[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective. We have analyzed social and leadership abilities in children with ADHD and their relationship with execution of tasks involving sustained attention and inhibitory control. Patients and methods. A retrospective analysis of 170 patients with ADHD was performed. We evaluated leadership and social abilities, measured through the Behavior Assessment System for Children (BASC) and their relations with the results of different neuropsychological tests, including Wechsler scale for children (WISC-IV) and Conners´ continuous performance (CPT II). Results. In the differential analysis between the IQ, results of the tests and their relation to BASC scores, a statistically significant relation was observed between attentional capacity expected according to the patient’s intelligence and social skills scores (according to BASC filled out by mothers and teachers) and leadership (according to all informants) sections. Conclusiones. Attentional difficulties are closely related to social competence in patients with ADHD, either by a direct cause-effect relationship or a shared dysexecutive substrate of this disorder. Key words: BASC, CPT-II, Social Skills, Leadership, ADHD, Attention Defi cit/Hyperactivity Disorder, WISC-IV.
Actas espanolas de psiquiatria 05/2012; 40(3):136-46. · 0.76 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Numerous studies have documented that children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) show a low social competence.
To compare the symptomatic severity of ADHD, as well as associations to different subtypes, sex and comorbidities, with social functioning ("ability" and "leadership") estimated through a Behavior Assessment System for Children (BASC) for parents and teachers.
We have retrospectively analyzed 170 patients with ADHD, diagnosed between 2007 and 2010. Social "ability," "leadership," "hyperactivity" and "attention deficit" sections of BASC and cardinal symptoms of ADHD measured through a Spanish scale for de evaluation of DHD (E-DHD) were registered. Results of these variables are analyzed according to the normative data by age and sex, and processed in Z values.
The ratings for social skills were significantly lower in patients with conduct disorder or oppositional defiant disorder as informed by parents (p<0.05). Symptomatic intensity of ADHD showed significant (p<0,001) and inverse relation with social "ability" as parents. "Attention-deficit" scores were related with social "ability" and "leadership" as parents and teachers.
Intensity of attention deficit was the only variable that showed a significant relation with the social skills and leadership according to the BASC scores, independently of the informer.
Actas espanolas de psiquiatria 11/2011; 39(6):339-48. · 0.76 Impact Factor