Beverly J McElmurry

University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL, United States

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Publications (31)39.72 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: School-based programs to combat childhood obesity often lack resources to incorporate strong evaluation components. This paper describes a collaborative evaluation conducted by partners implementing Active Living by Design (ALbD) programs at one Chicago elementary school. To assess ALbD program outcomes by triangulating various forms of evidence gathered while implementing these programs. An exploratory, mixed-methods design was used to collect and analyze data from numerous physical activity initiatives implemented at the school from 2004 to 2009. The researchers triangulated quantitative (student BMI data, student standardized test and discipline data, classroom physical activity logs, and student physical activity knowledge surveys) and qualitative (classroom physical activity logs and open-ended teacher surveys questions) findings to assess outcomes. Students continuously enrolled at this school from Grades 1 through 4, those most exposed to ALbD activities over time, had significantly lower BMI after 4 years, compared with peers who transferred to the school after Grade 1. Student achievement on standardized tests improved between 2004 (prior to initiating ALbD activities) and 2008. Visits to the Disciplinary Office dropped dramatically over the 4-year period. Teacher interviews and surveys and classroom Take 10! Program activity logs revealed that the program was implemented enthusiastically by all grades. The Physical Activity Knowledge Survey revealed a significant increase in physical activity knowledge after instituting these activities. Collaborative efforts to amass and analyze a variety of data demonstrated the effects of implementing a variety of health promotion activities in one school, documenting the growth of a "culture of health" in that school community.
    American journal of preventive medicine 11/2012; 43(5 Suppl 4):S395-8. · 4.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The impact of a professionally facilitated peer group intervention for HIV prevention among 400 low-income Chilean women was examined using a quasiexperimental design. At 3 months postintervention, the intervention group had higher HIV-related knowledge, more positive attitudes toward people living with HIV, fewer perceived condom use barriers, greater self- efficacy, higher HIV reduction behavioral intentions, more communication with partners about safer sex, and decreased depression symptoms. They did not, however, have increased condom use or self-esteem. More attention to gender barriers is needed. This intervention offers a model for reducing HIV for women in Chile and other Latin American countries.
    Health Care For Women International 04/2012; 33(4):321-41. · 0.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to assess the level of anxiety and uncertainty in Korean mothers of children with febrile convulsion and to identify factors associated with maternal anxiety. In general, febrile convulsions are harmless to the child, but parents perceive the convulsion as frightening. Previous authors of a few studies suggested that providing information was helpful for parents' knowledge, attitude and fear about a febrile convulsion. This was a descriptive, cross-sectional survey. The sample comprised 102 mothers whose children had been diagnosed with a febrile convulsion and admitted to paediatric wards in five general hospitals in South Korea. The researchers gave the questionnaires to nursing departments for distribution and collection by paediatric nurses. To test differences in anxiety and uncertainty by participants' characteristics, t-tests and anova were conducted. Linear regression was used to identify factors associated with maternal state anxiety. Statistical significance level was set at 0.05. A multiple linear regression of maternal anxiety showed that four statistically significant predictors explained 56% of the total variations of maternal anxiety. The significant predictors were uncertainty, frequency of febrile convulsion, income and information about febrile convulsion. Among the significant variables, uncertainty was the dominant contributing factor (p < 0.001). Anxiety in mothers of children with febrile convulsion was especially related to uncertainty, so health care providers can reduce anxiety through decreasing uncertainty. For interventions to decrease maternal anxiety, provision of information and psychosocial support are needed for parents of hospitalised children with febrile convulsions.
    Journal of Clinical Nursing 03/2011; 20(9-10):1490-7. · 1.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Physical appearance concerns lead to serious health compromising behaviors among women in Thailand. The purpose of this study was to examine differences in physical appearance identity among young women in four regions of Thailand based on 30 physical appearance characteristics generated and validated in two previous samples of young Thai women. Using Q methodology, 200 Thai young women sorted the physical appearance characteristics in terms of importance. Across-region differences exist for the most important physical appearance characteristics. Regional differences in physical appearance identity may explain the variety of behaviors used by Thai women to enhance their physical appearance. Further research should focus on regional factors that contribute to these aspects of physical appearance becoming a dominant source of self-definition so that effective prevention strategies can be developed and targeted to women at high risk.
