Marita Rohr Inglehart

Concordia University–Ann Arbor, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States

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Publications (98)72.34 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Interprofessional education (IPE) has received increasingly more attention over recent years. The objectives of this study were to assess 1) how nursing students' considerations concerning their own oral health and oral health-related knowledge changed from before to after experiencing IPE; 2) how nursing students', dental students', and pediatric dentistry residents' IPE-related attitudes and Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale (RIPLS) scores changed after experiencing an IPE rotation; and 3) how these groups' attitudes and RIPLS scores were related. Data were collected from three groups who participated in an IPE rotation: thirty-eight of forty third-year dental students (95 percent response rate), all thirty-three nursing students (100 percent), and all six pediatric dentistry residents (100 percent) prior to the rotation, and 100 percent of each group after the rotation. As a control group, data were also collected at the beginning of the winter term from first-year dental students (104 out of 105; 99 percent response rate) and second-year dental students (102 out of 116; 88 percent); the same groups were surveyed at the end of term, with response rates of 98 percent for first-year students and 89 percent for second-year students. After the rotation, the nursing students' tooth brushing frequency increased, and their comfort level with dental visits and oral health-related knowledge improved. The dental students rated the importance of nurses' having oral health-related knowledge and skills lower than did the nursing students and pediatric dentistry residents. The groups' RIPLS scores correlated with these importance ratings. Overall, while the nursing students showed positive responses to IPE, the dental students' attitudes and RIPLS scores did not change as a result of the IPE experience. Future research should explore the conditions under which dental students are impacted by IPE.
    Journal of dental education. 09/2014; 78(9):1301-12.
  • Mariya Volvovsky, Dmitry Vodopyanov, Marita R Inglehart
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    ABSTRACT: The objectives of this study were to explore 1) how students across the four years of a dental curriculum differed in attitudes towards underserved patients and community service at the beginning and end of each school year; 2) how these attitudes changed as a function of participating in required vs. voluntary community-based activities; and 3) what attitudes faculty members held about the effects of community service-learning on students. Surveys were distributed to 440 students at one dental school at the beginning and end of the school year. The overall response rate for those surveys was 75 percent, with variations among classes: first year, 94 percent; second year, 92 percent; third year, 69 percent; and fourth year, 43 percent. Survey data were also collected from twenty-two students (out of a possible forty-seven) who participated in voluntary service-learning and from fifty-four faculty members (out of approximately 150). The results showed that, at the beginning of the year, the first-year students' attitudes were more positive than the responses of students in all other cohorts. However, at the end of the year, their attitudes were less positive. Participating in voluntary service-learning improved students' attitudes towards treating underserved patients only in the short run, and experiencing ten weeks of community-based dental education did not improve their attitudes. The faculty respondents' attitudes, however, were quite positive. The decrease in students' positive attitudes towards treating underserved patients and participating in community service should raise questions about why this loss of idealism occurred.
    Journal of dental education. 08/2014; 78(8):1127-38.
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine if educating parents with visual aids after their child's treatment under general anesthesia would improve attendance at follow-up appointments, oral health outcomes, and treatment satisfaction. Methods: Fifty-four parent-child dyads were recruited and randomly assigned to two groups. The control group received verbal education, and the intervention group received verbal and visual education. Oral health was measured using the Gingival Index and the Simplified Oral Hygiene Index (OHI-S) before and after the treatment. Parent surveys were administered before and after treatment. MResults: Seventy-eight percent of the intervention group and 52 percent of the control group returned for follow-up appointments (P=.04). The plaque index decreased (PConclusions: Using visual aids had a positive impact on patient attendance at follow-up and parents' treatment satisfaction. There was an improvement in oral hygiene, as measured by the OHI-S, and an increase in brushing frequency for all children, regardless of whether their parents were educated with or without a visual aid.
    Pediatric dentistry 08/2014; 36(4). · 0.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This randomized controlled clinical pilot trial compared the efficacy of 2 soft tissue grafting methods for correcting esthetic discrepancies associated with definitively restored implant crowns.
