Laurens Mitchell-Heggs

Institute Mutualiste Montsouris, Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France

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Publications (2)6.82 Total impact

  • Konstantinos Zannis, Laurens Mitchell-Heggs
    The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery 09/2012; 144(3):736-8. · 3.41 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate a new surgical technique for the correction of anterior mitral leaflet prolapse. From October 2006 to November 2011, 44 consecutive patients (28 males, mean age 55 ± 13 years) underwent mitral valve repair because of anterior mitral leaflet prolapse. Echocardiography was performed to evaluate the distance from the tip of each papillary muscle to the annular plane. A specially designed caliper was used to manufacture a parachute-like device, by looping a 4-0 polytetrafluoroethylene suture between a Dacron strip and Teflon felt pledget, according to the preoperative echocardiographic measurements. This parachute was then used to resuspend the anterior mitral leaflet to the corresponding papillary muscle. Of the 44 patients, 35 (80%) required concomitant posterior leaflet repair. Additional procedures were required in 16 patients (36%). The preoperative logistic European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation was 4.3 ± 6.9. The clinical and echocardiographic follow-up were complete. The total follow-up was 1031 patient-months and averaged 23.4 ± 17.2 months per patient. The overall mortality rate was 4.5% (n = 2). Also, 2 patients (4.5%) with recurrent mitral regurgitation required mitral valve replacement, 1 on the first postoperative day and 1 after 13 months. In the latter patient, histologic analysis showed complete endothelialization of the Dacron strip. At follow-up, all non-reoperated survivors (n = 40) were in New York Heart Association class I, with no regurgitation in 40 patients (93%) and grade 2+ mitral regurgitation in 3 (7%). This technique offers a simple and reproducible solution for correction of anterior leaflet prolapse. Echocardiography can reliably evaluate the length of the chordae. However, the long-term results must be evaluated and compared with other surgical strategies.
    The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery 12/2011; 143(4 Suppl):S24-8. · 3.41 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

1 Citation
124 Views
6.82 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012
    • Institute Mutualiste Montsouris
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France