Amir Sabet

University of Bonn - Medical Center, Bonn, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

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Publications (61)115.91 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The tumor proliferation marker, Ki-67 index, is a well-established prognostic marker in gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs). Noninvasive molecular imaging allows whole-body metabolic characterization of metastatic disease. We investigated the prognostic impact of (18)F-FDG PET in inoperable multifocal disease.
    Journal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine. 05/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: Highly advanced metastatic bone disease with extensive osseous infiltration of neuroendocrine tumours (NET) may preclude patients from treatment with peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) in concern about haematotoxicity. This study aims to assess the safety and efficacy of PRRT with 177Lu-octreotate in a patient cohort with this condition. Patients, methods:41 PRRT courses were performed in 11 patients with gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (GEP-NET) and florid bone metastases (severely advanced widespread metastatic bone disease). A mean activity of 6.95 GBq 177Lu-octreotate was administered per treatment cycle, aimed at four courses with standard intervals of 3 months. Haematological parameters were determined prior to each treatment course, in 2-4 weeks intervals between the courses, 8-12 weeks after the last course of PRRT and in 3 monthly intervals thereafter. Toxicity was recorded using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events v3.0. Restaging was performed 3 months after termination of PRRT with CT/MRI and functional imaging (modified MDA criteria). Results: Significant (grade III-IV), reversible haematotoxicity occurred in 4 (35%) patients and after 10 (24%) administrations. It either resolved spontaneously (1 patient) or was controlled by supportive measures (3 patients), such as blood transfusions (3 patients) or deferral of the subsequent therapy cycle (1 patient). Patients returned to baseline blood values within up to 23 months after termination of PRRT. The observed treatment response of bone metastases consisted of a partial response in 2, a minor response in 1, stable disease in 7, and progressive disease in 1 patient. Of the 4 patients with metastatic bone pain, 1 experienced complete and 3 partial resolution of symptoms within 3-10 weeks after commencement of PRRT. Conclusion:These preliminary data indicate that PRRT with 177Lu-octreotate can be safely applied even in florid bone metastases with extensive, severely advanced osseous replacement. The higher myelosuppression rate was not associated with serious complications and should not preclude patients from being treated and potentially experiencing remarkable treatment efficacy despite the very advanced stage.
    Nuklearmedizin 04/2014; 53(2):54-9. · 1.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: This retrospective study aims to evaluate the predictive value of FDG PET/CT in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) undergoing radioembolization with yttrium-90 labeled microspheres (RE). Patients, methods: The study cohort comprised 33 patients who were treated with RE at our institution and underwent FDG PET/CT at baseline and four weeks after radioembolization. According to the baseline FDG metabolic status of the HCC lesions, patients were divided into two groups: FDG-negative (n = 12) and FDG-positive (n = 21) HCC. FDG-positive patients were further divided into early metabolic responders and non-responders according to the relative change in SUVmax of the treated lesions. Survival analyses were performed with the Kaplan-Meier method (log-rank test, p < 0.05). Multivariate analysis was performed to assess the influence of prognostic factors on overall survival (OS). Results:FDG-negative patients had a significantly longer OS (13 months, 95%CI 7-19) than FDG-positive patients (9 months, 95%CI 7-11; p = 0.010). Among FDG-positive patients, metabolic responders survived significantly longer than metabolic non-responders (10 months, 95%CI 8-12 vs. 5 months, 95%CI 4-6; p = 0.003). From the other baseline factors (including performance status, hepatic tumour burden, presence of extra-hepatic disease, administered activity) only the BCLC stage had a significant impact on OS (p = 0.028). Conclusion: Pre- and post-therapeutic FDG PET independently predicts overall survival in patients with HCC undergoing radioembolization. Interestingly, early metabolic response seems to be assessable as early as four weeks post-treatment.