    Implant dentistry. 07/2014;
  • L Susan Taichman, Russell S Taichman, Marita R Inglehart
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to assess practicing dentists' perceptions of their leadership-related educational experiences during predoctoral education and after graduation, to investigate if these perceptions differed as a function of the respondents' graduation year and gender, and to explore the relationships between educational experiences and the respondents' understanding/perceptions of leadership, leadership-related attitudes, self-perceived effectiveness, and past and current leadership- related behavior. Of the 3,000 general dentist members of the American Dental Association who were invited to participate, 593 returned the survey for a response rate of 20 percent. Between 37 and 65 percent of the respondents indicated that their predoctoral dental education had not prepared them well on a series of factors related to being leaders in their practice, community, state, or at the national level. However, 33 to 77 percent of these dentists responded that educational experiences after graduation prepared them well for different types of leadership activities. Overall, respondents rated their predoctoral experiences significantly less positively than their experiences after graduation for each content area. The more recently the respondents had graduated, the higher they rated their leadership-related educational experiences. The better their educational experiences, the more important the respondents evaluated leadership activities in their practice, organized dentistry, and research/teaching, the more important they assessed leadership to be, and the more effective they evaluated themselves to be as leaders. The perceived quality of the respondents' predoctoral education was not correlated with their past and current leadership activities. The results of this study may suggest that improving leadership training during predoctoral education could positively affect future dentists' attitudes about leadership and ratings of their own effectiveness as leaders.
    Journal of dental education. 06/2014; 78(6):876-85.
  • L Susan Taichman, Grace Gomez, Marita Rohr Inglehart
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    ABSTRACT: Approximately 200,000 women are diagnosed with breast cancer in the U.S. every year. These patients commonly suffer from oral complications of their cancer therapy. The purpose of this study was to assess dental hygienists' knowledge and professional practice related to providing care for breast cancer patients. A pre-tested 43-item survey was mailed to a random sample of 10% of all licensed dental hygienists in the state of Michigan (n=962). The survey assessed the respondents' knowledge of potential oral complications of breast cancer treatments as well as their professional practices when treating patients with breast cancer. After 2 mailings, the response rate was 37% (n=331). Descriptive and inferential analyses were conducted using SAS. Many dental hygienists were unaware of the recommended clinical guidelines for treating breast cancer patients and lacked specific knowledge concerning the commonly prescribed anti-estrogen medications for pre-and postmenopausal breast cancer patients. Over 70% of the respondents indicated they were unfamiliar with the AI class of medications. Only 13% of dental hygienists correctly identified the mechanism of action of anti-estrogen therapy. Dental hygienists reported increased gingival inflammation, gingival bleeding, periodontal pocketing, xerostomia and burning tissues in patients receiving anti-estrogen therapies. Less than 10% believed that their knowledge of breast cancer treatments and the potential oral side effects is up to date. Results indicate a need for more education about the oral effects of breast cancer therapies and about providing the best possible care for patients undergoing breast cancer treatment.
    Journal of dental hygiene: JDH / American Dental Hygienists' Association 04/2014; 88(2):100-13.
  • B.S. SHOUKRI, E. BENAVIDES, M.R. INGLEHART
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To assess the knowledge, interests and attitudes of dental, dental hygiene and graduate students and practicing clinicians concerning traditional radiology and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and to explore how knowledge, interests and attitudes are related. Method: Survey data were collected from 359 dental students, 66 dental hygiene students, 12 graduate students, and 38 clinicians. Result: The results showed that the overall interest in learning about radiology and CBCT was high (index based on 4 items with 5-point answer scale with 5=highest interest: Mean=4.30), with the clinicians and graduate students being most interested (means: 4.61 / 4.60). Attitudes concerning radiation exposure for patients when receiving CBCT scans showed that clinicians had low levels of concern (Mean=2.37), while graduate students had the highest concerns (Mean=3.96). There were no significant differences among the respondent groups in the degree to which they believed patients were concerned about radiation exposure when receiving CBCT scans (Overall mean=2.30). Respondents with previous educational experiences about CBCT (N=54) were more interested in learning more about this topic (4.61 vs. 4.24; p<.001), and thought patients were less concerned about radiation (2.61 vs. 2.21; p<.001) than respondents with no previous education (N=402). The more respondents knew about radiology and CBCT scans, the more they wanted to learn about it (r=.12; p=.011), the more they were concerned about their patients (r=.20; p<.001), and the more they thought their patients were concerned about radiation exposure when receiving CBCT scans (r=.51; p<.001). Conclusion: Interest in learning more about radiology and CBCT scans is high among dental and dental hygiene students and professionals. Given that increased education was associated with higher concerns for patients and the perceptions that patients were more concerned about radiation exposure when receiving CBCT scans should alert educators to address these concerns in educational interventions.
