Jeong-Ok Lee

Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (30)73.32 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Bone metastasis (BM) is reported as a poor prognostic factor in gastric cancer. However, the clinicopathologic characteristics and clinical outcomes of patients with BM compared with patients without BM have not been well described.
    European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990) 09/2014; · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to develop a pragmatic nomogram for prediction of progression free survival (PFS) for the epidermal growth factor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) in EGFR mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
    Cancer research and treatment : official journal of Korean Cancer Association. 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: The present study sought to elucidate the role of induction and consolidation therapy in elderly patients. We retrospectively collected data of 477 patients who were aged over 60 years at the time of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) diagnosis. The median overall survival (OS) was 339 days in the induction group (n = 266) and 86 days in the best supportive care group (n = 211) (P < 0.001). In the induction group, the complete remission (CR) rate was 58.3 %, and treatment-related death was 15.4 %. Successful induction was related to good performance [Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG <2)] [hazard ratio (HR) 3.215; P = 0.002]. Mortality correlated with failure to achieve CR (HR 4.059; P < 0.001) and poor performance status (ECOG >2) (HR 2.731; P = 0.035). In CR patients, poor karyotype and absence of consolidation (HR 2.313; P = 0.003) correlated with mortality. More than one cycle of consolidation was associated with better OS (P < 0.001). Lack of salvage therapy was associated with mortality in patients who did not achieve CR (HR 3.223; P = 0.005). Intensive induction in patients with good performance and >1 cycle of consolidation after CR may be the best strategy for improving OS in elderly AML patients.
    International journal of hematology. 07/2014;
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    ABSTRACT: Aims and background. To evaluate the efficacy of weekly, low-dose paclitaxel chemotherapy after the failure of platinum-based combination chemotherapy in elderly or poor performance status patients with metastatic urothelial carcinoma. Methods. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 25 patients. The regimen consisted of paclitaxel, 60 mg/m2 on days 1, 8 and 15, with or without carboplatin (AUC 2). Treatment was repeated every 4 weeks until disease progression. Results. Of 25 patients, the median age was 68 years (range, 47-82), 4 (16%) were female, and 15 (60%) had an ECOG performance status of 2. All patients were ≥65 years or had a performance status of 2 in the cases aged <65 years. Six patients received paclitaxel in combination with carboplatin. The overall response rate was 24% (95% CI, 7.3-40.7) with 6 partial responses. Eight patients (32%) achieved stable disease and 5 (20%) had progressive disease. The median time to progression was 4.0 months (95% CI, 2.9-5.1), and median overall survival was 5.5 months (95% CI, 3.7-7.3). Grade 3-4 toxicities were as follows: neutropenia in 9 patients (36%), anemia in 11 (44%), thrombocytopenia in 2 (8%), neutropenic fever in 2 (8%), asthenia in 4 (16%), anorexia in 2 (8%), nausea in 2 (8%), and peripheral neuropathy in 1 (4%). ECOG performance status (0-1 vs 2) was a significant prognostic factor in multivariate analysis. Conclusions. Low-dose weekly paclitaxel seems to be a meaningful salvage treatment with moderate activity and acceptable toxicity in elderly or poor performance status patients with metastatic urothelial carcinoma. Oncologists should carefully consider the opportunity of chemotherapy versus best supportive care in these patients.
    Tumori. 07/2014; 100(4):439-45.
