Avner Pollack

Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Yerushalayim, Jerusalem District, Israel

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Publications (4)19.57 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We evaluated whether improved renal function after pyeloplasty for prenatal ureteropelvic junction obstruction persisted through puberty. A total of 441 males and 137 females with a prenatal diagnosis of hydronephrosis that led to the postnatal diagnosis of ureteropelvic junction obstruction were followed at our department from 1989 to 2008. Of the patients we reviewed the records of 49 who underwent surgery between 1989 and 1992, and completed puberty. Hydronephrosis was on the right side in 18 children (36.7%) and on the left side in 31 (63.3%). According to Society for Fetal Urology classification at first presentation postnatal hydronephrosis was grades 2 to 4 in 18 (36.7%), 23 (46.9%) and 8 children (16.3%), respectively. Initially relative renal function was more than 40% in 18 children (36.7%), between 30% and 40% in 24 (49%), and less than 30% in 7 (14.3%). Preoperatively mean +/- SEM relative renal function was 36.6% +/- 7.8% in all reviewed patients. Improvement in hydronephrosis was confirmed in all patients. This remained stable during and after puberty in all except 2 patients, who required endopyelotomy 8 and 10 years following pyeloplasty, respectively, due to deterioration in hydronephrosis without a decrease in relative renal function. They showed improvement in the washout curve pattern after the procedure. Pyeloplasty led to increased relative renal function in the short term from 36.7% +/- 1.2% before surgery to 41.2% +/- 0.91% in all patients (p <0.001). It remained stable at 43.2% +/- 0.75% after puberty in all reviewed patients. To our knowledge our data show for the first time that successful pyeloplasty after the prenatal diagnosis of ureteropelvic junction obstruction is associated with improved renal function throughout puberty.
    The Journal of urology 08/2009; 182(4 Suppl):1845-8. · 4.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We have retrospectively evaluated our 17 years of experience with antenatal diagnosis of hydronephrosis that led to postnatal diagnosis of megaureter, and tried to determine criteria for surgery. Seventy-nine children (64 boys and 15 girls) with antenatal diagnosis of hydronephrosis that led to postnatal diagnosis of megaureter were followed conservatively over a period of 18 years (1988-2006). Right ureterohydronephrosis was seen in 23 children, left in 30 and 26 had bilateral ureterohydronephrosis comprising a total of 105 renal units (RU). According to SFU (Society for Fetal Urology) classification, 8 RU were grade 1, 57 grade 2, 29 grade 3 and 11 grade 4 postnatal hydronephrosis. Mean ureteral diameter was 1.2 cm. Relative renal function was in 82 RU more than 40%, in 18 RU 30-40% and in 5 RU less than 30%. Functional deterioration of the hydronephrotic kidney of more than 5%, worsening of hydronephrosis (SFU upgrade) and a persistent obstructive curve on radionuclide scans were the main indications for surgery. Twenty-five (31%) children required surgical correction. Mean age at surgery was 14.3 months (range 3-60). Univariate analysis revealed that gender and side of obstruction are not significant predictive factors for surgery SFU grade 3-4 of postnatal hydronephrosis, Relative renal function less than 30% and ureteral diameter more than 1.33 cm were significant independent risk factors leading to reimplantation. Only 30% of children with antenatal diagnosis of megaureter required surgical correction. Renal function less than 30%, grades 3 and 4 hydronephrosis, and ureteric diameter more than 1.33 cm are statistically significant and independent predictive factors for surgery.
