Bénédicte Stengel

Université du Droit et de la Santé Lille 2, Lille, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France

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Publications (129)582.44 Total impact

  • Jean-Marc Chillon · Ziad A. Massy · Bénédicte Stengel ·

    Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 09/2015; DOI:10.1093/ndt/gfv315 · 3.58 Impact Factor

  • J. Kaboré · M. Metzger · C. Helmer · Z.A. Massy · B. Stengel ·

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    ABSTRACT: Many publications report the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the general population. Comparisons across studies are hampered as CKD prevalence estimations are influenced by study population characteristics and laboratory methods. For this systematic review, two researchers independently searched PubMed, MEDLINE and EMBASE to identify all original research articles that were published between 1 January 2003 and 1 November 2014 reporting the prevalence of CKD in the European adult general population. Data on study methodology and reporting of CKD prevalence results were independently extracted by two researchers. We identified 82 eligible publications and included 48 publications of individual studies for the data extraction. There was considerable variation in population sample selection. The majority of studies did not report the sampling frame used, and the response ranged from 10 to 87%. With regard to the assessment of kidney function, 67% used a Jaffe assay, whereas 13% used the enzymatic assay for creatinine determination. Isotope dilution mass spectrometry calibration was used in 29%. The CKD-EPI (52%) and MDRD (75%) equations were most often used to estimate glomerular filtration rate (GFR). CKD was defined as estimated GFR (eGFR) <60 mL/min/1.73 m(2) in 92% of studies. Urinary markers of CKD were assessed in 60% of the studies. CKD prevalence was reported by sex and age strata in 54 and 50% of the studies, respectively. In publications with a primary objective of reporting CKD prevalence, 39% reported a 95% confidence interval. The findings from this systematic review showed considerable variation in methods for sampling the general population and assessment of kidney function across studies reporting CKD prevalence. These results are utilized to provide recommendations to help optimize both the design and the reporting of future CKD prevalence studies, which will enhance comparability of study results. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of ERA-EDTA.
    Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 08/2015; 30(suppl 4):iv6-iv16. DOI:10.1093/ndt/gfv131 · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Acetate-free dialysis (AFD) improves haemodynamic stability during dialysis, compared with standard haemodialysis (HD) with a small amount of acetic acid. Using the national REIN registry, we classified 15 160 incident patients who started HD from 2008 to 2010 into three exposure categories according to the type of dialysate used in their dialysis unit: standard dialysate only (reference), both standard and AFD (mixed unit) or HCl dialysate only (100% HCl unit). Cox survival analysis was adjusted for 15 baseline comorbidities, laboratory data and haemodiafiltration (HDF). We took patient clustering within units into account, used age as the time scale and treated patient exposure to AFD and to HDF as time-dependent variables. Median age (interquartile range) was 70.5 years (58.1-78.8). Over a median follow-up of 1.8 years (1.2-2.6), 658 patients were dialysed in a 100% HCl unit, 3021 in a mixed unit and 11 481 were never exposed to AFD. The relation between AFD and mortality was not constant with age (Schoenfeld residuals test P = 0.01 for mixed group and P = 0.03 for 100%HCl group). Patients older than 70 years had a significantly lower mortality risk associated with AFD [hazard ratio (HR) = 0.79, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.67 to 0.94 for patients exposed in a 100% HCl unit; HR = 0.83, 95% CI = 0.74 to 0.94 for patients exposed in a mixed unit], but no association was found in younger patients. AFD was associated with improved survival independent of comorbidities and HDF in patients aged 70 years and older but not in patient younger than 70 years. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of ERA-EDTA. All rights reserved.
    Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 06/2015; 30(9). DOI:10.1093/ndt/gfv248 · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) is used to diagnose diabetes mellitus (DM) and guide its management. The association between higher HbA1c and progression to ESRD and mortality has been demonstrated in populations with DM. This study examined the association between HbA1c and these end points in a population with CKD and without DM. In the hospital-based NephroTest cohort study, measured GFR (mGFR) was taken by (51)Cr-EDTA renal clearance and HbA1c in 1165 adults with nondialysis CKD stages 1-5 and without DM between January 2000 and December 2010. The median follow-up was 3.48 years (interquartile range, 1.94-5.82) for the competing events of ESRD and pre-ESRD mortality. Time-fixed and time-dependent Cox models were used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) for ESRD and mortality according to HbA1c, treated continuously or in tertiles. At inclusion, the mean mGFR was 42.2±19.9 ml/min per 1.73 m(2), and the mean HbA1c value was 5.5%±0.5%. During follow-up, 109 patients died, and 162 patients reached ESRD. Pre-ESRD mortality was significantly associated with HbA1c treated continuously: for every 1% higher HbA1c, the crude HR was 2.16 (95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.27 to 3.68), and it was 1.85 (95% CI, 1.05 to 3.24) after adjustment for mGFR and other risk factors of death. After excluding incident diabetes over time, the updated mean of HbA1c remained significantly associated with higher mortality risk: adjusted HR for the highest (5.7%-6.4%) versus the lowest tertile (<5.3%) was 2.62 (95% CI, 1.16 to 5.91). There was no association with ESRD risk after adjustment for risk factors of CKD progression. In a CKD cohort, HbA1c values in the prediabetes range are associated with mortality. Such values should be therefore included among the risk factors for negative outcomes in CKD populations. Copyright © 2015 by the American Society of Nephrology.
    Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 05/2015; 10(6). DOI:10.2215/CJN.08540814 · 4.61 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a serious global public health problem. We aimed to quantify the risk of AKI associated with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), albuminuria (albumin-creatinine ratio [ACR]), age, sex, and race (African American and white). Collaborative meta-analysis. 8 general-population cohorts (1,285,049 participants) and 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD) cohorts (79,519 participants). Available eGFR, ACR, and 50 or more AKI events. Age, sex, race, eGFR, urine ACR, and interactions. Hospitalized with or for AKI, using Cox proportional hazards models to estimate HRs of AKI and random-effects meta-analysis to pool results. 16,480 (1.3%) general-population cohort participants had AKI over a mean follow-up of 4 years; 2,087 (2.6%) CKD participants had AKI over a mean follow-up of 1 year. Lower eGFR and higher ACR were strongly associated with AKI. Compared with eGFR of 80mL/min/1.73m(2), the adjusted HR of AKI at eGFR of 45mL/min/1.73m(2) was 3.35 (95% CI, 2.75-4.07). Compared with ACR of 5mg/g, the risk of AKI at ACR of 300mg/g was 2.73 (95% CI, 2.18-3.43). Older age was associated with higher risk of AKI, but this effect was attenuated with lower eGFR or higher ACR. Male sex was associated with higher risk of AKI, with a slight attenuation in lower eGFR but not in higher ACR. African Americans had higher AKI risk at higher levels of eGFR and most levels of ACR. Only 2 general-population cohorts could contribute to analyses by race; AKI identified by diagnostic code. Reduced eGFR and increased ACR are consistent strong risk factors for AKI, whereas associations of AKI with age, sex, and race may be weaker in more advanced stages of CKD. Copyright © 2015 National Kidney Foundation, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    American Journal of Kidney Diseases 05/2015; 66(4). DOI:10.1053/j.ajkd.2015.02.337 · 5.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Muscle wasting predicts mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), but its role in the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is uncertain. We studied CKD outcomes associated with low muscle mass, assessed by urinary creatinine excretion (UCr). The NephroTest cohort included 1429 patients with CKD stages 1-4 and both measured glomerular filtration rate (mGFR) (by (51)Cr-EDTA) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) (by CKD-Epidemiology Collaboration equation). We used cause-specific Cox models to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) for the competing risks of ESRD and death associated with gender-specific UCr quartiles. UCr was 13.6 ± 3.2 mmol/24 h (0.17 ± 0.05 mmol/kg/24 h) in men and 9.2 ± 2.1 (0.14 ± 0.05) in women. It was positively associated with mGFR, but not with eGFR. Over a median follow-up of 3.6 (2.1-5.8) years, 229 patients developed ESRD and 113 patients died before ESRD. Compared with patients in the highest UCr quartile, those in the lowest quartile had a higher crude HR (95% confidence interval) for pre-ESRD death: 4.3 (2.4-7.7), which was weakened, but remained statistically significant, independent of demographics, mGFR and several other factors: 2.1 (1.04-4.3). Their crude ESRD risk was not higher: HR: 0.95 (0.65-1.4), and even tended to be lower after adjusting for mGFR and log-proteinuria: HR: 0.70 (0.45-1.1). Adjustment for eGFR instead of mGFR reversed this relationship: HR: 1.7 (1.1-2.7). In early stage CKD, low UCr is associated with higher risk for mortality, but not for ESRD. Using creatinine-based equation to adjust for GFR may bias the relationship of UCr with ESRD risk. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of ERA-EDTA. All rights reserved.
    Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation 03/2015; DOI:10.1093/ndt/gfv047 · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent studies suggest that alkalinizing treatments improve the course of chronic kidney disease (CKD), even in patients without overt metabolic acidosis. Here, we tested whether a decreased ability in excreting urinary acid rather than overt metabolic acidosis may be deleterious to the course of CKD. We studied the associations between baseline venous total CO2 concentration or urinary ammonia excretion and long-term CKD outcomes in 1065 patients of the NephroTest cohort with CKD stages 1-4. All patients had measured glomerular filtration rate (mGFR) by (51)Cr-EDTA renal clearance. Median mGFR at baseline was 37.6 ml/min per 1.73 m(2). Urinary ammonia excretion decreased with GFR, whereas net endogenous acid production did not. After a median follow-up of 4.3 years, 201 patients reached end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and 114 died before ESRD. Twenty-six percent of the patients had mGFR decline rate greater than 10% per year. Compared with patients in the highest tertile of urinary ammonia excretion, those in the lowest tertile had a significantly increased hazard ratio for ESRD, 1.82 (95% CI, 1.06-3.13), and a higher odds ratio of fast mGFR decline, 1.84 (0.98-3.48), independent of mGFR and other confounders. Patients in the lowest tertile of venous total CO2 had significantly increased risk of fast mGFR decline but not of ESRD. None of these biomarkers was associated with mortality. Thus, these results suggest that the inability to excrete the daily acid load is deleterious to renal outcomes.Kidney International advance online publication, 11 March 2015; doi:10.1038/ki.2015.52.
    Kidney International 03/2015; 88(1). DOI:10.1038/ki.2015.52 · 8.56 Impact Factor
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    Julie Boucquemont · Marie Metzger · Christian Combe · Bénédicte Stengel · Karen Leffondre ·
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    ABSTRACT: In studies investigating risk factors of chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression, one may be interested in estimating factors effects on both a fall of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) below a specific level (i.e., a CKD stage) and death. Such studies have to account for the fact that GFR is measured at intermittent visit only, which implies that progression to the stage of interest is unknown for patients who die before being observed at that stage. Our objective was to compare the results of an illness-death model that handles this uncertainty, with frequently used survival models. This study included 1,519 patients from the NephroTest cohort with CKD stages 1-4 at baseline (69% males, 59±15 years, median protein/creatinine ratio [PCR] 27.4 mg/mmol) and subsequent annual measures of GFR (follow-up time 4.3±2.7 years). Each model was used to estimate the effects of sex, age, PCR, and GFR at baseline on the hazards of progression to CKD stage 5 (GFR<15 mL/min/1.73 m2, n = 282 observed) and death (n = 168). For progression to stage 5, there were only minor differences between results from the different models. The differences between results were higher for the hazard of death before or after progression. Our results also suggest that previous findings on the effect of age on end-stage renal disease are more likely due to a strong impact of age on death than to an effect on progression. The probabilities of progression were systematically under-estimated with the survival model as compared with the illness-death model. This study illustrates the advantages of the illness-death model for accurately estimating the effects of risk factors on the hazard of progression and death, and probabilities of progression. It avoids the need to choose arbitrary time-to-event and time-to-censoring, while accounting for both interval censoring and competition by death, using a single analytical model.