    AADR Annual Meeting & Exhibition 2014; 03/2014
  • I.C. MCCOMB, S. ARONOVICH, M.R. INGLEHART
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To investigate how a sense of competence concerning administering local anesthesia (LA) is related to (a) beliefs about the factors that are related to fail to obtain adequate anesthesia, (b) attitudes related to LA and the effectiveness of topical anesthesia (TA), and (c) actual behavior related to administering LA and TA. Method: Survey data were collected from 650 dental students in 14 different dental schools. Result: The more often the respondents administered LA and TA, the more competent they felt (r=.35/.32; p<.001). The more competent they felt with administering LA, (a) the less difficult it was for them to obtain profound LA (r=-.19; p<.001), (b) the less often they needed to re-anesthetize their patients (r=-.13; p<001), (c) the less they thought that restorative procedures (fillings and crowns) and extractions were related with inadequate anesthesia (r=-.23; p<.001 / r=.11; p=.004) and (d) the less they attributed failure to their own behavior such as incorrect placement, lack of experience, and inadequate preparation (r=-.16 / r=-.36 / r=-.18; p<.001). The more often they administered LA, the more positive were their attitudes about LA (r=.10; p<.023). The more positive the respondents’ attitudes were about LA, the less often they found it difficult to obtain profound LA (r=-.11; p=.008), and the more negative were their attitudes towards TA (r=-.20; p<.001). Conclusion: Results concerning the relationships between dental practitioners’ beliefs, attitudes and behavior related to the use of TA and LA shows an inverse relationship between increasing perceptions of competence in administering LA and the use of TA. Given the potential benefits of using TA for increasing trust and comfort in patients and thus reducing / preventing dental fear related to injections, educational efforts should focus on increasing providers’ acceptance of TA.
    AADR Annual Meeting & Exhibition 2014; 03/2014
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Access to oral health care services is a major challenge for patients from socio-economically disadvantaged and/or minority backgrounds. One way to increase access to care for underserved patients is to engage dental hygienists in providing services for these patients. In Michigan, Public Act No. 161 (PA 161) was approved in 2005 allowing dental hygienists to provide preventive dental hygiene services to underserved patients. The objectives of this study were to assess how familiar and informed dental and dental hygiene students and faculty, and dental hygienists in Michigan are concerning PA 161, which attitudes they hold, what they know about PA 161, and how interested they are to learn more about it. The relationships between education/familiarity with PA 161, and the respondents' attitudes, knowledge and interests are explored as well. Method: Data were collected from 160 dental students and 30 faculty as well as from 206 dental hygiene students and 54 faculty members and 95 practicing dental hygienists. Result: Dental students were less familiar and educated/informed about PA 161 than dental hygiene students, and dental faculty were less informed than dental hygiene faculty members and dental hygienists. Dental hygiene faculty and dental hygienists held more positive attitudes towards PA 161 than students and dental faculty. The majority of dental hygiene faculty and dental hygienists knew a person who provides services under PA 161 and a program that is possible because of PA 161. The majority of dental hygiene students, faculty and dental hygienists were interested in more information about PA 161 programs. The more familiar and informed respondents were about PA 161, the better their attitudes were and the more interested they were in learning more about this program. Conclusion: Providing more information about PA 161 in educational settings as well as through media is likely to affect providers' attitudes and interest in this program positively.
