Trent M. Sutton

University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska, United States

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Publications (82)94.43 Total impact

  • Aaron W. Dupuis, Trent M. Sutton
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    ABSTRACT: This study was conducted to describe the spawning movements and identify spawning areas for humpback whitefish Coregonus pidschian in the Minto Flats–Chatanika River complex, Alaska, during 2008 and 2009. Radio transmitters were surgically implanted in humpback whitefish in 2008 (N = 60) and 2009 (N = 100), and fish positions were determined through a combination of boat and aerial surveys and fixed receiving stations. Two spawning areas were identified: one in the Chatanika River downstream of the Elliot Highway Bridge and the other in the Tanana River near Fairbanks. Humpback whitefish dispersed from the wetland complex of Minto Flats in June, moved upstream through late August, arrived at the spawning areas in early September and began moving downstream in early October. In 2009, spatially segregated movements were observed when approximately 40% of the radio-tagged humpback whitefish moved to the Tanana River, suggesting that humpback whitefish in Minto Flats are comprised of mixed spawning stocks. These study results provide a complete account of humpback whitefish movements and their associated spawning habitats, which will allow for better-informed management strategies.
    Ecology of Fresh Water Fish 07/2014; 23(3). · 1.94 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Recent food-web changes in the Laurentian Great Lakes are affecting energy and nutrient allocation to lake whitefish (Coregonus clupeaformis) with potential downstream effects on egg condition and recruitment. We tested whether egg condition was conserved or varied with maternal condition in eight stocks from Lakes Erie, Michigan, and Superior. Egg condition was conserved across stocks based on (i) a lack of correlation between females and eggs for total lipid, DHA, and other essential fatty acids; (ii) higher levels of energy and long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) in eggs compared with females; and (iii) no among-stock differences for those same variables in eggs. Females from northern Lake Michigan generally made the greatest trade-offs between egg size and fecundity. Highly fecund females provisioned less lipid, but more n-3 LC-PUFA to their eggs. A lack of stock-level patterns in energy and nutrient allocation suggests that trade-offs occur at the level of individual females and that females in poor condition make greater trade-offs among egg size and fecundity, total lipids, and n-3 LC-PUFA than females in good condition. Résumé : Des modifications récentes des réseaux trophiques dans les Grands Lacs laurentiens ont une incidence sur l'allocation d'énergie et de nutriments chez les grands corégones (Coregonus clupeaformis), incluant des effets en aval potentiels sur l'état des oeufs et le recrutement. Nous avons tenté d'établir si l'état des oeufs était conservé ou variait selon l'état d'embonpoint maternel au sein de huit stocks des lacs Érié, Michigan et Supérieur. L'état des oeufs était conservé dans tous les stocks à la lumière (i) de l'absence de corrélation entre les femelles et les oeufs sur le plan des lipides totaux, de l'ADH et d'autres acides gras essentiels, (ii) de niveaux plus élevés d'énergie et d'acides gras polyinsaturés à longue chaîne (AGPLC) dans les oeufs que chez les femelles et (iii) de l'absence de variation au sein des stocks en ce qui concerne ces mêmes variables dans les oeufs. Les femelles de la partie nord du lac Michigan sont celles qui présentaient les compromis les plus importants entre la taille des oeufs et la fécondité. Les femelles très fécondes transféraient moins de lipides, mais plus d'AGPLC n-3 à leurs oeufs. L'absence de tendance en matière d'allocation d'énergie et de nutriments à l'échelle des stocks donne à penser que les compromis s'exercent à l'échelle individuelle chez les femelles et que les femelles en mauvais état d'embonpoint font de plus grands compromis entre la taille des oeufs et la fécondité, les lipides totaux et les AGPLC n-3 que les femelles en bon état. [Traduit par la Rédaction]
    Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 04/2014; 71(8):1256-1269. · 2.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The physiological well-being or condition of fish is most commonly estimated from aspects of individual morphology. However, these metrics may be only weakly correlated with nutritional reserves stored as lipid, the primary form of accumulated energy in fish. We constructed and evaluated bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) models as an alternative method of assessing condition in amphidromous Dolly Varden Salvelinus malma collected from nearshore estuarine and lotic habitats of the Alaskan Arctic. Data on electrical resistance and reactance were collected from the lateral and ventral surfaces of 192 fish, and whole-body percent lipid and moisture content were determined using standard laboratory methods. Significant inverse relationships between temperature and resistance and reactance prompted the standardization of these data to a constant temperature using corrective equations developed herein. No significant differences