M Gisele Matheus

Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, United States

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Publications (7)12.92 Total impact

  • Maria Gisele Matheus · Rebecca K Lehman · Leonardo Bonilha · Kenton R Holden ·
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    ABSTRACT: X-linked monocarboxylate transporter 8 (MCT8) deficiency results from a loss-of-function mutation in the monocarboxylate transporter 8 gene, located on chromosome Xq13.2 (Allan-Herndon-Dudley syndrome). Affected boys present early in life with neurodevelopment delays but have pleasant dispositions and commonly have elevated serum triiodothyronine. They also have marked axial hypotonia and quadriparesis but surprisingly little spasticity early in their disease course. They do, however, have subtle involuntary movements, most often dystonia. The combination of hypotonia and dystonia presents a neurorehabilitation challenge and explains why spasticity-directed therapies have commonly produced suboptimal responses. Our aim was to better define the spectrum of motor disability and to elucidate the neuroanatomic basis of the motor impairments seen in MCT8 deficiency using clinical observation and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a cohort of 6 affected pediatric patients. Our findings identified potential imaging biomarkers and suggest that rehabilitation efforts targeting dystonia may be more beneficial than those targeting spasticity in the prepubertal pediatric MCT8 deficiency population. © The Author(s) 2015.
    Journal of child neurology 04/2015; 30(12). DOI:10.1177/0883073815578524 · 1.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Noonan syndrome is a common autosomal dominant neurodevelopmental disorder caused by gain-of-function germline mutations affecting components of the Ras-MAPK pathway. The authors present the case of a 6-year-old male with Noonan syndrome, Chiari malformation type I, shunted benign external hydrocephalus in infancy, and unique cerebrovascular changes. A de novo heterozygous change in the RAF1 gene was identified. The patient underwent brain magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography angiography, and magnetic resonance angiography to further clarify the nature of his abnormal brain vasculature. The authors compared his findings to the few cases of Noonan syndrome reported with cerebrovascular pathology.
    Journal of child neurology 07/2013; 29(8). DOI:10.1177/0883073813492384 · 1.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sjögren-Larsson syndrome is an inherited disorder of lipid metabolism caused by mutations in the ALDH3A2 gene that codes for fatty aldehyde dehydrogenase, which results in accumulation of fatty aldehydes and alcohols and is characterized by ichthyosis, intellectual disability, and spastic diplegia/quadriplegia. The authors describe 2 unrelated Honduran patients who carried the same novel homozygous nonsense mutation (c.1309A>T, p.K437X) and ALDH3A2 DNA haplotype, but widely differed in disease severity. One patient exhibited spastic quadriplegia with unusual neuroregression, whereas the other patient had the usual static form of spastic diplegia with neurodevelopmental disabilities. Biochemical analyses showed a similar profound deficiency of fatty aldehyde dehydrogenase activity and impaired fatty alcohol metabolism in both patients' cultured fibroblasts. These results indicate that variation in the neurologic phenotype of Sjögren-Larsson syndrome is not strictly determined by the ALDH3A2 mutation or the biochemical defect as expressed in cultured fibroblasts, but by unidentified epigenetic/environmental factors, gene modifiers, or other mechanisms.
    Journal of child neurology 10/2012; 28(10). DOI:10.1177/0883073812460581 · 1.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Disruptions to LIS1 gene expression result in neuronal migration abnormalities. LIS1 heterozygosity is a significant cause of lissencephaly, while overexpression has recently been noted in cases of microcephaly, ventriculomegaly, and dysgenesis of the corpus callosum with normal cortical gyration. We report a partial LIS1 duplication in a child with microcephaly, neurodevelopmental delays, and profound white matter atrophy in the absence of overt lissencephaly. The duplicated genetic segment was contained entirely within the first intron of LIS1, a segment that often contains inducers of transcription. Normal gyral patterns with mild volume loss were observed at birth. Follow-up cranial imaging revealed further white matter loss, diminished sulcation, and ventriculomegaly, suggesting expanding hydrocephalus ex vacuo. The radiographic pattern has not been documented in the presence of a LIS1 gene abnormality, and suggests that altered expression of LIS1 has wider phenotypic manifestations than currently defined.