    PLoS ONE 12/2014; 9(12):e114839. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0114839 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified multiple loci associated with cross-sectional eGFR, but a systematic genetic analysis of kidney function decline over time is missing. Here we conducted a GWAS meta-analysis among 63,558 participants of European descent, initially from 16 cohorts with serial kidney function measurements within the CKDGen Consortium, followed by independent replication among additional participants from 13 cohorts. In stage 1 GWAS meta-analysis, single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at MEOX2, GALNT11, IL1RAP, NPPA, HPCAL1, and CDH23 showed the strongest associations for at least one trait, in addition to the known UMOD locus, which showed genome-wide significance with an annual change in eGFR. In stage 2 meta-analysis, the significant association at UMOD was replicated. Associations at GALNT11 with Rapid Decline (annual eGFR decline of 3 ml/min per 1.73 m(2) or more), and CDH23 with eGFR change among those with CKD showed significant suggestive evidence of replication. Combined stage 1 and 2 meta-analyses showed significance for UMOD, GALNT11, and CDH23. Morpholino knockdowns of galnt11 and cdh23 in zebrafish embryos each had signs of severe edema 72 h after gentamicin treatment compared with controls, but no gross morphological renal abnormalities before gentamicin administration. Thus, our results suggest a role in the deterioration of kidney function for the loci GALNT11 and CDH23, and show that the UMOD locus is significantly associated with kidney function decline.Kidney International advance online publication, 10 December 2014; doi:10.1038/ki.2014.361.
    Kidney International 12/2014; DOI:10.1038/ki.2014.361 · 8.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background Little is known about muscle mass loss in early stage chronic kidney disease (CKD). We used 24-hour urinary creatinine excretion rate to assess determinants of muscle mass and its evolution with kidney function decline. We also described the range of urinary creatinine concentration in this population. Methods We included 1072 men and 537 women with non-dialysis CKD stages 1 to 5, all of them with repeated measurements of glomerular filtration rate (mGFR) by 51Cr-EDTA renal clearance and several nutritional markers. In those with stage 1 to 4 at baseline, we used a mixed model to study factors associated with urinary creatinine excretion rate and its change over time. Results Baseline mean urinary creatinine excretion decreased from 15.3±3.1 to 12.1±3.3 mmol/24 h (0.20±0.03 to 0.15±0.04 mmol/kg/24 h) in men, with mGFR falling from ≥60 to <15 mL/min/1.73 m2, and from 9.6±1.9 to 7.6±2.5 (0.16±0.03 to 0.12±0.03) in women. In addition to mGFR, an older age, diabetes, and lower levels of body mass index, proteinuria, and protein intake assessed by urinary urea were associated with lower mean urinary creatinine excretion at baseline. Mean annual decline in mGFR was 1.53±0.12 mL/min/1.73 m2 per year and that of urinary creatinine excretion rate, 0.28±0.02 mmol/24 h per year. Patients with fast annual decline in mGFR of 5 mL/min/1.73 m2 had a decrease in urinary creatinine excretion more than twice as big as in those with stable mGFR, independent of changes in urinary urea as well as of other determinants of low muscle mass. Conclusions Decrease in 24-hour urinary creatinine excretion rate may appear early in CKD patients, and is greater the more mGFR declines independent of lowering protein intake assessed by 24-hour urinary urea. Normalizing urine analytes for creatininuria may overestimate their concentration in patients with reduced kidney function and low muscle mass.
