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Publications (7)6.1 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: In order to study biological events, researchers commonly use methods based on fluorescence. These techniques generally use fluorescent probes, commonly small organic molecules or fluorescent proteins. However, these probes still present some drawbacks, limiting the detection. Semiconductor nanocrystals - Quantum Dots (QDs) - have emerged as an alternative tool to conventional fluorescent dyes in biological detection due to its topping properties - wide absorption cross section, brightness and high photostability. Some questions have emerged about the use of QDs for biological applications. Here, we use optical tools to study non-specific interactions between aqueous synthesized QDs and peripheral blood mononuclear cells. By fluorescence microscopy we observed that bare QDs can label cell membrane in live cells and also label intracellular compartments in artificially permeabilized cells, indicating that non-specific labeling of sub-structures inside the cells must be considered when investigating an internal target by specific conjugation. Since fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry are complementary techniques (fluorescence microscopy provides a morphological image of a few samples and flow cytometry is a powerful technique to quantify biological events in a large number of cells), in this work we also used flow cytometry to investigate non-specific labeling. Moreover, by using optical tweezers, we observed that, after QDs incubation, zeta potentials in live cells changed to a less negative value, which may indicate that oxidative adverse effects were caused by QDs to the cells.
    Micron 12/2011; 43(5):621-6. · 1.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Quantum dots (QDs) are a promising class of fluorescent probes that can be conjugated to a variety of specific cell antibodies. For this reason, simple, cheap and reproducible routes of QDs's syntheses are the main goal of many researches in this field. The main objective of this work was to demonstrate the ability of QDs as biolabels for flow cell cytometry analysis. We have synthesized biocompatible water soluble CdS/Cd(OH)2 and CdTe/CdS QDs and applied them as fluorescent labels of hematologic cells. CdTe/CdS QDs was prepared using using a simple aqueous route with mercaptoacetic acid and mercaptopropionic acid as stabilizing agents. The resulting CdTe/CdS QDs can target biological membrane proteins and can also be internalized by cells. We applied the CdTe/CdS QDs as biolabels of human lymphocytes and compared the results obtained for lymphocytes treated and non-treated with permeabilizing agents for cell membranes. Permeabilized cells present higher fluorescence pattern than non permeabilized ones. We associated antibody A to the CdS/Cd(OH)2 QDs to label type A red blood cell (RBC). In this case, the O erythrocytes were used as the negative control. The results demonstrate that QDs were successfully functionalized with antibody A. There was a specific binding of QDs-antibody A to RBC membrane antigen only for A RBCs. We have also monitored QDs-hematologic cell interaction by using fluorescence microscopy. Our method shows that QDs can be conjugated to a variety of specific cell antibodies and can become a potential, highly efficient and low cost diagnostic tool for flow cell cytometry, very compatible with the lasers and filters used in this kind of equipments.
    Proc SPIE 02/2010;
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    ABSTRACT: This paper examines the relative accuracy of analysis of unstable chromosomal aberrations (dicentrics, rings and fragments) in lymphocyte metaphases using four microscope slide staining options, widely used to assess radiation overdose or to survey occupationally exposed subjects. Peripheral blood lymphocytes from a healthy donor were irradiated with 1.5 and 3.0 Gy of X-rays at a dose rate of 0.715 Gy/min. Dicentrics were scored by different cytological stains in order to compare block staining: Giemsa and 4', 6-Diamidine-2'-phenylindole dihydrochloride (DAPI); with techniques that highlight centromeres: C-banding and Centromere Multiplex Fluorescence in situ Hybridization (CM-FISH). At each of the two doses, the values for dicentrics per cell observed with each staining method were compared. In terms of dose estimation, no statistical difference was observed between the evaluated methods (chi(2) p: 0.27 and 0.64, respectively; analysis of variance - ANOVA, p > 0.99). Therefore, the evidence of centromeres by C-banding and CM-FISH did not promote an increased discovery of dicentrics. On the other hand, when confirmation of unequivocal identification of dicentrics is needed, C-banding and CM-FISH can be a suitable method to confirm its presence. Economical and social factors must be taken into account in the decision of method as well. For routine use where several hundreds of cells need to be reliably processed and analyzed daily, processing slides by block staining with Giemsa and DAPI is preferable. However, to assist in resolving the minority of images that are ambiguous, C-banding and CM-FISH provide a better identification of suspected dicentrics.
    International Journal of Radiation Biology 08/2008; 84(8):703-11. · 1.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Ionizing radiation (IR) can cause various lesions in DNA, which induce the increase of p53 expression levels in order to repair radiation induced damage. Thus, the correlation between the increase of p53 expression and an irradiation may constitute a fast and powerful method of individual monitoring in cases of accidental or suspected exposures to IR. In this context, the aim of this research was to evaluate changes in lymphocyte p53 expression levels, based on flow cytometry, after in vitro irradiation of peripheral blood samples. For the measurement of such expression levels of p53 protein, an investigation was carried out in order to establish a methodology of analysis based on flow cytometry. Hence, relationships among levels of expression of p53 protein with the absorbed dose have been verified. The results presented in this report emphasized flow cytometry as an important tool for the fast evaluation of p53 protein expression levels as bioindicator of individual exposure to acute ionizing radiation.
    Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 02/2008; 308(1-2):127-31. · 2.33 Impact Factor
  • Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology - BRAZ ARCH BIOL TECHNOL. 01/2008; 51.
  • Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology - BRAZ ARCH BIOL TECHNOL. 01/2008; 51.
  • International Journal of Low Radiation 01/2006; 3(4).