ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to compare the inorganic content and morphology of one nanofilled and one nanohybrid composite with one universal microhybrid composite. The Vickers hardness, degree of conversion and scanning electron microscope of the materials light-cured using LED unit were also investigated. One nanofilled (Filtek™ Supreme XT), one nanohybrid (TPH®(3)) and one universal microhybrid (Filtek™ Z-250) composite resins at color A(2) were used in this study. The samples were made in a metallic mould (4 mm in diameter and 2 mm in thickness). Their filler weight content was measured by thermogravimetric analysis (TG). The morphology of the filler particles was determined using scanning electron microscope equipped with a field emission gun (SEM-FEG). Vickers hardness and degree of conversion using FT-IR spectroscopy were measured. Filtek™ Z-250 (microhybrid) composite resin shows higher degree of conversion and hardness than those of Filtek™ Supreme XT (nanofilled) and TPH®(3) (nanohybrid) composites, respectively. The TPH(3)® (nanohybrid) composite exhibits by far the lowest mechanical property. Nanofilled composite resins show mechanical properties at least as good as those of universal hybrids and could thus be used for the same clinical indications as well as for anterior restorations due to their high aesthetic properties.
Microscopy Research and Technique 12/2011; 75(6):758-65. · 1.79 Impact Factor