ABSTRACT: To compare the effects of isokinetic (ISO-K) and vibrational-proprioceptive (VIB) trainings on muscle mass and strength.
In 29 ISO-K- or VIB-trained young athletes we evaluated: force, muscle fiber morphometry, and gene expression of muscle atrophy/hypertrophy cell signaling.
VIB training increased the maximal isometric unilateral leg extension force by 48·1%. ISO-K training improved the force by 24·8%. Both improvements were statistically significant (P⩿0·01). The more functional effectiveness of the VIB training in comparison with the ISO-K training was shown by the statistical significance changes only in VIB group in: rate of force development in time segment 0-50 ms (P<0·001), squat jump (P<0·05) and 30-m acceleration running test (P<0·05). VIB training induced a highly significant increase of mean diameter of fast fiber (+9%, P<0·001), but not of slow muscle fibers (-3%, not significant). No neural cell adhesion molecule-positive (N-CAM(+)) and embryonic myosin heavy chain-positive (MHC-emb(+)) myofibers were detected. VIB induced a significant twofold increase (P<0·05) of the skeletal muscle isoform insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) Ec mRNA. Atrogin-1 and muscle ring finger-1 (MuRF-1) did not change, but myostatin was strongly downregulated after VIB training (P<0·001). Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) expression increased in post-training groups, but only in VIB reached statistical significance (+228%, P<0·05).
We demonstrated that both trainings are effective and do not induce muscle damage. Only VIB-trained group showed statistical significance increase of hypertrophy cell signaling pathways (IGF-1Ec and PGC-1α upregulation, and myostatin downregulation) leading to hypertrophy of fast twitch muscle fibers.
Neurological Research 12/2011; 33(10):998-1009. · 1.52 Impact Factor