    Western Journal of Nursing Research 02/2011; 33(1):106-20. · 1.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Declining availability and accessibility of perinatal health care are emergent social concerns. Based on the Listening to Mothers-II (LTM-II) surveys, we describe a total of 20 Japanese women's perinatal experiences. Data were qualitatively compared with those of U.S. women, using a theoretical framework for evaluation of primary health care. Japanese women overcame their worries by engaging in healthy behaviors, accepting hardships such as labor pain, and receiving assurance from health professionals and modern technology. We found that while U.S. and Japanese women's perinatal experiences reflected their unique cultural values and social context, a cross-cultural universality of birthing women's experiences exists.
    Health Care For Women International 01/2011; 32(1):57-71. · 0.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The questionnaire used for the U.S. Listening to Mothers II survey was translated and culturally adapted to measure Japanese women's experience during the period of pregnancy planning through early postpartum. Methods included expert panels and two phases of cognitive interviews with 20 postpartum Japanese adult women. The number of problems with the translated questionnaire effectively decreased in the iterative process. Most problems were found in the question-interpretation stage of cognitive processing, such as wording/tone. Culture-specific concepts and unclear items were adapted to prevent erroneous interpretations in future studies. The future use of this questionnaire to generate data sets will be useful for professionals interested in developing evidence-based practices. The knowledge from this study can be helpful in improving health-care services and education for women with diverse languages and cultural backgrounds.
    Journal of Perinatal Education 01/2011; 20(1):14-27.
  • Seonah Lee, Beverly McElmurry
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    ABSTRACT: Clinical information systems implementation in healthcare delivery has changed clinical work patterns. Nursing practice is under pressure of the changes, which often lead to dysfunctional workflow. The purposes for this literature review were (1) to identify what has been examined about disruptions of nursing care workflow in using Clinical information systems and (2) to obtain a lesson for future research to investigate disruptions of nursing care workflow in using Clinical information systems. In reviewed studies, nursing workflow disruptions have limitedly been reported. Nursing care workflow has not been investigated sufficiently; thus, what happened to nursing care workflow by using a Clinical information system has not been fully known. Nurses have a need for the use of a Clinical information system in aspects of nursing perspective in patient care. Unless the use of Clinical information systems provides effective workflow of nursing care, it will result in confusion in nursing practice as well as poor quality of patient care. It is essential to capture disruptions and/or effectiveness in nursing care workflow from the perspectives of nurses. The required research approach to clinical settings is to identify all facets of adverse consequences triggered from the use of a Clinical information system by following the context of nursing care workflow.
    Computers, informatics, nursing: CIN 01/2010; 28(3):151-9; quiz 160-1. · 0.95 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The Active Living Logan Square target audience is the community of the southwest corner of Logan Square, an urban Chicago community of 84,466 residents, mostly Latinos. Through the Active Living by Design (ALbD) initiative, the Logan Square Neighborhood Association leveraged its 48 years of existence in the neighborhood to create opportunities and build partnerships. Activities addressed three primary goals: (1) enhance school environments and practices to support physical activity before, during, and after the school day; (2) encourage individuals and families to enjoy outdoor activities in their own communities; and (3) create safe, inviting places for activity that connect to surrounding communities. The partnership's participatory approach involved a variety of community stakeholders in developing and implementing affordable, accessible, culturally acceptable, and sustainable physical activities for children and their families. The partnership successfully piloted Open Streets (temporary street closures) and advocated for development of the Bloomingdale Trail, an elevated rails-to-trails project. In schools, the partnership changed the culture at McAuliffe Elementary to support healthy behaviors through new policies, physical projects, and programs. Vital components of the project's success included a full-time coordinator with strong community ties; time to build healthy relationships within the partnership and community; the use of culturally relevant strategies; and flexibility to welcome complementary opportunities. The partnership intentionally did not produce a single community-recognized campaign; instead, it chose to use limited resources to promote tangible programs and projects that led to sustainable and replicable changes that promote physical activity.
    American journal of preventive medicine 12/2009; 37(6 Suppl 2):S361-7. · 4.24 Impact Factor
  • Vipavee Thongpriwan, Beverly J McElmurry
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    ABSTRACT: We explored how Thai female adolescents describe the meaning and context of dating violence. Twenty-four students, aged 15-17, were purposively recruited from a secondary school in Bangkok for individually audio-taped interviews. The interviews lasted 45- 70 minutes. ATLAS ti 5.2 was selected for content analysis. Five themes emerged, including characteristics of adolescent romantic relationships, influences on adolescent romantic relationships, perceptions of dating violence, cycle of dating-violence experiences, and influences on adolescents' perceptions of dating violence. The findings indicate a foundation for developing culturally sensitive programs for dating-violence prevention among Thai adolescents.