    PLoS ONE 11/2014; 9(11):e111949. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0111949 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Proteinuria and hyperphosphatemia are cardiovascular risk factors independent of GFR. We hypothesized that proteinuria induces relative phosphate retention via increased proximal tubule phosphate reabsorption. To test the clinical relevance of this hypothesis, we studied phosphate handling in nephrotic children and patients with CKD. Plasma fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23) concentration, plasma phosphate concentration, and tubular reabsorption of phosphate increased during the proteinuric phase compared with the remission phase in nephrotic children. Cross-sectional analysis of a cohort of 1738 patients with CKD showed that albuminuria≥300 mg/24 hours is predictive of higher phosphate levels, independent of GFR and other confounding factors. Albuminuric patients also displayed higher plasma FGF-23 and parathyroid hormone levels. To understand the molecular mechanisms underlying these observations, we induced glomerular proteinuria in two animal models. Rats with puromycin-aminonucleoside-induced nephrotic proteinuria displayed higher renal protein expression of the sodium-phosphate co-transporter NaPi-IIa, lower renal Klotho protein expression, and decreased phosphorylation of FGF receptor substrate 2α, a major FGF-23 receptor substrate. These findings were confirmed in transgenic mice that develop nephrotic-range proteinuria resulting from podocyte depletion. In vitro, albumin did not directly alter phosphate uptake in cultured proximal tubule OK cells. In conclusion, we show that proteinuria increases plasma phosphate concentration independent of GFR. This effect relies on increased proximal tubule NaPi-IIa expression secondary to decreased FGF-23 biologic activity. Proteinuria induces elevation of both plasma phosphate and FGF-23 concentrations, potentially contributing to cardiovascular disease.
    Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 10/2014; 26(7). DOI:10.1681/ASN.2014010104 · 9.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract We performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of IgA nephropathy (IgAN), the most common form of glomerulonephritis, with discovery and follow-up in 20,612 individuals of European and East Asian ancestry. We identified six new genome-wide significant associations, four in ITGAM-ITGAX, VAV3 and CARD9 and two new independent signals at HLA-DQB1 and DEFA. We replicated the nine previously reported signals, including known SNPs in the HLA-DQB1 and DEFA loci. The cumulative burden of risk alleles is strongly associated with age at disease onset. Most loci are either directly associated with risk of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) or maintenance of the intestinal epithelial barrier and response to mucosal pathogens. The geospatial distribution of risk alleles is highly suggestive of multi-locus adaptation, and genetic risk correlates strongly with variation in local pathogens, particularly helminth diversity, suggesting a possible role for host-intestinal pathogen interactions in shaping the genetic landscape of IgAN.
    Nature Genetics 10/2014; DOI:10.1038/ng.3118 · 29.35 Impact Factor
  • E. Tynkevich · M. Flamant · J.P. Haymann · B. Stengel ·
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction La perte de masse musculaire prédit la mortalité chez les patients dialysés, mais son rôle dans la progression de la maladie rénale chronique (MRC) est incertain. Nous avons étudié les liens entre la masse musculaire évaluée à partir de la créatininurie des 24 h et le risque de décès et d’insuffisance rénale terminale traitée (IRTT). Patients et méthodes Dans une cohorte prospective de 1429 patients avec une MRC stades 1 à 4, la créatininurie des 24 h et le débit de filtration glomérulaire (DFG) évalué par la clairance du 51Cr-EDTA ont été mesurés à l’inclusion. La créatininurie des 24 h a été étudiée en quartiles avec des seuils spécifiques par sexe : 11,3, 13,3, 15,5 mmol/24 h pour les hommes et 7,5, 9,0, 10,5 pour les femmes. Ses liens avec la mortalité et la survie rénale ont été analysés par modèle de Cox en ajustant sur un ensemble de facteurs de confusion. Résultats La créatininurie moyenne était de 13,6 ± 3,2 mmol/24 h (0,17 ± 0,05 mmol/kg/24 h) chez les hommes et de 9,2 ± 2,1 (0,14 ± 0,05) chez les femmes. Durant un suivi médian de 3,6 ans, 229 patients ont développé une IRTT, et 113 sont décédés avant IRTT. Après ajustement sur les facteurs démographiques, le DFG, la protéinurie, les facteurs de risque cardiovasculaire, les marqueurs nutritionnels et inflammatoires, le hazard ratio (HR) de mortalité était de 2,1 [1,02–4,3] pour le premier quartile de créatininurie comparé au 4e. Aucune association significative entre la créatininurie et le risque d’IRTT n’a été mise en évidence. Discussion et conclusion Chez les patients atteints de MRC, une excrétion urinaire faible de créatinine est associée à un accroissement de la mortalité, mais n’est pas liée à la progression vers l’IRTT.
