Antonio Jesús González-Sánchez

Hospital Regional Universitario Carlos Haya Málaga, Málaga, Andalusia, Spain

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Publications (17)15.46 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Objective To compare the incidence and profile of surgical site infection (SSI) after laparoscopic (LA) or open (OA) appendicectomy. Material and method Observational and analytical study was conducted on patients older than 14 years-old with suspected acute appendicitis operated on within a 4-year period (2007-2010) at a third level hospital (n = 868). They were divided in two groups according to the type of appendicectomy (LA, study group, 135; OA, control group, 733). The primary endpoint was a surgical site infection (SSI), and to determine the overall rate and types (incisional/organ-space). The risk of SSI was stratified by: i) National Nosocomial Infection Surveillance (NNIS) index (low risk: 0E, 0 and 1; high risk: 2 and 3); ii) status on presentation (low risk: normal or phlegmonous; high risk: gangrenous or perforated). The statistical analysis was performed using the software SPSS. The main result and stratified analysis was determined with χ2, and the risk parameters using OR and Mantel-Haenszel OR with 95%CI, accepting statistical significance with P < .05. Results Age, gender, ASA index and incidence of advanced cases were similar in both groups. The overall SSI rate was 13.4% (more than a half of them detected during follow-up after discharge). Type of SSI: OA, 13% (superficial 9%, deep 2%, organ-space 2%); AL, 14% (superficial 5%, deep 1%, organ-space 8%) (overall: not significant; distribution: P < .000). Stratified analysis showed that there is an association between incisional SSI/OA and organ-space SSI/LA, and is particularly stronger in those patients with high risk of postoperative SSI (high risk NNIS or gangrenous-perforated presentation). Conclusion OA and LA are associated with a higher rate of incisional and organ-space SSI respectively. This is particularly evident in patients with high risk of SSI.
    Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica 01/2014; 32(2):76–81. · 1.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to analyze the increasing need of radiological support in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis (AA), the clinical repercussions associated, and the parameters of diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) scan for AA. Observational and analytical study. Cohort, patients operated on for suspected AA at a tertiary referral hospital. Pregnancy and <14 years were exclusion criteria. Study group: January 2010-December 2011 (n1=419). Control group: set of patients aged 18 to 65 years old operated between October 2001-September 2003 (n2=237). Variables analyzed in both groups: 1) percentage of radiological support for diagnosis of acute appendicitis; 2) sensitivity and positive predictive value (PPV) of ultrasound and CT scan; 3) rate of surgical explorations with negative result or with diagnosis other than acute appendicitis. Statistical analysis: SPSS software, χ(2) test, statistical significance accepted with P<.05, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) for the odds ratio (OR). Age, gender, percentage of atypical locations and gangrenous/perforated episodes were similar in both groups. The number of radiological examinations needed for diagnosis was significantly higher in the study group (78.8% vs. 30.4%, P<.0,000). Sensitivity was significantly superior for CT than for ultrasound scan (97% vs. 86%), but PPV was similar in both tests (92% vs. 94%). Surgical exploration percent values with diagnosis of acute appendicitis was significantly higher in the study group (94.5% vs. 88.6%; P<.006, OR 2.2; CI 95% 1.25-4). CT and ultrasound scan are excellent diagnostic tools for acute appendicitis, and have contributed to a significant increase in surgical explorations with correct diagnosis.
