Publications (2)5.11 Total impact
Article: Proteomic profiling of H-Ras-G12V induced hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in transgenic mice using comparative LC-MS analysis of thin fresh-frozen tissue sections.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Determination of disease-relevant proteomic profiles from limited tissue specimens, such as pathological biopsies and tissues from small model organisms, remains an analytical challenge and a much needed clinical goal. In this study, a transgenic mouse disease model of cardiac-specific H-Ras-G12V induced hypertrophic cardiomyopathy provided a system to explore the potential of using mass spectrometry (MS)-based proteomics to obtain a disease-relevant molecular profile from amount-limited specimens that are routinely used in pathological diagnosis. Our method employs a two-stage methanol-assisted solubilization to digest lysates prepared from 8-μm-thick fresh-frozen histological tissue sections of diseased/experimental and normal/control hearts. Coupling this approach with a nanoflow reversed-phase liquid chromatography (LC) and a hybrid linear ion trap/Fourier transform-ion cyclotron resonance MS resulted in the identification of 704 and 752 proteins in hypertrophic and wild-type (control) myocardium, respectively. The disease driving H-Ras protein along with vimentin were unambiguously identified by LC-MS in hypertrophic myocardium and cross-validated by immunohistochemistry and western blotting. The pathway analysis involving proteins identified by MS showed strong association of proteomic data with cardiovascular disease. More importantly, the MS identification and subsequent cross-validation of Wnt3a and β-catenin, in conjunction with IHC identification of phosphorylated GSK-3β and nuclear localization of β-catenin, provided evidence of Wnt/β-catenin canonical pathway activation secondary to Ras activation in the course of pathogenic myocardial hypertrophic transformation. Our method yields results indicating that the described proteomic approach permits molecular discovery and assessment of differentially expressed proteins regulating H-Ras induced hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Selected proteins and pathways can be further investigated using immunohistochemical techniques applied to serial tissue sections of similar or different origin.Journal of Proteome Research 01/2012; 11(3):1561-70. · 5.11 Impact Factor
Article: Investigation into diagnostic agreement using automated computer-assisted histopathology pattern recognition image analysis.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The extent to which histopathology pattern recognition image analysis (PRIA) agrees with microscopic assessment has not been established. Thus, a commercial PRIA platform was evaluated in two applications using whole-slide images. Substantial agreement, lacking significant constant or proportional errors, between PRIA and manual morphometric image segmentation was obtained for pulmonary metastatic cancer areas (Passing/Bablok regression). Bland-Altman analysis indicated heteroscedastic measurements and tendency toward increasing variance with increasing tumor burden, but no significant trend in mean bias. The average between-methods percent tumor content difference was -0.64. Analysis of between-methods measurement differences relative to the percent tumor magnitude revealed that method disagreement had an impact primarily in the smallest measurements (tumor burden <3%). Regression-based 95% limits of agreement indicated substantial agreement for method interchangeability. Repeated measures revealed concordance correlation of >0.988, indicating high reproducibility for both methods, yet PRIA reproducibility was superior (C.V.: PRIA = 7.4, manual = 17.1). Evaluation of PRIA on morphologically complex teratomas led to diagnostic agreement with pathologist assessments of pluripotency on subsets of teratomas. Accommodation of the diversity of teratoma histologic features frequently resulted in detrimental trade-offs, increasing PRIA error elsewhere in images. PRIA error was nonrandom and influenced by variations in histomorphology. File-size limitations encountered while training algorithms and consequences of spectral image processing dominance contributed to diagnostic inaccuracies experienced for some teratomas. PRIA appeared better suited for tissues with limited phenotypic diversity. Technical improvements may enhance diagnostic agreement, and consistent pathologist input will benefit further development and application of PRIA.Journal of pathology informatics. 01/2012; 3:18.