    Néphrologie & Thérapeutique 09/2014; 10(5):268–269. DOI:10.1016/j.nephro.2014.07.321 · 0.40 Impact Factor
  • W. Yuan · M. Metzger · J.P. Haymann · J.J. Boffa · D. Fouque · B. Stengel ·
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    ABSTRACT: Objectif Évaluer les apports protéiques dans une cohorte hospitalière multicentrique de patients avec une MRC de stades 1 à 5 non dialysés, et étudier les relations entre ces apports et le risque d’insuffisance rénale terminale traitée (IRTT). Patients et méthodes Les apports en protéines ont été estimés à partir de l’azote uréique urinaire des 24 h (UUN) chez 1594 patients (formule de Maroni), et à partir d’enquêtes alimentaires sur 7 jours dans un sous-groupe de 784 patients. Les risques compétitifs d’IRTT et de mortalité avant dialyse sont étudiés chez 1412 patients avec un DFG mesuré par la clairance rénale du 51Cr-EDTA ≥ 15 mL/min/1,73 m2. Résultats DFG médian (IQR), 38,2 (26,6,53,4) mL/min/1,73 m2, âge moyen ± SD, 59 ± 15 ans et IMC, 26,6 ± 5,2 kg/m2. L’UUN est de 1,09 ± 0,30 g/kg de poids réel/jour sans différence significative par sexe ; dans le sous-groupe, il est de 1,13 ± 0,34 vs 1,12 ± 0,34 par l’enquête alimentaire. L’UUN diminue significativement de 1,18 ± 0,29 à 0,93 ± 0,26 avec la baisse du DFGm ≥ 60–< 15 mL/min/1,73 m2. Vingt pour cent des patients ont des apports protéiques > 1,3 g/kg/j et 14 % < 0,8. Après 3,5 ans de suivi médian, 224 IRTT et 117 décès pré-IRTT sont observés. Les hazard ratios ajustés d’IRTT associés à l’augmentation de 0,1 g/kg/j d’apport protéique sont de 1,08 (IC 95 %, 1,02–1,13) avec UUN et de 1,14 (1,07–1,20) avec l’enquête alimentaire. Il n’y avait pas d’association avec la mortalité pré-IRTT. Discussion et conclusion En dépit d’une nette diminution des apports protéiques avec la baisse du DFG, des consommations excessives restent fréquentes. Dans cette population, plus les apports protéiques sont faibles, plus le risque d’IRTT diminue, suggérant un effet bénéfique sur la progression de la MRC, sans augmentation apparente du risque de mortalité.
    Néphrologie & Thérapeutique 09/2014; 10(5):269. DOI:10.1016/j.nephro.2014.07.322 · 0.40 Impact Factor
  • J. Kaboré · M. Metzger · C. Helmer · Z.A. Massy · B. Stengel ·

  • J. Boucquemont · M. Metzger · C. Combe · B. Stengel · K. Leffondré ·
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction Lorsque l’on s’intéresse aux facteurs associés au passage du DFG sous un certain seuil, on sait seulement que ce passage s’est produit entre deux mesures consécutives du DFG. Cette incertitude sur le temps de passage complique les analyses statistiques, notamment en présence de risques compétitifs, quand certains patients décèdent ou sont perdus de vue pendant le suivi. Pour ces patients, il peut exister une incertitude sur le fait qu’il y ait eu ou non progression sous le seuil avant ces évènements. Notre objectif était de comparer les résultats d’un modèle statistique illness-death gérant cette incertitude par rapport à des modèles de survie standard habituellement utilisés dans la littérature. Matériels et méthodes Cette étude incluait 1519 patients aux stades 1 à 4 de la MRC (69 % d’hommes, 60 ± 15 ans, médiane du ratio protéinurie/créatininurie (PCR) 27,4 mg/mmol). Les effets du sexe, de l’âge, de la protéinurie, et du DFG mesuré à l’inclusion sur la survenue du stade 5 (DFG < 15 mL/min/1,73 m2 ; n = 282 transitions observées) et du décès (n = 168) ont été estimés avec les différents modèles. Résultats Des différences mineures ont été trouvées sur les estimations des effets des facteurs de risque sur la transition vers le stade 5 de la MRC dans les différents modèles. Les résultats concernant le décès dépendaient de la distinction ou non du passage par le stade 5 avant le décès. On observe par exemple un effet de la protéinurie sur le risque de décéder lorsqu’on ne prend pas en compte la transition