Yashwant Mahida

University of Nottingham, Nottigham, England, United Kingdom

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Publications (2)6.8 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We show that IL-36α induced maturation of human MDDCs and stimulated differentiation of IFN-γ producing (Type 1) CD3+ lymphocytes but was not as effective as IL-36β in doing so. For the first time, we also show that IL-36α induced expression of CD14 by MDDCs and this was highly potentiated by co-cultured with IFN-γ. In contrast, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) did not increase CD14 expression by MDDCs, suggesting that if MDDCs represent a physiologically relevant population in vivo, they need to be stimulated by relevant inflammatory cytokines prior to CD14 expression and detection of LPS, expressed by Gram negative bacteria. IFN-γ synergised with IL-36α to restore the high levels of CD11c expression by MDDCs, which was reduced by culture with these cytokines in isolation. IL-36α/IFN-γ synergy also correlated with increased binding of the opsonic complement protein (iC3b) to MDDCs. However although IL-36α increased the phagocytic capacity of MDDCs for Salmonella Typhimurium 4/74 this was not synergistically increased by IFN-γ (P>0.05). In conclusion we report the hitherto unknown effects of IL-36α on the innate cell function of human MDDCs. Copyright © 2015 American Society for Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Human Immunology 02/2015; 76(4). DOI:10.1016/j.humimm.2015.01.012 · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report for the first time that expression of the novel IL-1 cytokine receptor IL-1Rrp2 (IL-1R6) is unique to DCs within the human myelomonocytic lineage. IL-1Rrp2 was expressed by monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MDDCs) which was dose-dependently increased by IL-4 and correlated with increased numbers of differentiated MDDCs. Human plasmacytoid DCs also express IL-1Rrp2 but the receptor is not expressed by either myeloid DC type 1 (mDC1) or mDC2 cells. We also show that IL-1F8 or IL-1F9 cytokines, which signal through IL-1Rrp2, induce maturation of MDDCs, as measured by increased expression of HLA-DR and CD83 and decreased expression of CD1a. Furthermore, IL-1F8 stimulated increased CD40 and CD80 expression and IL-18 and IL-12 p70 production by MDDCs, which induced proliferation of IFN-γ-producing CD3(+) lymphocytes (indicative of inflammatory Th1 subsets). IL-1F8 and IL-1F2 were equipotent in their ability to stimulate IL-18 secretion from MDDCs but IL-1F8 was not as potent as IL-1F2 in stimulating secretion of IL-12p70 from MDDCs or inducing lymphocyte proliferation Therefore, IL-1Rrp2 expression by some DC subsets may have an important function in the human immune response in vivo via its role in differentiation of inflammatory Th1 lymphocytes.
    European Journal of Immunology 03/2012; 42(3):607-17. DOI:10.1002/eji.201142035 · 4.52 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

11 Citations
6.80 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012–2015
    • University of Nottingham
      • School of Veterinary Medicine and Science
      Nottigham, England, United Kingdom