M F Lopez-Fernández

Complexo Hospitalario Universitario A Coruña, La Corogne, Galicia, Spain

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Publications (5)14.45 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Continuous infusion (CI) of factor VIII (FVIII) is an effective method for replacement therapy in haemophilia. Recently, concerns have been raised regarding association of CI with the development of inhibitors. The aim of this study was to gain information on the current practices in Europe regarding CI and the true inhibitor incidence after this mode of therapy. In a cross sectional study performed in 22 Comprehensive Care Centres (CCCs), we evaluated CI techniques, treatment protocols, efficacy, safety and complications of CI including inhibitors. Thirteen (59%) CCCs reported a total of 1079 CI treatments, given peri-operatively or for major bleeds, in 742 patients. Most centres used 'adjusted dose' CI aimed at median target FVIII level of 0.8 IU mL(-1). CI was haemostatically very effective with a low incidence of complications: median incidence of postoperative bleeding was 1.8%, six centres observed phlebitis in 2-11% of CI treatments. Only nine (1.2%) patients developed inhibitors (0.45% of 659 severe and 7.2% of 83 mild haemophilia patients). Additional analysis of inhibitor patients revealed several confounding factors (low number of prior FVIII exposure days, high steady-state factor levels during CI, high-risk genotype). In this unprecedentedly large cohort, CI treatment appears to be an effective and safe treatment that does not increase the risk of inhibitor development in patients with severe haemophilia. Thus, previous small case series reports suggesting that CI may increase inhibitors cannot be confirmed. Inhibitor risk in mild haemophilia could not be evaluated as the influence of other, potentially confounding, risk factors could not be excluded.
    Haemophilia 04/2012; 18(5):753-9. · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Birth is the first haemostatic challenge for a child with haemophilia. Our aim was to examine the association between perinatal risk factors and major neonatal bleeding in infants with haemophilia. This observational cohort study in 12 European haemophilia treatment centres (HTC) incorporated 508 children with haemophilia A or B, born between 1990 and 2008. Risk factors for bleeding were analysed by univariate analysis. Head bleeds occurred in 18 (3·5%) children within the first 28 d of life, including three intraparenchymal bleeds, one subdural haematoma and 14 cephalohaematomas. Intra-cranial bleeds were associated with long-term neurological sequelae in two (0·4%) cases; no deaths occurred. Assisted delivery (forceps/vacuum) was the only risk factor for neonatal head bleeding [Odds Ratio (OR) 8·84: 95% confidence interval (CI) 3·05-25·61]. Mild haemophilia and maternal awareness of her haemophilia carrier status seemed to be protective (OR 0·24; 95%CI 0·05-1·05 and OR 0·34; 95%CI 0·10-1·21, respectively), but due to the low number of events this was not statistically significant. We found no association between neonatal head bleeding and country, maternal age, parity, gestational age or presence of HTC. Maternal awareness of carrier status protected against assisted delivery (unadjusted OR 0·37; 95%CI 0·15-0·90; adjusted OR 0·47 (95%CI 0·18-1·21).
    British Journal of Haematology 12/2011; 156(3):374-82. · 4.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Some 10-20% of bleeding events in haemophilia patients with high-responding inhibitors cannot be controlled with bypassing agents. However, sequential combined bypassing therapy (SCBT) has been reported to be successful in five children. To extend this observation, a survey was undertaken by the European Haemophilia Treatment Standardisation Board (EHTSB) in children and adults. Data were collected from all centres belonging to the EHTSB network by a retrospective medical record review. SCBT courses were defined as the administration of both recombinant activated factor VIIa (rFVIIa) and activated prothrombin complex concentrate (APCC) within 12 h. A web-based database was prepared to collect data on SCBT courses in a standardized and anonymous manner from patients' files. Eleven inhibitor patients underwent SCBT (nine haemophilia A; two haemophilia B). Two children had refractory knee haemarthrosis and one, an unresponsive calf haematoma. Five adults had significant bleeds following major surgery, one had lower limb compartmental syndrome and one a post-traumatic upper limb haematoma and haemarthrosis. SCBT administration alternated one APCC dose to 1-3 rFVIIa doses: dosing intervals ranged between 3 and 6 h; APCC (20-80 U kg(-1) ) was given every 8-12 h; rFVIIa (90-270 μg kg(-1) ) was given every 3-12 h. Bleeding control was achieved in 12-24 h in all patients. SCBT was discontinued after 1-15 days. No clinical adverse events were observed, but a significant increase in D-dimer levels was seen in three/five patients who were assessed. SCBT was efficacious without adverse events; nevertheless, due to potential risks, it remains a salvage treatment. A prospective clinical trial is needed to provide further evidence.