    Nuklearmedizin 04/2014; 53(2):39-45. · 1.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The clinical benefit of peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) in patients with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (pNET) has not yet been well described and defined in its full extent due to limited data in this tumour subgroup. This study was intended to obtain robust, comparative data on the outcome and toxicity of standardized PRRT with (177)Lu-octreotate in a well-characterized population of patients with advanced pNET of grade 1/2 (G1/2). We retrospectively analysed a cohort of 68 pNET patients with inoperable metastatic disease consecutively treated with (177)Lu-octreotate (four intended cycles at 3-monthly intervals; mean activity per cycle 8.0 GBq). Of these 68 patients, 46 (67.6 %) had documented morphological tumour progression during the 12 months before initiation of treatment, and PRRT was the first-line systemic therapy in 35 patients (51.5 %). Response was evaluated according to modified Southwest Oncology Group (SWOG) criteria and additionally with Response Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1. Survival was analysed using Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox proportional hazards model for univariate and multivariate analyses. Toxicity was assessed by standard follow-up laboratory work-up including blood count, and liver and renal function, supplemented with serial (99m)Tc-DTPA clearance measurements. The median follow-up period was 58 months (range 4 - 112). Reversible haematotoxicity (grade 3 or more) occurred in four patients (5.9 %). No significant nephrotoxicity (grade 3 or more) was observed. Treatment responses (SWOG criteria) consisted of a partial response in 41 patients (60.3 %), a minor response in 8 (11.8 %), stable disease in 9 (13.2 %), and progressive disease in 10 (14.7 %). Median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 34 (95 % CI 26 - 42) and 53 months (95 % CI 46 - 60), respectively. A G1 proliferation status was associated with longer PFS (p = 0.04) and OS (p = 0.044) in the multivariate analysis. Variables linked to impaired OS, on the other hand, were a reduced performance status (Karnofsky score ≤70 %, p = 0.007), a high hepatic tumour burden (≥25 % liver volume, p = 0.017), and an elevated plasma level of neuron-specific enolase (NSE >15 ng/ml, p = 0.035). The outstanding response rates and survival outcomes suggest that PRRT is highly effective in advanced G1/2 pNET when compared to data of other treatment modalities. Independent predictors of survival are the tumour proliferation index, the patient's performance status, tumour burden and baseline plasma NSE level.
    European Journal of Nuclear Medicine 02/2014; · 4.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Outcome analyses for patients with gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP NET) after peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) are still limited, especially with regard to the impact of the Ki-67 index. Using a single-center analysis, we aimed to establish predictors of survival. We retrospectively analyzed a consecutive cohort of 74 patients who had metastatic GEP NET and underwent PRRT with (177)Lu-octreotate (mean activity of 7.9 GBq per cycle, aimed at 4 treatment cycles at standard intervals of 3 mo). Patients (33 with pancreatic NET and 41 with nonpancreatic GEP NET) had unresectable metastatic disease graded as G1 or G2 (G1/G2) and documented morphologic or clinical progression within less than 12 mo or uncontrolled disease under somatostatin analog treatment. Responses were evaluated according to modified Southwest Oncology Group criteria. Potential predictors of survival were analyzed with the Kaplan-Meier curve method (log-rank test) and multivariate analysis (P < 0.05). The response rates were 36.5% partial response, 17.6% minor response, 35.1% stable disease, and 10.8% progressive disease for the entire cohort; 54.5% partial response, 18.2% minor response, 18.2% stable disease, and 9.1% progressive disease for pancreatic NET; and 22.0% partial response, 17.1% minor response, 48.8% stable disease, and 12.2% progressive disease for nonpancreatic GEP NET. The median progression-free survival and overall survival were 26 mo (95% confidence interval, 18.3-33.7) and 55 mo (95% confidence interval, 48.8-61.2), respectively. Besides the Ki-67 index, a Karnofsky performance score of less than or equal to 70%, a hepatic tumor burden of greater than or equal to 25%, and a baseline plasma level of neuron-specific enolase of greater than 15 ng/mL independently predicted shorter overall survival (hazard ratio, 2.1-3.1). Patients with a Ki-67 index of greater than 10% still had median progression-free survival and overall survival of 19 and 34 mo, respectively. The results of this study demonstrated the favorable response and long-term outcome of patients with G1/G2 GEP NET after PRRT. Independent predictors of survival were the Ki-67 index, the patient's performance status (Karnofsky performance scale score), the tumor burden, and the baseline neuron-specific enolase level. Even patients with a Ki-67 index of greater than 10% seemed to benefit from PRRT, with a good response and a notable long-term outcome. We present the first evidence, to our knowledge, that even in patients with metastatic disease the distinction between G1 and G2-in particular, between G1 (Ki-67 index of 1%-2%) and low-range G2 (Ki-67 index of 3%-10%)-provides prognostic stratification.
    Journal of Nuclear Medicine 01/2014; · 5.77 Impact Factor
  • J NUCL MED MEETING ABSTRACTS. 01/2014; 55(1_MeetingAbstracts):1441.
  • J NUCL MED MEETING ABSTRACTS. 01/2014; 55(1_MeetingAbstracts):1449.
