Jennifer Smith

University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States

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Publications (4)3.81 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this article is to present a unique training model using a perfused human cadaver for central line placement training with the ultimate goal of reducing central venous catheter mechanical complications.
    Journal of Surgical Education 08/2014; · 1.63 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The harmful effects of smoking have been well-documented in the medical literature for decades. To further the support of smoking cessation, we investigate the effect of smoking on a less studied population, the trauma patient.
    Ulusal travma ve acil cerrahi dergisi = Turkish journal of trauma & emergency surgery: TJTES 07/2014; 20(4):248-52. · 0.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Necrotizing soft tissue infections (NSTIs) are associated with a high mortality rate. There is a lack of literature examining outcomes in NSTI when surgical redébridements are performed in early versus delayed intervals. We hypothesized that early redébridement is associated with improved survival. Patients with NSTIs were prospectively enrolled between January 2006 and December 2011. Patient demographics, comorbidities, primary infection site, laboratory values, tissue cultures, time to surgery, and time between subsequent débridements were obtained. Two study groups with divergent redébridement protocols were observed: a short interval redébridement (SIRD) and an extended interval redébridement (EIRD). Univariate and multivariate statistics were performed. The primary outcome evaluated was in-hospital mortality. Sixty-four patients (46 SIRD, 18 EIRD) were included in the analysis. The two groups had comparable demographics. Polymicrobial NSTI was noted in 61 per cent of patients with Staphylococcus species being the predominant causative organism (59%). Multivariate analysis showed the EIRD protocol to be associated with a significantly increased incidence of acute kidney injury (adjusted odds ratio, 4.9 [1.1 to 22.5]; P = 0.04) and worse overall survival (hazard ratio, 10.6 [2.1 to 53.9]; P = 0.004). Delayed redébridement after initial source control in NSTIs results in worse survival and an increased incidence of acute kidney injury. Further studies to identify the optimal time interval for redébridement are warranted.
    The American surgeon 10/2013; 79(10):1081-5. · 0.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Scant literature investigates potential outcome differences between Level I trauma centers. We compared overall survival and survival after acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in patients admitted to American College of Surgeons (ACS)-verified versus state-verified Level I trauma centers. Using the National Trauma Data Bank Version 7.0, incident codes associated with admission to an ACS-verified facility were extracted and compared with the group admitted to state-verified centers. Overall, there were 382,801 (73.7%) patients admitted to ACS and 136,601 (26.3%) admitted to state centers. There was no adjusted survival advantage after admission to either type (4.9% for ACS vs 4.8% for state centers; 1.014 [95% CI, 0.987 to 1.042], P = 0.311). However, in the 3,088 cases of ARDS, mortality for admission to the ACS centers was 20.3 per cent (451 of 2,220) versus 27.1 per cent (235 of 868) for state centers. Adjusting for injury severity and facility size, admission to an ACS center was associated with a significantly greater survival after ARDS (0.75 [0.654 to 0.860]; P < 0.001). Level I verification does not necessarily imply similar outcomes in all subgroups. Federal oversight may become necessary to ensure uniformity of care, maximizing outcomes across all United States trauma systems. Further study is needed.
    The American surgeon 10/2011; 77(10):1334-6. · 0.92 Impact Factor