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    ABSTRACT: Critical care for advanced lung cancer patients is still controversial, and the appropriate method for the selection of patients who may benefit from intensive care unit (ICU) care is not clearly defined. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of stage IIIB-IV lung cancer patients admitted to the medical ICU of a university hospital in Korea between 2003 and 2011. Of 95 patients, 64 (67 %) had Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) ≥2, and 79 (84 %) had non-small-cell lung cancer. In total, 28 patients (30 %) were newly diagnosed or were receiving first-line treatment, and 22 (23 %) were refractory or bedridden. Mechanical ventilation was required in 85 patients (90 %), and ICU mortality and hospital mortality were 57 and 78 %, respectively. According to a multivariate analysis, a PaO2/FiO2 ratio <150 [odds ratio (OR) = 5.51, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 2.10-14.48, p = 0.001] was independently associated with ICU mortality, and an ECOG PS ≥2 (OR = 9.53, 95 % CI 2.03-44.85, p = 0.004) and a need for vasoactive agents (OR = 6.94, 95 % CI 1.61-29.84, p = 0.009) were independently associated with hospital mortality. Refractory or bedridden patients (n = 22) showed significantly poorer overall survival (11.0 vs. 29.0 days, p = 0.005). Among 21 patients who were discharged from the hospital, 11 (52 %) received further chemotherapy. Certain advanced lung cancer patients may benefit from ICU management. However, refractory patients and patients with a poor PS do not seem to benefit from ICU care. Oncologists should try to discuss palliative care and end-of-life issues in advance to avoid futile care.
    Medical Oncology 03/2014; 31(3):847. · 2.14 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study assessed the prevalence of, and risk factors for, iron deficiency (ID) and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) among participants of the fifth Korean Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2010. Of 8,958 participants, 6,758 individuals ≥10 yr had sufficient data for the analysis of anemia and iron status. ID was defined as a transferrin saturation <10% or serum ferritin <15 µg/L. The prevalence of ID and IDA was 2.0% (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.3%-2.6%) and 0.7% (95% CI, 0.3%-1.0%), respectively, in males, and 22.4% (95% CI, 20.7%-24.2%) and 8.0% (95% CI, 6.8%-9.2%), respectively, in females. In reproductive age females, the prevalence of ID and IDA was 31.4% (95% CI, 28.9%-33.8%) and 11.5% (95% CI, 9.6%-13.4%), respectively. Compared to the prevalence of IDA in adult males 18-49 yr, the relative risks of IDA in adults ≥65 yr, lactating females, premenopausal females, and pregnant females were 8.1, 35.7, 42.8, and 95.5, respectively. Low income, underweight, iron- or vitamin C-poor diets were also associated with IDA. For populations with defined risk factors in terms of age, gender, physiological state and socioeconomic and nutritional status, national health policy to reduce IDA is needed.
    Journal of Korean medical science 02/2014; 29(2):224-9. · 0.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Waldenström's macroglobulinemia (WM) is a B-cell proliferative malignancy characterized by immunoglobulin M monoclonal gammopathy and bone marrow infiltration by lymphoplasmacytic cells. Clinical features and cytogenetics of WM in Asia including Republic of Korea remain unclear. Moreover, no study has reported treatment outcomes in patients with WM treated with novel agent combined with conventional chemotherapy. This study investigated clinical features and assessed treatment outcomes with novel agent and conventional chemotherapy in Republic of Korea. Data from all (n = 71) patients with newly diagnosed WM at 17 hospitals who received chemotherapy between January 2005 and December 2012 were collected retrospectively. The median age of patients was 66 years (range: 37-92 years) and male to female ratio was 5 : 1. Patients treated with novel agent combined chemotherapy displayed higher overall response rate (ORR) compared to conventional chemotherapy alone (92.9% versus 52.6%, P = 0.006). The 5-year overall survival rate was 62.6% (95% confidence interval: 34.73-111.07). Use of novel agents produced higher ORR but survival benefit was not apparent due to the small number of patients and short follow-up duration. Further studies are needed to confirm the efficacy of novel agents in patients with WM.