    Cirugía Española 07/2013; · 0.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence and profile of surgical site infection (SSI) after laparoscopic (LA) or open (OA) appendicectomy. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Observational and analytical study was conducted on patients older than 14years-old with suspected acute appendicitis operated on within a 4-year period (2007-2010) at a third level hospital (n=868). They were divided in two groups according to the type of appendicectomy (LA, study group, 135; OA, control group, 733). The primary endpoint was a surgical site infection (SSI), and to determine the overall rate and types (incisional/organ-space). The risk of SSI was stratified by: i)National Nosocomial Infection Surveillance (NNIS) index (low risk: 0E, 0 and 1; high risk: 2 and 3); ii)status on presentation (low risk: normal or phlegmonous; high risk: gangrenous or perforated). The statistical analysis was performed using the software SPSS. The main result and stratified analysis was determined with χ(2), and the risk parameters using OR and Mantel-Haenszel OR with 95%CI, accepting statistical significance with P<.05. RESULTS: Age, gender, ASA index and incidence of advanced cases were similar in both groups. The overall SSI rate was 13.4% (more than a half of them detected during follow-up after discharge). Type of SSI: OA, 13% (superficial 9%, deep 2%, organ-space 2%); AL, 14% (superficial 5%, deep 1%, organ-space 8%) (overall: not significant; distribution: P<.000). Stratified analysis showed that there is an association between incisional SSI/OA and organ-space SSI/LA, and is particularly stronger in those patients with high risk of postoperative SSI (high risk NNIS or gangrenous-perforated presentation). CONCLUSION: OA and LA are associated with a higher rate of incisional and organ-space SSI respectively. This is particularly evident in patients with high risk of SSI.
    Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica 04/2013; · 1.48 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective The aim of this study is to analyze the increasing need of radiological support in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis (AA), the clinical repercussions associated, and the parameters of diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) scan for AA. Material and methods Observational and analytical study. Cohort, patients operated on for suspected AA at a tertiary referral hospital. Pregnancy and <14 years were exclusion criteria. Study group: January 2010-December 2011 (n1 = 419). Control group: set of patients aged 18 to 65 years old operated between October 2001-September 2003 (n2 = 237). Variables analyzed in both groups: 1) percentage of radiological support for diagnosis of acute appendicitis; 2) sensitivity and positive predictive value (PPV) of ultrasound and CT scan; 3) rate of surgical explorations with negative result or with diagnosis other than acute appendicitis. Statistical analysis: SPSS software, χ2 test, statistical significance accepted with P<.05, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) for the odds ratio (OR). Results Age, gender, percentage of atypical locations and gangrenous/perforated episodes were similar in both groups. The number of radiological examinations needed for diagnosis was significantly higher in the study group (78.8% vs. 30.4%, P<.0,000). Sensitivity was significantly superior for CT than for ultrasound scan (97% vs. 86%), but PPV was similar in both tests (92% vs. 94%). Surgical exploration percent values with diagnosis of acute appendicitis was significantly higher in the study group (94.5% vs. 88.6%; P<.006, OR 2.2; CI 95% 1.25-4). Conclusions CT and ultrasound scan are excellent diagnostic tools for acute appendicitis, and have contributed to a significant increase in surgical explorations with correct diagnosis.
    Cirugía Española 01/2013; 91(9):574–578. · 0.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Vascular graft thrombosis (VGT) is still the achuilles heel in pancreas transplantation (PT); it is the main cause of nonimmunologic graft loss. Early diagnosis is essential to avoid transplantectomy. The aim of our study was to analyze the peak amylase during the first 3 days after PT as risk factor for VGT. This retrospective study included 58 pancreas transplants in 55 patients from January 2007 to November 2011. They underwent an anticoagulation protocol based on unfractionated heparin and low-molecular-weight heparin. The technique consisted of enteric drainage and systemic venous drainage. The primary endpoint was VGT with consideration of multiple relevant variables. The maximum amylase level was determined during the first 3 days after transplantation. A receiver operating characteristic analysis was performed to establish a cutoff point as (mean plus one standard deviation; 745 mg/dL), calculating the sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values. Recipient characteristics were 71% males with an overall mean age of 39 years (range, 23-55) and body mass index 24 (range, 19-36). The donor sex was similar. Mean donor age was 32 years with occurrences of hypotension in 9%, cerebrovascular brain death in 46%. Mean ischemia time was 10 hours and 45 minutes. Mean blood amylase peak was 395 mg/dL. Seven VGT cases were diagnosed during the postoperative period including six with complete thrombosis requring transplantectomy. Bivariate analysis showed the group of subjects with amylase levels above 745 mg/dL to display on eight-fold greater risk for VGT (odds ratio = 8.6; P = .032). The area under the curve of blood amylase peak during the first 3 days to detect VGT was 0.630 (95% confidence interval 0.41-0.84). A blood amylase peak above 745 mg/dL in the first 3 days after transplantation was associated with risk for VGT.