    Journal of child neurology 12/2011; 27(6):791-5. DOI:10.1177/0883073811425972 · 1.72 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic blood transfusion (CBT) is currently the standard of care for primary and secondary stroke prevention in children with sickle cell anemia (SCA). However, the effect of CBT on cerebrovascular pathology is not well known. We reviewed children with SCA receiving CBT for abnormal transcranial Doppler (TCD) [n=12] or cerebrovascular accident (CVA) [n=22]. Baseline cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetic resonance angiogram (MRA) were compared with the most recent scans available for each patient and independently scored by a neuroradiologist. Thirty-four patients with a mean age of 6.5years at the time of baseline MRI/MRA were studied. Average elapsed time from baseline to most recent scans was 7.3years. Overall, patients experienced worsening vasculopathy, as measured by mean increases in their baseline MRI and MRA scores of +0.76 and +1.03. There was a significant difference in the mean change of MRI/MRA scores between patients who had CVA and abnormal TCD (MRI; +1.23 vs. -0.08, p=0.001 and MRA; +1.54 vs. +0.08, p=0.02). Patients with abnormal baseline MRA had worsening scores compared to those with normal baseline MRA (54% vs. 9.5%, p=0.01). Also, patients who had CVA were more likely to have an abnormal baseline MRA and worsening scores compared to abnormal TCD patients. We show that children with CVA experience progression of cerebral vasculopathy despite CBT. In contrast, CBT for abnormal TCD confers protection against the development and/or progression of cerebral vasculopathy. This effect appears to be real given our large cohort of patients with longer follow up as compared to previous studies.
    Blood Cells Molecules and Diseases 07/2011; 47(2):125-8. DOI:10.1016/j.bcmd.2011.06.002 · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report the case of a young patient with meningovascular syphilis who suffered fatal vertebrobasilar occlusion despite thrombolytic treatment and endovascular interventions. A 35-year-old man without any known medical history presented with an acute ischemic stroke and was initially treated with intravenous tissue plasminogen activator. He was then transferred to the stroke center, where he underwent endovascular recanalization of his occluded vertebrobasilar system. Despite initial successful recanalization, he suffered recurrent vertebrobasilar occlusion, and a second endovascular treatment attempt was unsuccessful. He subsequently developed a pontine hemorrhage and acute hydrocephalus and died secondary to transtentorial herniation. Laboratory findings were suggestive of prior spirochetal infection, and autopsy revealed necrotizing vasculitis and extensive adventitial inflammation involving the basilar and vertebral arteries, supporting the diagnosis of meningovascular syphilis.
    The American Journal of the Medical Sciences 09/2009; 338(2):169-71. DOI:10.1097/MAJ.0b013e3181a40b81 · 1.39 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A plunging ranula is a rare phenomenon that represents mucous extravasation extending through or behind the mylohyoid. The mucous dissects the tissue planes inferiorly and usually manifests as a swelling in the submental or submandibular regions. Some plunging ranulas are believed to result from disruption of excretory ducts that originate from the sublingual gland. The currently accepted definitive treatment of a plunging ranula is resection of the ipsilateral sublingual gland and evacuation of the cyst with removal of the pseudocapsule. There have been no reported cases of "ascending" ranulas into the parapharyngeal or pterygomaxillary space. The following represents the first known case that involved an extensive ascending and plunging ranula in a pediatric patient, which recurred despite complete excision of the ranula and sublingual gland. IRB approval was not required per institutional policy on retrospective case reports.
    Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery 07/2009; 140(6):948-9. DOI:10.1016/j.otohns.2008.12.041 · 2.02 Impact Factor