ABSTRACT: The Ras/RAF/MEK/ERK mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway plays a central role in the regulation of cell growth, differentiation, and survival. Expression of mutant BRAF(V600E) results in constitutive activation of the MAPK pathway, which can lead to uncontrolled cellular growth. Herein, we describe an SAR optimization campaign around a series of quinazoline derived BRAF(V600E) inhibitors. In particular, the bioisosteric replacement of a metabolically sensitive tert-butyl group with fluorinated alkyl moieties is described. This effort led directly to the identification of a clinical candidate, compound 40 (CEP-32496). Compound 40 exhibits high potency against several BRAF(V600E)-dependent cell lines and selective cytotoxicity for tumor cell lines expressing mutant BRAF(V600E) versus those containing wild-type BRAF. Compound 40 also exhibits an excellent PK profile across multiple preclinical species. In addition, significant oral efficacy was observed in a 14-day BRAF(V600E)-dependent human Colo-205 tumor xenograft mouse model, upon dosing at 30 and 100 mg/kg BID.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 12/2011; 55(3):1082-105. · 4.80 Impact Factor