    BioMed Research International 01/2014; 2014:253243. · 2.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Older patients with cancer may have an increased risk of early discontinuation of active treatment (ED), which results in poor outcome in curative or adjuvant settings. We aimed to determine the association between survival and ED and to identify predictors of ED in palliative setting. Ninety-eight patients older than 65 years of age who received a comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) before palliative first-line chemotherapy were analyzed. Clinical information and CGA results were retrieved from electronic medical record. CGA included Charlson's co-morbidity index, activities of daily living (ADL), instrumental ADL (IADL), Mini-Mental Status Examination, short-form of the geriatric depression scale, timed-get-up-and-go test (TGUG), and mini-nutritional assessment (MNA). ED was defined as no active cancer treatment (radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy) beyond palliative first-line chemotherapy. Predictors of ED were identified using clinical parameters and CGA. Active treatment was discontinued after first-line chemotherapy in 30 patients during median follow-up period of 15.1 months. ED after first-line chemotherapy was associated with shorter overall survival (OS; median OS = 3.1 vs. 14.7 months in patients with ED compared with patients without ED, p < 0.001). Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status, living alone, ADL, IADL, MNA, and TGUG were associated with ED (p = 0.001, p = 0.048, p = 0.001, p < 0.001, p < 0.001, p = 0.002, respectively). In multivariable analysis, malnutrition and dependent IADL were the independent predictive factors for ED (odds ratio = 5.03; 95 % confidence interval = 1.50-16.87: odds ratio = 3.06; confidence interval = 1.03-9.12, respectively). ED was associated with shorter OS in older patients with cancer. Malnutrition and dependent IADL were identified as independent predictive factors for ED.
    Supportive Care in Cancer 11/2013; · 2.09 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We conducted a retrospective analysis of lenalidomide with dexamethasone for patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM) who were treated within the Korean patient access program. Lenalidomide has been approved for RRMM for several years in Europe and North America, but has not been accessible to Asian patients in the past. Between 2008 and 2012, 110 patients from 20 hospitals were enrolled. The overall response rate (ORR) was 43.6 % with 15.4 % of very good partial response (VGPR) or better. The median time to progression (TTP) in this heavily pretreated patient population was 8.0 months, and median overall survival (OS) was 23 months. Hematologic toxicities, fatigue, anorexia, and constipation were the most common adverse events. The number of previous treatment lines, previous exposure to thalidomide, refractoriness to thalidomide and bortezomib, pretreatment white blood cell count (WBC), platelet count, t(14;16), and 17p deletion were significant prognostic factors for TTP, and creatinine clearance, refractoriness to thalidomide and bortezomib, performance status, platelet count, and 17p deletion were significant for OS in univariate analysis. In multivariate analysis, WBC and platelet count were significant prognostic factors for TTP and performance status for OS. For Korean myeloma patients, lenalidomide showed considerable efficacy, and toxicities were comparable to the data published in Europe and North America.
    Annals of Hematology 09/2013; · 2.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gefitinib was introduced in 2002 for treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC); however, it is not clear whether its use in daily practice has changed the outcome of patients. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the question of how molecular understanding regarding gefitinib and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation affect the prescribing patterns and clinical outcomes of treatment with gefitinib in NSCLC, in a real practical field. We conducted a retrospective analysis of the consecutive database of NSCLC patients who were treated with gefitinib at Seoul National University Hospital between January 2002 and December 2011. Prescribing patterns and clinical outcomes were analyzed by year. A total of 1,115 NSCLC patients, who received gefitinib at recurred or metastatic setting, were included in this study. Proportion of patients receiving gefitinib, for the first line, showed a gradual increase, from 5.2% in 2002-2003 to 30.6% in 2010-2011. Proportion of patients who underwent EGFR mutation testing showed a rapid increase, from 0.6% in 2004-2005 to 73.5% in 2010-2011. The response rate also showed a gradual increase, from 17.2% in 2002-2003 to 57.1% in 2010-2011 (p<0.001). The median progression-free survival of gefitinib was increased with statistical significance from 2.8 months in 2002-2003 to 9.1 months in 2010-2011 (p<0.001). We demonstrated that molecular understanding and practical use of EGFR mutation testing have resulted in a change in the prescription patterns of gefitinib. Use of an enrichment strategy can lead to improvement in the efficacy of gefitinib in real practice.