in resistance or reactance were detected among spawning and nonspawning females after accounting for covariates, suggesting that electrical pathways do not intersect the gonads. Best-fit BIA models incorporating electrical variables calculated from the lateral and ventral surfaces produced the strongest associations between observed and model-predicted estimates of proximate content. These models explained between 6% and 20% more of the variability in laboratory-derived estimates of proximate content than models developed from single-surface BIA data and 32% more than models containing only length and weight data. While additional research is required to address the potential effects of methodological variation, bioelectrical impedance analysis shows promise as a way to provide high-quality, minimally invasive estimates of Dolly Varden lipid or moisture content in the field with only small increases in handling time.Received June 17, 2013; accepted December 3, 2013
    North American Journal of Fisheries Management 01/2014; 34(3). · 1.18 Impact Factor
  • Jason T. Stolarski, Trent M. Sutton
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    ABSTRACT: The accuracy of population statistics and the validity of management actions they motivate are in part dependent on the acquisition of quality age determinations. Such data for northern-form Dolly Varden Salvelinus malma have been traditionally garnered using otoliths, despite little research investigating the consistency of this or alternative nonlethal techniques. To address these gaps, the precision of age determinations generated from scales, otoliths, and fin rays was examined for 126 amphidromous Dolly Varden collected from two Arctic rivers. Three independent readers, age-bias plots, coefficients of variation (CVs), and percent agreement (PA) were used to estimate bias and precision for among-reader, within-structure comparisons and within-reader, among-structure comparisons. Among-reader, within-structure tests of CVs suggested that otoliths produced more precise age determinations than fin rays. Furthermore, the CV for scales was intermediate to and not significantly different from those for otoliths and fin rays. Age-bias plots suggested that, scales consistently underestimated age relative to otoliths beginning at age 6. Underestimation was also apparent, but less distinct, within fin ray–otolith and scale–fin ray comparisons. Potential sources of error and management implications are discussed. Because scale and otolith ages exhibited little bias within cohorts younger than age 6, age may be determined nonlethally in these cohorts using scales; otoliths should be used otherwise.Received April 27, 2012; accepted May 13, 2013
    North American Journal of Fisheries Management 01/2013; 33(4). · 1.18 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Proper data management (applying coordinated standards and structures to data collection, maintenance, retrieval, and documentation) is essential for complex projects to ensure data accuracy and accessibility. In this article, we used a recent project evaluating changes in Lake Whitefish (Coregonus clupeaformis) growth, condition, and recruitment in the Great Lakes as a case study to illustrate how thoughtful data management approaches can enhance and improve research. Investing in data management allowed this project to serve as a model for taking the first steps toward a common goal of sharing, documenting, and preserving data that are collected and reported during the scientific research process.
    Fisheries 01/2013; 38(2):52-64. · 2.88 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Conservation genetics is a powerful tool to assess the population structure of species and provides a framework for informing management of freshwater ecosystems. As lotic habitats become fragmented, the need to assess gene flow for species of conservation management becomes a priority. The eastern hellbender (Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis) is a large, fully aquatic paedamorphic salamander. Many populations are experiencing declines throughout their geographic range, yet the genetic ramifications of these declines are currently unknown. To this end, we examined levels of genetic variation and genetic structure at both range-wide and drainage (hierarchical) scales. We collected 1,203 individuals from 77 rivers throughout nine states from June 2007 to August 2011. Levels of genetic diversity were relatively high among all sampling locations. We detected significant genetic structure across populations (Fst values ranged from 0.001 between rivers within a single watershed to 0.218 between states). We identified two genetically differentiated groups at the range-wide scale: 1) the Ohio River drainage and 2) the Tennessee River drainage. An analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) based on landscape-scale sampling of basins within the Tennessee River drainage revealed the majority of genetic variation (∼94-98%) occurs within rivers. Eastern hellbenders show a strong pattern of isolation by stream distance (IBSD) at the drainage level. Understanding levels of genetic variation and differentiation at multiple spatial and biological scales will enable natural resource managers to make more informed decisions and plan effective conservation strategies for cryptic, lotic species.
    PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(10):e74180. · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • Shem D. Unger, Trent M. Sutton, Rod N. Williams
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    ABSTRACT: The population of eastern hellbenders (Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis) in the Blue River, Indiana has undergone a dramatic decline over the last decade. Recruitment in these declining populations has been negligible, and populations are now composed almost entirely of older age classes (upwards of 20 years old). Given this dramatic decline, it is imperative to assess the impacts of these demographic patterns on population growth and long-term stability. Therefore, we developed a stage-structured, life-history model to examine the effects of varying levels of egg, juvenile, and adult survivorship on abundance, recruitment, and long-term population projections. We performed a sensitivity analysis of the model and determine which life-history parameters have the greatest potential to increase/stabilise hellbender population growth. Finally, we conducted a population viability analysis to determine the probability of extinction associated with varying management strategies. For eastern hellbender populations in Indiana, adults (especially females) are the most important component of long-term population viability. Sensitivity and elasticity analyses of the Lefkovitch matrix revealed that survival of adult and egg/larvae life-history stages are the most important for focused management efforts. Indeed, adults had the highest elasticity and reproductive value in the matrix model. Increasing survival by as little as 20% corresponded to the turning point at which the population ceased to decline and increased abundance (28% survival of egg/larvae). The importance of the transition from subadult to adult (transitional matrix element) was identified as an additional factor in maintaining abundance based on the relatively long period spent in this life-history stage (seven years for females). A population viability analysis was conducted to assess the likelihood and projected time frame of extinction for this population under no management (∼25 years to complete extirpation; probability of extinction = 1) and if management efforts such as captive rearing and headstarting are undertaken (probability of extinction <0.2 at 25–30% survival of egg/larvae). Adult females had the greatest effect in reducing growth rate and population abundance when removed in exploitation simulations (91.3% versus 51.8% reduction in population growth rate), indicating translocation efforts should be designed to maintain females in the breeding pool. These models indicated that conservation management strategies aimed at ensuring the presence of adult females while concomitantly ameliorating survival at early life stages (population augmentation, translocations, introduction of artificial nest structures) are needed to stabilise the Indiana population of eastern hellbenders. This stage-structured model is the first to model eastern hellbenders and has broad implications for use across the geographic range where populations of eastern hellbenders are monitored and vital rates can be estimated.
    Journal for Nature Conservation 01/2013; 21(6):423–432. · 1.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Blood chemistry panels are commonly used for assessing the general health of vertebrate animals. Here, we present novel blood chemistry data for two North American sturgeon species, shovelnose sturgeon Scaphirhynchus platorynchus and lake sturgeon Acipenser fulvescens. Measurements were done using a portable chemistry analyzer (VetScan Analyzer; Abaxis). Among the plasma values measured (mean ± SD for shovelnose and lake sturgeon, respectively) were total proteins (3.7 ± 0.9 and 2.8 ± 0.4 g/dL), albumin (2.0 ± 0.5 and 1.1 ± 0.2 g/dL), globulin (1.7 ± 0.7 and 1.7 ± 0.3 g/dL), glucose (107 ± 46 and 62 ± 9.7 mg/dL), sodium (Na(+); 132 ± 3.6 and 150 ± 14 mEq/L), potassium (K(+); 3.5 ± 0.2 and 2.8 ± 1.7 mEq/L), phosphorus (10.4 ± 1.9 and 11.6 ± 3.6 mg/dL), and aspartate aminotransferase (AST; 676 ± 433 and 634 ± 234 IU/L). Higher values for total proteins, albumin, glucose, and Na(+) in shovelnose sturgeon than in lake sturgeon probably are the result of handling stress. In addition, the plasma of male shovelnose sturgeon had higher concentrations of AST, glucose, and globulin than did that of females, whereas the plasma of females had higher concentrations of albumin and K(+) than that of males. This study is the first to report blood chemistry data for shovelnose sturgeon. Robust blood chemistry databases can be used by aquaculturists and fish managers for monitoring sturgeon health.
