[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Three novel nortriterpenes (I)—(III) with a unique A-nor-E-seco spiro-lactone ceanothane-type triterpene skeleton are isolated from the roots of Ziziphus mauritiana together with three known triterpenes.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Zizimauritic acids A-C (1-3), three novel nortriterpenes with a unique A-nor-E-seco spiro-lactone ceanothane-type triterpene skeleton, together with 3 known triterpenes ceanothenic acid (4), betulinic acid (5), and ceanothic acid (6), were isolated from the roots of Ziziphus mauritiana. Compounds 1-4 showed cytotoxicities with the IC(50) values ranging from 5.05 to 11.94μg/ml, and compounds 1 and 3 showed an inhibitory effect on the growth of Staphylococcus aureus with the IC(50) values 2.17 and 12.79μg/ml. A plausible biosynthetic pathway of compounds 1-3 was proposed.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Three new triterpenoids, 3β-hydroxy-urs-30-p-Z-hydroxycinnamoyl-12-en-28-oic-acid (1), 3β-hydroxy-olean-30-p-Ehydroxycinnamoyl-12-en-28-oic-acid (2) and 3β,6α-dihydroxy-urs-14-en-12-one (3), together with seven known triterpenoids, were isolated from the roots of Rubia schumanniana. Their structures were established by means of spectroscopic analysis. All compounds were evaluated for cytotoxic activity, and compounds 2–6 showed cytotoxicity with the IC50 values of 10.75∼18.87 µg/mL.
Electronic Supplementary Material
Supplementary material is available for this article at 10.1007/s13659-012-0038-8 and is accessible for authorized users.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To study the chemical constituents from the fruits of Leonurus japonicus.
The compounds were extracted by 70% methanol, then isolated and purified by column chromatography on silica gel, RP-18, Sephedax LH-20 and HPLC. Their structures were determined on the basis of spectroscopic data and physicochemical property.
Two 28-noroleanane-derived spirocyclic triterpenoids including a new acylated nortriterpenoid were isolated and identified as (17R)-19(18 --> 17)-abeo-2alpha,18beta,23-trihydroxy-3beta-E-feruloyoxy-28-norolean-12-ene (1) and phlomistetraol B (2).
Compound 1 is a new compound,named as leonujaponin A. Both compounds 1-2 are isolated for the first time from Leonurus plants.
Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica 07/2012; 37(14):2088-91.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Plant cyclopeptides, cyclic compounds formed mainly by the peptidic bonds of 2–37 protein and non-protein amino acids (mainly L-amino acids) and found in higher plants, have been attractive for their extensive bioactivities and distinctive molecular architectures. During the last half century's study, about 500 cyclopeptides divided into eight types have been isolated from over 120 species, which belong to over 20 families and 60 genera. Some cyclopeptides showed potential anti-tumor, sedative, immunosuppressive, and uterotonic activities. In the Chinese Pharmacopoeia (CP, 2010 Version), 23 species (14 families, 18 genera) containing cyclopeptides have been recorded in the origins of 24 traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs). Heterophyllin B (64), first reported by us from Pseudostellaria heterophylla in 1993 was cited for the first time in CP as the standard substance of cyclopeptides for quality control. In this review, we highlight the progress in the chemical studies of these cyclopeptide-containing TCMs, in particular recent results in our group's publications.
Chinese Journal of Chemistry 06/2012; 30(6). DOI:10.1002/cjoc.201200508 · 1.58 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Six novel Ia₃-type cyclopeptide alkaloids (1-6) were isolated from stems of Ziziphus apetala. Compound 5 and the known compounds mauritine A (7) and mauritine F (8) were isolated from the roots. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic analyses and chemical methods. The total alkaloids from the roots and the isolated cyclopeptide alkaloids were tested for antidepressant behavior on mice, cytotoxicity, and 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11β-HSD) inhibition in vitro. Only mauritine A (7) showed inhibitory activity on 11β-HSD1, with IC₅₀ values of 52.0 (human) and 31.2 μg/mL (mouse).