    Transplantation Proceedings 11/2012; 44(9):2627-30. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Presacral tumors are rare, but can comprise a great variety of histological types. Congenital tumors are the most common. Once the diagnosis is established, surgical resection is essential because of the potential for malignancy or infection. Previous biopsy is not necessary or may be even harmful. To decide the best surgical approach (abdominal, sacral or combined) an individual and multidisciplinary analysis must be carried out. We report three cases of cystic presacral masses in which a posterior approach (Kraske procedure) enabled complete resection, the only way to decrease local recurrence. All patients had a satisfactory recovery. A brief overview of retrorectal tumors is presented, focusing on classification, clinical presentation, diagnosis and surgical management.
    World journal of gastrointestinal surgery. 05/2012; 4(5):126-30.
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    ABSTRACT: Surgical management of acute appendicitis with appendiceal abscess or phlegmon remains controversial. We studied the results of initial conservative treatment (antibiotics and percutaneous drainage if necessary, with or without interval appendectomy) compared with immediate surgery. We undertook an observational, retrospective cohort study of patients with a clinical and radiological diagnosis of acute appendicitis with an abscess or phlegmon, treated in our hospital between January 1997 and March 2009. Patients younger than 14, with severe sepsis or with diffuse peritonitis were excluded. A study group of 15 patients with acute appendicitis complicated with an abscess or phlegmon underwent conservative treatment. A control group was composed of the other patients, who all underwent urgent appendectomy, matched for age and later randomized 1:1. The infectious risk stratification was established with the National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance System (NNIS) index. Dependent variables were hospital stay and surgical site infection. Analysis was with SPSS, with p < 0.05 considered significant. Interval appendectomy was performed in 7 study group patients. Surgical site infection episodes were more frequent in the control group (6 vs. 0, p < 0.001). A greater percentage of high risk patients (NNIS ≥ 2) was identified in the control group (80 vs. 28.7%, p < 0.03), mostly related with contaminated or dirty procedures in this group (p < 0.001). No significant difference between groups was found in hospital stay. Initial conservative treatment should be considered the best therapeutic choice for acute appendicitis with abscess or phlegmon.
    Revista espanola de enfermedades digestivas: organo oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Patologia Digestiva 11/2010; 102(11):648-52. · 1.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Surgical management of acute appendicitis with appendiceal abscess or phlegmon remains controversial. We studied the results of initial conservative treatment (antibiotics and percutaneous drainage if necessary, with or without interval appendectomy) compared with immediate surgery. Methods: We undertook an observational, retrospective cohort study of patients with a clinical and radiological diagnosis of acute appendicitis with an abscess or phlegmon, treated in our hospital between January 1997 and March 2009. Patients younger than 14, with severe sepsis or with diffuse peritonitis were excluded. A study group of 15 patients with acute appendicitis complicated with an abscess or phlegmon underwent conservative treatment. A control group was composed of the other patients, who all underwent urgent appendectomy, matched for age and later randomized 1:1. The infectious risk stratification was established with the National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance System (NNIS) index. Dependent variables were hospital stay and surgical site infection. Analysis was with SPSS, with p < 0.05 considered significant. Results: Interval appendectomy was performed in 7 study group patients. Surgical site infection episodes were more frequent in the control group (6 vs. 0, p < 0.001). A greater percentage of high risk patients (NNIS ≥ 2) was identified in the control group (80 vs. 28.7%, p < 0.03), mostly related with contaminated or dirty procedures in this group (p < 0.001). No significant difference between groups was found in hospital stay. Conclusion: Initial conservative treatment should be considered the best therapeutic choice for acute appendicitis with abscess or phlegmon.
