Journal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia 02/2012; · 1.06 Impact Factor
Journal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia 12/2011; 26(2):e13-4. · 1.06 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: To evaluate the relationship between continuous noninvasive monitoring of cerebral saturation (regional cerebral oxygen saturation [rSo2]) and occurrence of clinical and electroencephalographic (EEG) signs of cerebral ischemia during carotid cross-clamping.
Prospective clinical study.
Fifty ASA physical status II and III inpatients undergoing elective carotid endarterectomy with a cervical plexus block.
rSo2 was continuously monitored throughout surgery, while an independent neurologist evaluated the occurrence of both clinical and EEG signs of cerebral ischemia induced during carotid cross-clamping.
rSo2 was recorded 1 and 3 minutes after clamping the carotid artery during a 3-minute clamping test. In 5 patients (10%), the carotid clamping test was associated with the occurrence of clinical and EEG signs of cerebral ischemia. All these patients were treated with the placement of a Javid shunt, which completely resolved the symptoms. In no patient was permanent neurological injury reported at hospital discharge. In 4 of these patients, EEG signs of cerebral ischemia were present at both observation times, and in one of them, the duration of cerebral ischemia was less than 2 minutes. The percentage rSo2 reduction from baseline during the carotid clamping test was 17% +/- 4% in patients requiring shunt placement and only 8% +/- 6% in those who did not require it (P = .01). A decrease in rSo2 15% or greater during the carotid clamping test was associated with a 20-fold increase in the odd for developing severe cerebral ischemia (odds ratio, 20; 95% confidence interval, 6.7-59.2) (P = .001); however, this threshold had a 44% sensitivity and 82% specificity, with only 94% negative predictive value.
Continuous rSo2 monitoring is a simple and noninvasive method that correlates with the development of clinical and EEG signs of cerebral ischemia during carotid cross-clamping; however, we could not identify an rSo2 threshold that can be used alone to predict the need for shunt placement because of the low sensitivity and specificity.
Journal of Clinical Anesthesia 10/2005; 17(6):426-30. · 1.21 Impact Factor