I. S. Seong

Seoul National University, Seoul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (7)10.09 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The three-dimensional (3-D) reconstruction of nuclear recoils is of interest for directional detection of fast neutrons and for direction-sensitive searches for weakly interacting massive particles(WIMPs), which may constitute the Dark Matter of the universe. We demonstrate this capability with a miniature gas target Time Projection Chamber (TPC) where the drift charge is avalanche-multiplied with Gas Electron Multipliers (GEMs) and detected with the ATLAS FE-I3 Pixel Application Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC). We report on performance characterization of the detector, including measurements of gain, gain resolution, point resolution, diffusion, angular resolution, and energy resolution with low-energy x-rays, cosmic rays, and alpha particles, using the gases Ar:CO$_2$ (70:30) and He:CO$_2$ (70:30) at atmospheric pressure. We discuss the implications for future, larger directional neutron and Dark Matter detectors. With an eye to designing and selecting components for these, we generalize our results into analytical expressions for detector performance whenever possible. We conclude by demonstrating the 3-D directional detection of a fast neutron source.
    07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We present a search for low-mass ($\leq 20 GeV/c^{2}$) weakly interacting massive particles~(WIMPs), strong candidates of dark matter particles,using the low-background CsI(Tl) detector array of the Korea Invisible Mass Search (KIMS) experiment. With a total data exposure of 24,324.3~kg$\cdot$days,we search for WIMP interaction signals produced by nuclei recoiling from WIMP-nuclear elastic scattering with visible energies between 2 and 4~keV. The observed energy distribution of candidate events is consistent with null signals, and upper limits of the WIMP-proton spin-independent interaction are set with a 90\% confidence level. The observed limit rejects most of the low mass region of parameter space favored by the DAMA annual modulation signal.
    04/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: We present our most recent work on the use of integrated silicon pixel electronics to read out gas-filled Time Projection Chambers (TPCs). Such detectors have great promise to measure the direction and energy of neutral particles via nuclear recoils that ionize the gas. We report on ongoing studies and refinement of the first prototype constructed at the University of Hawaii. We present data on the detection of alpha particles and fast neutrons using Ar:CO2 (70:30) and He:CO2 (70:30) gas, respectively. We also present plans and sensitivity estimates for a future Dark Matter search based on the technology under study.
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A Accelerators Spectrometers Detectors and Associated Equipment 12/2013; · 1.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Time projection chambers (TPCs) have found a wide range of applications in particle physics, nuclear physics, and homeland security. For TPCs with high-resolution readout, the readout electronics often dominate the price of the final detector. We have developed a novel method which could be used to build large-scale detectors while limiting the necessary readout area. By focusing the drift charge with static electric fields, we would allow a small area of electronics to be sensitive to particle detection for a much larger detector volume. The resulting cost reduction could be important in areas of research which demand large-scale detectors, including dark matter searches and detection of special nuclear material. We present simulations made using the software package Garfield of a focusing structure to be used with a prototype TPC with pixel readout. This design should enable significant focusing while retaining directional sensitivity to incoming particles. We also present first experimental results and compare them with simulation.
    04/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: In order to understand the scintillation characteristics of nuclear recoil events in CsI(Tl) crystals and for application to the analysis of Dark Matter (DM) searches, we study quenching and channeling effects with simulations of recoil ion motion in CsI(Tl) and experiments using neutrons impinging on the crystal. The electronic energy loss versus penetration depth of recoil ions in a CsI(Tl) target are simulated by the SRIM and MARLOWE programs and modified by the application of a measured scintillation efficiency function. They are used to produce quenching factors as a function of recoil energy. The application of the MARLOWE code to a monocrystalline target yields a light yield distribution including tails which are correlated with ions' enhanced ranges. The 2.4 MeV pulsed neutrons impinging on a monocrystalline CsI(Tl) target and an array of neutron detectors located at different scattering angles are used to measure the light yield distribution and the status of the measurement is reported.
    IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science 10/2012; 59(5):2346-2353. · 1.22 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: New limits are presented on the cross section for weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP) nucleon scattering in the KIMS CsI(Tℓ) detector array at the Yangyang Underground Laboratory. The exposure used for these results is 24 524.3  kg·days. Nuclei recoiling from WIMP interactions are identified by a pulse shape discrimination method. A low energy background due to alpha emitters on the crystal surfaces is identified and taken into account in the analysis. The detected numbers of nuclear recoils are consistent with zero and 90% confidence level upper limits on the WIMP interaction rates are set for electron equivalent energies from 3 to 11 keV. The 90% upper limit of the nuclear recoil event rate for 3.6-5.8 keV corresponding to 2-4 keV in NaI(Tℓ) is 0.0098 counts/kg/keV/day, which is below the annual modulation amplitude reported by DAMA. This is incompatible with interpretations that enhance the modulation amplitude such as inelastic dark matter models. We establish the most stringent cross section limits on spin-dependent WIMP-proton elastic scattering for the WIMP masses greater than 20  GeV/c2.
    Physical Review Letters 05/2012; 108(18):181301. · 7.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In searches for rare phenomena such as elastic scattering of dark matter particles or neutrinoless double beta decay, alpha decays of Rn222 progenies attached to the surfaces of the detection material have been identified as a serious source of background. In measurements with CsI(Tl) scintillator crystals, we demonstrate that alpha decays of surface contaminants produce fast signals with a characteristic mean-time distribution that is distinct from those of neutron- and gamma-induced events.
    Astroparticle Physics. 08/2011; 35(12).