C P Hovendal

Odense University Hospital, Odense, South Denmark, Denmark

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Publications (36)64.85 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Accurate lymph node staging is essential for the selection of an optimal treatment in patients with upper gastrointestinal cancer. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) and fine-needle aspiration (FNA) are considered to be the most accurate method for locoregional staging. Endoscopic sonoelastography (ESE) assesses the elasticity of lymph nodes and has been used to differentiate lymph nodes with promising results. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of EUS, EUS - FNA, ESE, and ESE-strain ratio using histology as the gold standard. Patients with upper gastrointestinal cancer who were referred for EUS examination were enrolled if surgical treatment was planned and the patient had a lymph node that was accessible for EUS - FNA and EUS-guided fine-needle marking (FNM). The lymph node was classified using EUS, ESE, and ESE-strain ratio. Finally, EUS - FNA and EUS - FNM were performed. The marked lymph node was isolated during surgery for histological examination. The marked lymph node was isolated for separate histological examination in 56 patients, of whom 22 (39 %) had malignant lymph nodes and 34 (61 %) had benign lymph nodes. There were no complications of EUS - FNM. The sensitivity of EUS for differentiation between malignant and benign lymph nodes was 86 % compared with 55 % - 59 % for the different ESE modalities. The specificity of EUS was 71 % compared with 82 % - 85 % using ESE modalities. The use of the EUS - FNM technique enabled the identification of a specific lymph node and thereby the use of histology as gold standard. ESE and ESE-strain ratio were no better than standard EUS in differentiating between malignant and benign lymph nodes in patients with resectable upper gastrointestinal cancer.
    Endoscopy 07/2012; 44(8):759-66. · 5.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI) is a rare and heterogeneous disease with a challenging diagnostic process and a need of individualised treatment of each patient. In severe, neonatal or infant CHI, differentiation between the focal and diffuse form by rapid genetics, 18F-fluoro-L-dihydroxyphenylalanine positron emission tomography/computed tomography and peroperative microscopy of frozen section allows surgeons to resect the focal lesion instead of performing subtotal pancreatectomy. Milder CHI, sometimes difficult to diagnose, is treated conservatively. In spite of all improvements, cerebral complications are still frequently seen.
    Ugeskrift for laeger 11/2011; 173(47):3020-5.
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    ABSTRACT: The combination of endoscopic and laparoscopic ultrasonography (EUS-LUS) is accurate for resectability assessment of patients with upper gastrointestinal cancer (UGIC). But neither the ability of EUS/LUS to predict long-term prognosis nor the potential impact on patient survival using this selection strategy has been investigated. This prospective, single-center study evaluated whether pretherapeutic EUS-LUS stratification related to the prognosis in UGIC patients and whether patient selection by this strategy provided a prognostic outcome comparable with survival data from the literature. Each patient had a pretherapeutic tumor node metastasis (TNM) stage and a resectability assessment assigned based on EUS-LUS findings. Survival curves were constructed and compared for each of the EUS-LUS TNM stage and resectability groups at the end of the observation period. Finally, the R0 resection rate, median, and 5-year survival rates were compared with the literature. This study enrolled 936 consecutive patients with esophageal (n = 256), gastric (n = 273), or pancreatic (n = 407) cancer. A statistically significant survival difference (p < 0.01) between the different TNM stages and resectability groups predicted by EUS-LUS was observed regardless of the cancer type. The poor prognosis for the patients with irresectable or disseminated UGIC was accurately predicted by EUS and LUS. The R0 resection rate as well as the median and 5-year survival rates were comparable with data from the literature. The pretherapeutic EUS-LUS patient stratification related significantly to the final prognosis for UGIC patients. An EUS-LUS-based patient selection strategy seemed to provide a prognostic outcome similar to data from computed tomography (CT)-based populations.
    Surgical Endoscopy 03/2011; 25(3):804-12. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: No previous studies have evaluated the ability of endoscopic ultrasonography to describe the anatomic location of lymph nodes on the basis of a node-to-node comparison. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and safety of a new endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided fine-needle technique for marking lymph nodes. Twenty-five patients with suspected or confirmed malignancies of the upper gastrointestinal tract were prospectively included. EUS-guided fine-needle marking (EUS-FNM) was performed with a silver pin with a diameter that allowed it to fit into a 19-gauge needle. The position of the pin was verified by EUS. End points were the ability to identify and isolate the marked lymph node during surgery and a comparison between the location of the pin as suggested by EUS and the actual location found in the resected specimen. Twenty-three lymph nodes were marked. Nineteen intended surgical isolations were performed. The lymph nodes were isolated in the resection specimens in 18 patients (95 %). In 2 out of 20 cases the pin was not localized by laparoscopic ultrasonography. In 89 % of the cases the marked lymph node was in the same location as described by EUS. One pin (5 %) was not retrieved. In three cases, a small hematoma was observed. There was no sign of long-term complications. EUS-FNM with a silver pin in lymph nodes is feasible and safe. EUS-FNM seems to be a suitable tool for evaluating lymph nodes on the basis of a node-to-node comparison.