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    ABSTRACT: Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) with 177Lu-[DOTA0,Tyr3]octreotate (177Lu-octreotate) is generally performed using a fixed activity of 7.4 GBq (200 mCi) per course bound to 180 to 300 mug of the peptide. While this single activity may lead to suboptimal radiation doses in neuroendocrine tumors (NET) with advanced or bulky disease, dose escalation has been withheld due to concerns on potential tumor somatostatin receptor saturation with reduced efficacy of the added activity. In vivo saturation effects during standard-dose PRRT based on quantification of pre- and intra-therapeutic 68Ga-DOTATOC positron emission tomography (PET) imaging might guide potential dose escalation. Five patients with metastatic NET of the pancreas underwent 68Ga-DOTATOC PET/CT before and directly after standard-dose PRRT with 177Lu-octreotate. In each patient, four target tumor lesions, normal liver parenchyma, and the spleen were evaluated and the ratios of SUVmax of the target lesions to liver (SUVT/L) and spleen (SUVT/S) were calculated; paired Student's t test was performed with p < 0.05 for pre-/intra-PRRT comparisons. The mean intra-therapeutic tumor SUVmax showed no significant change (per-lesion paired t test) compared to pretreatment values (-9.1%, p = 0.226). In contrast, the SUVmax of the normal liver parenchyma and spleen were significantly lower directly after infusion of 7.4 GBq 177Lu-octreotate. Consequently, SUVT/L and SUVT/S increased significantly from pretreatment to intra-therapeutic examination: SUVT/L (p < 0.001) from 2.8 +/- 1.3 (1.3 to 5.8) to 4.7 +/- 3.0 (2.1 to 12.7) and SUVT/S (p < 0.001) from 1.2 +/- 0.7 (0.4 to 3.0) to 3.5 +/- 1.5 (1.6 to 7.9). This small retrospective study provides preliminary evidence for the absence of relevant in vivo saturation of somatostatin receptor subtype 2 (sst2) in tumor lesions during PRRT with standard activities of 177Lu-octreotate in contrast to normal tissue (liver, spleen) showing limited receptor capacity. After being confirmed by larger series, this observation will have significant implications for PRRT: (1) Higher activities of 177Lu-octreotate might be considered feasible in patients with high tumor disease burden or clinical need for remission, and (2) striving to reduce the amount of peptide used in standard preparations of 177Lu-octreotate appears futile.
    EJNMMI research. 12/2013; 3(1):82.
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    ABSTRACT: SPECT/CT cameras have considerably improved diagnostic accuracy in recent years. Such cameras allow direct correlation of anatomic and functional information, resulting in better localization and definition of scintigraphic findings. In addition to this anatomic referencing, CT coregistration provides superior quantification of radiotracer uptake based on the attenuation correction capabilities of CT. Useful applications of SPECT/CT have been identified not only in oncology but also in other specialties such as orthopedics and cardiology. This book covers the full spectrum of clinical applications of SPECT/CT in diagnosis and therapy planning of benign and malignant diseases. Opening chapters discuss the technology and physics of SPECT/CT and its use for dosimetry. The role of SPECT/CT in the imaging of a range of pathologic conditions is then addressed in detail. Applications covered include, among others, imaging of the thyroid, bone, and lungs, imaging of neuroendocrine tumors, cardiac scintigraphy, and sentinel node scintigraphy. Individual chapters are also devoted to therapy planning in selective internal radiation therapy of liver tumors and bremsstrahlung SPECT/CT. Readers will find this book to be an essential and up-to-date source of information on this invaluable hybrid imaging technique.
