A Moreno

Hospital Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca, Murcia, Murcia, Spain

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Publications (12)10.93 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Our objective was to evaluate the effect of treatment with stent-retrievers in octogenarians suffering an acute ischemic stroke.
    Cardiovascular and interventional radiology. 06/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Last March, in a single issue New England Journal of Medicine published 3 studies that evaluated the efficacy of endovascular treatment for ischemic stroke, leading to a heated controversy between neurologists and interventional neuroradiologists. The negative results have resulted in numerous reviews pointing out serious methodological defects. In this article, we analyze the outcomes of thrombolytic treatment for stroke and discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the three above-mentioned studies. Despite the negative results, these studies can point the way for new trials that will justify this treatment modality that is backed up by scientific evidence.
    Radiología 10/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: Embolic protection devices may decrease periprocedural thromboembolic complications during carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS). When using proximal-protection devices (PPDs), protection starts before crossing the lesion. However, in the medical literature, its use is scarcely reported compared with that of distal-protection filters (DPDs). The objective of this study was to compare periprocedure complications, morbidity, and mortality among 287 consecutive cases of CAS performed with PPDs or DPDs. This was a retrospective analysis of 287 patients treated with CAS at our hospital between January 2006 and March 2012. Periprocedure complications, morbidity, and mortality at 30 days, including ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack, reperfusion syndrome, myocardial infarction (MI), and death, were globally registered, and the results in PPD and DPD groups were compared. Two hundred eight patients were treated with DPD and 79 with PPD; 80.8 % were symptomatic. CAS procedures performed with PPD presented a statistically significant greater grade of stenosis than those with DPD (82.5 vs. 74.5 %, p < 0.001). Death rates were 1.9 and 1.3 %; stroke rates were 4.3 and 3.8 %; MI rates were 1.4 and 1.3 %; and total morbidity and mortality rates were 6.2 and 5 % (DPD and PPD groups, respectively); all differences were nonstatistically significant. No statistical difference was found between symptomatic and asymptomatic patients. Carotid angioplasty and stenting is a safe procedure to treat carotid disease in our patients. PPDs are not always associated with a greater risk of periprocedure complications, morbidity, and mortality than DPDs despite the greater grade of carotid stenosis in the PPD group. This observation may be of interest in the design of future studies with CAS.
    CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology 08/2013; · 2.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Cardiac myxoma is an important but uncommon cause of stroke in younger patients. Few published case series analyse the frequency and clinical presentation of neurological complications in patients with myxoma. OBJECTIVE: To list all neurological complications from cardiac myxoma recorded in our hospital in the past 28 years. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the neurological manifestations of cardiac myxoma in patients treated in our hospital between December 1983 and March 2012. RESULTS: Of the 36 patients with cardiac myxoma, 8 (22%) presented neurological manifestations. Half were women and mean age of patients was 52.4 ± 11.6 years. Sudden-onset hemiparesis was the most frequent neurological symptom (63%). Established ischaemic stroke was the most common clinical manifestation (75%), followed by transient ischemic attack. The most commonly affected territory corresponded to the middle cerebral artery. Myxoma was diagnosed by echocardiography in all cases. Mean myxoma size was 4.1cm and most of the tumours (63%) had a polypoid surface. All tumours were successfully removed by surgery. There were no in-hospital deaths. CONCLUSIONS: Cardiac myxomas frequently present with neurological symptoms, especially ischaemic events (established stroke or transient ischaemic attack), in younger patients with no cardiovascular risk factors. The anterior circulation is more frequently affected, especially the middle cerebral artery. Echocardiography can facilitate prompt diagnosis and early treatment of the lesion.
    Neurologia 06/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction Cardiac myxoma is an important but uncommon cause of stroke in younger patients. Few published case series analyse the frequency and clinical presentation of neurological complications in patients with myxoma. Objective To list all neurological complications from cardiac myxoma recorded in our hospital in the past 28 years. Patients and methods We retrospectively reviewed the neurological manifestations of cardiac myxoma in patients treated in our hospital between December 1983 and March 2012. Results Of the 36 patients with cardiac myxoma, 8 (22%) presented neurological manifestations. Half were women and mean age of patients was 52.4 ± 11.6 years. Sudden-onset hemiparesis was the most frequent neurological symptom (63%). Established ischaemic stroke was the most common clinical manifestation (75%), followed by transient ischemic attack. The most commonly affected territory corresponded to the middle cerebral artery. Myxoma was diagnosed by echocardiography in all cases. Mean myxoma size was 4.1 cm and most of the tumours (63%) had a polypoid surface. All tumours were successfully removed by surgery. There were no in-hospital deaths. Conclusions Cardiac myxomas frequently present with neurological symptoms, especially ischaemic events (established stroke or transient ischaemic attack), in younger patients with no cardiovascular risk factors. The anterior circulation is more frequently affected, especially the middle cerebral artery. Echocardiography can facilitate prompt diagnosis and early treatment of the lesion.
