[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective: occult hepatitis B virus infection is characterized by the presence of the viral genome in serum and / or liver tissue samples but without surface antigen detection. The mechanisms of pathogenesis are not fully known. The purpose of this article is to discuss and describe the most important clinical, epidemiological and molecular aspects of this type of infection.
Methods: we performed a literature search in PUBMED database of original works and reviews of the subject published between 1979 and 2012. The search was performed using the keywords “occult HBV infection, epidemiology, clinical implications, mechanisms and outcome”. Relevant articles cited in the selected publications were also consulted.
Conclusions: the identification of cases of occult hepatitis B virus infection and the description of its prevalence is important in preventing transmission of the infection and the development of terminal hepatic diseases. The availability of sensitive and specific methods for the detection of viral genome has allowed us to explore the epidemiology. However, the mechanisms of pathogenesis are still under examination.
Acta médica colombiana: AMC: organo de la Asociación Columbiana de Medicina Interna 01/2013; 38(3):143-153.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) is a leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Globally, the most important HCC risk factors are Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) and/or Hepatitis C Virus (HCV), chronic alcoholism, and dietary exposure to aflatoxins. We have described the epidemiological pattern of 202 HCC samples obtained from Colombian patients. Additionally we investigated HBV/HCV infections and TP53 mutations in 49 of these HCC cases. HBV biomarkers were detected in 58.1% of the cases; HBV genotypes F and D were characterized in three of the samples. The HCV biomarker was detected in 37% of the samples while HBV/HCV coinfection was found in 19.2%. Among TP53 mutations, 10.5% occur at the common aflatoxin mutation hotspot, codon 249. No data regarding chronic alcoholism was available from the cases. In conclusion, in this first study of HCC and biomarkers in a Colombian population, the main HCC risk factor was HBV infection.
Hepatitis research and treatment 01/2011; 2011:582945.