Seong Uk Yu

Pohang University of Science and Technology, Andong, North Gyeongsang, South Korea

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Publications (5)47.56 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Although line defects such as grain boundaries (GBs) and wrinkles are unavoidable in graphene, difficulties in identification preclude studying their impact on electronic and mechanical properties. As previous methods focus on a single type of line defects, simultaneous measurements of both GBs and wrinkles with detailed structural information have not been reported. Here, we introduce effective visualization of both line defects by controlled gold deposition. Upon depositing gold on graphene, single lines and double lines of gold nanoparticles (NPs) are formed along GBs and wrinkles, respectively. Moreover, it is possible to analyze whether a GB is stitched or overlapped, whether a wrinkle is standing or folded, and the width of the standing collapsed wrinkle. Theoretical calculations show that the characteristic morphology of gold NPs is due to distinct binding energies of line defects, which are correlated to disrupting diffusion of NPs. Our approach could be further exploited to investigate the defect structures of other two-dimensional materials.
    ACS Nano 08/2014; · 12.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We employed graphene as a patternable template to protect the intrinsic surface states of thin films of topological insulators (TIs) from environment. Here we find that the graphene provides high-quality interface so that the Shubnikov de Haas (SdH) oscillation associated with a topological surface state could be observed at the interface of a metallic Bi2Se3 film with a carrier density higher than ~10(19) cm(-3). Our in-situ x-ray diffraction study shows that the Bi2Se3 film grows epitaxially in a quintuple layer-by-layer fashion from the bottom layer without any structural distortion by interfacial strain. The magnetotransport measurements including SdH oscillations stemming from multiple conductance channels reveal that the topological surface state, with the mobility as high as ~0.5 m(2)/Vs, remains intact from the graphene underneath without degradation. Given that the graphene was pre-patterned on arbitrary insulating substrates, the TI-based microelectronic design could be exploited. Our study thus provides a step forward to observe the topological surface states at the interface without degradation by tuning the interface between TI and graphene into a measurable current for device application.
    ACS Nano 01/2014; · 12.03 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Highly adhesive properties of graphene grain boundaries to permanganate lead to a very quick, easy and convenient method to visualize the grain boundaries simply using an optical microscope, which would be vital to improve specific properties of graphene.
    Chemical Communications 05/2013; · 6.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Macrocycles based on neutral calixarenes and calixpyrroles have been extensively explored for ion binding, molecular assembly and related applications. Given that only these two types of calix compounds and their analogs are available, the introduction of new forms of widely usable calix macrocycles is an outstanding challenge. Here we report the quadruply/quintuply charged imidazole-based homo-calix compounds, calix[4/5]imidazolium. The noncovalent (C-H)(+)/π(+)-anion interactions of the imidazolium rings with anions inside and outside the cone are the stabilizing factors for crystal packing, resulting in self-assembled arrays of cone-shaped calix-imidazolium molecules. Calix[4]imidazolium senses fluoride selectively even in aqueous solutions. Calix[5]imidazolium recognizes neutral fullerenes through π(+)-π interactions and makes them soluble in water, which could be useful in fullerene chemistry. Not only derivatization and ring expansion of calix[n]imidazolium, but also their utilization in ionic liquids, carbene chemistry and nanographite/graphene exfoliation could be exploited.
    Nature Communications 01/2013; 4:1797. · 10.74 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: N-doped porous carbon produced via chemical activation of polypyrrole functionalized graphene sheets shows selective adsorption of CO(2) (4.3 mmol g(-1)) over N(2) (0.27 mmol g(-1)) at 298 K. The potential for large scale production and facile regeneration makes this material useful for industrial applications.
    Chemical Communications 11/2011; 48(5):735-7. · 6.38 Impact Factor