    Neurología. 01/2013; 28(9):529–534.
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Last March, in a single issue New England Journal of Medicine published 3 studies that evaluated the efficacy of endovascular treatment for ischemic stroke, leading to a heated controversy between neurologists and interventional neuroradiologists. The negative results have resulted in numerous reviews pointing out serious methodological defects. In this article, we analyze the outcomes of thrombolytic treatment for stroke and discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the three above-mentioned studies. Despite the negative results, these studies can point the way for new trials that will justify this treatment modality that is backed up by scientific evidence.
    Radiología. 01/2013;
  • Revista de neurologia 12/2012; 55(12):767-8. · 1.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Acute vertebrobasilar occlusion is an ominous disease with few proved effective treatments. Experience with stent retrievers is scarce and limited to combined therapies (stent retrievers associated with previous intravenous fibrinolysis, intra-arterial thrombolysis, or other mechanical devices). We present our experience with 18 patients treated with direct thrombectomy by using stent retrievers.MATERIALS AND METHODS:Eighteen patients with vertebrobasilar occlusion were treated with direct thrombectomy by using stent retrievers at our hospital. The mean age was 67.5 years. Clinical presentation was sudden deterioration in consciousness level in 61.2% and progressive or fluctuating brain stem symptoms in 38.8%. Stroke subtype (TOAST) was atherothrombotic (33.3%), undetermined (33.3%), cardioembolic (27.7%), and of unusual etiology (5.5%).RESULTS:The occlusion site was the vertebral artery in 1 case, proximal basilar artery in 4, middle basilar artery in 6, distal basilar artery in 5, and unilateral posterior cerebral artery in 2 cases. SRs included the Solitaire AB in 8 cases, Solitaire FR in 5 cases, and Trevo Pro in 5 cases. An 8F Merci balloon guide catheter was used in 15 patients, and a Neuron 6F, in 3 patients. Post-clot retrieval definitive intracranial stents were used in 5 patients (27.7%). Postprocedural TICI ≥ 2b was achieved in 17 patients (94.4%). Clinically, 72.2% of patients experienced an improved NIHSS score at discharge, 22.2% died, and in 5.5% the NIHSS scores did not change. The mRS score at 3 months was 0-2 in 9 patients (50%) and 3-5 in 5 patients (27.7%).CONCLUSIONS:Thrombectomy with stent retrievers is feasible in the treatment of vertebrobasilar occlusion. These initial results must be confirmed by further prospective studies with a larger number of cases.
    American Journal of Neuroradiology 11/2012; · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to report the CT evolution and clinical significance of HCA after intra-arterial mechanical thrombectomy (revascularization by using retrievers and/or other mechanical devices without concomitant delivery of intra-arterial thrombolytics) in our patients. These lesions are common after intra-arterial thrombolysis, being considered a negative prognostic sign. Their significance after pure mechanical thrombectomy remains unknown. Forty-eight patients were treated with mechanical thrombectomy by using retrievable stents between April 2010 and February 2011. All patients underwent initial (first 24 hours) and follow-up (48-72 hours) nonenhanced CT. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical and radiologic data of the patients with HCA and compared them with controls. Fifteen of 48 patients presented with HCA. The site of occlusion was the MCA in 7 patients, both the extra- and intracranial segments of the ICA in 6, and the intracranial ICA in 2. In 7 patients, previous intravenous thrombolysis was administered. Complete recanalization (TICI 3) was achieved in 12 patients, and incomplete recanalization (TICI 2b), in 3. The location of HCA was the subarachnoid space in 6 patients, the brain parenchyma in 4 patients, and both in 5 patients. The HCA were asymptomatic in all patients. There was no statistical difference in final NIHSS score reduction (NIHSS pretreatment-NIHSS at discharge) between patients and controls. In our series, HCA are common after mechanical thrombectomy but do not carry an increased risk of symptomatic hemorrhage or negative prognosis. These data might be related to the high rate of recanalization and the absence of intra-arterial thrombolytics.
