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Publications (4)7.36 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Eleven Salmonella enterica serovar Bovismorbificans isolates obtained from the U.S. District of Columbia during a 2011 hummus-associated foodborne outbreak were compared to 12 non-outbreak isolates. All isolates from the outbreak demonstrated a single PFGE pattern that was distinctly different from other isolates of S. Bovismorbificans as recorded in the PulseNet Database. Results from molecular analyses of the hummus-associated S. Bovismorbificans isolates indicate that the isolates from the outbreak were unique and have acquired an 80-90 kb plasmid. The impact of this study is that the information gained will add and expand our knowledge of diversity of the S. Bovismorbificans serovar. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
    Food microbiology. 04/2015; 46:627-34.
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    ABSTRACT: Serotyping Escherichia coli is a cumbersome and complex procedure due to the existence of large numbers of O and H antigen types. It can also be unreliable as many Shiga toxin-producing E. coli strains (STEC) isolated from fresh produce could not be typed by serology or have only partial serotypes. The FDA-ECID microarray, designed for characterizing pathogenic E. coli, contains a molecular serotyping component, which was evaluated here for its efficacy. Analysis of a panel of 75 reference E. coli strains showed that the array correctly identified the O and H types in 97% and 98% of the strains, respectively. Comparative analysis of 73 produce STEC strains showed that serology and the array identified 37% and 50% of the O types, respectively, and the array was able to identify 16 strains that could not be O serotyped. Furthermore, the array identified the H types of 97% of the produce STEC strains as compared to 65% by serology, including six strains that were mistyped by serology. These results show that the array is an effective alternative to serology in serotyping environmental E. coli isolates.
    Applied and environmental microbiology. 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Investigation of foodborne diseases requires the capture and analysis of time-sensitive information on microbial pathogens that is derived from multiple analytical methods and sources. The web-based Pathogen-annotated Tracking Resource Network (PATRN) system (www.patrn.net) was developed to address the data aggregation, analysis, and communication needs important to the global food safety community for the investigation of foodborne disease. PATRN incorporates a standard vocabulary for describing isolate metadata and provides a representational schema for a prototypic data exchange standard using a novel data loading wizard for aggregation of assay and attribution information. PATRN currently houses expert-curated, high-quality "foundational datasets" consisting of published experimental results from conventional assays and next generation analysis platforms for isolates of Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, and Salmonella, Shigella, Vibrio and Cronobacter species. A suite of computational tools for data mining, clustering, and graphical representation is available. Within PATRN, the public curated data repository is complemented by a secure private workspace for user-driven analyses, and for sharing data among collaborators. To demonstrate the data curation, loading wizard features, and analytical capabilities of PATRN, three use-case scenarios are presented. Use-case scenario one is a comparison of the distribution and prevalence of plasmid-encoded virulence factor genes among 249 Cronobacter strains with similar attributes to that of nine Cronobacter isolates from recent cases obtained between March and October, 2010-2011. To highlight PATRN's data management and trend finding tools, analysis of datasets, stored in PATRN as part of an ongoing surveillance project to identify the predominant molecular serogroups among Cronobacter sakazakii isolates observed in the USA is shown. Use-case scenario two demonstrates the secure workspace available for private users to upload and analyze sensitive data, and for collating cross-platform datasets to identify and validate congruent datapoints. SNP datasets from WGS assemblies and pan-genome microarrays are analyzed in a combinatorial fashion to determine relatedness of 33 Salmonella enterica strains to six strains collected as part of an outbreak investigation. Use-case scenario three utilizes published surveillance results that describe the incidence and sources of O157:H7 E. coli isolates associated with a produce pre-harvest surveillance study that occurred during 2002-2006. In summary, PATRN is a web-based integrated platform containing tools for the management, analysis and visualization of data about foodborne pathogens.
    Food Microbiology 06/2013; 34(2):303-18. · 3.41 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Two technologies, involving DNA microarray and optical mapping, were used to quickly assess gene content and genomic architecture of recent emergent Escherichia coli O104:H4 and related strains. In real-time outbreak investigations, these technologies can provide congruent perspectives on strain, serotype, and pathotype relationships. Our data demonstrated clear discrimination between clinically, temporally, and geographically distinct O104:H4 isolates and rapid characterization of strain differences.
    Applied and Environmental Microbiology 12/2011; 78(5):1601-5. · 3.95 Impact Factor