    Revista espanola de enfermedades digestivas: organo oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Patologia Digestiva 11/2010; 102(11):648-652. · 1.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent advances in liver surgery have reduced post-hepatectomy mortality to less than 5% in most units specialized in hepato-pancreatic-biliary surgery. Possibly, the single most important factor contributing to these improved results has been the reduction in intraoperative bleeding during liver parenchymal transection. Liver transection is the most risky part of the intervention due to the risk of massive hemorrhage. Some technological advances and refinements to the surgical technique have contributed to making this critical phase of liver surgery safer. Among these advances, the most notable are detailed knowledge of the surgical anatomy of the liver, vascular control techniques and methods of liver parenchymal transection. The present review describes current transection techniques, as well as their advantages and disadvantages. Until there is solid evidence on the best method, the choice of technique and instrument for liver transection depends mainly on the surgeon's personal preference. Nevertheless, some factors can influence the choice of method, such as the surgeon's experience, anesthetic management, type of hepatectomy (central, peripheral), type of approach (open, laparoscopic), quality of the liver (normal, cirrhotic, steatotic) and the availability of the instruments in the center.
    Cirugía Española 06/2009; 85 Suppl 1:40-4. · 0.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent advances in liver surgery have reduced post-hepatectomy mortality to less than 5% in most units specialized in hepato-pancreatic-biliary surgery. Possibly, the single most important factor contributing to these improved results has been the reduction in intraoperative bleeding during liver parenchymal transection. Liver transection is the most risky part of the intervention due to the risk of massive hemorrhage. Some technological advances and refinements to the surgical technique have contributed to making this critical phase of liver surgery safer. Among these advances, the most notable are detailed knowledge of the surgical anatomy of the liver, vascular control techniques and methods of liver parenchymal transection. The present review describes current transection techniques, as well as their advantages and disadvantages.Until there is solid evidence on the best method, the choice of technique and instrument for liver transection depends mainly on the surgeon's personal preference. Nevertheless, some factors can influence the choice of method, such as the surgeon's experience, anesthetic management, type of hepatectomy (central, peripheral), type of approach (open, laparoscopic), quality of the liver (normal, cirrhotic, steatotic) and the availability of the instruments in the center.
    Cirugia Espanola - CIR ESPAN. 01/2009; 85:40-44.
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    ABSTRACT: New-onset posttransplantation diabetes mellitus (PTDM), with an incidence of 10% to 30%, increased graft and patient morbidity and mortality. Such causal factors as age, obesity, therapy, immunosuppression, and hepatitis C virus (HCV) contribute to this disease. We sought to determine the incidence of PTDM and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) concentration in transplant recipients to define the causal variables. The study included 127 patients. Patients with pretransplantation diabetes and those with less than 6 months of follow-up were excluded. A descriptive observational study to assess the association between PTDM and IFG and the immunosuppression therapy used was performed by monitoring the potential confounding variables of age, obesity, and HCV. During mean follow-up of 73.7 months (range, 7-120 mo), 93 patients received cyclosporine A (CyA) and 34 received tacrolimus (Tac) therapy. Thirty patients (23.6%) developed PTDM or IFG including 15 (16%; PTDM, six IFG, nine) in the CyA group and 15 (PTDM, seven; IFG, eight) in the Tacrolimus group (P = .001; odds ratio [OR], 4.1). They were homogeneous with respect to confounding variables except for HCV (P = .01). Of the 55 patients with HCV infection, 12 developed PTDM or IFG, including three in the CyA group and nine in the tacrolimus group (P = .03; OR, 7.7), whereas in the 72 patients without HCV infection, the CyA or tacrolimus association with PTDM or IFG was significant (P = .05), Mantel-Haenszel test; OR, 4.9). The interaction between HCV and immunosuppression therapy was primarily produced in the IFG group (HCV-positive; P = .008; OR, 8). We observed an association between the use of tacrolimus and the development of PTDM or IFG. There is greater risk in HCV-positive patients, in particular in relation to IFG. The choice of immunosuppressive treatment might be decided on the basis of the patient's pretransplantation status.