    AADR Annual Meeting & Exhibition 2014; 03/2014
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: To investigate (a) how objective assessments of periodontal health (pocket depth, bleeding on probing, recession, furcation and mobility) are related to patients’ subjective assessments of their oral and gingival health and (b) how these indicators are related with the patients’ oral health-related quality of life (ohrqol) and oral health behavior. Method: Survey data were collected 432 regularly scheduled dental patients and periodontal chart review data were conducted for 322 patients. Oral health-related quality of life was assessed with 2 standardized scales (OHIP-14 and MOHRQoL). Result: The patients’ subjective assessment of their oral health on a scale from 1=poor to 5=excellent correlated significantly with the periodontal chart review indicators (pocket depth: r=.-.20; bleeding on probing: r=-.24; recession: r=-.20; furcation: r=-.12; mobility: r=-.12). The patients’ self-reported frequencies of noticing bleeding when brushing and flossing correlated only with the chart review assessments of pocket depth (r=-.17) and recession (r=-.17). The patients’ ohrqol scores correlated significantly with their subjective oral health and most periodontal indicators (MOHRQoL/OHIP-14: subjective oral health: r=-.56/-.50; perceived bleeding: r=.21/.23; pocket depth: r=.34/.34; bleeding on probing: r=.35/.39; recession: r=.32/.34; mobility: r=.12/.15). The patients’ oral health behavior index (frequencies of brushing and flossing) correlated significantly with their subjectively perceived oral health (r=.26) and some objective indicators (pocket depth: r=-.23; bleeding on probing: r=-.26; recession; r=-.23). Conclusion: Understanding which objective periodontal health indicators correlate with patients’ subjective awareness of their oral health status, their perceived gingival health and ohrqol can inform dental care providers about the way they need to communicate with patients about their treatment needs. Understanding that patients’ oral health behavior is related with their perceptions of their own oral health and ohrqol as well as with objective periodontal health indicators can be useful for dentists’ health education efforts. (This research was supported by a grant from the Colgate-Palmolive Company.)
    AADR Annual Meeting & Exhibition 2014; 03/2014
  • A.N. KEWALLAL, C.M. JEN, M.R. INGLEHART
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Research showed that having information about the level of functioning (e.g., ability to speak and engage in oral hygiene activities) of pediatric patients with special health care needs (SHCN) provides an excellent basis for educating these patients and their parents about oral health promotion. The objectives are to determine whether and how often pediatric dentists collect different types of patient information and how important they think it is to collect this information. Method: Survey data were collected from 273 pediatric dentists who were members of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD). Result: The data showed that while all dentists collected medical information as well as information about the reason for the dental visit and about oral health-related behavior, considerable percentages did not ask about their patients’ level of functioning. For example, 25% did not ask how well the child interacts with others and 16% did not inquire how well the child is able to communicate. Concerning how often the dentist asked about concerns related to oral health behavior, the data showed that considerable percentages of dentists never inquired about whether the child can take care of him/herself (20%), how well coordinated the child is (23%), and how comfortable the parent is with teaching the child to brush (20%). The more important the dentists considered psychosocial information to be, the more often they asked about it. Conclusion: These findings show that it is important to raise pediatric dentists’ awareness about the significance of understanding the level of functioning of pediatric patients with SHCN. The more these professionals appreciate the importance of considering psychosocial information, the more likely they are to ask about this information when taking a patient history. Considering these issues should result in better oral health education and ultimately better oral health for this vulnerable patient population.