    Health Care For Women International 11/2009; 30(10):871-91. · 0.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to identify the essential professional values of Chinese nurses and their manifestations in the current health-care environment. Data were collected from 29 nurse experts by semi-structured individual interviews or focus groups in Beijing and Shanghai, China. Thematic analysis was used to analyze the data. Seven themes were identified: altruism, caring, trustworthiness, dignity, responsibility for the development of the profession, autonomy, and justice. On the whole, these values were in accordance with the codes of the International Council of Nurses and the Chinese Nursing Association. Additionally, culture and socioeconomic trends were found to have an influence on nurses' understanding and explanation of professional values. The findings of this study provided insight into Chinese nurses' professional values and might contribute to the future development of a culturally sensitive scale to measure nursing values in China.
    Nursing and Health Sciences 08/2009; 11(3):312 - 317. · 0.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Physical inactivity and lack of nutritious diets increase children's risk of obesity, especially children from low-income and ethnic minority groups. To address this risk, the school-based TAKE 10! program was implemented to increase the physical activity and improve the nutrition of K-6th grade students in one public urban school serving a predominantly low-income, Hispanic population. In this study the researchers (a) evaluated the program outcomes using the physical activity and nutrition questionnaires provided with the TAKE 10! curriculum material, teacher surveys, observations, and interview data; (b) evaluated the questionnaires provided with the TAKE 10! curriculum material and provided suggestions for modification; and (c) described the experience of a positive partnership among school, university, and community agencies implementing the TAKE 10! curriculum. Based on the findings, recommendations are offered for successful physical activity and nutrition health promotion programs for these children.
    The Journal of School Nursing 03/2009; 25(2):163-72. · 0.69 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Nursing has a shortage of doctorally-prepared underrepresented minority (URM) scientists/faculty. We describe a five-year University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) Bridges program for URM master's students' transition to doctoral study and factors in retention/graduation from the PhD program. Four master' students from two partner schools were recruited/appointed per year and assigned UIC faculty advisors. They completed 10 UIC credits during master's study and were mentored by Bridges faculty. Administrative and financial support was provided during transition and doctoral study. Partner schools' faculty formed research dyads with UIC faculty. Seventeen Bridges students were appointed to the Bridges program: 12 were admitted to the UIC PhD program since 2004 and one graduated in 2007. Eight Bridges faculty research dyads published 5 articles and submitted 1 NIH R03 application. Mentored transition from master's through doctoral program completion and administrative/financial support for students were key factors in program success. Faculty research dyads enhanced the research climate in partner schools.
    Nursing outlook 01/2009; 57(3):166-71. · 1.54 Impact Factor
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    Rosina Cianelli, Lilian Ferrer, Beverly J McElmurry
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    ABSTRACT: Socio-cultural factors and HIV-related misinformation contribute to the increasing number of Chilean women living with HIV. In spite of this, and to date, few culturally specific prevention activities have been developed for this population. The goal of the present study was to elicit the perspectives of low-income Chilean women regarding HIV and relevant socio-cultural factors, as a forerunner to the development of a culturally appropriate intervention. As part of a mixed-methods study, fifty low-income Chilean women participated in a survey and twenty were selected to participate in prevention, in-depth interviews. Results show evidence of widespread misinformation and misconceptions related to HIV/AIDS. Machismo and marianismo offer major barriers to prevention programme development. Future HIV prevention should stress partner communication, empowerment and improving the education of women vulnerable to HIV.
    Culture Health & Sexuality 05/2008; 10(3):297-306. · 1.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A collaborative primary health care service demonstration program was conducted to improve diabetes care among limited English-proficient (LEP) Latino patients. The intervention provided a multilevel approach aimed at patients and health care providers: Community health workers (CHWs) were mobilized to offer diabetes education in Spanish to LEP Latino diabetes patients, and health professions students and providers were offered intensive Spanish language training and cultural competency workshops. Positive outcomes for patients included a significant decrease in HbA1c. Health care providers reported improved patient communication and greater appreciation for cultural influences on health. Collaborating institutions realized ongoing benefits from expansion of CHWs' role and incorporation of cultural and language classes into health professions students' and house officers' training programs. Lessons learned included the importance of working together at every stage to identify and provide for the CHWs' training and support needs and to link the program's intervention with evaluation of multilevel outcomes.