    Cancer Research and Treatment 09/2013; 45(3):178-85. · 1.96 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There are many complex and rare mutations in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) other than the two classical mutations of L858R and exon 19 deletional mutation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical significance of rare and complex mutations, and the efficacy of EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). We analyzed 1,431 NSCLC patients who were treated with either gefitinib or erlotinib. Exons 18 to 21 of EGFR were analyzed by PCR and subjected to direct sequencing methods. Of 306 patients who had EGFR mutation, 24 patients (7.3 %) had complex mutations. The frequency of rare mutations was 10.3 %. Four groups were categorized [group A (N = 269): classical mutation alone; group B (N = 16): complex mutation with classical mutation; group C (N = 16): rare mutation alone or complex mutation with rare mutation; group D (N = 5); classical mutation with T790M]; the response rate (RR) to TKI was significantly different between each group (RR = 74.8 % in group A vs. 68.8 % in group B vs. 25.0 % in group C vs. 80.0 % in group D, P < 0.001). Progression-free survival (PFS) was also poorer in rare mutations (median PFS: 11.9 vs. 8.1 vs. 1.4 vs. 8.0 months, respectively, P < 0.001). NSCLC patients harboring rare mutations did not show consistent and favorable responses to EGFR TKI compared with those harboring classical mutations. However, complex mutations with classical mutations showed similar treatment efficacy toward EGFR TKI to that with classical mutations alone.
    International Journal of Clinical Oncology 08/2013; · 1.41 Impact Factor
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    Blood research. 06/2013; 48(2):160-3.
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    ABSTRACT: The present study aimed to directly compare the efficacy and safety of azacitidine and decitabine in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). We compared the overall response rate (ORR) (complete responses, partial responses, marrow complete responses, and haematological improvements), overall survival (OS), event-free survival (EFS), time to leukaemic transformation, and adverse outcomes between azacitidine and decitabine. To minimize the effects of treatment selection bias in this observational study, adjustments were made using the propensity-score matching method. Among 300 patients, 203 were treated with azacitidine and 97 with decitabine. Propensity-score matching yielded 97 patient pairs. In the propensity-matched cohort, there were no significant differences between the azacitidine and decitabine groups regarding ORR (44% vs. 52%), OS (26 vs. 22·9 months), EFS (7·7 vs. 7·0 months), and rate of leukaemic transformation (16% vs. 22% at 1 year). In patients ≥65 years of age, survival was significantly better in the azacitidine group (P = 0·017). Patients who received decitabine experienced more frequent episodes of grade 3 or 4 cytopenia and infectious episodes. We found that azacitidine and decitabine showed comparable efficacy. Among patients ≥65 years of age, survival was significantly better in the azacitidine group (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01409070).
    British Journal of Haematology 02/2013; · 4.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with cancer have been associated with increased risk of recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE). However, data on recurrent VTE in Asian patients with advanced solid cancers are limited. METHODS: This study was conducted using data from the Korean VTE registry, which is an ongoing, prospective database. Patients were eligible if they had diagnosed with recurrent/metastatic solid cancers and initiated anticoagulation therapy following index VTE diagnosis. A total of 449 patients were included in this analysis. The 6-month and 12-month cumulative incidences of recurrent VTE were 20.6% and 27.0%, respectively. Isolated pulmonary embolism (PE) (51%) was the most predominant recurrence type. Pancreas as the primary tumor site, poor Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status at the time of index VTE diagnosis, and initial presentation with PE were independent risk factors for developing recurrent VTE. With a median follow-up of 29.1months (range, 1.0-91.2), the median overall survival (OS) was 11.9months. Patients with recurrent VTE had a significantly worse OS than those without recurrent VTE (median, 8.4 vs. 13.0months, respectively; P=0.001). In conclusion, the incidence of recurrent VTE in Korean patients with advanced solid cancers is comparable with Caucasian patients. Pancreas as the primary tumor site, poor performance status, and initial presentation with PE are independent recurrent VTE risk factors in advanced cancer VTE patients. Additionally, OS is adversely affected by recurrent VTE.