    AADR Annual Meeting & Exhibition 2014; 03/2014
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    ABSTRACT: The objectives of this project were to create a program that would expose underrepresented minority (URM) and low income (LI) high school students to dental professions and provide an opportunity for dental and dental hygiene students from URM/LI groups to be engaged in teaching activities. Data were collected from participants during the school years 2009-10 (high school students: N=23, dental students: N=21, dental hygiene students: N=5) and 2010-11 (N=27, N=11, N=3, respectively). The students participated in fifteen Saturday sessions from October through March each year. The data showed that, from the beginning, mentees and mentors were very interested in participating in the program and getting to know each other. Lectures, general program activities, and patient-related events such as organizing a health fair and shadowing during two outreach clinics were evaluated positively by mentees and mentors. The end of program evaluations showed that the program and the mentee-mentor relationships were rated very positively and that the mentees had an increased interest in oral health-related careers. In conclusion, creating opportunities for URM/LI high school students to explore dental careers and for dental and dental hygiene students to engage in teaching resulted in positive experiences for both groups.
    Journal of dental education 03/2014; 78(3):423-436. · 0.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The purposes of this study were to increase dentists' understanding of how to best engage parents and their children with special health care needs (SHCN) in oral health promotion efforts and explore the relationships between these patients' level of functioning and oral health and their parents' comfort concerning oral health promotion. Methods: Survey data were collected from 154 caregivers of SHCN children. Children's oral health data were obtained from their clinical charts. Results: The patients' level of functioning ranged from the lowest to the highest regarding their ability to listen/understand, talk, relate to others, care for themselves, play with others, and participate in physical activities. Children's gingival health was correlated with their ability to talk (r=-.12; PConclusions: Understanding patient's level of functioning might predict the degree to which parents actually engage in oral health promotion efforts and are interested in oral health-related education.
    Pediatric dentistry 01/2014; 36(3). · 0.56 Impact Factor
  • William K Shin, Thomas M Braun, Marita R Inglehart
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    ABSTRACT: To explore a) the relationship between parents'/guardians' dental anxiety and oral health literacy and b) those between these variables and background and oral health-related characteristics. Survey data were collected from 187 parents/guardians (81% female; average age 37 years). Dental anxiety was measured with the Dental Anxiety Scale - Revised (DAS-R) and oral health literacy with the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Dentistry (REALD-30). Children's dental charts were reviewed to collect information about their dental treatment. DAS-R and REALD-30 scores were correlated (r = -0.22; P = 0.003). A multivariate regression model with DAS-R score as the dependent variable showed that the DAS-R score has a significant multivariate association with REALD-30, oral health, income, and presence of fillings. Dental anxiety and oral health literacy are related. However, DAS score has a significant multivariate association with the four variables REALD-30 score, oral health, income, and presence of fillings. These findings show that among socioeconomically disadvantaged patients, the contributors to poor oral health are interrelated and multidetermined and include poor oral health literacy and dental anxiety. The public health message is that in order to improve the overall oral health of socioeconomically disadvantaged patients, public health stakeholders need to consider how to communicate with these patients effectively and how to reduce dental anxiety. Gaining a better understanding of how to communicate with parents a) at an appropriate literacy level and b) in a way that it reduces dental anxiety is therefore crucial.
    Journal of Public Health Dentistry 12/2013; · 1.21 Impact Factor
  • Alexandra E Forest, Russell S Taichman, Marita R Inglehart
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    ABSTRACT: The authors developed a survey and administered it to members of the American Dental Association (ADA) to elicit their views on leadership in dentistry, as well as to explore their leadership-related values and evaluation of their effectiveness as leaders, their experiences with leadership-related activities and perceptions of barriers to being a leader. The authors also examined how male and female dentists differed in their leadership-related responses. The authors collected survey data from 593 ADA members (mean age, 51 years; standard deviation, 10.75 years). Seventy-seven percent of respondents were male and 85 percent were European American. The most frequently reported aspects of leadership were leadership in one's own practice (31 percent), in the profession (26 percent), in the community (14 percent) and in dental organizations (9 percent). The most valued aspects of leadership were being a good leader in one's own practice (mean rating = 4.64 on a five-point scale, with 5 = very important) and having patients perceive them as leaders (mean rating = 4.38). The most frequent past leadership experiences were related to leadership in dental organizations (47 percent), and the most frequent current activities were related to leadership activities in the community (40 percent). Time constraints (46 percent) and family obligations (20 percent) were the biggest barriers to taking on more of a leadership role. According to the survey results, female respondents valued the importance of leadership more highly than did male respondents. The results of this survey show that dentists perceive professional leadership as closely related to leadership in their own dental practices and value this type of leadership most highly. However, about 40 percent of respondents reported that they engaged in current leadership activities in their communities, and 32 percent reported doing so in professional organizations. Practical Implications. ADA members who responded to this survey focused primarily on leadership in their own clinical practices. However, substantial numbers of dentists valued leadership activities in their communities and on a state and national level.