    Transplantation Proceedings 12/2008; 40(9):2994-6. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hepatitis C virus (HCV)-cirrhosis is the most frequent indication for orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) among adults in most European and American transplant centers. The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of donor age on graft survival among HCV-positive cirrhotic transplant patients. We performed an observational, retrospective study between March 1997 and December 2004, analyzing 340 liver transplantations. The patients were divided into 4 groups, considering whether the HCV infection was the indication for OLT and whether the age of the donor was older or younger than 48 years: group 1 (HCV, <48 years); group 2 (HCV, >48 years); group 3 (non-HCV, <48 years); and group 4 (non-HCV, >48 years). A univariate analysis showed that posttransplantation graft survival was clearly influenced by recipient HCV serologic status (P = .018). However, no graft survival differences were found when the analysis variable was age (>48 or <48 years). When both variables were studied, a positive HCV serology did not modify graft survival when the donor age was <48 years (P = .32), but had a statistically significant negative impact when the age was >48 years (P = .02). The use of older donors for HCV recipients resulted in worse graft and patient survivals in our study. This difference in survival was not present in non-HCV recipients or when grafts for HCV recipients were procured from younger donors. Donor age <30 years was a protective factor for graft survival among HCV recipients.
    Transplantation Proceedings 11/2008; 40(9):2959-61. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Our Aim was to determine the impact of cirrhosis and the preoperative MELD score on the immediate postoperative mortality and hospital stay as well as survival at 1, 5, and 8 years in liver transplantation. Transplanted cirrhotic patients were selected who did not display some of the main known risk factors affecting recipient. Donor and surgical technique were included in this analysis. These exclusion criteria for recipient factors were emergency transplants and retransplants; for donor factors, age over 60 years, ischemia time over 10 hours, and moderate or severe steatosis on back-bench biopsy; and for surgery, prior complex upper abdominal surgery (mainly derivative and gastroduodenal surgery). Among 340 total liver transplants including 16 retransplants performed from March 1997 to December 2005, 197 patients met the selection criteria. The mean age of the recipients was 52 years (17-67) and the donors, 39 years (11-60). The transplant indication was cirrhosis in all cases: HCV in 69 cases (35%); alcohol in 55 (28%); hepatocarcinoma in 38 (19%); HBV in 19 (10%); PBC in 8 (4%), and other etiologies in 8 cases (4%). The MELD scores were divided as group 1, <10 points (33 cases = 17%); group 2, 10 to 18 points (136 cases = 69%); and group 3, >18 points (28 cases = 14%). The statistical analysis was performed with SPSS 11.0. Postoperative mortality (up to 3 months) was 16 cases (8%). The median ICU and hospital stays were 3 and 13.5 days, respectively. Overall survivals at 1, 5, and 8 years were 89%, 80%, and 77%, respectively. The survival for the same periods according to MELD group was 97%, 97%, and 97% for group 1; 87%, 76%, and 72% for group 2; and 85%, 81%, and 81% for group 3 (P = NS). The survival according to the three main indications at 1, 5, and 8 years was: HCV, 91%, 80%, and 80%; alcohol, 87%, 80%, and 71%; and hepatocarcinoma, 84%, 80%, and 80% (P = NS). No significant differences were observed among early deaths between MELD groups or transplant indications. In a favorable liver transplant setting including acceptable donors, absence of prior complex abdominal surgery in the recipient, and nonemergency transplants, neither the cause of the cirrhosis nor its severity, as measured preoperatively by the MELD, were predictive of early postoperative death or long-term survival.
    Transplantation Proceedings 11/2006; 38(8):2462-4. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Endometriosis, defined as the presence of endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity, is most frequently located in the pelvic organs. Hepatic endometriosis is extremely rare, and only 12 cases have previously been reported. A wide variety of symptoms have been described, from asymptomatic masses (incidental findings) to acute abdomen. The diagnostic method of choice is abdominal CT, which should always be used in the differential diagnosis of cystic liver masses. Because of the high percentage of malignant transformation, the first-line treatment is surgical resection with adequate safety margins. We report a case of in situ adenocarcinoma arising in a hepatic endometrioma, which was treated with right hepatectomy.
    Cirugía Española 06/2006; 79(5):310-2. · 0.87 Impact Factor
  • Cirugia Espanola - CIR ESPAN. 01/2006; 79(5):310-312.
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    ABSTRACT: Liver transplantation is currently the best therapeutic option for small hepatocellular carcinoma (HC) in selected cirrhotic patients. The main aim of this study was to analyze the results of a recent series of liver transplant cirrhotic patients with small HC applying strict preoperative selection criteria. During a period of 6 years we performed 53 liver transplants with a final diagnosis of HC on cirrhosis. The selection criteria for liver transplantation (LT) by modern imaging techniques were the Milan criteria (TNM I and II of the modified classification). Of the 53 patients, 44 (83%) were transplanted with preoperatively known HC, and 9 (17%) with incidental HC. The mean time on the waiting list was 74 +/- 62 days. Despite using strict selection criteria, 23 patients (43%) exceeded the Milan criteria in the specimen and 17 (32%) even exceeded the extended criteria of the UCSF. With a mean follow-up of 2 years, only two patients have developed recurrences. The overall survival at 1, 3, and 5 years was 80%, 70%, and 70%, respectively. The survival of patients that exceeded the Milan or USF criteria at 1, 3, and 5 years was 72% and 76%; 67% and 69%; 67% and 69%, respectively. The results of liver transplantation for HC are excellent when applying strict preoperative selection criteria. The current imaging methods lead to a considerable infrastaging percentage (30% to 40%), extending the indications for liver transplant due to HC beyond the scope that clinical reports would justify.
    Transplantation Proceedings 05/2005; 37(3):1488-90. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We analyzed preoperative factors related to postoperative mortality after liver transplantation among a cohort of 268 consecutive liver transplant patients over 6 years. We studied the impact of 10 recipient variables, 14 donor features, and three operative aspects. We also studied the correlation with death and survival using various predictive scores (Child, Cordoba Score, MELD, and UCLA). Univariate analysis showed that the factors with a significant association with postoperative mortality were the use of noradrenaline in the donor, total ischemia time (>12 hours), and transplant indication (hepatitis C virus versus the rest). Multivariate analysis of mortality showed the impact of female donor sex, recipients over >60 years, recipient albumin less than 2.8, and total graft ischemia time more than 12 hours. Univariate analysis of 1-year survival showed a statistically significant relation with D/R gender similarity, as well as donor GOT (>170) and GPT (>140) values. Multivariate analysis of 1-year survival showed donor GOT (>170) and donor/recipient gender similarity to be significant. Concerning the prediction models, Child-Pugh (AB versus C) best determined postoperative mortality (P < .006), MELD was predictive of 1-year survival (P < .03). The most important variables related to postoperative mortality were total ischemia time over 12 hours, recipient albumin less than 2.8, and age above 60 years. The variable with most impact on 1-year survival was the degree of graft hepatocyte lesion as determined by GOT. The Child-Pugh system is still the best indicator of postoperative mortality, although MELD may also be a good predictor of survival.
    Transplantation Proceedings 04/2005; 37(3):1499-501. · 0.95 Impact Factor