    Thrombosis Research 02/2013; · 3.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Several Western guidelines recommend the routine use of pharmacologic thromboprophylaxis for cancer surgery patients to prevent venous thromboembolism (VTE). However, the necessity of routine pharmacologic perioperative thromboprophylaxis in Asian gastric cancer (GC) patients has not been clearly determined. To determine the necessity of routine perioperative pharmacologic thromboprophylaxis in Korean gastric cancer patients, the incidence of postoperative VTE was prospectively evaluated in gastric cancer patients receiving surgery. Among 610 GC patients who had received surgery, 375 patents underwent routine duplex Doppler ultrasonography (DUS) on days 5-12 following surgery to detect VTE and then VTE-related symptoms and signs were checked at 4 weeks after surgery (cohort A). The 235 patients that declined DUS were registered to cohort B and the occurrence of postoperative VTE was retrospectively analyzed. In cohort A, symptomatic or asymptomatic VTE until 4 weeks after surgery was detected in 9 patients [2.4%; 95% confidence interval (CI); 0.9-3.9]. Tumor stage was a significant factor related to VTE development [stage I, 1.4%; stage II/III, 2.4%; stage IV, 9.7% (P = 0.008)]. In multivariate analysis, patients with stage IV had a higher postoperative VTE development [odds ratio, 8.18 (95% CI, 1.54-43.42)] than those with stage I. In cohort B, a low incidence of postoperative VTE was reaffirmed; only one postoperative VTE case (0.4%) was observed. In conclusion, the incidence of postoperative VTE in Korean GC patients was only 2.4%. Risk-stratified applications of perioperative pharmacologic thromboprophylaxis are thought to be more appropriate than the routine pharmacologic thromboprophylaxis in Korean GC patients receiving surgery.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(4):e61968. · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective The objective of the present study is to evaluate the functional consequences of chemotherapy and identify risk factors for chemotherapy toxicity using the Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) in elderly Korean patients with cancer.Materials and Methods We prospectively enrolled elderly patients with cancer aged ≥ 65 years, and conducted the baseline and follow-up CGAs before and after systemic chemotherapy. Significant toxicity of chemotherapy was defined as in the study by Groupe d'Investigateurs Nationaux pour l'Etude des Cancers Ovariens, including grade 4 neutropenia, early withdrawal and/or hospitalization due to grade 3 or 4 toxicities. The association between baseline CGA parameters, changes in CGA parameters and occurrence of significant toxicities was analyzed.ResultsA total of 64 patients were enrolled and received systemic chemotherapy (median age: 71, 65–80). Significant toxicity was observed in 16 patients (25.0%). A significant decline was observed in Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS) (p = 0.002), activities of daily living (ADL) (p < 0.001), instrumental ADL (IADL) (p = 0.003), mini-mental status examination (p < 0.001), and short form of the Geriatric Depression Scale (p = 0.017) after chemotherapy. The baseline ECOG PS was an independent predictive factor of significant toxicity (p = 0.037), and mini-nutritional assessment was marginally associated with the significant toxicity in univariate analysis (p = 0.064).Conclusion(s)Our pilot study revealed a significant decline in physical and neurocognitive functions after chemotherapy in elderly Korean patients with cancer. Future large scale studies with follow-up CGAs are needed to establish predictive tools of chemotherapy toxicities and functional decline in elderly patients receiving chemotherapy.
    Journal of Geriatric Oncology 10/2012; 3(4):359–367. · 1.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: This study was planned to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of anemia and its impact on health-related quality of life and activities of daily living (ADL) in elderly Koreans. Of the 1,118 randomly sampled elderly Koreans aged 65 years or older living in Seongnam, Korea, on Aug. 1, 2005, we estimated the prevalence of anemia from 695 responders. We investigated the risk factors of anemia using a merged sample of this random sample and 270 volunteers enrolled from Seongnam residents aged 85 years or older. We diagnosed anemia according to the World Health Organization criteria. The estimated age- and gender-standardized prevalence of anemia was 8.33 % for the overall random sample (95 % confidence intervals (CI) 6.28-10.39), 10.58 % in men (95 % CI 7.09-14.07), and 6.85 % in women (95 % CI 4.37-9.34). The identified risk factors were age ≥80 years, male, iron deficiency, history of stroke, renal dysfunction, and metabolic syndrome. Anemia was associated with impairment in physical functioning (p = 0.031) and instrumental ADL (p < 0.001). This is the first report about anemia's prevalence in community-dwelling Korean elders, adjusted and standardized according to the city's and nation's population. Timely diagnosis of anemia and correction of its treatable cause may improve QOL and ADL in elderly individuals.
