[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Ciprofloxacin was given orally to 28 healthy male volunteers for single oral dose of 500mg; Plasma samples were collected at different time's interval between 0 and 12h and analyzed both by high pressure liquid chromatography and by a microbiological assay. The detection limits (LOD) were 0.02μg/ml and 0.1μg/ml, for both methods respectively. For each method, coefficients of variation (R(2)) were 0.9995 and 0.9918 in plasma and limit of quantitation (LOQ).02 and 0.5μg/ml. The Comparison of means maximum concentration 2.68 μg/ml at 1.5 hr for test and 2.43 μg/ml are attain in HPLC method of Reference at 2hrs respectively. The plasma concentrations measured by microbiological assay of reference tablet are 3.95μg/ml (mean ± SE) at 1 hour and 3.80μg/ml (mean ± SE) at 1 hour. The concentrations in plasma measured by microbiological method were markedly higher than the high-pressure liquid chromatography values which indicates the presence of antimicrobially active metabolites. The mean ± SE values of pharmacokinetic parameters calculated by HPLC method, for total area under the curve (AUC 0-oo) were 13.11, and 11.91 h.mg/l for both test and reference tablets respectively. The mean ± SE values of clearance measured in l/h were 44.91 and 48.42 respectively. The elimination rate constant Kel [l/h] showed 0.17 l/h for test and 0.15 l/h reference tablets and likewise, absorption half-life expressed in hours shown 0.67 h for test and 1.04 h for reference respectively. The Mean Residence Time for test is 5.48 h and 5.49 h for reference. The mean ± SE values of pharmacokinetic parameters (Microbiological assay) for total area under the curve (AUC 0-oo) were 22.11 and 19.33 h.mg/l for both test and reference tablets respectively. The mean ± SE values of clearance measured in l/h were 29.02 and 31.63 respectively. The elimination rate constant Kel [l/h] showed 0.21 l/h for test and 0.20 l/h reference tablets and likewise, absorption half-life expressed in hours shown 0.86h for test and 0.56 h for reference respectively. The Mean Residence Time for test is 5.27 h and 4.67 h for reference. Significant difference observed between two methods.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To assess the bioequivalence of tablets formulations of Clarithromycin 500 mg each of test and reference products. A single post oral dose of each formulation was given to 14 male healthy volunteers. The study was conducted phase 1, open-label, randomized, complete two-way crossover designed with 7 days wash out period. The plasma concentration of Clarithromycin was quantified by validated microbiological assay method. The precision of the method was evaluated using calibrated 14-hydroxyClarithromycin concentration was detected semi quantitatively as equivalent of Clarithromycin/ml. The peak plasma concentrations of (3.63±0.80 ug/ml) and (3.31±0.35 ug/ml) was attained in about 1.42 hours and 1.49 hours for both test and reference Clarithromycin tablets respectively. The mean±SD values for total area under the curve (AUC) were 22.07±4.90 and 20.16±2.35 h.mg/L for both test and reference tablets respectively. This study indicated that the differences in all the bioequivalence parameters for test and reference Clarithromycin formulations are statistically non-significant; hence both formulations are considered bioequivalent.