    Journal of pediatric urology 06/2008; 4(3):188-91. · 1.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We attempted to define predictive factors for surgery in children with antenatal diagnosis of hydronephrosis that led to postnatal diagnosis of ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction. We retrospectively evaluated our 16-yr experience (1988-2003) with 343 children (260 male and 83 female) with antenatal diagnosis of hydronephrosis that led to postnatal diagnosis of UPJ obstruction and who were followed conservatively. Right-sided hydronephrosis was present in 110 and left-sided in 233 children. According to the Society for Fetal Urology (SFU) classification none had grade 0 of postnatal hydronephrosis, 20 had grade 1, 118 grade 2, 147 grade 3, and the remaining 58 children grade 4 postnatal hydronephrosis. Relative renal function (RRF) on radionuclide scans revealed 235 children with RRF>40%, 68 with RRF between 30% and 40%, and 40 patients with RRF<30%. Renal function deterioration >5% was the main indication for surgery. Commercially available software GraphPad Prism 4.0 (GraphPad prism, Prism 4 for Windows, version 4) using the Fisher exact test was used for statistical evaluation. Surgical correction was needed in 179 children (52.2%) during the course of conservative management. The average age at surgery was 10.6 mo (range, 1 mo to 7 yr). Of those, 50% underwent surgery during the first 2 yr of life and the majority of the remaining patients underwent surgery between the 2 and 4 yr of age; only two patients required surgery later on. Univariate analysis revealed that child sex, side of hydronephrosis, and SFU grade of prenatal hydronephrosis were not significant predictive factors for surgery. However, SFU grade 3-4 of postnatal hydronephrosis (p<0.0001; odds ratio, 0.06281) and RRF<40% (p<0.0001; odds ratio, 0.1022) were significant independent risk factors for surgery. In contrast with previous publications by others and by us these data show that >50% of children with antenatal diagnosis of UPJ obstruction in this series required surgical correction while on conservative protocol. SFU grade 3-4 of postnatal hydronephrosis and RRF<40% are significant independent predictive factors for surgery.
    European Urology 05/2006; 49(4):734-8. · 10.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We compared long-term morbidity associated with left in situ nonfunctioning or poorly functioning renal moiety of a duplex system in children with prenatal vs postnatal diagnosis of ureterocele who underwent endoscopic puncture. A total of 48 children underwent primary endoscopic puncture of duplex system ureterocele. Of the cases 35 (73%) were diagnosed prenatally (group 1) and 13 (27%) postnatally (group 2). Median age at time of puncture was 4 months in group 1 and 3.5 years in group 2. A total of 20 patients in group 1 (57%) and 8 in group 2 (62%) presented with intravesical ureterocele, while 15 in group 1 (43%) and 5 in group 2 (38%) had ectopic ureterocele. A total of 20 children in group 1 (57%) and 7 in group 2 (54%) had a nonfunctioning renal moiety, and 15 in group 1 (43%) and 6 in group 2 (46%) had a poorly functioning ureterocele moiety. Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) was present in 23 children in group 1 (66%) comprising 30 renal refluxing units (RRUs), and in 12 in group 2 (92%) comprising 14 RRUs. Median followup was 9 years (range 1 to 15) for both groups. Preoperative urinary tract infection (UTI) was common in group 2 (92%) vs group 1 (20%). No patient in group 1 had development of UTI after puncture, while 23% of the children in group 2 presented with UTI. Four children (2 from each group) with ectopic ureterocele required secondary puncture resulting in satisfactory drainage. A total of 14 RRUs (47%) showed spontaneous resolution of VUR in group 1 compared to 3 (21%) in group 2. Four RRUs (13%) required endoscopic correction due to high grade VUR in group 1. Two RRUs (17%) were treated with endoscopic correction and 2 (17%) with ureteral reimplantation due to UTI in group 2. Only 1 patient in group 1 underwent nephrectomy due to nonfunctioning kidney, while 2 patients in group 2 required partial nephrectomy due to UTI. Our data reveal that prenatal diagnosis of duplex system ureterocele is associated with fewer UTIs, and early endoscopic management may decrease UTI and the need for additional surgery. Nonfunctioning or poorly functioning renal moieties left in situ following successful endoscopic decompression of ureterocele are not associated with additional morbidity and do not require partial nephrectomy in the majority of the cases.
    The Journal of Urology 05/2005; 173(4):1349-52. · 3.70 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

74 Citations
19.57 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2008–2009
    • Shaare Zedek Medical Center
      • Department of Urology
      Yerushalayim, Jerusalem District, Israel
  • 2006
    • Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
      Be'er Sheva`, Southern District, Israel