    Annals of Hematology 09/2012; · 2.87 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: There have been conflicting results on seasonal variation in the occurrence of venous thromboembolism (VTE). It also has never been studied in Asian population. To address these issues, we investigated seasonal changes of the incidence of VTE in Korean population using 1,495 patients with VTE between January 2001 and December 2010. VTE occurred most frequently in the winter and least frequently in the summer (χ2=11.83, P=0.008). In the subset analyses, the same trend was shown in the PE±DVT group, the unprovoked VTE group, and the VTE without malignancy group. The monthly occurrence rate peaked in December and was at its lowest in July (P=0.004). In conclusion, our study provides evidence that there is an increased risk for VTE in Korean population in the winter season.
    Thrombosis Research 08/2012; 130(4):e199-202. · 3.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: We evaluated the association between a KRAS mutational status and various clinicopathologic features including the metastatic pattern in patients with metastatic or recurrent colorectal cancer (MRCRC). The concordance rates of the KRAS status between primary tumor sites and paired metastatic organs were also analyzed. METHODS: The KRAS mutational status in codons 12, 13, and 61 from formalin-fixed sections of both primary tumors and related metastases was determined by sequencing analysis. One hundred forty-three Korean patients with MRCRC with available tissues (resection or biopsy) from both primary tumors and related metastatic sites were consecutively enrolled. RESULTS: The KRAS mutation rate was 52.4 % (75/143) when considering both the primary and metastatic sites. When the relationship between the KRAS status and initial metastatic sites at the time of diagnosis of MRCRC was analyzed, lung metastasis was more frequent as the initial metastatic site in patients with the KRAS mutation than in patients without the KRAS mutation (45.3 % vs. 22.1 %; P = 0.003). However, liver (37.3 % vs. 70.6 %; P < 0.001) or distant lymph node metastases (6.7 % vs. 19.1 %; P = 0.025) were less frequent as the initial metastatic organ in patients with the KRAS mutation than in patients without the KRAS mutation. The discordance rate of KRAS mutational status between primary and paired metastatic sites other than the lung was 12.3 % (13/106). Compared with primary tumor sites, the KRAS discordance rate was significantly higher in matched lung metastases [32.4 % (12/37)] than in other matched metastatic organs (P = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: Organs initially involved by distant metastasis were different according to the KRAS mutational status in MRCRC patients. The concordance rate (87.7 %) of the KRAS mutation status at metastatic sites other than the lung was generally high compared with primary tumor sites; however, lung metastasis had a high rate of KRAS discordance (32.4 %).
    BMC Cancer 08/2012; 12(1):347. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Renal impairment (RI) is a frequent complication with higher incidence of infections and an important prognostic factor for survival. Melphalan clearance is renal function dependent whereas cyclophosphamide is renal function independent. We investigated which combination regimen should be selected between melphalan-combining regimen (MPT) or cyclophosphamide-combining regimen (TCD) in elderly multiple myeloma (MM) patients with RI. Between 2005 and 2009, 157 newly diagnosed MM patients with RI were included comparing MPT with TCD therapy as initial treatment. Seventy-four patients were given MPT regimen, and 83 patients were given TCD regimen. Baseline characteristics were similar between the MPT and TCD groups. Analysis of different cutoff levels between 25% and 75% quartiles using log-rank test determined that glomerular filtration rate (GFR), 40 ml/min/1.73 m(2) as the cutoff point, yielded the highest difference in event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS). The MPT subgroup with low GFR (GFR <40 ml/min/1.73 m(2)) had poorer response rates than others. The incidence of neutropenia and infection with febrile neutropenia were higher in the MPT subgroup with low GFR than the others (p = 0.016, p < 0.001). Furthermore, mortality due to the infection was higher in the MPT subgroup with low GFR than the others (p < 0.001). EFS was lower in the MPT subgroup with low GFR than the others (p < 0.001). OS was lower in the MPT subgroup with low GFR than the others (p < 0.001). In newly diagnosed elderly MM patients with RI, TCD regimen would be an effective and tolerable treatment option due to the combination of cyclophosphamide independent to renal function and dexamethasone effective for RI.
    Annals of Hematology 01/2012; 91(6):889-96. · 2.87 Impact Factor