    Health Promotion Practice 04/2008; 10(2):293-302.
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    Ellen Mbweza, Kathleen F Norr, Beverly McElmurry
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    ABSTRACT: To examine the decision-making processes of husband and wife dyads in matrilineal and patrilineal marriage traditions of Malawi in the areas of money, food, pregnancy, contraception, and sexual relations. Qualitative grounded theory using simultaneous interviews of 60 husbands and wives (30 couples). Data were analyzed according to the guidelines of simultaneous data collection and analysis. The analysis resulted in development of core categories and categories of decision-making process. Data matrixes were used to identify similarities and differences within couples and across cases. Most couples reported using a mix of final decision-making approaches: husband-dominated, wife-dominated, and shared. Gender based and nongender based cultural scripts provided rationales for their approaches to decision making. Gender based cultural scripts (husband-dominant and wife-dominant) were used to justify decision-making approaches. Non-gender based cultural scripts (communicating openly, maintaining harmony, and children's welfare) supported shared decision making. Gender based cultural scripts were used in decision making more often among couples from the district with a patrilineal marriage tradition and where the husband had less than secondary school education and was not formally employed. Nongender based cultural scripts to encourage shared decision making can be used in designing culturally tailored reproductive health interventions for couples. Nurses who work with women and families should be aware of the variations that occur in actual couple decision-making approaches. Shared decision making can be used to encourage the involvement of men in reproductive health programs.
    Journal of Nursing Scholarship 02/2008; 40(1):12-9. · 1.61 Impact Factor
  • Keke Lin, Beverly J McElmurry, Carol Christiansen
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    ABSTRACT: A comprehensive literature review was conducted to determine if there was a research gap between women's vulnerability to HIV and research addressing that vulnerability in China. Türmen's article Gender and HIV/AIDS served as a framework for examining the eight determinants placing women and adolescent girls at greater risk of HIV infection than men. Eighty-eight research reports were retrieved and categorized by general characteristics and the eight determinants. Women were found to be more vulnerable than men to HIV infection in China and worldwide. While researchers reported a considerable amount of research regarding women's HIV/AIDS-related issues in China, there is insufficient attention to some risk determinants. Investigators are encouraged to take advantage of political commitment and policy changes in China to conduct more research focusing on female vulnerability and to address the effects of violence, laws, stigma, and discrimination in female HIV prevention.
    Health Care For Women International 10/2007; 28(8):680-99. · 0.63 Impact Factor
  • Karen Solheim, Beverly J McElmurry, Mi Ja Kim
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    ABSTRACT: Primary health care (PHC) is a systems perspective for examining the provision of essential health care for all. A multidisciplinary collaborative approach to health care delivery is associated with effective delivery and care providers' enrichment. Yet data regarding multidisciplinary practice within PHC are limited. The purpose of this exploratory qualitative descriptive study was to better understand team-based PHC practice in the US. Aims included (a) describing nursing faculty involvement in PHC, (b) analyzing ways that multidisciplinary work was enacted, and (c) recommending strategies for multidisciplinary PHC practice. After institutional review board (IRB) protocol approval, data collection occurred by: (a) surveying faculty/staff in a Midwestern nursing college (N=94) about their PHC practice, and (b) interviewing a purposive sample of nursing faculty/staff identified with PHC (n=10) and their health professional collaborators (n=10). Survey results (28% return rate) were summarized, interview notes were transcribed, and a systematic process of content analysis applied. Study findings show team practice is valued because health issues are complex, requiring different types of expertise; and because teams foster comprehensive care and improved resource use. Mission, membership attributes, and leadership influence teamwork. Though PHC is not a common term, nurses and their collaborators readily associated their practice with a PHC ethos. PHC practice requires understanding community complexity and engaging with community, family, and individual viewpoints. Though supports exist for PHC in the US, participants identified discord between their view of population needs and the health care system. The following interpretations arise from this study: PHC does not explicitly frame health care activity in the US, though some practitioners are committed to its ethics; and, teamwork within PHC is associated with better health care and rewarding professional experience. Nurses integrate PHC in multiple roles and are experts at aspects of PHC teamwork.