    Endoscopy 12/2009; 42(2):133-7. · 5.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Treatment of patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer remains a challenge, and the exact role of surgery with vascular resection remains unclear. Several studies on selected patient populations have addressed the problem, but with varying results. Although venous resection may be performed without increased morbidity and mortality, the majority of studies found no improved long-term survival when compared to oncological treatment.
    Ugeskrift for laeger 11/2009; 171(46):3360-2.
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    ABSTRACT: Noninvasive pretherapeutic staging may be supplemented with laparoscopy and laparoscopic ultrasonography (LUS) in order to detect minute liver metastases, carcinosis or other signs of nonresectable or disseminated disease in patients with upper gastrointestinal tract cancer (UGIC). The aim of this study was to evaluate the use, potential clinical gain, and safety profile of LUS-guided biopsy in patients with UGIC. A prospective consecutive study on LUS-guided biopsy in patients referred with UGIC between May 2007 and May 2008 was carried out. Previous noninvasive imaging methods had found no signs of disseminated disease. Laparoscopic or LUS-guided biopsies were only performed if a malignant result would change patient management. Two hundred and nine patients entered the study and, based on predefined biopsy indications, laparoscopy and LUS-guided biopsies changed patient management in a total of 27.3% (54/198) of the patients with a final malignant diagnosis. There were no complications. Liver and pancreas were the main target areas for LUS-guided biopsies, and more than half of the biopsies (55%) were taken from the primary tumor where other modalities had failed to obtain proof of malignancy. Twenty-six percent of biopsies were taken from a suspected metastatic lesion not seen before, whereas 19% were taken from previously suspected metastases where other imaging modalities had failed to obtain proof of malignancy. LUS-guided biopsy is a safe procedure which in combination with laparoscopic biopsies had an impact on patient management in one-quarter of UGIC patients.
    Surgical Endoscopy 05/2009; 23(12):2738-42. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cancer in the upper gastrointestinal tract has a poor prognosis and the best results are obtained by the few resectable patients. Earlier studies indicated that Danish survival might be inferior to that of other Scandinavian countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term survival after curative resections for these patients. All patients referred for treatment of cancer of the oesophagus, stomach or pancreas were prospectively included. Data were registered with regard to pre-therapeutic examination and operative results. Deceased patients were found by comparison with the Danish Central Personal Register in January 2007. A total of 398 patients were included, of whom 164 were found to be possibly resectable. In total 118 (30%) patients underwent complete surgical resection. The median survival period for patients with oesophageal cancer, stomach cancer and pancreatic cancer was: 22.7 months (18.7-39.4), above 36 months and 31.4 months (19.2-) respectively. The observed 3-year survival was 40% (26-53), 56% (38-71) and 47% (31-62). The estimated 5-year survival was 35% (22-48), 56% (39-72), 43% (27-59). The observed long-term survival was comparable to international results. However, only one third of the patients were eligible for complete surgical resection. It is therefore important to establish a close cooperation between surgeons and oncologist to improve the overall survival for this group of patients.
    Ugeskrift for laeger 01/2009; 170(49):4040-4.
  • Ugeskrift for laeger 01/2009;
  • Dagens Medicin. 01/2009;
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    ABSTRACT: This study was designed to clarify whether a part of the variability in gastric emptying could be ascribed to a relationship between meal ingestion and phase activity of the migrating motor complex and whether reproducibility is increased when meal ingestion takes place in relation to preselected characteristics of the migrating motor complex. We examined 12 healthy males, and the design included three examinations, twice with meal ingestion in a duodenal Phase I, and once in a Phase II. The meal consisted of an omelette labelled with 99mTc followed by 150 ml water labelled with 111In. The results showed that liquid lag phase (min) and was significantly shorter in Phase II than in Phase I (1 vs. 4, P = 0.007). The half emptying time of solid linear phase (min) was reproduced with nearly identical median and range values in the three series (I[1]: 67[51–87]; I[2]: 63[47–80]; 61[47–76]). With meal ingestion in Phase I a significant difference between inter- and intra-individual variance could not be demonstrated. With meal ingestion in Phase I a second examination in Phase I did not increase reproducibility of any of the variables compared to a second examination in Phase II. In conclusion, scientific investigations on gastric emptying have to be performed with phase related meal ingestion and a double-radionuclide technique.
