Publications (2)0 Total impact
Article: [The risk factors and prognosis of acute kidney injury after cardiac surgery: a prospective cohort study of 4007 cases.][show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk factors and prognosis influential factors of acute kidney injury (AKI) after cardiac surgery. METHODS: The clinical data of patients who were hospitalized and underwent cardiac surgery from April 2009 to May 2011 were collected prospectively. Demographic characteristics, types of surgeries, preoperative renal function, pre- and intra-operative conditions and clinical outcomes, etc were recorded. RESULTS: A total of 4007 patients underwent cardiac surgery were recruited. The overall incidence of AKI was 31.2% (1250/4007). The incidence of AKI requiring renal replacement treatment (AKI-RRT) was 2.6% (104/4007). The overall hospital mortality was 1.9% (77/4007), and was significantly higher in AKI group than in non-AKI group (5.4% vs 0.3%, P < 0.01). The hospital mortality of AKI-RRT group was 36.5% (38/104). Grouped by type of surgery, cardiac transplantation had the highest AKI incidence (73.0%) and highest in-hospital mortality (18.9%), followed by coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) combined with valve surgery (AKI incidence 57.8%, in-hospital mortality 6.1%) and aneurysm surgery (AKI incidence 52.0%, in-hospital mortality 5.5%). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that man, age, BMI, hypertension, chronic heart failure, pre-operative serum creatinine (SCr) > 106.0 µmol/L, intra-operative cardiopulmonary bypass time, intra-operative hypotension and aneurysm surgery were the risk factors of AKI after cardiac surgery. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that pre-operative SCr > 106.0 µmol/L and intra-operative hypotension were independent risk factors of renal recovery after cardiac surgery while recovery of urine output was the favorable factor. CONCLUSIONS: Cardiac surgery usually induces high AKI incidence and poor prognosis, which closely associated with many risk factors in peri-operative stage. The incidence of AKI is related to a number of perioperative risk factors. Heart transplantation, aneurysm surgery, CABG combined valve surgery are high risk surgeries.Zhonghua nei ke za zhi [Chinese journal of internal medicine] 12/2012; 51(12):943-947.
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ABSTRACT: To compare the efficacy and safety of goal-directed renal replacement therapy(GDRRT) and daily high volume hemofiltration (dHVHF) in the treatment of acute kidney injury (AKI) after cardiac surgery. Clinical data from 128 patients received either GDRRT (n = 64) or dHVHF (n = 64) for AKI after cardiac surgery were analyzed retrospectively. parameters examined included: urea nitrogen, serum creatinine (SCr, before and after treatment), heart rate, mean artery pressure (MAp, recorded within 72 hours after the initiation of renal replacement therapy). The hospital mortality, day-28 mortality, renal function recovery rate, and the incidence of adverse events in the two groups were also compared. The hospital mortality was 43.75% for both GDRRT and dHVHF treated patients (group). The day-28 mortality in GDRRT group were slightly lower, but the difference was not significant (43.75% vs. 57.81%, P = 0.055). Also no significant difference was found between the two groups in hospital stay. The patients received dHVHF had longer intensive care unit (ICU) stay (hours) and duration of mechanical ventilation (days) as compared to the patients received GDRRT [356.5 (176.3, 554.6) vs. 238.3 (119.6, 440.9), P = 0.023; 8.0 (5.0, 16.0) vs. 6.0 (3.0, 13.5), P = 0.042]. The logistic regression analyses showed that complete renal function recovery rate in GDRRT group was significantly higher (39.1% vs. 18.8%, P < 0.01). The partial renal function recovery rate in GDRRT group was slightly lower but not statistically different from dHVHF group (3.1% vs. 9.4%, P > 0.05). In dHVHF group, the maximum SCr during the treatment, and the SCr before discharge were both significantly higher than GDRRT group (μmol/L: SCr maximum 559.0 ± 236.0 vs. 440.4 ± 192.0, SCr before discharge 381.4 ± 267.0 vs. 271.2 ± 164.4, both P < 0.01). No significant difference was found between the two groups in incidence of hypotension (35.9% vs. 37.5%) and MAP (mm Hg, 1 mm Hg=0.133 kPa, 82 ± 13 vs. 81 ± 15) 72 hours into the therapy (both P > 0.05). The incidence of tachycardia, and incidence of blood coagulation were both higher in dHVHF group (78.1% vs. 59.4%, 35.9% vs. 20.3%, both P < 0.05). However, the hospitalization expense (thousand yuan) was significantly higher for dHVHF group (15.00 ± 2.80 vs. 9.85 ± 3.00, P < 0.01). For patients with post-cardiac surgery AKI, GDRRT and dHVHF are very similar in terms of short-term survival rate and safety. But GDRRT is superior for renal function recovery and cost saving.Zhongguo wei zhong bing ji jiu yi xue = Chinese critical care medicine = Zhongguo weizhongbing jijiuyixue 12/2011; 23(12):749-54.