vers le stade 5, avec un risque relatif (RR) de 1,3 (IC 95 % 1,1–1,5) pour une augmentation d’une unité du log PCR. Cet effet n’est pas retrouvé dans le modèle illness-death lorsqu’on distingue le décès avant la survenue du stade 5 (RR = 1,1 ; IC 95 % 0,9–1,4) et le décès après la survenue du stade 5 (RR = 1,2 ; IC 95 % 0,9–1,5). Discussion et conclusion Cette étude fournit des résultats rassurants par rapport à l’utilisation des modèles de survie standard lorsqu’on s’intéresse à l’association entre des facteurs de risque et la progression de la MRC, si ces facteurs de risque ne sont pas associés avec la survenue du décès. Elle montre cependant l’importance de distinguer le décès avant et après la transition vers le stade d’intérêt, afin de mieux identifier les facteurs agissant sur les transitions entre les stades de la MRC de ceux ayant un impact sur le décès.
    Néphrologie & Thérapeutique 09/2014; 10(5):267. DOI:10.1016/j.nephro.2014.07.318 · 0.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The metabolism of hepcidin is profoundly modified in chronic kidney disease (CKD). We investigated its relation to iron disorders, inflammation and hemoglobin (Hb) level in 199 non-dialyzed, non-transplanted patients with CKD stages 1-5. All had their glomerular filtration rate measured by 51Cr-EDTA renal clearance (mGFR), as well as measurements of iron markers including hepcidin and of erythropoietin (EPO). Hepcidin varied from 0.2 to 193 ng/mL. The median increased from 23.3 ng/mL [8.8-28.7] to 36.1 ng/mL [14.1-92.3] when mGFR decreased from ≥60 to <15 mL/min/1.73 m2 (p = 0.02). Patients with absolute iron deficiency (transferrin saturation (TSAT) <20% and ferritin <40 ng/mL) had the lowest hepcidin levels (5.0 ng/mL [0.7-11.7]), and those with a normal iron profile (TSAT ≥20% and ferritin ≥40), the highest (34.5 ng/mL [23.7-51.6]). In multivariate analysis, absolute iron deficiency was associated with lower hepcidin values, and inflammation combined with a normal or functional iron profile with higher values, independent of other determinants of hepcidin concentration, including EPO, mGFR, and albuminemia. The hepcidin level, although it rose overall when mGFR declined, collapsed in patients with absolute iron deficiency. There was a significant interaction with iron status in the association between Hb and hepcidin. Except in absolute iron deficiency, hepcidin's negative association with Hb level indicates that it is not down-regulated in CKD anemia.
    PLoS ONE 06/2014; 9(6):e99781. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0099781 · 3.23 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

3k Citations
582.44 Total Impact Points


  • 2014
    • Université du Droit et de la Santé Lille 2
      Lille, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
  • 2008-2014
    • Université Paris-Sud 11
      • Faculty of Medicine
      Orsay, Île-de-France, France
  • 1995-2014
    • French Institute of Health and Medical Research
      • Center for Research in Epidemiology and Population Health CESP
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2013
    • Hôpital Paul-Brousse – Hôpitaux universitaires Paris-Sud
      Villejuif, Île-de-France, France
    • Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nancy
      Nancy, Lorraine, France
  • 1990-2013
    • Unité Inserm U1077
      Caen, Lower Normandy, France
  • 2012
    • University of Amsterdam
      Amsterdamo, North Holland, Netherlands
    • Université René Descartes - Paris 5
      • Faculté de Médecine
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
    • Pierre and Marie Curie University - Paris 6
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2011
    • University of Bordeaux
      Burdeos, Aquitaine, France
  • 2009
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2006
    • INRS
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France