    Journal of the American Dental Association (1939) 12/2013; 144(12):1397-405. · 1.82 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objectives of this study were to explore whether Dental Admission Test (DAT) training in an enrichment program for potential dental students increases the participants' Perceptual Achievement Test (PAT) and academic average (AA) scores and whether the length of the program and personal factors such as the number of disadvantages correlate with the DAT scores. Data were collected from 361 students in the summer enrichment program at one dental school between 1994 and 2011. Their baseline, midpoint, and end of program PAT and AA DAT scores were collected. Seventy students self-reported official scores. These students' PAT scores increased from 14.40 at baseline to 17.09 at midpoint to 17.84 at program end (p<0.001), and their AA scores increased from 13.53 to 14.09 to 15.12 (p<0.001). Their official scores were higher than the beginning scores (PAT: 14.42 vs. 16.15; p<0.001; AA: 13.61 vs. 16.23; p<0.001). The longer the program, the more the students improved their official scores (PAT: r=0.35; p=0.003; AA: r=0.24; p=0.044). The more disadvantages the students self-reported, the better their official test scores were (PAT: r=0.40; p<0.001; AA: r=0.43; p<0.001). This study found that the DAT training during summer enrichment programs for students from disadvantaged backgrounds led to significant improvements in their DAT scores. The longer the programs, the more the students improved; and the more disadvantages the students had, the more they benefitted.
    Journal of dental education 08/2013; 77(8):1063-71. · 0.99 Impact Factor
  • Marita R Inglehart
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    ABSTRACT: Research findings concerning the role of gender in patient-physician interactions can inform considerations about the role of gender in patient-dental care provider interactions. Medical research showed that gender differences in verbal and nonverbal communication in medical settings exist and that they affect the outcomes of these interactions. The process of communication is shaped by gender identities, gender stereotypes, and attitudes. Future research needs to consider the cultural complexity and diversity in which gender issues are embedded and the degree to which ongoing value change will shape gender roles and in turn interactions between dental patients and their providers.
    Dental clinics of North America 04/2013; 57(2):357-70.
  • A. FOREST, R. TAICHMAN, M. INGLEHART
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: Research into leadership-related attitudes in Dentistry is still in its infancy. However, to address new and existing challenges it is critical that we gain a greater appreciation of how the profession views leadership and identify barriers which limit the ability of dental practitioners to be effective advocates for their patients and the profession. The objectives of this study were to explore the leadership-related attitudes and values of male and female ADA members in the U.S. and inquire which characteristics and behaviors they believe constitute leadership in the profession. Methods: Survey data were collected from 135 female and 458 male dentists who were members of the ADA. . Results: Surprisingly, responders defined leadership more frequently in terms of actions within one’s practice and community rather than the stereotyped-leadership involvement within professional organizations and politics. When male and female dentists were compared in their leadership-related attitudes, values and educational experiences, the data showed that women were more positive towards taking a leadership role in organized dentistry and in supporting community-based efforts through volunteering and organizing community events compared to men. They also placed higher value on taking on a leadership role in their community, state and on a national level and rated the importance of taking a leadership role in their own practice as higher. Women also felt better prepared by their pre-doctoral dental education for leadership roles than male practitioners. Conclusions: Given the change in the percentage of female practitioners in dentistry, the question arises how this change affects the culture of this profession. These data may help shape the future of dental education to be more closely aligned with the leadership topics deemed of greatest value by practicing dentists.