    1 edited by Hojjat Ahmadzadehfar, Hans Jürgen Biersack, 12/2013; Springer., ISBN: 3642352820
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    ABSTRACT: Renal radiation during peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) may result in glomerular damage, a potential reduction of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and ultimately lead to renal failure. While reported PRRT nephrotoxicity is limited to data derived from serum creatinine-allowing only approximate estimates of GFR-the aim of this study is to accurately determine PRRT-induced long-term changes of renal function and associated risk factors according to state-of-the-art GFR measurement. Nephrotoxicity was analysed using (99m)Tc-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA) clearance data of 74 consecutive patients with gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (GEP NET) undergoing PRRT with (177)Lu-octreotate. The mean follow-up period was 21 months (range 12-50) with a median of five GFR measurements per patient. The change of GFR was analysed by linear curve fit. Potential risk factors including diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension, previous chemotherapy, renal impairment at baseline and cumulative administered activity were analysed regarding potential impact on renal function loss. In addition, Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v3.0 were used to compare nephrotoxicity determined by (99m)Tc-DTPA clearance versus serum creatinine. The alteration in GFR differed widely among the patients (mean -2.1 ± 13.1 ml/min/m(2) per year, relative yearly reduction -1.8 ± 18.9 %). Fifteen patients (21 %) experienced a mild (2-10 ml/min/m(2) per year) and 16 patients (22 %) a significant (>10 ml/min/m(2) per year) decline of GFR following PRRT. However, 11 patients (15 %) showed an increase of >10 ml/min/m(2) per year. Relevant nephrotoxicity according to CTCAE (grade ≥3) was observed in one patient (1.3 %) with arterial hypertension and history of chemotherapy. Nephrotoxicity according to serum creatinine was discordant to that defined by GFR in 15 % of the assessments and led to underestimation in 12 % of patients. None of the investigated factors including cumulative administered activity contributed to the decline of renal function. Serious nephrotoxicity after PRRT with (177)Lu-octreotate is rare (1.3 %). However, slight renal impairment (GFR loss >2 ml/min/m(2) per year) can frequently (43 %) be detected by (99m)Tc-DTPA clearance assessments. Cumulative administered activity of (177)Lu-octreotate is not a major determinant of renal impairment in our study.
    European Journal of Nuclear Medicine 11/2013; · 4.53 Impact Factor
  • European Journal of Nuclear Medicine 11/2013; · 4.53 Impact Factor
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    10/2013: pages 41-62; , ISBN: 978-953-51-1202-0
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    ABSTRACT: The actual number of resin microspheres is approximately 30-60 times higher than glass microspheres per 3 GBq vial. Thus, radioembolization (RE) with resin microspheres exerts an embolization effect besides the radiation effect. This embolization effect can occasionally cause early back flow of the microspheres before application of the entire calculated dose. To avoid these adverse side effects, RE has to be terminated at an earlier time point. Measurement of the residual activity in the delivery box, which includes the v-vial, tube and catheter, to calculate the achieved target dose is often challenging. The aim of the current study was to establish a post-RE measurement method comparable to the glass microspheres method without unnecessary radiation exposure to the staff and risk of contamination. Methods: Two different measurements were performed. First, total radioactivity in the shipping vial was measured in an ion chamber and then it was put in the delivery box and the radiation was measured from a 30 cm distance from the centre of the box with a dosimeter. The required radioactivity was then transferred to the v-vial, and the shipping vial was measured again. After that, the v-vial was measured from the same distance from the centre of the box with dosimeter. Results: Altogether 62 times the shipping vial with different activities were measured with a significant positive correlation between the amount of the activity measured in the iron chamber and the radiation dose, measured with dosimeter (r² = 0.98; p< 0.001). There was also a strong positive correlation between these measurements of the v-vial (r² = 0.98; p< 0.001). Conclusion:With measurement of the residual activity in the delivery box using a dosimeter the percentage of the whole injected activity can be easily calculated. This facilitates the calculation of the actual, achieved target and non-target dose in those cases, where therapy had to be stopped because of eminent flow reversal or obstruction.
    Nuklearmedizin 10/2013; 53(1). · 1.67 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Reported experience with systemic (131)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine ((131)I-MIBG) therapy of neuroendocrine tumors comprises different dosing schemes. The aim of this study was to assess the long-term outcome and toxicity of treatment with 11.1 GBq (300 mCi) of (131)I-MIBG per cycle. We performed a retrospective review of 31 patients with advanced metastatic neuroendocrine tumors (20 with carcinoid tumors and 11 with other tumors) treated with (131)I-MIBG. Treatment outcome was analyzed for patients with carcinoid tumors (the most common tumors in this study), and toxicity was analyzed for the entire patient cohort (n = 31). Treatment comprised 11.1 GBq (300 mCi) per course and minimum intervals of 3 mo. The radiographic response was classified according to modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors. Toxicity was determined according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (version 3.0) for all laboratory data at regular follow-up visits and during outpatient care, including complete blood counts and hepatic and renal function tests. Survival analysis was performed with the Kaplan-Meier curve method (log rank test; P < 0.05). The radiographic responses in patients with carcinoid tumors comprised a minor response in 2 patients (10%), stable disease in 16 patients (80%; median time to progression, 34 mo), and progressive disease in 2 patients (10%). The symptomatic responses in patients with functioning carcinoid tumors comprised complete resolution in 3 of the 11 evaluable symptomatic patients (27%), partial resolution in 6 patients (55%), and no significant change in 11 patients. The median overall survival in patients with carcinoid tumors was 47 mo (95% confidence interval, 32-62), and the median progression-free survival was 34 mo (95% confidence interval, 13-55). Relevant treatment toxicities were confined to transient myelosuppression of grade 3 or 4 in 15.3% (leukopenia) and 7.6% (thrombocytopenia) of applied cycles and a suspected late adverse event (3% of patients), myelodysplastic syndrome, after a cumulative administered activity of 66.6 GBq. The most frequent nonhematologic side effect was mild nausea (grade 1 or 2), which was observed in 28% of administered cycles. No hepatic or renal toxicities were noted. Dose-intensified treatment with (131)I-MIBG at a fixed dose of 11.1 GBq (300 mCi) per cycle is safe and offers effective palliation of symptoms and disease stabilization in patients with advanced carcinoid tumors. The favorable survival and limited toxicity suggest that high cycle activities are suitable and that this modality may be used for targeted carcinoid treatment-either as an alternative or as an adjunct to other existing therapeutic options.
