[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background
Transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) is a life-threatening complication of blood transfusion. Antibodies against human leukocyte antigens in donors' plasma are the major causes of TRALI. Several animal models of TRALI have been developed, and the mechanism underlying TRALI development has been extensively investigated using rodent models. Although sheep models of nonimmune TRALI have been developed, large-animal models of antibody-mediated TRALI are not yet available.Study Design and Methods
To develop a swine model of TRALI, male Clawn strain miniature pigs were used. A monoclonal antibody (MoAb) against swine leukocyte antigens (SLAs) Class I (4G8, 0.3 or 1.0 mg/kg body weight [BW]) and a control antibody (1.0 mg/kg BW) were injected into the peripheral vein after priming with or without 1 μg/kg BW lipopolysaccharide (LPS; n = 3 each). Lung injury was assessed using PaO2/FiO2 (P/F) ratio and by chest X-ray imaging. Histopathologic analysis was also conducted.ResultsLung injury could be induced by injecting 4G8 at an amount of 1.0 mg/kg BW, after LPS. The P/F ratio 90 minutes after the administration of 4G8 significantly decreased (p < 0.05). Bilateral infiltration was shown in chest X-ray imaging. Lung injury was confirmed by histopathologic analysis.Conclusion
Lung injury in pigs was successfully induced by anti-SLA MoAb. Priming with LPS is a prerequisite for inducing lung injury and the amount of the antibody is a critical condition.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The KW39 stent is a balloon-expandable, stainless-steel, slotted-tube stent, newly designed to adjust to the shape of the coronary arteries. We evaluated the clinical efficacy and safety of KW39 stent-based percutaneous coronary interventions in human native coronary arteries. A total of 105 patients (110 lesions), with a diagnosis of stable angina, acute coronary syndrome, or asymptomatic myocardial ischemia, were included in this prospective study. The primary endpoint was the target-lesion revascularization rate at the conclusion of a 6-month follow-up period. The secondary endpoints were the rates of technical and procedural success and the rate of major adverse cardiac events (defined as cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and target-lesion revascularization) in the course of the 6 months after stent placement. The 6-month target-lesion revascularization rate was 8.6%. The KW39 stent was highly satisfactory in regard to all secondary endpoint comparisons. Binary (>50%) in-stent restenosis was observed in 22 of 110 lesions (20%). The mean diameter stenosis at 6 months after percutaneous coronary intervention was 35.1% ± 14.4%, and the mean late lumen loss was 1.06 ± 0.48 mm. Stepwise multivariate analysis showed probable causal associations between adverse local environments for stent implantation and the subsequent need for target-lesion revascularization. We conclude that KW39 stent implantation was technically feasible and clinically safe in the patient population that we studied. The results of the safety endpoints, including cardiac death and acute myocardial infarction, were acceptable.
Texas Heart Institute journal / from the Texas Heart Institute of St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital, Texas Children's Hospital 01/2011; 38(5):502-7. · 0.65 Impact Factor