    Neurogastroenterology and Motility 06/2008; 5(4):233 - 238. · 2.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The relationship between the migrating motor complex (MMC) and the enterohepatic circulation was studied in 16 healthy young male volunteers using a combined technique of continuous pressure recording from the gastroduodenal region and scintigraphy with 75Se-homo-cholic-acid-taurine (75Se-HCAT). In nine subjects (group 1) the radioactive marker was instilled in the duodenum immediately before a phase III complex of the MMC, and in seven subjects (group 2) in early phase II. In group 1, the gallbladder was visualized by scintigraphy at a median time of 45 (27–90) minutes after instillation of 75Se-HCAT. Median time for peak radioactivity in distal small intestine and in peripheral blood was 63 (36–144) minutes and 90 (63–135) minutes, respectively. The corresponding figures in group 2 were 108 (81–117), 117 (81–162), and 153 (117–180) minutes. The differences between the median values in the two groups were significant (p < 0.05). The present results demonstrate the importance of phase III in the transport of bile through the small intestine. In addition, they support the contention of jejunal absorption of cholic-acid-taurine.
    Neurogastroenterology and Motility 06/2008; 3(1):1 - 4. · 2.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In severe, medically unresponsive congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI), the histological differentiation of focal versus diffuse disease is vital, since the surgical management is completely different. Genetic analysis may help in the differential diagnosis, as focal CHI is associated with a paternal germline ABCC8 or KCNJ11 mutation and a focal loss of maternal chromosome 11p15, whereas a maternal mutation, or homozygous/compound heterozygous ABCC8 and KCNJ11 mutations predict diffuse-type disease. However, genotyping usually takes too long to be helpful in the absence of a founder mutation. In 4 patients, a rapid genetic analysis of the ABBC8 and KCNJ11 genes was performed within 2 weeks on request prior to the decision of pancreatic surgery. Two patients had no mutations, rendering the genetic analysis non-informative. Peroperative multiple biopsies showed diffuse disease. One patient had a paternal KCNJ11 mutation and focal disease confirmed by positron emission tomography scan and biopsies. One patient had a de novo heterozygous ABBC8 mutation and unexplained diffuse disease confirmed by positron emission tomography scan and biopsies. A rapid analysis of the entire ABBC8 and KCNJ11 genes should not stand alone in the preoperative assessment of patients with CHI, except for the case of maternal, or homozygous/compound heterozygous disease-causing mutations.
    Hormone Research 02/2007; 67(4):184-8. · 2.48 Impact Factor
  • Vania G Helbo Jensen, Claus Peter Hovendal, Jens Karstoft
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    ABSTRACT: A case of colocolonic invagination is presented. The mass was palpated preoperatively and diagnosed by barium enema X-ray and ultrasound. Operation confirmed the diagnosis and demonstrated a coecum tumor. The patient was treated successfully with a right hemicolectomy.
    Ugeskrift for laeger 10/2006; 168(38):3228-9.
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    Anne Vibeke Wewer, Claus Peter Hovendal, Anders Paerregaard
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    ABSTRACT: Children of all ages may develop gallstones. Ultrasonography is the diagnostic method of choice if gallstones are suspected. In children having gallstones diagnosed as a result of ultrasonography carried out due to different indication expectant treatment is recommended. Children presenting with typical clinical signs of gallstone colic need an operation. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the recommended choice, as data are lacking on the risk of recurrence of gallstones after cholecystolithotomy. Postoperative complications are few in otherwise healthy children.
    Ugeskrift for laeger 07/2005; 167(24):2625-6.
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    ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic ultrasound is an important modality in the staging of gastrointestinal tumors. Correct staging depends on good spatial understanding of the regional tumor infiltration. Three-dimensional (3D) models may facilitate the evaluation of tumor infiltration. The aim of the study was to perform a volumetric test and a clinical feasibility test of a new 3D method using standard laparoscopic ultrasound equipment. Three-dimensional models were reconstructed from a series of two-dimensional ultrasound images using either electromagnetic tracking or a new 3D method. The volumetric accuracy of the new method was tested ex vivo, and the clinical feasibility was tested on a small series of patients. Both electromagnetic tracked reconstructions and the new 3D method gave good volumetric information with no significant difference. Clinical use of the new 3D method showed accurate models comparable to findings at surgery and pathology. The use of the new 3D method is technically feasible, and its volumetrically, accurate compared to 3D with electromagnetic tracking.