    Journal of Nuclear Medicine 10/2013; · 5.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We assessed the outcome and toxicity of salvage therapy (repeat treatment) with (177)Lu-octreotate and high cumulative activities in patients with metastatic gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (GEP-NET). We retrospectively analysed a consecutive cohort of 33 patients with metastatic GEP-NET who underwent salvage peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) in our institution. All patients had progressive NET prior to salvage treatment and had shown an initial response to PRRT. The mean cumulative activity was 44.3 GBq (30.0-83.7 GBq). Radiographic response was assessed using CT and/or MRI according to modified SWOG criteria. Toxicity was evaluated using laboratory data, including complete blood counts and renal function tests using CTCAE 3.0. Survival analysis was performed with the Kaplan-Meier curve method and a significance level at p < 0.05. Radiographic responses consisted of complete response in 1 patient (3.0 %), partial response in 6 patients (18.2 %), minor response in 1 patient (3.0 %), stable disease in 14 patients (42.4 %), and progressive disease in 11 patients (33.3 %). Median progression-free survival (PFS) from the start of salvage therapy was 13 months (95 % CI 9-18) and patients with a history of a durable PFS after initial PRRT tended to have long-lasting PFS after salvage treatment (p = 0.04). None of the patients developed severe nephrotoxicity (grade 3/4) or a myelodysplastic syndrome during follow-up. Relevant albeit reversible haematotoxicity (grade 3/4) occurred in 7 patients (21.2 %). The cumulative administered activity was not associated with an increased incidence of haematotoxicity. PRRT with (177)Lu-octreotate in the re-treatment setting is safe and effective in patients with metastatic GEP-NET.
    European Journal of Nuclear Medicine 09/2013; · 4.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Myelosuppression may be the dose-limiting toxicity in peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT). The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence, severity, and reversibility of long-term hematotoxicity in a large cohort of patient undergoing PRRT with (177)Lu-octreotate for metastatic neuroendocrine tumors. The impact of potential risk factors, including initial cytopenia, advanced bone metastatic disease, previous chemotherapy, and cumulative administered activity, and the protective effects of splenectomy were of particular interest. A total of 632 PRRT courses were performed in 203 patients with metastatic neuroendocrine tumors. A mean activity of 7.9 GBq of (177)Lu-octreotate was administered per treatment cycle, with a goal of 4 courses at standard intervals of 3 mo. Hematologic parameters were determined before each treatment course, at 2- to 4-wk intervals between the courses, 8-12 wk after the last course of PRRT, and at 3-month intervals for further follow-up. Toxicity was recorded with Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (version 3.0). Myelodysplastic syndrome as a delayed adverse event was documented in 3 patients (1.4%). Relevant but reversible hematotoxicity (grade 3 or 4) occurred in 23 patients (11.3%) and 29 administrations (4.6%), with leukopenia in 2.7% and thrombocytopenia in 1.7%. The mean time to blood count recovery was 12 mo after the termination of PRRT (range, 3-22 mo). The only preexisting factor that contributed to hematotoxicity was initial cytopenia (P < 0.001). A high level of cumulative administered activity (>29.6 GBq) was associated with relevant leukopenia (P < 0.001). None of the patients with a history of splenectomy developed grade 3 or 4 hematotoxicity, and splenectomy was inversely associated with the incidence and degree of leukopenia (P = 0.02) and thrombocytopenia (P = 0.03) CONCLUSION: PRRT-induced myelosuppression is almost invariably reversible and rarely requires clinical measures. Administered activity and initial cytopenia are the only factors contributing to myelosuppression, whereas splenectomy may exert a protective effect.
