[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: IntroductionVitamin D deficiency is common in critically ill patients, and was reported to be associated with adverse outcomes. However, the effect of vitamin D deficiency on mortality in critically ill patients remains unclear.Methods
We searched PubMed and EMBASE from the inception to July 2014 for cohort studies to assess the effect of vitamin D deficiency on the incidence of mortality in critically ill patients. Mortality-specific odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) were pooled with a random- or fixed-effect models when appropriate.ResultsSeven cohort studies with a total of 4,204 participants including 1,679 cases of vitamin D deficiency were included in this meta-analysis. Vitamin D deficiency was significantly associated with an increased hospital mortality (OR 1.76; 95% CI, 1.38 to 2.24; P <0.001), with very low heterogeneity (I 2¿=¿2.3%; P =0.402). The finding of increased hospital mortality in critically ill adult patients was consistently found in every stratum of our subgroup analyses.Conclusions
This meta-analysis suggests that vitamin D deficiency is associated with increased incidence of hospital mortality in critically ill adult patients.
Critical care (London, England) 12/2014; 18(6):684. · 5.04 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Despite the fact that recent evidence from meta-analysis of randomized trials indicates an increase in mortality, perioperative treatment with β-blockers is still widely advocated. We therefore performed a meta-analysis of cohort studies to evaluate the effects of perioperative β-blockers on mortality in patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery in the real world scenarios.
International Journal of Cardiology 08/2014; · 6.18 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Observational data have suggested that statin therapy may reduce mortality in patients with infection and sepsis; however, results from randomized studies are contradictory and do not support the use of statins in this context. Here, we performed a meta-analysis to investigate the effects of statin therapy on mortality from infection and sepsis.
We searched electronic databases (PubMed and Embase) for articles published before November 2013. Randomized or observational studies reporting the effects of statin therapy on mortality in patients with infection or sepsis were eligible. Randomized and observational studies were separately pooled with risk ratios (RRs) and random-effects models.
We examined 5 randomized controlled trials with 867 patients and 27 observational studies with 337,648 patients. Among the randomized controlled trials, statins did not significantly decrease in-hospital mortality (RR, 0.98; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.73 to 1.33) or 28-day mortality (RR, 0.93; 95% CI, 0.46 to 1.89). However, observational studies indicated that statins were associated with a significant decrease in mortality with adjusted data (RR, 0.65; 95% CI, 0.57 to 0.75) or unadjusted data (RR, 0.74; 95% CI, 0.59 to 0.94).
Limited evidence suggests that statins may not be associated with a significant reduction in mortality from infection and sepsis. Although meta-analysis from observational studies showed that the use of statins was associated with a survival advantage, these outcomes were limited by high heterogeneity and possible bias in the data. Therefore, we should be cautious about the use of statins in infection and sepsis.
Critical care (London, England) 04/2014; 18(2):R71. · 5.04 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The impact of pre-existing diabetes on the development of acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS) in critically ill patients remains unclear. We performed a meta-analysis of cohort studies to evaluate the risk of ALI/ARDS in critically ill patients with and without pre-existing diabetes.
We searched PubMed and Embase from the inception to September 2013 for cohort studies assessing the effect of pre-existing diabetes on ALI/ARDS occurrence. Pooled odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated using random- or fixed-effect models when appropriate.
Seven cohort studies with a total of 12,794 participants and 2,937 cases of pre-existing diabetes, and 2,457 cases of ALI/ARDS were included in the meta-analysis. A fixed-effects model meta-analysis showed that pre-existing diabetes was associated with a reduced risk of ALI/ARDS (OR 0.66; 95% CI, 0.55-0.80; p<0.001), with low heterogeneity among the studies (I(2) = 18.9%; p = 0.286). However, the asymmetric funnel plot and Egger's test (p = 0.007) suggested publication bias may exist.
Our meta-analysis suggests that pre-existing diabetes was associated with a decreased risk of ALI/ARDS in critically ill adult patients. However, the result should be interpreted with caution because of the potential bias and confounding in the included studies.
