ABSTRACT: We present Spitzer Space Telescope IRAC and MIPS observations of a 0.85 deg^2
field including the Corona Australis (CrA) star-forming region. At a distance
of 130 pc, CrA is one of the closest regions known to be actively forming
stars, particularly within its embedded association, the Coronet. Using the
Spitzer data, we identify 51 young stellar objects (YSOs) in CrA which include
sources in the well-studied Coronet cluster as well as distributed throughout
the molecular cloud. Twelve of the YSOs discussed are new candidates, one of
which is located in the Coronet. Known YSOs retrieved from the literature are
also added to the list, and a total of 116 candidate YSOs in CrA are compiled.
Based on these YSO candidates, the star formation rate is computed to be 12 M_o
Myr^-1, similar to that of the Lupus clouds. A clustering analysis was also
performed, finding that the main cluster core, consisting of 68 members, is
elongated (having an aspect ratio of 2.36), with a circular radius of 0.59 pc
and mean surface density of 150 pc^-2.
In addition, we analyze outflows and jets in CrA by means of new CO and H_2
data. We present 1.3 mm interferometric continuum observations made with the
Submillimeter Array (SMA) covering R CrA, IRS 5, IRS 7, and IRAS 18595-3712
(IRAS 32). We also present multi-epoch H_2 maps and detect jets and outflows,
study their proper motions, and identify exciting sources. The Spitzer and
ISAAC/VLT observations of IRAS 32 show a bipolar precessing jet, which drives a
CO (2-1) outflow detected in the SMA observations. There is also clear evidence
for a parsec-scale precessing outflow, E-W oriented, and originating in the SMA
2 region, likely driven by SMA 2 or IRS 7A.
The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series 04/2011; 194(2):43. · 13.46 Impact Factor