Zohra Lamiral

Universitätsklinikum des Saarlandes, Homburg, Saarland, Germany

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Publications (4)29.51 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a particular form of atherothrombotic disease characterized by the dilation of the aortic wall and the presence of an intraluminal thrombus (ILT). The objective of the present study was to evaluate the pro-oxidant properties of the ILT and to characterize the anti-oxidant capacity of high-density lipoproteins (HDLs).Methods and ResultsOur results show that both ILT, adventitia and plasma from AAA patients contained high concentrations of lipid and protein oxidation products. Mediators produced within or released by the thrombus and the adventitia were shown to induce reactive oxygen species (ROS) production by cultured aortic smooth muscle cells (AoSMCs) and to trigger the onset of apoptosis (an increase in mitochondrial membrane potential). Iron chelation Hemoglobin depletion limited these effects. Both concentration and functionality of HDLs were altered in AAA patients. Plasma levels of Apo A-I were lower and small HDL subclasses were decreased in AAA patients. Circulating HDLs in AAA patients displayed an impaired capacity to inhibit copper-induced low-density lipoprotein oxidation and AoSMC ROS production. Western blot analyses of HDLs demonstrated that myeloperoxidase is associated with HDL particles in AAA patients. The ILT and adventitia are is a source of pro-oxidant products, in particular hemoglobin, which may impact on the wall stability/rupture in AAA. In addition, HDLs from AAA patients exhibit an impaired anti-oxidant activity. In this context, restoring HDL functionality may represent a new therapeutic option in AAA.
    Cardiovascular research 08/2013; · 5.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: AIMS: Several clinical trials have shown that in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI), statin therapy improves cardiovascular (CV) outcomes, but in these trials patients with acute heart failure (HF) were excluded or only a few were included. In patients with chronic HF, statin therapy does not reduce all-cause or CV mortality. We aimed to assess the association between statin therapy and clinical outcomes in the setting of acute HF with systolic dysfunction complicating acute MI. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a post-hoc analysis in 6632 patients included in the EPHESUS trial. The mean age of patients was 64 years and 71% were male. Overall, 47% of patients had a statin prescribed at baseline. Cox regression models and a secondary analysis using propensity score matching were fit to assess the association between statin prescription and clinical outcomes. During a mean follow-up of 16 ± 7 months, all-cause death occurred in 385 (12%) patients with and in 647 (18%) patients without a statin (P < 0.001). After extensive adjustment, the risk of all-cause death was 20% lower in patients on statin [hazard ratio (HR) 0.80, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.69-0.92, P = 0.001]. This positive association was mostly due to a lower risk of CV death (HR 0.76, 95% CI 0.65-0.88, P = 0.0002). In contrast, statin use was associated with a higher risk of non-CV hospitalizations (HR 1.16, 95% CI 1.02-1.33, P = 0.02). CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that patients with acute HF complicating acute MI may benefit from being on statin therapy. Prospective clinical trials are required to validate these findings.
    European Journal of Heart Failure 08/2012; · 5.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hyperglycemia predicts death in cardiovascular disease, but intensive glucose-lowering strategies increase mortality rates in diabetes. The present analysis investigated the prognostic value of postadmission blood glucose (BG) concentration on clinical outcomes in high-risk patients with heart failure after acute myocardial infarction. A total of 6,496 patients from the Eplerenone Post-Acute Myocardial Infarction Heart Failure Efficacy and Survival Study (EPHESUS) were categorized into 4 groups by plasma glucose concentration: ≤4.5 mmol/L (hypoglycemia), 4.5-5.5 mmol/L (normoglycemia), 5.5-8.3 mmol/L (elevated glucose level), and >8.3 mmol/L (severe hyperglycemia). We evaluated the time to all-cause death (primary end point) and time to cardiovascular death or hospitalization (secondary end point). Hypo- and severe hyperglycemia were prevalent in 509 (8%) and 1,588 (24%) patients, respectively. There was a U-shaped relationship between BG level and incidence of all-cause death (11.8% in patients with normoglycemia vs 15.1% and 19.9% in those with hypo- and severe hyperglycemia; P < .001). The incidence of the secondary end point was increased only in hyperglycemic patients (36% vs 23% in normoglycemic patients; P < .001). In multivariate Cox regression analysis, hypoglycemia (hazard ratio [HR] 1.38, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.06-1.81; P = .002) and severe hyperglycemia (HR 1.52, CI 1.27-1.83; P < .0001) proved to be strong predictors of all-cause death. There was no significant interaction between eplerenone treatment and blood glucose levels regarding clinical outcomes. In heart failure after acute myocardial infarction, both hypo- and hyperglycemia at the postacute phase identify patients with increased risk of death during long-term follow-up.
    Journal of cardiac failure 06/2012; 18(6):439-45. · 3.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We evaluated the effect of the selective mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist eplerenone on renal function and the interaction between changes in renal function and subsequent cardiovascular outcomes in patients with heart failure and left ventricular systolic dysfunction after an acute myocardial infarction in the Eplerenone Post-Acute Myocardial Infarction Heart Failure Efficacy and Survival Study (EPHESUS). Serial changes in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were available in 5792 patients during a 24-month follow-up. Patients assigned to eplerenone had a decline in eGFR with an adjusted mean difference of -1.4±0.3 mL · min(-1) · 1.73 m(-2) compared with placebo (P<0.0001), an effect that appeared within the first month (-1.3±0.4 mL · min(-1) · 1.73 m(-2)) and persisted throughout the study. Overall, 914 patients experienced a decline in eGFR >20% in the first month, 16.9% and 14.7% in the eplerenone and placebo groups, respectively (odds ratio, 1.15; 95% confidence interval, 1.02-1.30; P=0.017). In multivariate analyses, determinants of this early decline in eGFR were female sex, age ≥65 years, smoking, left ventricular ejection fraction <35%, and use of eplerenone and loop diuretic. An early decline in eGFR by >20% was associated with worse cardiovascular outcomes independently of baseline eGFR and of the use of eplerenone, which retained its prognostic benefits even under these circumstances. In patients with heart failure after acute myocardial infarction and receiving standard medical care, an early decline in eGFR is not uncommon and is associated with poor long-term outcome. Eplerenone induced a moderately more frequent early decline in eGFR, which did not affect its clinical benefit on cardiovascular outcomes.
    Circulation 11/2011; 125(2):271-9. · 15.20 Impact Factor