    Journal of Nuclear Medicine 09/2013; · 5.77 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: [177Lu-DOTA0,Tyr3]-octreotate(177Lu-octreotate) in peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) offers direct intra-therapeutic dosimetry. The aim of this study was to compare tumour and non-tumour parameters and assess intra-individual variations. Patients, methods: Retrospective analysis of 53 consecutive PRRT treatment cycles (mean activity of 7.53 ± 0.46 GBq 177Lu-octreotate, intended four cycles at intervals of 10-14 weeks, standard nephroprotection) in 27 GEP NET patients. Extended planar dosimetry with serial whole-body imaging on selected, non-superimposed tumour and non-tumour regions; liver (LM), bone (BM), and other (OM) metastases. The per-cycle variation was compared with post-treatment response (CT/MRI three months post-treatment, modified SWOG criteria). Results:Residence time in tumor lesions (133-147 h) exceeded that in kidneys (93 h). Tumour-to-kidney absorbed dose ratios ranged from 14 to 28 (LM, BM, OM). Intra-individual per-cycle dose variation was insignificant for kidneys, but significant for metastases (LM, BM, and OM; p < 0.05). The mean per-cycle decrease of tumour absorbed dose (ΔD/A0[%]) was linked to morphologic response after PRRT. A mean decrease of >20% was predictive of a partial or minor remission in all 11 evaluable patients, while absent significant dose reduction indicated stable or progressive disease in 4/5 patients. The dose decrease was unrelated to volume effects and also observed for BM. Conclusion: Besides confirmation of a favourable tumour-to-kidney parameter relation for 177Lu-octreotate, stepwise intra-lesional comparison seems to imply a prognostic impact of tumor dosimetry: The early per-cycle change ΔD/A0 between treatment cycles may predict the outcome after PRRT. Larger studies are needed to confirm this finding.
    Nuklearmedizin 08/2013; 52(5). · 1.67 Impact Factor
  • Revista espanola de medicina nuclear e imagen molecular. 05/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: Bone metastases (BM) of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (GEP-NET) can be effectively controlled by peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT). Eventually, however, BM may become refractory and determine survival. We aimed to assess the clinical benefit of bone-targeted radionuclide therapy (BTRT) in this subgroup of patients failing PRRT. A small cohort of n=6 patients with progressive BM failing PRRT with (177)Lu-octreotate (mean cumulative activity, 46.7 GBq) were treated with a total of 11 cycles BTRT using 2.6-3.3 GBq (188)Re-HEDP per cycle and a median cumulative activity of 5.9 GBq. Pain palliation was quantified applying the visual analogue scale (VAS). The mean VAS decreased from 6.6 (range 5-8) to 3.7 (range 2-7). Five patients experienced partial resolution of bone pain (≥ 2 steps reduction on the VAS for at least 2 weeks) and one patient had no significant improvement. Flare phenomena occurred in 2 patients and lasted for 2-3 days. Tumor response consisted of stable disease in 2 and progressive disease in 4 patients. No regression of bone metastases has been observed. The median overall survival was 5 months (range 2-9). Relevant myelosuppression (grade 3-4; self-limited with no interventions or hospitalization), occurred 4-6 weeks post-treatment, and after 2 (18.1%) administrations or in 1 (16.7%) patient. No other relevant toxicities or treatment-related death was observed. (188)Re-HEDP may be safely applied in patients with bone metastatic GEP-NET previously treated with (177)Lu-octreotate. While acceptable pain relief may be expected, no tumor-regression or long-term disease stabilization with apparent survival benefit has been observed. This disputes the use of BTRT as salvage anti-tumor therapy in PRRT-refractory neuroendocrine bone metastases.
    American Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging 01/2013; 4(1):80-8.
  • J NUCL MED MEETING ABSTRACTS. 01/2013; 54(2_MeetingAbstracts):1899-.

Publication Stats

146 Citations
115.91 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2011–2014
    • University of Bonn - Medical Center
      Bonn, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
  • 1970–2014
    • University of Bonn
      • • Department of Neurobiology
      • • Klinik und Poliklinik für Nuklearmedizin
      Bonn, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany