To investigate the biological activity of a novel 24-membered macrolide compound, JBIR-19, isolated from the culture broth of the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium sp. fE61, morphological changes in yeast cells were examined using the automated image-processing program CalMorph. Principal components analysis was used to elucidate dynamic changes in the phenotypes, revealing two independent effects of JBIR-19 in yeast cells: bud elongation and increased size of the actin region. Using a fitness assay, we identified the genes required for robust growth in the presence of JBIR-19. Among these were CCW12, YLR111W, and DHH1, which are also involved in abnormal bud morphology. Based on these results and others, we predict intracellular targets of JBIR-19 and its functional interactions.
FEMS Yeast Research 11/2011; 12(3):293-304. DOI:10.1111/j.1567-1364.2011.00770.x · 2.44 Impact Factor