Gastroenterología y Hepatología 03/1999; 22(2):115. · 0.73 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: Human anisakiasis or anisakidosis is an unusual parasitation. During the autumn of 1996 seven patients came to our Hospital for such a condition. Five of these patients had the parasites in the gastroduodenal area (1 in the gastric body, 3 in the antrum and 1 in the duodenal bulb, this one with two parasites). Four out of the five patients consulted us for intense epigastric pain; only one developed a cutaneous rash. The fifth patient was diagnosed unexpectedly during an endoscopy appointment. Eosinophilia was detected in none. All the parasites were extracted endoscopically and identified as belonging to the Anisakis genera. Excepting for the patient with no complaint, the other four showed adhered larvas to mucosa. The two other patients were operated because of acute abdominal pain. At laparotomy an ileitis was seen and then resected. Under microscopic examination both ileon were found to be edematous and infiltrated by eosinophils. Anisakis larvae were observed in the submucosa of one of the removed intestines. The other patient was diagnosed after an immunologic study consisting of radioimmunoassay and Western Blot. Five of the seven patients (71%) acquired the parasites after consumption of anchovies with vinegar.
Revista espanola de enfermedades digestivas: organo oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Patologia Digestiva 02/1999; 91(1):70-2. · 1.55 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relevance of the ultrasonography in assessing activity in a series of patients with Crohn's disease.
A series of 24 patients with active (Crohn's disease activity index > 150) ileal or ileocolonic Crohn disease underwent abdominal ultrasonography.
There was a significant correlation between bowel wall thickening and the Crohn's disease activity index: the higher the bowel wall thickening was the higher were the values of Crohn's disease activity index. Two or more ultrasound studies were performed in 10 patients with bowel wall > 4 mm during treatment, and a progressive normalization of bowel wall size was observed with new thickening when recurrence occurred.
A bowel wall thickening (> or = 4 mm) was found in patients with active Crohn's disease. A patient with bowel wall thickness > 6 mm should make us suspect the presence of stenosis. Abdominal ultrasonography is an accurate method in the first assessment of Crohn's disease because its high correlation with the Crohn's disease activity index.
Gastroenterología y Hepatología 21(6):272-6. · 0.73 Impact Factor