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ABSTRACT: Parasites of the genus Kudoa (Phylum Myxozoa) have long been known to cause considerable losses to finfish aquaculture. One such parasite species, Kudoa amamiensis, causes unsightly white cysts in the skeletal muscle of yellowtail kingfish, Seriola quinqueradiata, in Japan rendering the fillets unmarketable. The authors who characterized K. amamiensis, Egusa & Nakajima, 1980, hypothesized that yellowtail kingfish, as non-natives to the area, were accidental hosts of the parasite and that it normally infects native reef fish (damselfish, Family Pomacentridae). Since then, we have found parasites that are consistent with the description of K. amamiensis in two species of damselfish and one species of carangid fish in Australia, and it has been recorded previously in another species of reef-associated fish. Our morphometric, histological and DNA results suggest that these specimens are K. amamiensis, and are new host records for that species. Furthermore, our observations show that reef fish may act as a reservoir of myxozoan infection for commercial species, and as such should be considered an infection pathway for species in aquaculture.
Journal of Fish Diseases 12/2008; 31(11):835-44. · 1.59 Impact Factor