    Journal of Aquatic Animal Health 09/2012; 24(3):135-40. · 1.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The effects of sea lamprey Petromyzon marinus parasitism on hematological variables have not been quantified for lake sturgeon Acipenser fulvescens. Our study objectives were to (1) assess changes in lake sturgeon hematology immediately after a single sea lamprey attack and after a 2-week recovery period and (2) assess changes in the histological condition of major hematopoietic organs. Lake sturgeon from four size-groups (470-570, 570-650, 650-760, and 950-1,500 mm fork length) were individually subjected to a sea lamprey attack in a series of 55 experimental trials. Survival of lake sturgeon after a single sea lamprey attack was size dependent, with fish in smaller size-groups exhibiting higher direct and indirect mortality than individuals in larger size-classes. The most sensitive blood chemistry variable was hematocrit: each 1% decline in hematocrit resulted in a 5.1% increase in mortality risk. Other important variables were plasma protein level, with a 10-g/dL decline resulting in a 4.2% increase in mortality risk; and hemoglobin, with a 1-g/dL decline resulting in a 2.9% increase in mortality risk. Most of the surviving lake sturgeon were unable to restore hemoglobin, hematocrit, and plasma protein to pre-attack levels by the end of the 2-week recovery period. We developed an index of histological spleen condition, which indicated that short-duration (< 5-d) sea lamprey attachments depleted red blood cell reserves faster than longer-duration attacks. Our study results indicate that sea lamprey parasitism has the potential to induce acute anemia in lake sturgeon and that nonlethal attacks on smaller (< 760-mm) fish can have serious physiological implications.
    Journal of Aquatic Animal Health 06/2012; 24(2):91-9. · 1.55 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lake whitefi sh (Coregonus clupeaformis) have experienced declines in condition in some areas of the Great Lakes. The hypothesis tested was that condition—in terms of relative weight, percent lipid and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)—was greater in regions where larger proportions of high quality prey (e.g., Diporeia) were included in the diet. Samples of spawning lake whitefi sh from four regions around Lake Michigan (northwest, Naubinway, Elk Rapids and southeast) had distinct mean carbon and nitrogen stable isotope signatures. Lake whitefi sh may be using a variety of prey items, especially the Naubinway population where fi sh occupy the largest stable isotopic niche space. However, trophic niche width inferred from stable isotopes did not vary among regions. Relative weight was highest in the southeast and lowest for all northern regions. The mean measured lipid from lake whitefi sh dorsal, skinless, muscle biopsies were highest for northwest fi sh. DHA was signifi cantly different among regions, with high mean values in Elk Rapids and the northwest. No correlations were found between stable isotope measures and condition metrics. The results suggest that lake whitefi sh are coping with declining Diporeia abundances by feeding on alternate prey. Overall results do not substantiate the hypothesis of a relationship between condition and prey use, although lake whitefi sh from Elk Rapids and the northwest had high quality prey and good condition.
    Advances in Limnology 01/2012; 63:399-415.
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    ABSTRACT: The stocking of western mosquitofish Gambusia affinis for mosquito control negatively impacts native fishes with similar ecological requirements. In this study, a series of laboratory microcosm experiments was used to examine intra and interspecific agonistic behavioral interactions (e.g., chases and nips) between western mosquitofish and northern starhead topminnow Fundulus dispar, northern studfish F. catenatus, blackstripe topminnow F. notatus, and banded killifish F. diaphanous at three fish densities and in the presence/absence of vegetation. Western mosquitofish exhibited more agonistic behaviors than the four topminnow species and caused a change in topminnow behavior in mixed-species microcosms. Mosquitofish were aggressive toward conspecifics, with most of the chases and nips occurring at the highest densities and when vegetation was absent. Topminnows exhibited few agonistic behaviors toward conspecifics, but intraspecific chasing and nipping did occur when exposed to mosquitofish. Agonistic behaviors by topminnows toward mosquitofish occurred infrequently, and mosquitofish initiated almost all of the chases and nips. While all four topminnow species were attacked by mosquitofish, northern starhead topminnow and banded killifish were chased and nipped more frequently than the other topminnow species. These two topminnows exhibited the most behavioral changes and fin damage and one northern starhead topminnow died following mosquitofish attacks. Based on these results, it appears that the stocking of western mosquitofish into primary and connecting waterways could have negative impacts on native topminnow species that occur in these systems.
    Journal of Freshwater Ecology 01/2012; · 0.39 Impact Factor
  • Fisheries 01/2012; 37(2):80-83. · 2.88 Impact Factor
  • A. W. Dupuis, T. M. Sutton
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    ABSTRACT: Humpback whitefish Coregonus pidschian are found throughout Alaska and support both subsistence and personal-use fisheries. Long-term sustainability of these fisheries requires an understanding of life-history characteristics and reproductive biology to provide fisheries managers with the tools required for science-based management. The objective of this study was to examine the reproductive characteristics of humpback whitefish in the Chatanika River, Alaska, from late August through September 2008. Absolute fecundity, relative fecundity, gonadosomatic index (GSI), relative egg size, and age were examined for 60 female humpback whitefish. Mean absolute fecundity was 45 000 eggs female−1 (range, 11 747–108 426 eggs female−1) and was positively related to both fork length (r2 = 0.74) and wet weight (r2 = 0.83). Gonadosomatic index values averaged 15.5% (range, 6.4–23.7%). Relative fecundity was positively related to GSI (r2 = 0.76) and showed a positive relationship with age until ages 15–20 before declining thereafter. Relative egg size was inversely related to GSI (r2 = 0.38) and age (r2 = 0.22) for female humpback whitefish. The results of our study provide information that will allow for better management of the personal use fishery for humpback whitefish in the Chatanika River and increase our understanding of the reproductive biology of this species throughout its geographic distribution.
