ABSTRACT: Dephosphorylation plays a pivotal role in regulating plant growth, development and abiotic/biotic stress responses. Here, we characterized a plant and fungi atypical dual-specificity phosphatase (PFA-DSP) subfamily member, OsPFA-DSP1, from rice. OsPFA-DSP1 was determined to be a functional protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) in vitro using phosphatase activity assays. Quantitative real-time PCR and GENEVESTIGATOR analysis showed that OsPFA-DSP1 mRNA was induced by drought stress. Transfection of rice protoplasts showed that OsPFA-DSP1 accumulated in both the cytoplasm and nucleus. Ectopic overexpression of OsPFA-DSP1 in tobacco increased sensitivity to drought stress and insensitivity to ABA-induced stomatal closure and inhibition of stomatal opening. Furthermore, overexpression of OsPFA-DSP1 in rice also increased sensitivity to drought stress. These results indicated that OsPFA-DSP1 is a functional PTP and may act as a negative regulator in drought stress responses.
Plant Cell Reports 01/2012; 31(6):1021-32. · 2.27 Impact Factor