[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report an infant with a unique combination of 22q11 deletion syndrome and 14q terminal deletion syndrome. The proband had clinical symptoms compatible with diagnosis of 22q11 deletion syndrome: microcephaly, micrognathia, high-arched palate, hypertelorism, short palpebral fissures, square nasal root, prominent tubular nose, hypoplastic nasal alae, bulbous nasal tip, dysplastic low-set ears, short philtrum, and heart defect, but no cell-mediated immunodeficiency typical for the syndrome. G-banding and fluorescence in situ hybridization analyses revealed a karyotype 45,XY,der(14)t(14;22)(q32.3;q11.2),-22.ish del(14)(q32.33)(D14S1420-),del(22)(q11.2q11.2)(N25-). Subsequent analyses disclosed a translocation between chromosomes 14 and 22 in the proband's mother with a deleted 14q telomere. Using comparative genome hybridization on oligonucleotide-based microarray (array-CGH), the deletion at 22q11.21 in the size of ∼4.25 Mb was revealed in the proband as well as the deletion of the telomeric area at 14q32.33qter (∼3.24 Mb) in the proband and his mother. However, both the proband and his mother showed mild symptoms (microcephaly, thin lips, carp-shaped mouth) typical for patients with the described terminal 14q deletion syndrome.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: High-level amplifications of MYC genes are associated with poor outcomes in childhood medulloblastoma (MB). However, the occurrence of MYCN and MYCC copy number increases below the intense amplification pattern is rarely reported, and its clinical impact has not yet been determined. Here, we describe this phenomenon and its prognostic significance in a cohort of 29 MB patients. Using interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (I-FISH), low-level copy number alterations, i.e. gain of MYCN, were shown in 5/27 (19%) samples, whereas amplification was revealed in only 1/27 (4%) samples. MYCC gain was revealed in 6/29 (21%) MB, while amplification was disclosed in only 2/29 (7%). Hyperploidy and co-incidence of gains in both MYC loci were frequently observed in samples with copy number aberrations. Survival analysis has clearly shown that MYC copy number increases are associated with lowered event-free survival and overall survival in MB. In the case of MYCN, this negative correlation was statistically significant. We conclude that limited numerical alterations in loci 2p24 (MYCN) and 8q24 (MYCC), as assessed by I-FISH, are present in MB with a higher frequency than high-level amplifications. Poor prognoses were observed in patients with copy number increases in MYC genes. Our data illustrate the importance of further investigations in multicenter trials to better refine the emerging genomic-based prognostic stratification in MB.
Journal of Neuro-Oncology 03/2011; 102(1):25-33. · 3.12 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Submicroscopic structural chromosomal aberrations (microduplications and microdeletions) are believed to be common causes of mental retardation. These so-called copy number variations can now be routinely detected using various platforms for array-based comparative genomic hybridization (array-CGH), which allow genome-wide identification of pathogenic genomic imbalances. In this study, oligonucleotide-based array-CGH was used to investigate a panel of 23 patients with mental retardation and developmental delay, dysmorphic features or congenital anomalies. Array-CGH confirmed or revealed 16 chromosomal aberrations in a total of 12 patients. Analysis of parental samples showed that five aberrations had occurred de novo: del(1)(p36.33p36.23), del(4)(p16.3p16.2) joined with dup(8)(p23.3p23.1), del(6)(q14.1q15), del(11)(q13.1q13.4). Three aberrations appeared to be inherited from an unaffected parent: dup(3)(q29), del(6)(q12), dup(16)(p13.11). Six aberrations appeared to be inherited from a parental carrier: del(1)(p36.33) joined with dup(12)(q24.32), del(21)(q22.2q22.3) joined with dup(11)(q24.2q25), del(X)(q22.3) and del(1)(q21.1). In two cases, parents were not available for testing: del(17)(q11.2q12) and del(2)(q24.3q31.1). Our results show that the use of oligonucleotide-based array- CGH in a clinical diagnostic laboratory increases the detection rate of pathogenic submicroscopic chromosomal aberrations in patients with mental retardation and congenital abnormalities, but it also presents challenges for clinical interpretation of the results (i.e., distinguishing between pathogenic and benign variants). Difficulties with analysis notwithstanding, the array-CGH is shown to be a sensitive, fast and reliable method for genome-wide screening of chromosomal aberrations in patients with mental retardation and congenital abnormalities.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: to report a case of monozygotic monochorial diamniotic twins with discordant karyotypes.
the pregnancy was achieved following a treatment cycle with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and preimplantation genetic screening (PGS) for chromosomes X, Y, 13, 16, 18, 21, 22. One embryo euploid for studied chromosomes was transferred. Prenatal ultrasonography revealed monozygotic twins. One fetus had growth retardation, multiple organ abnormalities and polyhydramnion. The other twin had normal ultrasound appearance. Delivery on week 29 of gestation resulted in the birth of two females, a stillborn twin with karyotype 45,XX,-13/46,XX,r(13) and a healthy twin with normal karyotype.
the discordance in the twins' karyotypes originated from a mosaic embryo. Structural chromosomal abnormality of the affected twin could not be revealed using standard PGS investigation. Embryo splitting occurred probably due to apoptotic process in an early stage of embryo development. Apoptosis represents one of the possible mechanisms which can explain the embryo twinning process globally.
Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics 11/2010; 27(11):649-55. · 1.82 Impact Factor