    Journal of Applied Ichthyology 12/2011; 27(6). · 0.90 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The eastern hellbender (Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis) has experienced precipitous population declines throughout its range. Numerous factors are speculated to be involved, but no empirical evidence has been presented for any. We implemented a population-wide health assessment in Indiana, USA, examining both the physical well-being of individuals and the quality of their habitat. Physicochemical parameters were analyzed directly in the field and later in the laboratory, when appropriate. Samples were collected June 2008-October 2008 and June 2009-September 2009 for reproductive analysis, blood screening, and disease prevalence. Of 27 chemicals screened in water samples, three were found in the study site, including atrazine. Atrazine was found at levels reported to cause reproductive problems in other amphibians. Vitellogenin was detected only in females and proved a reliable indicator of sex. Sperm parameters were generally of high quality and similar to other populations. Most plasma parameters were similar between sexes, although there were significant differences in calcium and potassium concentrations. Abnormalities were common, occurring in 68% of individuals. No hemoparasites were found, but amphibian chytrid fungus (Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis) was detected on one individual. Our findings establish a baseline for hematology and water-quality parameters that can be used as a model for evaluating population health throughout the hellbender range.
    Journal of wildlife diseases 10/2011; 47(4):836-48. · 1.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Studies that assess current and historical population densities accurately provide valuable information for management of wildlife species, particularly those in need of immediate conservation concern. The Eastern Hellbender (Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis) has experienced drastic declines throughout its range during the previous few decades. This study documents its continued decline over the past 25 years in the last known remaining population in southern Indiana. We conducted mark–recapture surveys from June 2008 to October 2008 and July 2009 to September 2009 at 35 sites. Despite a considerable increase in effort over previous surveys, we documented fewer total captures and extremely low population densities. Density was estimated at 0.06 individuals/100 m2, and catch per unit effort was 0.05 individuals/person hour throughout the entire study area. This represents not only a significant decline in numbers from the historical study, but also is well below that reported for populations throughout the species' range. Sex ratios were skewed significantly toward males (2.6 males 1 female). No subadults or larvae were found, and only two nests were located. This population consists almost exclusively of large, older-age class individuals that show limited signs of reproduction.
    Journal of Herpetology 06/2011; · 0.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The dimensions of riparian buffers selected for stream biota–landscape association models determine correlation strength and subsequent model interpretation. Efforts have been made to optimize buffer dimensions incorporated into models, but none has explicitly determined a single optimum based on both longitudinal and lateral buffer dimensions. We applied partial correlation and multivariate linear regression on functional fish community response attributes and the index of biotic integrity using stream samples (N = 107) from the Eastern Corn Belt Plain Ecoregion of Indiana, USA. Land-cover data in digital format were processed in geographic information systems for an area covering 300 m on either side of selected streams and within 2000 m longitudinally. The optimal buffer dimension for the study area was 30 m laterally and 600 m longitudinally, with a partial correlation of 0.29 (P = 0.002), and there was agreement in the partial correlation and multiple regression models. The longitudinal dimension was more conclusively determined, but the lateral dimension was optimum only with respect to the resolution of the land-use data used. Based on these results, we propose the use of this approach to optimize the riparian buffer parameter in landscape models.
    Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 04/2011; 62(1):1-6. · 2.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The inputs, characteristics, and function of large woody debris (LWD) were assessed in 16 mid-order (average channel widths of 3–7 m), moderate-gradient (approx. 1%–5% channel slopes) streams in mixedwood forests of the Boreal Shield in Ontario. Three of the streams were adjacent to clearcuts, with the remainder in areas that have not been logged or recently (>70 years) burned. The average frequency (19.9 pieces·100 m–1) and size (mean diameter 16.7 cm) of LWD in these streams were less than reported in most other regions and forest types. Averaged across sites, input sources were undetermined for about 50% of the LWD owing to fluvial displacement from the points of origin. Natural mortality (24%) and windthrow (15%) were primary input sources of the remaining LWD. Windthrow was highly variable and mostly associated with nearby clear-cut logging. At the three sites near clearcuts, windthrow contributed 34%–62% of LWD in streams. In study reaches where active beaver colonies were observed, beaver-felled trees accounted for up to 47% of LWD inputs. The average frequency of debris dams (2.4 dams·100 m–1) was less than those reported from studies in other areas and was positively correlated with an index of bottom substrate size (r = 0.72). Less than 15% of the pools in these streams were formed or influenced by LWD. Most wood pieces appeared to be ineffective as pool-forming agents because of their relatively small size and instability. In these Boreal Shield forests, it appears that most riparian trees do not live long enough or grow to sufficient size to contribute functional LWD and influence stream morphology or pool formation.
    Canadian Journal of Forest Research 02/2011; 35(5):1213-1223. · 1.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Freshwater organisms synthesize a wide variety of fatty acids (FAs); however, the ability to synthesize and/or subsequently modify a particular FA is not universal, making it possible to use certain FAs as biomarkers. Herein we document the occurrence of unusual FAs (polymethylene-interrupted fatty acids; PMI-FAs) in select freshwater organisms in the Laurentian Great Lakes. We did not detect PMI-FAs in: (a) natural seston from Lake Erie and Hamilton Harbor (Lake Ontario), (b) various species of laboratory-cultured algae including a green alga (Scenedesmus obliquus), two cyanobacteria (Aphanizomenon flos-aquae and Synechococystis sp.), two diatoms (Asterionella formosa, Diatoma elongatum) and a chrysophyte (Dinobryon cylindricum) or, (c) zooplankton (Daphnia spp., calanoid or cyclopoid copepods) from Lake Ontario, suggesting that PMI-FAs are not substantively incorporated into consumers at the phytoplankton–zooplankton interface. However, these unusual FAs comprised 4–6% of total fatty acids (on a dry tissue weight basis) of native fat mucket (Lampsilis siliquoidea) and plain pocketbook (L. cardium) mussels and in invasive zebra (Dreissena polymorpha) and quagga (D. bugensis) mussels. We were able to clearly partition Great Lakes' mussels into three separate groups (zebra, quagga, and native mussels) based solely on their PMI-FA profiles. We also provide evidence for the trophic transfer of PMI-FAs from mussels to various fishes in Lakes Ontario and Michigan, further underlining the potential usefulness of PMI-FAs for tracking the dietary contribution of mollusks in food web and contaminant-fate studies.
    Lancet. 01/2011; 37(2):289-297.
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    Journal of Great Lakes Research 01/2011; 37:289-297. · 2.31 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Few studies have examined the spatial ecology of the Eastern Hellbender (Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis). We used radiotelemetry to examine the seasonal home range, movement patterns, and habitat use of 21 individuals within the Blue River drainage of southern Indiana, USA. Individuals were located up to three times weekly from July 2008 through October 2009. Mean 100% minimum convex polygon (MCP) home-range sizes were much larger than previously reported and largest during the summer. Male MCPs were significantly larger than those of females. Mean linear home-range sizes were also significantly longer in the summer, but did not differ between the sexes. Hellbenders moved very little throughout the year (X = 14.1 movements per individual) and over relatively short distances (X = 27.5 m) to nearby shelter rocks. Most Hellbenders were routinely located under large, flat shelter rocks; however, five individuals periodically used bedrock, downed trees, and submerged tree root masses along the riverbank. Habitat use of Hellbenders was similar to that found in other studies, with 79.5% of our locations found on a gravel substrate. Our results provide essential information about a declining, low-density population of Hellbenders in need of management.
    Herpetologica 01/2011; 67(2):135-145. · 1.08 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

397 Citations
94.43 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2009–2014
    • University of Alaska Fairbanks
      • School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences (SFOS)
      Fairbanks, Alaska, United States
  • 2013
    • University of Georgia
      Атина, Georgia, United States
  • 2002–2012
    • Purdue University
      • • Department of Forestry and Natural Resources
      • • School of Civil Engineering
      West Lafayette, IN, United States
  • 2004–2005
    • Lake Superior State University
      • Aquatic Research Laboratory
      Sault Sainte Marie, Michigan, United States
  • 2001–2004
    • Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
      Blacksburg, Virginia, United States