    IADR/AADR/CADR General Session and Exhibition 2013; 03/2013
  • M. INGLEHART, R.A. BAGRAMIAN, H. TEMPLE
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Being able to assess how dentin hypersensitivity (DHS) affects patients’ quality of life (QoL) could be of interest to clinicians and researchers alike. The objective was to develop a reliable and valid dentin hypersensitivity-related quality of life scale (DHS-QoL). Method: A focus group study was conducted with 86 adult patients with DHS in 13 focus groups. The information gathered was used to develop a pilot survey with 61 statements concerning how DHS affected these patients’ QoL. This pilot survey was administered to 294 patients (DHS: 70%) and 219 dental students (DHS: 23%). Oral exams were conducted with all patients. Based on the analyses of these data, 40 statements were identified for which (a) the answers of respondents with vs. without DHS differed significantly, and (b) high correlations between the responses and the oral exam data were found. These statements were then used in a second survey with 316 patients (DHS: 73%) and 317 students (DHS: 20%). Oral exam data were collected from all patients. Results: The final DHS-QoL-Scale consists of 24 items. In addition to a total DHS-QoL score, three subscores can be computed: Subscale 1 assesses general consequences of DHS on patients’ lives (N=8 items; Cronbach alpha=.93); Subscale 2 measures how DHS affects patients’ behavior (N=8; Cronbach alpha=.92), and Subscale 3 assesses pain/discomfort related with DHS (N=8; Cronbach alpha=.95). Factor analytically determined construct validity as well as external validity (assessed with correlations between the DHS scores and the number of teeth with DHS as determined in oral exams) of the total and subscales were excellent. Conclusion: A reliable and valid measure of DHS-QoL was developed. Being able show the significant effects that DHS has on patients’ lives might contribute to drawing attention to this oral disease. (This research was supported by a grant from the Colgate-Palmolive Company.)
    IADR/AADR/CADR General Session and Exhibition 2013; 03/2013
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: The past two decades saw a rise in research on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). The question is whether OHRQoL is equally relevant with all types of oral health issues. The objective therefore was to analyze the relationships between OHRQoL different aspects of patients’ oral health and dental treatments such as caries, periodontal disease, and the use of dental prostheses. Methods: Survey and chart review data were collected from 705 adult patients. OHRQoL was assessed with the OHIP-14 and the MOHRQoL Scales. Results: The OHRQoL measures correlated significantly (r=-.771) and had excellent inter-item consistency scores (OHIP-14: Cronbach alpha = .940; MOHRQoL: .964). Both OHRQoL measures correlated with caries indicators such as the number of clinically determined decayed surfaces (OHIP: r=-.326; MOHRQoL: r=.261). They also correlated with the total number of missing teeth (OHIP: r=-.432; MOHRQoL: r=.364) as well as the number of teeth in the esthetic zone (OHIP: r=-.380; MOHRQoL: r=.317). However, they did not correlate significantly with indicators of periodontal disease that patients might not be aware of such as the number of teeth with pockets of 4 mm or more and the number of teeth with furcation involvement. They only correlated with the periodontal indicators that patients can actually be cognizant of such as the number of teeth with mobility and the percentage of teeth with bleeding points. Significant relationships with the use of dental prostheses were found as well (OHIP: -.235; MOHRQoL: .183). Conclusions: Understanding which specific oral health issues and which dental treatments affect patients’ OHRQoL can allow clinicians to more appropriately communicate with their patients’ about their oral health issues and treatment. (This research was supported by a grant from Colgate-Palmolive Company.)
    IADR/AADR/CADR General Session and Exhibition 2013; 03/2013

Publication Stats

479 Citations
72.34 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2007–2014
    • Concordia University–Ann Arbor
      Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States
  • 2004–2014
    • University of Michigan
      • • Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine
      • • School of Dentistry
      Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States
    • McGill University
      • Faculty of Dentistry
      Montréal, Quebec, Canada
  • 2011
    • Midwestern University
      Glendale, Arizona, United States
  • 2010
    • Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis
      Indianapolis, Indiana, United States
  • 2003
    • Eastern Michigan University
      • Department of Psychology
      Ypsilanti, MI, United States