PLoS ONE 02/2014; 9(2):e90426. · 3.53 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the associated between serum total bilirubin (STB) levels and long-term outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: A total of 1,273 consecutive patients were enrolled. Patients were grouped according to their baseline STB levels: Group 1 (STB < 3.4 μmol/L), Group 2 (3.4 μmol/L ≤ STB ≤ 10.3 μmol/L), Group 3 (10.3 μmol/L < STB ≤ 17.1 μmol/L), and Group 4 (STB < 17.1 μmol/L) and the rate of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) was determined Results: A total of 1,152 patients were successfully followed up (90.5%) for a mean period of 30 ± 5 months, including 187 patients experiencing a major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE: death from any cause, myocardial infarction, repeat revascularization or readmission). The MACE rate in Groups 3 and 4 was lower than in Groups 1 and 2 (P < 0.01). After adjusted the confounding factors with Cox regression analysis, the MACE rates in Groups 2-4 were still lower than in Group 1 (Group 2, RR=0.293, 95% CI 0.167-0.517, P < 0.01; Group 3, RR=0.142, 95% CI 0.065-0.312, P < 0.01; Group 4, RR=0.134, 95% CI 0.071-0.252, P < 0.01). The cumulative survival rates of Groups 3 and 4 were higher than that of Groups 1and 2 (P < 0.01). Conclusions: High STB concentration is associated with lower MACE in patients with ACS after PCI.
Clinical and investigative medicine. Medecine clinique et experimentale. 01/2014; 37(5):E345.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study was designed to evaluate the value of plasma cystatin C in predicting adverse cardiac events after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for acute coronary syndrome (ACS).
A total of 605 patients (404 male, mean age 60.4 ± 10.6 years) with ACS underwent successful PCI. Patients were divided into 4 groups according to the level of cystatin C, which was measured before the PCI: Q1 (<1.02 mg/L), Q2 (1.02-1.16 mg/L), Q3 (1.17-1.34 mg/L), and Q4 (≥1.35 mg/L).
After a follow-up of 14.3 ± 1.7 months, the incidence of mortality, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and target lesion revascularization in the Q2, Q3, and Q4 groups was higher than in the Q1 group (P < .001). The incidence of heart failure in the Q3 and Q4 groups was higher than in the Q1 group (P < .05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that cystatin C elevation was an independent predictor of major adverse cardiac events. The cumulative survival rate of the Q3 and Q4 groups was lower than in the Q1 group (P < .001).
High plasma cystatin C concentration is an independent predictor of major adverse cardiac events in patients with ACS treated with PCI.
Heart & lung: the journal of critical care 05/2012; 41(5):456-62. · 1.04 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To describe the clinical features and management of thallium poisoning in patients with delayed hospital admission.
Fourteen patients (median age 36 years) were admitted 9-19 days after ingesting food poisoned with thallium. Clinical and laboratory data, including blood and urine thallium concentrations, were collected. Patients were treated with oral Prussian blue, a chelating agent sodium dimercaptosulfonate, and hemodialysis.
All patients experienced a triad of symptoms of acute gastrointestinal upset, painful combined polyneuropathy, and hair loss after consuming poisoned food. Fatigue and skin pigmentation were observed in all patients. Abnormal liver function tests were found in 6 (42.9%) and delirium and coma were identified in 4 (28.6%). Two weeks after the poisoning, the blood and urine thallium concentration ranged from 219.0 to 1414.4 μg/L (median: 535.3) and 956.5 to 11285.0 μg/L (median: 7460.0), respectively. One patient (7.1%) with a previous history of pulmonary fibrosis died of respiratory failure in hospital. Symptoms were improved and blood or urine thallium levels were normalized in the remaining 13 patients before discharge. After a 6.5 ± 1-month follow-up, 1 patient (7.1%) developed deep venous thrombosis in the left lower limb. In another patient (7.1%), numbness in the lower limbs remained.
Acute thallium poisoning is commonly manifested by gastrointestinal upset, painful polyneuropathy, and significant hair loss. Treatment strategies included Prussian blue and hemodialysis, which were associated with a good outcome in this case series.