[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Previous trials of yoga therapy for nonspecific low back pain (nsLBP) (without sciatica) showed beneficial effects. OBJECTIVE: To test effects of yoga therapy on pain and disability associated with lumbar disc extrusions and bulges. METHODS: Parallel-group, randomised, controlled trial. Sixty-one adults from rural population, aged 20-45, with nsLBP or sciatica, and disc extrusions or bulges. Randomised to yoga (n=30) and control (n=31). Yoga: 3-month yoga course of group classes and home practice, designed to ensure safety for disc extrusions. Control: normal medical care. OUTCOME MEASURES (3-4 months) Primary: Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ); worst pain in past two weeks. Secondary: Aberdeen Low Back Pain Scale; straight leg raise test; structural changes. RESULTS: Disc projections per case ranged from one bulge or one extrusion to three bulges plus two extrusions. Sixty-two percent had sciatica. Intention-to-treat analysis of the RMDQ data, adjusted for age, sex and baseline RMDQ scores, gave a Yoga Group score 3.29 points lower than Control Group (0.98, 5.61; p=0.006) at 3 months. No other significant differences in the endpoints occurred. No adverse effects of yoga were reported. CONCLUSIONS: Yoga therapy can be safe and beneficial for patients with nsLBP or sciatica, accompanied by disc extrusions and bulges.
Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation 09/2014; 28(2). DOI:10.3233/BMR-140531 · 0.71 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The reaction time (RT) was assessed in two groups of healthy males, yoga group (M age = 29.0 yr.) and non-yoga or control group (M age = 29.0 yr.), with 35 participants each. The yoga group had an average experience of 6 months, while the control group was yoga-naïve. The yoga group was assessed in two sessions, (i) bhastrika pranayama or bellows breathing and (ii) breath awareness, while the control group had a single control session. The two experimental sessions, one with each type of breathing, and the control session consisted of pre- (5 min.), during (18 min.), and post-session epochs (5 min.). Assessments were made in the pre- and post-session epochs using a Multi-Operational Apparatus for Reaction Time. Following 18 min. of bhastrika pranayama there was a statistically significant reduction in number of anticipatory responses compared to before the practice. This suggests that the immediate effect of bhastrika pranayama is to inhibit unnecessary responding to stimuli.
Perceptual and Motor Skills 08/2013; 117(1):1131-40. DOI:10.2466/22.25.PMS.117x10z4 · 0.66 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Different types of problems arise in geriatric stage including physiological, psychological as well as psychosocial. The major diseases in old age include coronary heart disease, stroke, dementia, osteoporosis, and musculoskeletal disorders. Depression and cognitive impairment are the most important mental health problems in an elderly population. Insomnia, feeling loneliness, and anxiety are some other problems associated with aging.
For the management of these problems, yoga therapy can be the best technique. Yoga therapy is widely used these days as it is well known and established complementary and alternative therapy. It is a way of life which includes relaxation and a balanced mental state and it deals with the physical, mental, moral and spiritual wellbeing of an individual. There are many studies which indicate how yoga is one of the best techniques to manage the psychological problems in geriatrics. Some of the evidence based researches have been discussed in this present article.
Key words: Yoga, Psychological health, Geriatrics