Caritina Vázquez-Triñanes

Complexo Hospitalario Universitario de Vigo, Vigo, Galicia, Spain

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Publications (3)8.96 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Objectives. To establish the frequency and describe the characteristics of a cohort of patients with SF eosinophilia (SFE) and a long clinical follow-up. A systematic review of the literature on this topic was performed.Methods. From November 2005 to May 2010, 982 consecutive arthrocentesis procedures performed at a tertiary care hospital were reviewed. Clinical and analytical data of patients with SFE at the time of diagnosis and during follow-up until 31 January 2012, were recorded. According to the percentage of eosinophils in SF, SFE was classified as minor (<10%) or major (>10%). Also, a literature search of all publications on eosinophilic synovitis found in MEDLINE, EMBASE and Web of Science without publication date restrictions was performed.Results. Eosinophils in SF were found in 10 of 982 (1.02%) patients: minor SFE was recorded in three patients, all of them with haemorrhagic fluid and without peripheral eosinophilia. Major SFE was found in seven patients, and only two of them had peripheral eosinophilia. In six patients, an underlying cause of the arthritis was found. Only one patient was classified as having idiopathic SFE. Most SFE promptly resolved with NSAIDs without relapses or new deformities. The literature search identified 56 patients with SFE; 49 of them (88%) had major SFE and 7 (12%) had minor SFE.Conclusions. Eosinophils are infrequently found in SF, and in most cases peripheral eosinophilia was not detected. Most patients with SFE had a benign course with prompt resolution and few relapses.
    Rheumatology (Oxford, England) 10/2012; · 4.24 Impact Factor
  • Caritina Vázquez-Triñanes, Bernardo Sopeña
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    ABSTRACT: Synovial fluid eosinophilia is defined as the presence of eosinophils, irrespective of quantity, in the synovial fluid and is a rare finding that is probably underestimated. The pathogenesis of this entity remains incompletely understood. Secondary and idiopathic forms have been described. Idiopathic forms are those not associated with systemic or rheumatic inflammatory disease or associated with chronic non-inflammatory rheumatic diseases. Idiopathic forms can be divided into pure or pseudoallergic forms when they occur in patients with an atopic background and/or intensely positive dermographism. Both forms are usually monoarthritis of the large joints with a substantial component of joint effusion but few inflammatory signs. Synovial fluid usually contains between 2,000 and 10,000 leukocytes/mm3, with a variable percentage of eosinophils. Although a major form (>10% eosinophils) and a minor form (<10% eosinophils) have been distinguished, both seem to have the same significance in terms of clinical manifestations and prognosis. Peripheral eosinophilia (>600 eosinophils/mm3) is a rare association and is not usually severe. Symptoms resolve within a few days without specific therapy and recurrences occur in approximately half of patients. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are usually sufficient to control symptoms. Synovial fluid eosinophilia has not been associated with the development of new joint deformities nor has it been described as a chronic form of arthritis.
    Seminarios de la Fundación Española de Reumatología 01/2012; 13(3):110–113.
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    ABSTRACT: Kikuchi's disease (KD) has been associated with the presence of autoantibodies, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and other autoimmune diseases. The aim of this study was to assess the frequency of autoimmune manifestations in a KD cohort with a long follow-up. Twenty patients with histologically confirmed KD since January 1990 until December 2010 were studied; 12 of them were periodically followed up as outpatients. Another 7 patients were contacted by telephone to offer them a specific consultation and a complete autoimmunity study. Thirteen of 20 patients were women (65%) with a mean age of 29 years (range, 15-79). The age at diagnosis was higher in men (44 vs 27 years, P < 0.05). Lymphopenia was present in 75% of the patients (15/20) and was the more frequent hematological abnormality. The mean follow-up of the 17 patients included in the autoimmunity study was 119 months (range, 15-252). Autoimmune diseases were detected in 9 women (53%): SLE was diagnosed in 4 patients (2 SLE before, 1 simultaneous, and 1 after KD), 2 patients developed primary Sjögren's syndrome after KD, 1 thyroiditis before KD, 1 SLE-like, and 1 antiphospholipid antibodies after KD. Leukocytoclastic vasculitis was found in 2 patients; 1 of them eventually developed SLE. Female sex, painful adenopathies, and cytopenias were significantly associated with autoimmune diseases. Among patients with KD, only women developed autoimmune manifestations. Therefore, long-term follow-up and active surveillance of autoimmune diseases in patients with KD, especially women, are recommended.
    Seminars in arthritis and rheumatism 12/2011; 41(6):900-6. · 4.72 Impact Factor