    American Journal of Neuroradiology 04/2012; 33(9):1791-6. · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a noninvasive neuroimaging technique that enables the visualization of vascular changes originating in the cortex on the execution of a simple motor task. We aimed to assess the usefulness of sensorimotor fMRI using echo-planar imaging (EPI) techniques and assess its clinical usefulness in the identification of the central sulcus. We studied 32 candidates for neurosurgery who had centrally located space-occupying lesions with fMRI using EPI images with blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) gradient-echo (GE) sequences acquired on a 1.5T scanner while patients repeatedly opened and closed their hands. Statistical activation images (t images) corresponding to the movements of the right and left hands were compared using cancellation analysis. Three-dimensional reconstruction of the cranium and brain of each patient showed the relative position of the expansive lesion and of non-damaged cortical tissue. Reproducible and selective functional sensorimotor activation was observed in 32 patients. Validation was carried out by intraoperative mapping in 19 patients. Based on intraoperative confirmation data we assumed that functional MR imaging (fMRI) is a valid method for identifying the motor cortex. Nevertheless, a limitation to our study is that not all the patients received invasive cortical stimulation. It is also relevant to indicate that fMRI and intraoperative procedures coincide in the sulcus identified as the sensorimotor cortex. Neurological examination did not reveal postoperative motor/sensitive deterioration in the remaining patients. fMRI using GE EPI sequences in combination with three-dimensional reconstruction is a useful and easy technique for functional identification of the sensorimotor cortex.
    The neuroradiology journal. 03/2012; 25(1):121-9.
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    ABSTRACT: Carotid revascularisation (CR) using angioplasty and stent (ASC) is an effective procedure in the prevention of ischaemic stroke, but with a controversial morbidity and mortality in the different studies conducted in this field. The results of the ASCs performed in the Virgen de la Arrixaca University Hospital (Murcia) between January 2006 and April 2009 were analysed (epidemiology, indication, grade of residual stenosis and procedure complications). All patients subjected to ASC were pre-selected and followed up by neurologists, and they followed a strict medical protocol for performing the procedure. All ASCs were performed by a team consisting of two surgeons, an anaesthetist and a nurse. A total of 134 ASC were performed. The mean age of our patients was 72.7 years, with the large majority (75%) being male. The most prevalent diseases were, high blood pressure (81%), smoking (66.4%), and diabetes (38.1%). The most common indications for CR were symptomatic carotid stenosis with a level of stenosis of 75-99%, either in the left (33.6%) or right (32.1%), followed by asymptomatic stenosis combined with risk factors (11.2% in the left side and 10.4% in the right side). A level of stenosis less than 30% was achieved in 132 of the 134 ASC (98.5%). performed. Five patients (3.7%) had complications associated with the procedure, of which four were different clinical presentations of a re-perfusion syndrome and one an asymptomatic thrombosis of the stent. ASC is a complex technique that must be performed by appropriately trained specialists. The performing a minimum number of procedures per year and an admission protocol controlled by Neurology are essential conditions for a low rate of complications. Under these conditions, the morbidity and mortality of the technique is no higher than that of endarterectomy.
    Neurologia (Barcelona, Spain) 10/2010; 25(8):485-90. · 1.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Brain edema (BE) post carotid revascularization (CR) is considered a benign presentation of the hyperperfusion syndrome. Its physiopathology has been related to production of vasogenic edema that tends to progressive spontaneous resolution. Its relation with post-CR hemorrhage remains unclear. Three cases of BE post-CR are described and compared to controls. Clinical evolution, medical management, and plain-CT and perfusion-CT (PCT) results are analysed. Two cases of BE had a benign course, with a progressive resolution of edema and disappearance of neurologic deficits. Effective blood pressure control was achieved in these patients. The third case suffered massive hemorrhage 24h after initial BE and died. This patient reached peak systolic levels of 220 mmHg before conversion to hemorrhage. Plain-CT and PCT findings were similar in the three patients with BE. CT showed signs of hemispheric brain swelling ipsilateral to CR. PCT showed low MTT and high CBF values on the hemisphere ipsilateral to CR compared to the contralateral hemisphere, with symmetric CBV values. Plain-CT and PCT in controls showed no abnormalities. BE post CR can be reversible but may also herald a hemorrhagic complication. A common physiopathology of post-CR BE and hemorrhage is suggested by PCT findings, related to failure of auto-regulation and secondary blood-brain-barrier dysfunction. Spontaneous resolution of BE post-CR should not be routinely expected in clinical practice. Conversion to hemorrhage might be related with deficient blood pressure control and secondary rupture of the already damaged vessel wall.
    The neuroradiology journal. 08/2009; 22(4):464-470.