    Surgical Endoscopy 12/2004; 18(11):1601-4. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To compare healing of one-layer colonic anastomoses with or without a soluble intraluminal prosthesis (* SBS-tube). Randomised, partly blinded controlled study. University hospital, Denmark. 16 female Danish country strain pigs, of which 8 had the SBS tube inserted and 8 acted as controls. One-layer colonic anastomoses either hand-sewn (n = 8, controls) or hand-sewn onto an SBS tube (n = 8). Macroscopic evaluation, leakage test, breaking strength, histology, oxygen tension in and near the anastomosis peroperatively and 4 days postoperatively. Three quarters of the tubes (n = 8) dissolved in less than 2 hours. Histological examination showed significantly better structured layers and more mucosal epithelial covering in the SBS group. The other histological variables examined were: tissue gap (p < 0.08), inflammation (p < 0.10), breaking strength (p < 0.46) and amount of granulation tissue (p < 0.71), but the last findings were not significant. Oxygen tension at the anastomotic line was better in the SBS tube group, but not significantly so. We conclude that the SBS tube facilitates the sewing of the anastomosis and may improve healing, possibly because of better apposition of the cut ends and reduced tension in the sutures.
    The European Journal of Surgery 01/2002; 168(3):165-71.
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    ABSTRACT: Extended lymphadenectomy on connection with the surgical treatment of gastric cancer is gaining access in western centres especially since Japanese centres have shown an ever increasing rate of survival over several decades, coupled with the fact that operative procedures have become more sophisticated. The latest prospective studies in the west seem to confirm the value of lymphadenectomy in some patients. Furthermore, correct staging demands extended lymphadenectomy. For patients with gastric cancer, adjuvant preoperative chemotherapy is probably an asset.
    Ugeskrift for laeger 03/2001; 163(9):1247-50.
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    ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic ultrasound (LUS) is widely used in the staging of upper gastrointestinal malignancies. However, accurate N-staging and pathological confirmation of metastases have proved difficult. A new four-way laparoscopic ultrasound probe has been developed. The probe has a biopsy attachment with a needle guide for a flexible tru-cut needle or an aspiration needle. It is now possible to take real-time laparoscopic ultrasound guided biopsies. Furthermore, there is a possibility for interventionel LUS with tumor destruction, celiac plexus neurolysis, and cyst aspiration. In this short technical note, the equipment and the technique are described.
    Surgical Endoscopy 10/2000; 14(9):867-9. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic ultrasonography (LUS) is an imaging modality that combines laparoscopy and ultrasonography. The purpose of this prospective blinded study was to evaluate the TNM stage and assessment of resectability by LUS in patients with pancreatic cancer. Of the 71 consecutive patients admitted to our department, 36 were excluded from the study, mainly due to evident signs of metastatic disease or another condition that would preclude surgery. Thus, a total of 35 patients were enrolled in the study. All patients underwent abdominal CT scan, ultrasonography, endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS), diagnostic laparoscopy, and LUS. Histopathologic examination was considered to be the final evaluation for LUS in all but three patients, where EUS was used as the reference. The accuracy of LUS in T staging was 29/33 (80%); in N staging it was 22/34 (76%); in M staging, it was 23/34 (68%); and in overall TNM staging, it was 23/34 (68%). In assessment of nonresectability, distant metastases, and lymph node metastases, the sensitivity was 0.86, 0.43 and 0.67, respectively, for LUS alone. Combining the information gleaned from laparoscopy and LUS, the accuracy in finding nonresectable tumors was 89%. Diagnostic laparoscopy with LUS is highly accurate in TNM staging and assessment of resectability of pancreatic cancer and should be considered an important modality in the assessment algorithm.
    Surgical Endoscopy 11/1999; 13(10):967-71. · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Laparoscopic ultrasonography (LUS) is a method that can be useful in the staging of upper gastrointestinal cancer. Dedicated transducers are available, and preliminary studies have proposed indications for the use of LUS staging of hepatic, esophageal, gastric, and pancreatic cancer disease. In the staging and resectability assessment of upper gastrointestinal cancer LUS seems to provide important additional information thus avoiding futile laparotomies in non-resectable patients. This short review summarizes some of the most relevant references concerning the use of LUS in upper gastrointestinal tract cancer.
    European Journal of Ultrasound 06/1999; 9(2):177-84.