ABSTRACT: Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are characterized by proliferation and apoptosis of bone marrow cells. Minichromosome maintenance protein (MCM) 2, which is known to be essential for regulating DNA replication, has proven to have a pro-apoptotic effect in our recent study. Thus, to determine the role of MCM2 in MDS, real-time PCR, immunohistochemistry and in vitro analysis were performed. Our results showed higher MCM2 expression in MDS than in control and AML. Notably, there was no correlation between MCM2 and Ki67-labeling indices (LIs) in MDS, while MCM2 LIs were significantly correlated with cleaved caspase 3 LIs in MDS. In vitro analysis revealed that MCM2 overexpression induced apoptosis in HL60 cells. Furthermore, MDS bone marrow exhibited higher ratio of MCM2 and cleaved caspase 3 double-positive cells and the ratio was correlated with the degree of leukocytopenia. These results suggest that the up-regulated expression of MCM2 is associated with frequent apoptosis in MDS and may have an important role in the pathogenesis of MDS.
Experimental and Molecular Pathology 11/2011; 92(1):160-6. · 2.42 Impact Factor