antigens, or absence of one, but not the other antigen, was observed. No tumor showed A, B, or H antigen expression that was not compatible with the patient's blood group type. Histologic Grade 3 tumors showed absence of blood group antigen expression more often than did Grade 2 tumors. The presence or absence of A, B, or H antigen expression did not correlate with survival in this group of patients. This is in contrast to studies in other epithelial tumor types in which the normal epithelium synthesizes blood group antigens and loss of ABH antigen expression is observed in the corresponding tumors.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The expression of Ley blood group antigen in epithelial ovarian cancer tissues and cell lines has been studied using a Ley-specific monoclonal antibody (MAb 3S193). In ovarian cancer specimens, Ley was expressed in 75% of the 140 tumor specimens examined, with strong or moderate expression being observed in 56% of the samples. Seven of the 11 ovarian cancer cell lines studied were Ley-positive. Using immunochemical approaches, Ley epitopes were found to be expressed on 4 types of carrier molecules: CA125 ovarian cancer antigen, MUC-1 mucins, lower m.w. glycoproteins and glycolipids. In cell lines, Ley was more commonly expressed on MUC-1 mucin than on CA125, whereas in tumor specimens Ley was commonly found on both CA125 and MUC-1. The biochemical nature of the smaller Ley glycoproteins was not determined, but it was shown that they were not CEA and LAMP-1, known Ley carriers in some other tumor types. Glycolipids carrying Ley epitopes were detected in both ovarian cancer cell lines and tumor specimens. The presence of Ley epitopes on a number of different molecular carriers, including 2 major ovarian cancer antigens (CA125 and MUC-1), explains the high incidence of Ley in ovarian cancer. The high expression of Ley in ovarian cancer and the availability of specific murine and humanized MAbs make Ley an attractive candidate target for clinical studies.
International Journal of Cancer 03/1996; 65(4):406-12. · 6.20 Impact Factor