    Social Science [?] Medicine 09/2007; 65(3):622-34. · 2.73 Impact Factor
  • Kyunghee Yang, Beverly J McElmurry, Chang G Park
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    ABSTRACT: Low-income Korean community women were assessed for factors relating to decreased bone mineral density (BMD) and fractures in order to determine appropriate health promotion programs. Factors associated with decreased BMD were menopause (OR=3.30, p<0.01), menarchal age (OR=2.01, p<0.05), thyroxin (T(4); OR=11.32, p<0.05), age (OR=2.19, p<0.1), marital status (OR=0.56, p<.01), oral contraceptive use (OR=2.18, p<.01), and tubal ligation (OR=3.30, p<0.1). The risk factors for fractures were earlier menarchal age (OR=13.15, p<0.05), urban residency (OR=0.75, p<0.05), and T(4) abnormality (OR=64.29, p<0.1). The beneficial factor for decreased incidence of fractures was physical activity (OR=40.94, p<0.05). The strategy recommended for fracture risk reduction programs is focused on the prevention of both decreased BMD and fractures. Continuous physical activity should be encouraged as well as reduction of risk factors including associated risk behaviors.
    Health Care For Women International 04/2006; 27(3):254-67. · 0.63 Impact Factor
  • Vipavee Thongpriwan, Beverly J McElmurry
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    ABSTRACT: Thai adolescents are hesitant to openly talk to adults; however, they are avid users of the Internet. In 2002, faculty of the Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Nopparat Vajira, Thailand, established a webboard to reach out to high school students for questions and answers on adolescent health. Adolescents pose health questions, which are answered by nursing faculty and students. A total of 106 questions were selected for content analysis. Thai adolescent studies for the years 1992 to 2004 were identified from searches of CINAHL, ERIC, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO databases. The selection criteria required that chosen articles have a Thai adolescent health focus, be written in English, and be retrievable. Of the 68 citations identified, 23 studies met inclusion criteria. Content of the Thai adolescent webboard was compared with a content analysis of the retrieved Thai adolescent research. Physiological development, sexuality, and risky behaviors were common literature themes, whereas Thai adolescents expressed concerns about love and dating relationships. Parenting and parent-child relationships were discussed on the webboard but not in the literature. Analysis of the mental health revealed differences between the literature that covered psychosocial change, and the webboard questions concerned with body image, the need for emotional support, and satisfaction and conflicts of friendship. It is recommended that investigators consider incorporating adolescents as research team participants, particularly as they examine mental health promotion, adolescent and family relationships, and concerns of Thai adolescents.
    Journal of School Health 03/2006; 76(2):47-51. · 1.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: International nurse migration is natural and to be expected. Recently, however, those who have fostered nurse migration believe that it will solve nursing shortages in developed countries and offer nurse migrants better working conditions and an improved quality of life. Whether natural or manipulated, migration flow patterns largely occur from developing to developed countries. In this article, nurse migration is examined using primary health care (PHC) as an ethical framework. The unmanaged flow of nurse migrants from developing to developed countries is inconsistent with "health for all" principles. Removing key health personnel from countries experiencing resource shortages is contrary to PHC equity. Often, nurse migrants are placed in vulnerable, inequitable work roles, and employing nurse migrants fails to address basic causes of nurse shortages in developed countries, such as dissatisfaction with work conditions and decreased funding for academic settings. Nurse migration policies and procedures can be developed to satisfy PHC ethics criteria if they (1) leave developing countries enhanced rather than depleted, (2) contribute to country health outcomes consistent with essential care for all people, (3) are based on community participation, (4) address common nursing labor issues, and (5) involve equitable and clear financial arrangements.
    Journal of Professional Nursing 01/2006; 22(4):226-35. · 0.68 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

224 Citations
39.72 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2008–2012
    • University of Miami
      • School of Nursing and Health Studies
      Coral Gables, FL, United States
    • University of Malawi
      Zomba, Southern Region, Malawi
  • 1999–2012
    • University of Illinois at Chicago
      • College of Nursing
      Chicago, IL, United States
  • 2009
    • Boromarajonani College of Nursing
      Krung Thep, Bangkok, Thailand
  • 2002
    • University of Washington Seattle
      Seattle, Washington, United States