Kevin E Oʼgrady

University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States

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Publications (2)3.45 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE:: This secondary data analysis examined the association between criminal justice (CJ) status and outcomes over 12 months of methadone maintenance treatment. METHODS:: In the parent study, 230 newly admitted patients were randomly assigned to methadone either with or without counseling for 4 months followed by standard methadone with counseling. Participants completed the ASI and urine drug testing at baseline and 4- and 12-month follow-up and the Treatment Readiness (TR) scale at baseline. The relationship between baseline CJ status (whether participants were on probation or parole), CJ status by study counseling condition, and CJ status by TR with heroin and cocaine use, illegal activity, days in treatment and treatment retention, arrests, and the number of days incarcerated or hospitalized during follow-up was examined. RESULTS:: Compared with participants not on probation/parole, probationers/parolees showed significant reductions in cocaine-positive tests from baseline to 12 months (P < 0.001). Probationers/parolees additionally reported significantly fewer days of illegal activity than nonprobationers/parolees at 12 months (P = 0.02). There was no relationship between CJ status and counseling condition for any outcomes. The relationship between CJ status and TR was significant only for cocaine-positive tests assessed over time (P = 0.017). CONCLUSIONS:: Findings suggest that methadone participants on probation/parole showed improvements in outcomes in comparison with participants not on probation/parole, regardless of whether they received counseling during the first 4 months of treatment.
    Journal of Addiction Medicine 02/2013; · 1.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: : Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-risk behaviors were examined at 4- and 12-month follow-up for 230 newly admitted methadone patients randomly assigned to receive either methadone only (n = 99) or methadone with drug abuse counseling (n = 131) in the first 4 months of treatment. : The AIDS Risk Assessment was administered at baseline (treatment entry) and at 4- and 12-month follow-up. Linear mixed model analysis examined changes in HIV drug- and sex-risk behaviors over the 12 months in the total sample, drug-risk behaviors in the subsample that reported injecting drugs at baseline (n = 110), and sex-risk behaviors in the subsample that reported engaging in unprotected sex at baseline (n = 130). : Significant decreases over time were found in the frequencies of injecting, injecting with other injectors, and sharing cooker, cotton, or rinse water in the total sample and the injector subsample (P < 0.05). Decreases were also found in the frequencies of having sex without a condom either with someone who was not a spouse or primary partner or while high (P < 0.05) in the total sample and the frequencies of having sex without a condom and having sex without a condom while high in the unprotected-sex subsample (P < 0.05). No significant treatment group main effects or Treatment Group × Time interaction effects were found in any of the HIV-risk behaviors in the total sample or either subsample (P > 0.05). : During the first 12 months of treatment, providing drug abuse counseling with methadone compared with providing methadone alone was not associated with significant changes in HIV-risk behaviors for methadone maintenance patients.
    Journal of Addiction Medicine 11/2011; 6(2):145-52. · 1.73 Impact Factor