    Haemophilia 02/2011; 17(4):630-5. · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: SUMMARY: The development of inhibitors to the infused factor in patients with haemophilia is a serious clinical problem. Recent evidence suggests that alongside the strong genetic contribution to inhibitor formation, there are a number of non-genetic factors--perceived by the immune system as danger signals--which promote formation of inhibitors. This study provides a comprehensive review of clinical studies relating to these factors and also presents a survey of opinion concerning their importance and clinical influence, conducted among the members of the European Haemophilia Treatment Standardisation Board (EHTSB). Taken together, this information highlights the lack of robust data concerning the influence of several non-genetic risk factors on inhibitor development, and an urgent need for prospective, well-conducted studies that adhere to recommendations made by the European Medicines Agency (EMEA) for studying inhibitors. Based on current literature, the EHTSB formulated consensus recommendations. It is desirable to minimize intensive treatment wherever possible, given the clinical situation. Prophylaxis should be offered to all children, although we still need to determine optimal dosing with respect to inhibitor development, and age for starting treatment. Vaccinations should be given subcutaneously and concomitant factor concentrate infusions avoided. According to the board, there is no evidence in the literature supporting suggestions that the type of concentrate influences inhibitor risk; but all patients should be monitored during their first exposures. Furthermore, there is no evidence to support an association between pregnancy-related issues, breast feeding and treatment-related factors (e.g. route of administration, or use of blood components) and inhibitor development.
    Haemophilia 09/2010; 16(5):747-66. · 3.17 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND Hemophilic arthropathy is a significant cause of morbidity in hemophilia patients. Prevention of this condition is now a major aim of hemophilia treatment. In patients with high-responding inhibitors, prophylactic administration of bypassing agents may be of benefit, as has been seen in hemophilia without inhibitors. OBJECTIVES This retrospective study assesses the reduction in the number of hemarthroses after secondary prophylaxis with rFVIIa is started in hemophilia patients with high-responding inhibitors and initial or advanced arthropathy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Nine patients were included: eight with hemophilia A and one with hemophilia B. The number of hemarthrosis episodes occurring in the 3 months following initiation of the prophylaxis program was compared with those in the previous 3 months. RESULTS The rFVIIa dose was ]90 mg/kg, except in two patients who received 60 mg/kg, administered as a single daily dose in six patients, every 2 days in one patient, and three times a week in two patients. Duration of prophylaxis was 1Á19 months. In four patients, no hemarthroses occurred during the prophylaxis period. One patient presented only one hemarthrosis, versus eight who had previously. Three patients did not experience any improvement, and one presented a partial response. The overall reduction in the number of joint bleeds in the series was 54% (22 episodes, versus 48 episodes during on-demand treatment). CONCLUSIONS These results suggest that secondary rFVIIa prophylaxis reduces the number of hemarthrosis episodes in hemophilia patients with high-responding inhibitors.

Publication Stats

56 Citations
14.45 Total Impact Points


  • 2010–2012
    • Complexo Hospitalario Universitario A Coruña
      La Corogne, Galicia, Spain
    • Malmö University
      Malmö, Skåne, Sweden
  • 2011
    • The Bracton Centre, Oxleas NHS Trust
      Дартфорде, England, United Kingdom